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DIGEST OF CASES DECIDED IN THE SUPREME COURT

OF THE UNITED STATES,

ACT OF CONGRESS. Evidence of the year in which an act was signed “Approved, December 24. Abraham Lincoln,” is admissible. — Gardner v. The Collector, 6 Wallace, 499. ADMIRALTY. — See BLOCKADE; COLLISION; CONFISCATION, 1; JURISDICTION,

2,8; PLEADING AND PRACTICE, 12, 13; PRIZE.

ALIEN. Until office found, an alien may hold land against all but the sovereign. His naturalization is a waiver of forfeiture of lands previously held by him.- Osterman v. Baldwin, 6 Wallace, 116. ALTERATION OF INSTRUMENT. - See Bills AND NOTES, 1.

AMNESTY. — See CONFISCATION, 2, 3.
APPEAL. — See CONFISCATION, 1; COURT OF CLAIMS, 1; HABEAS CORPUS;

JURISDICTION, 7; PLEADING AND PRACTICE, 2, 3.
ASSUMPSIT. — See Joint CONTRACTOR.

ATTORNEY. — See EVIDENCE, 1.

BAILMENT. D. gratuitously made to a third party a loan of T.'s money, secured by a mortgage, which D. did not have recorded, but which was in T.'s hands long before a second mortgage was recorded. Held, that D. was not liable to T. Turton v. Dufief, 6 Wallace, 420.

BANK. — See CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 3–5; CORPORATION.
BILL OF EXCEPTIONS. — See PLEADING AND PRACTICE, 1.

BILL OF SALE. — See LIEN, 1.

BILLS AND NOTES. 1. An erasure and change of the date of a note, delaying the time of payment, by one of two makers before parting with it, but after the signature, and without the knowledge of the other, a surety, discharges the latter. – Wood v. Steele, 6 Wallace, 80.

2. The payee of several Louisiana notes, secured by mortgage, indorsed one of them in blank, and intrusted it to a bank for collection. Plaintiff bought it

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Cases FOLLOWED or DENIED. 1. The decision of Gaines v. Hennen, 24 How. 553, affirmed, on a reconsideration of the facts (GRIER, SWAYNE, and MILLER, JJ., dissenting). Gaines v. New Orleans, 6 Wallace, 642. See Gaines v. De La Croix, ib. 719.

2. An order of sale, under a New York special Act of March 29, 1816, and preceding acts, held to be valid; also, to have been determined, by necessary intendment, in Clarke v. Van Surlay, 15 Wendell, 447, and Towle v. Forney, 14 N.Y. 426.

Suydam v. Williamson, 24 How. 427, declaring acts discharging certain trustees at their own request, and substituting another, to be constitutional, affirmed. - Williamson v. Suydam, 6 Wallace, 723.

3. Shechy v. Mandeville, 6 Cranch, 253, denied in Mason v. Eldred, 6 Wallace, 231. See Joint DEBTOR.

CHARITY. — See Will.
CIRCUIT Court. — See CONFISCATION, 1; PARTITION.

CLAIMS, COURT OF. — See Court OF CLAIMS.

COLLISION. 1. The usual path of steamers ascending the Hudson is east of the centre of the channel. A steamer came up on the west side, and ran into a descending boat. Held, that the steamer was liable.

Objections to the amount of damages overruled, the commissioner's report in the District Court not having been excepted to.The Vanderbilt, 6 Wallace, 225.

2. A case of collision between a river propeller and schooner decided against the propeller on the facts (want of proper lookout, slowing instead of stopping, &c., although the schooner displayed no lights). — The Hypodame, 6 Wallace,

COMPANY. - See CORPORATION.

CONDITION. — See INSURANCE, 2.
CONFEDERATE STATES. — See INSURANCE, 1.

CONFISCATION. 1. Under the Act of Aug. 6, 1861, the Circuit Courts have jurisdiction of proceedings instituted there for the confiscation of land. The proceedings in this case having been according to the course of admiralty, an appeal was allowed (by a majority of the court) only to direct a new trial, with a jury, &c., as in cases of seizure upon land. — Union Insurance Co. v. United States, 6 Wallace, 759; Armstrong's Foundry, ib. 766; St. Louis Street Foundry, ib. 770. See United States v. Hart, ib. 770, 772.

2. A full pardon granted, accepted, and its conditions complied with by the owner of property libelled under the Act of Aug. 6, 1861, relieves him of so much of the forfeiture as would have accrued to the United States (MILLER, J., dissenting). – Armstrong's Foundry, 6 Wallace, 766.

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