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SUBSIDIES AND SURVEYS (see Pacific railways)
ern route-Appropriation for survey: 1853–Various bills---
Bill passes senate: 1855–Inactivity--Renewed activity:
1858–Senate passes a bill—Final enactment: 1862_Amend-
atory act of 1864. Appendix: digest of act of 1862, and of
act of 1864.
Pacific-Resume. Appendix: Charter of Southern Pacific
Rise and fall of the Pacific railway movement-Purposes and
arguments. Means_Charter provisions (tabulated)-Accom-
take and operate-.Proposals for government aid_Govern-
ment railways proposed-Inadequate facilities at Washing-
ton-Northern railways benefited-Indebtedness of southern
lines-Other military relations-Summary.
Chief instance-Revenue bill of 1862_Debate-Revenue bill of
1864—Operation and repeal of the war tax-Regulation in
Regulation in the territories—Episode with land-grant railways,
Congress forbids railways to incorporate: 1867–Authorizes
bills on livestock traffic--Summary.
Attitude of Congress in 1850—Change during next decade-De-
bate on interstate intercourse-Debate on reasonable rates: