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Agriculture. A five weeks' course of instruction in agriculture was held in Hereford during January and February and was attended by 14 farmers' sons. During the winter, lectures, usually two at each centre, were delivered at 12 centres to an average attendance of 16. At each of two evening schools 13 lessons were also given to an average attendance of 12. The lectures appear to have aroused an interest in agricultural education generally and have led to many enquiries, especially in regard to the purchase and use of manures. Direct information was always supplied to these enquiries.
Field Experiments.-Demonstrations were given in charlockspraying and in the washing of fruit trees. As a result of the former, quite a large area was sprayed in the county.
Dairying. An itinerant school is maintained by the county. Instruction is given in butter-making, cream cheese-making, and in the general management of milk and cream. The school visited six centres for five days each and four other centres for ten days each. The total attendance was 99, 44 of whom took the ten days' course and 55 the five days' course, The short five days' courses have been discontinued and all courses are now for ten days. Larger classes have been securel and more interest has been taken in the classes since the change, and the results are very much better.
Poultry Keeping.-Four lectures and demonstrations were given at 11 centres, and three lectures and demonstrations at five other centres, to an average attendance of 25.
Bee Keeping.-Visits have been paid to bee keepers and three practical demonstrations given,
Farm Hygiene.-Four lectures illustrated by lantern slides and specimens were given at two centres, and three lectures at one other centre, to an average attendance of 37. Fifteen lessons were also given to the young farmers' class and visits for demonstration purposes paid to slaughter houses, shoeing forges, livery stables, &c.
Manual Processes.-Instruction was given in the processes of ploughing, hedging, sheep-shearing (both hand and machine work), and basket-making. With reference to ploughing, the instructor visited the various farms, but no definite course was held. Five courses were held in hedging and six courses in sheep-shearing for two to three days at each course respectively. One course was held in basket-making, nine evening lessons being given. Fifty-six pupils attended the classes in ploughing, 305 those in hedging, and 243 those in sheep-shearing. In esti mating these figures, each lesson was taken as lasting half a day. 85 pupils attended the lessons in basket making, ten of whom took the full course.
In addition to the above, instruction was given in the process of cider-making. Two practical demonstrations were given at each of three centres during the time that cider-making was in progress. Each demonstration lasted a whole afternoon and was followed by private visits to the farms of those who attended, where advice was given in reference to the making of cider and perry. The total attendance at all six demonstrations was 130. The private visits after the demonstrations were most useful, as the maker is able to point out his difficulties and obtain advice in regard to them.
Horticulture.-A course of four lectures was given at each of 12 centres to an average attendance of 17. 38 practical demonstrations in fruit culture were also given in gardens and orchards, the average attendance being ten. 14 and 20 lessons of instruction respectively were also given at two evening schools. The average attendance was 18.
Practical work in fruit culture formed an important part of the course for farmers' sons (see Agriculture).
School or other Gardens.-There were three gardens attached to Day schools, but at none of these was the work supervised by the staff instructor in horticulture.
Fruit-growing Stations.-The county contributes to the National Fruit and Cider Institute (see page 73).
Training of Elementary School Teachers.-A Saturday class in horticulture was held throughout the winter. The course consisted of lectures and of practical demonstrations in private gardens, fruit grounds, and nurseries. 20 lessons were given, the total attendance being 13 and the average attendance nine.
School or College. The agricultural department of Cambridge University receives a small annual grant from the County Council.
Agriculture. A course of five lectures was given at one centre. and a course of three lectures at another centre, by various lecturers to an average attendance of 40.
Field Experiments.-These were conducted through Cambridge University. They were carried out on three farms and were on the manuring, respectively, of mangolds, hay, and potatoes. A demonstration was given to a number of farmers who visited these experiments by invitation.
Experimental Farm.-The experimental work carried out on the farm attached to the argricultural department of Cambridge University is for the benefit of this county, together with other counties in East Anglia.
Manual Processes.-Instruction was given in the processes of harvesting, setting-up sheaves, setting-out roots, stacking and thatching, ploughing, hedging and ditching, land-draining, milking, &c. Three lectures of one hour each were given in each subject, whilst two attendances qualify a person to compete for the prizes offered by the County Council at various competitions. 242 persons were qualified to enter for these competitions.
Horticulture.-A courses of six lectures was given at each of two centres, of four lectures at another centre, whilst single lectures were given at four other centres to an average attendance of 30.