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CHAPTFR XII.-SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE PACIFIC RAL

WAY MOVEMENT..

Rise and fall of the Pacific railway movement-Purposes and

arguments. Means_Charter provisions (tabulated)-Accom-
plishments-Critical estimate.

take and operate-.Proposals for government aid_Govern-

ment railways proposed-Inadequate facilities at Washing-

ton-Northern railways benefited-Indebtedness of southern

lines-Other military relations-Summary.

PAGE

CHAPTER XIV:-THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND TAXATION OF

RAILWAYS.

Chief instance-Revenue bill of 1862_Debate-Revenue bill of

1864—Operation and repeal of the war tax-Regulation in
connection with the tariff-Bill against illegal state taxes-
Wage certificates taxed-Taxation of land grants—Summary.

CHAPTER XV.-CONGRESS AND THE RAILWAY IN THE TERRITOR-

IES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.....

Regulation in the territories—Episode with land-grant railways,

Congress forbids railways to incorporate: 1867–Authorizes
incorporation by general laws: 1872_Federal regulation and
incorporation proposed-Indian Territory; Congress regu-
lated rates—Bills to prevent loans of public credit—Regu-
lation in the District of Columbia-Authorizing extensions-
Incorporation-A long-and-short haul clause–Senate votes
a regulation of interstate commerce-Subscriptions to rail-
ways authorized-Summary.

CHAPTER XXI.DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONGRESSIONAL INTER-

PRETATION OF THE “COMMERCE CLAUSE”.....

Attitude of Congress in 1850—Change during next decade-De-

bate on interstate intercourse-Debate on reasonable rates:
1873-Situation in 1886-General discussion.

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