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ferred to B. before the new agreement with W., B. had priority over W.- Bell v. Blyth, Law Rep. 6 Eq. 201. PROMISSORY NOTE. — See ALTERATION; DISCHARGE.

RAILWAY. 1. A railway company are bound to take every reasonable care to prevent danger to their passengers from cattle coming on to the line, but they are not bound to maintain fences sufficient to keep the cattle off the line under all circumstances. Buxton v. N.E. Railway Co., Law Rep. 3 Q. B. 549.

2. Where a railway company have diverted a road, ultra vires, but with a bona fide view to the convenience of the public, a court of equity will not compel them to replace the road, if the result will be to cause greater inconvenience to the public or to the complaining section of the public. In such a case, an information was dismissed, but without prejudice to a proceeding at law. — Attor ney General v. Ely, &c., Railway Co., Law Rep. 6 Eq. 106. See ACTION, 2; ULTRA VIRES.

REMAINDER. - See DEVISE.
REPEAL OF STATUTE. See STATUTE, REPEAL OF.

RES ADJUDICATA. — See DIVORCE, 1.

REVOCATION OF WILL. 1. A testator, having a power to charge certain land with £7,000, to be divided among his children as he should appoint, and, in default, among them equally, by his will charged the land with the £7,000, and directed that £4,000, part thereof, should be paid to his son, and the remainder to his three daughters equally. By a codicil, he revoked this charge, and charged the same land with £7,000, to be paid to his son alone. Held, that, though the appointment by the codicil was invalid, the revocation took effect. — Quinn v. Butler, Law Rep. 6 Eq. 225.

2. A testatrix gave to A., for life, the interest of £300, or thereabouts, invested by her in a certain company, and the interest of £200; and, after A.'s death, she gave the said principal sum of £500” to A.'s children, and directed, if her personal estate proved insufficient for the payment of legacies, that the deficiency should be made up out of her real estate. By a codicil, she gave " all her personal estate” to B. Held, that the whole personal estate passed by the codicil; that the legacy of £300 was specific, and was revoked; but that the legacy of £200 remained charged on the real estate. — Kermode v. Macdonald, * Law Rep. 3 Ch. 584.

SALE. — See COMPANY, 4; FRAUDS, STATUTE OF, 2.

SERVANT. — See MASTER AND SERVANT.
SET-OFF. - See BANKRUPTCY, 2.

SHIP. 1. The provision in the 17 & 18 Vict. c. 104, $ 299, that a loss arising from the non-observance by a ship of the rules laid down in the act, shall be deemed to have been occasioned by the wilful default of the person in charge of the deck, does not render an unintentional breach of the rules, barratry.

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STATUTE, REPEAL OF. The Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, provides that no ship owner shall be answerable for any damage occasioned by the fault of a pilot, where the employment of such pilot is compulsory. A subsequent act, passed in 1857, provides that the owner of any ship navigating the Thames shall be answerable for all damages done by the ship, or by any of the boatmen or other persone belonging to or employed about the same, to any of the property of the Thames conservators, and that the boatmen or other persons so offending shall be answerable for and shall repay all such damages to the ship owner. Held, that the general enactment in the later statute did not repeal the particular enactment in the earlier statute. — Conservators of the Thames v. Hall, Law Rep. 3 C. P. 415.

STOPPAGE IN TRANSITU. A., in Sweden, agreed to sell goods to B., in London; B. chartered a ship to fetch the goods, and insured them. The goods were damaged during the voyage, and, before they arrived in England, B. had failed, and A. thereupon had given notice of stoppage in transitu. Teld, that A. was entitled, as against the other creditors of B., to the proceeds of the sale of the goods, but not to money paid for the damage by the insurers. Berndtson v. Strang, Law Rep. 3 Ch. 588. See FREIGHT, 2.

SURETY. See LANDLORD AND TENANT, 2.
TAIL, ESTATE IN. - See MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT.
TROVER. — See PLEDGE, 1.

TRUST. A testator gave £2,300, bank annuities, to trustees, on trust to pay his debts, if his ready money was insufficient, and to hold the residue on trust to pay the dividends to his wife during her life, and, after her death, to sell the fund and also his household furniture, and out of the proceeds and of all other his personal estate to pay seven legacies, amounting to £1,075, and to pay the residue to A. The testator died in 1832, and his estate was administered, and no part of the £2,300 bank annuities being required for payment of debts, the whole was transferred into the names of the trustees. Both trustees died, and the administrator of the survivor embezzled the greater part of the fund, so that only £716 were forthcoming. The widow died in 1862. Held, that, there having been no consent of the legatees to the special appropriation of the fund, the residuary legatee could take nothing till all the pecuniary legatees had been paid. — Baker v. Farmer, Law Rep. 3 Ch. 537. See COMPANY, 2, 3; POWER, 1; PRIORITY, 1, 3.

ULTRA VIRES. A railway company has no power to use its funds to prosecute a suit not instituted by it; and a court of equity will, at the instance of a shareholder, restrain it from doing so, without going into the question whether the suit is or is not for the benefit of the company.— Kernaghan v. Williams, Law Rep. 6 Eq. 228.

See RAILWAY, 2. VENDOR AND PURCHASER OF REAL ESTATE. — See FRAUDS, STATUTE OF, 2.

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