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Enter two clowns, * with spades and mattocks,


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I Clown.
S she to be buried in christian burial, when she wil.

fully seeks her own salvation?
2 Clown. I tell thee, she is; therefore make her grave
straight. The crowner hath sat on her, and finds it chri-
ftian burial.

1 Clown. How can that be, unless she drowned herself in her own defence ?

2 Clown, Why, 'tis found so.

fore, &c.

2 With Spades and mattocks, first in- fian burial, north and south not Cbrifian serted by R.

burial: But who ever heard of this di. b So the qu’s; all the rest read, ibat finction? To be buried in a Chriftian wilfully seek, &c.

manner is to be buried in consecrated c The fo's and R. read, and tberle ground and with the rites of the church

So Dr. Jobnson may take my word that d –Atraight.] J. interprets this, Sbakespeare meant ; She is to be buried make her grave from cast to west in a in consecrated ground, therefore make direct line parallel to the church, not her grave fraigbl, i. e. forthwith, imfrom north to South, athwart the regu- mediately. lar line. So according to this, Dr. Jobnjon • The 3d q. be. thinks that burying cast and west is Cbrie

1 Clown.



1 Clown. It must be fe offendendo, it cannot be else. For here lies the point; if I drown myself wittingly, it argues an act; and an act hath three branches; 3 it is to act, to do, ” and to perform, ' Argal, the drown'd herself wit- ' tingly.

2 Clown. Nay, but hear you, good-man Delver.

i Clown. Give me leave; k here lies the water; good: here stands the man; good. If the man go to 'this water, and drown himself, it is, will he, nill he, he goes; mark you

that? But if the water coine to him, and drown him, he drowns not himself. Argal, he that is not guilty of his own death, shortens not his own life.

2 Clown. But is this law?
i Clown. Ay, marry is't, crowner's quest-law.

2 Clown. Will you ha’ the truth o an't? If this had not been a gentlewoman, she should have been buried out o' christian burial.

i Clown. Why, there thou say'st. And the more pity, that great folk should have countenance in this world to drown or hang themselves, more than their even christian, Come; my spade p. There is no ancient gentlemen but

f The qu's read so offended.

m The ift f. bimsek. & The fo's, R. and Pi's q. read, It is n So the qu's; an't is the clownish en aci 10 do, and to perform, &c. pronunciation of on't, and should stand h The qu's omit and.

1o; but all other editions alter it to å The qu’s read or all, instead of Ar- on't. gal; this plainly appears to be an error 0 —even christian.] An old Englife of the press; for this clown in his next expression for fellow christians. Dr. speech sums up his argument again with Thirlby. W.-R. reads, more than ot ber ergal for ergo, and the qu's there read cbriftians ; followed by P. T. and H. argall.

p Here C. gives direction, Strips, and * Before bere, 7. inserts, Clown, falis to digging ! The 3d f. reads, bis water.

gardeners, gardeners, ditchers, and grave-makers; they hold up Adam's profession,

2 Clown. Was he a gentleman ?
I Clown. 9 He was the first that ever bore arins,
* 2 Clown. Why he had none.

1 Clown, What, art a heathen? How doft thou understand the scripture? the scripture says, Adam digg’d; could he dig without arms? I'll put another question to thee; if thou anfwereft me not to the purpose, confess thyself -

2 Clown. Go to.

i Clown. What is he that builds stronger than either the mason, the shipwright, or the carpenter?

2 Clown, The gallows-maker; for that out-lives a thoufand tenants,

1 Clown. I like thy wit well, in good faith; the gallows does well; but how does it well? it does well to those that do ill: now thou doft ill, to say the gallows is built stronger than the church; argal, the gallows may do well to thee. To't again, come.

2 Clown. Who builds stronger than a mason, a shipwright, or a carpenter ?

1 Clown, Ay, tell me that, and "unyoke.
2 Clown. Marry, now I can tell,
i Clown. To't.
2 Clown. Mass, I cannot tell,


r What is in italic here, is not in the here, as it is a clown's speech; besides, qu’s.

Shakespeare would have hardly put such s W. omits not.

a word as frame in the sense here used, + So the qu's; the rest read that frame into the mouth of a clown. outlives, &c. Frame was put in (I sup- u i. e. when you have done that, I'll pose) to make it grammar: but there trouble you no more with these riddles. seems to be no ncceffity of grammar The phrase taken from hubandry. W.



Enter Hamlet and Horatio, at a distance.
1 Clown. Cudgel thy brains no more about it, for your
dull ass will not mend his pace with beating; and when you
are ask'd this question next, say, a grave-maker : * the hous-
es he makes, ' last 2 till dooins-day. Go, * get thee in, and
fetch me a foope of liquor.

d[Exit 2d Clown.
He digs and sings.
In youth when I did love, did love,

Methought it was very sweet ;
To contract, O, the time for, a, my behove,

0, methought there, 'a, was nothing,' a, meet.


Ham. Has this fellow no feeling of his business ? he fings in grave-making !

Hor. Custom hath made it in him a property of eafiness.

Ham. 'Tis e'en so. The hand of little employment hath the i daintier sense,

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# The qu's make Hamlet and Horatio d This direction put in by R. enter after the firft ftanza of the clown's c The 2d, 3d and 4th fo's omit time. song.

f All but the qu's omit these a's; The fo's and R. read, the bouses which are no part of the fong, but only that be makes, & c.

the breath forced out by the strokes of y First q. and three iit fo's, lafts. the mattock, H, W. 7. and C. read 2 Second q. tell.

Jo meet. a Instead of get thee in, the fo's, R. & So the qu's and C; all the reft read, and the after-editors read, get ibee to Has ebis fellow no feeling of bis bufiness, Yaug han.

that be fings at grave-making ? b The fo's, R. P. and H. omit and. h T. P.'s duodecimo, W. and j. read,

c The qu's read foope, which is the to bim, &c. clownish pronunciation of fup. The i The ist q. reads dintier. fo's and the rest, Soup or foap.


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Clown sings.
* But age with his stealing feps,

Hath ' claw'd me in his clutch :
And m hath shipped me " into o the land

As if P I had never been such.
Ham. That skull had a tongue in it, and could fing once :
How the knave jowles it to the ground, as if 'twere Cain's
jaw-bone, that did the first murther! . This inight be the
pate of a politician, which this ass' nowo'er-reaches; one
that i would circumvent God, might it not?

Hor. It might, my lord.

Ham. Or of a courtier, which could say, good-morrow, 'my lord; how dost thou, "sweet lord ? This might be my, lord * such-a-one, that prais’d my lord such-a-one's horse, when y he ? meant to beg it; might it not?

Hor. Ay, my lord.

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k This ftanza is evidently corrupted; This. for it wants what is found in the other . All but the qu's and C. omit noct. two, an alternate rhyme. We may read s All but the qu's and C. read o'er. thus till something better occur : offices; but o'er-reaches seems preferable, But age, witb bis fealing fand, when applied to a politician, not as an

Harb claw'd me in obe clutcb: infolent officer, but as a circumventing, And bath shifted me into his land, scheming man.

As obougb I bad never been fucb. J. + The fo's, R. P. and H. read sould. I The fo's and R. read caught me. u So the 2d and 3d qu's; the ift q. m C. omits bath.

and all the other editions read swea n The fo's and R. read intill the land. lord, . H. and W. read bis instead of be. w So the qu's and C; all the rest read

p The 3d and 4th fo's, and R. read, good lord. as if I never bad, &c. P. and H. as if x H. and y. read fucb-a-one's. I ne'er bad, &c.

y Qu's, a for be. • The fo's and R. read It instead of % The ist q. reads went for meant.


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