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derelict grass land, comparing varieties of slag, &c. Seven of the lectures enumerated in the previous heading were especially explanatory of the results of these experiments.
Dairying.- A fixed school is maintained at the county laboratories. Courses of two weeks', four weeks', five weeks', and six weeks' duration are held during the year. The number of pupils attending there courses was 40.
In addition to practical instruction in butter-making and in soft and hard cheese-making, lectures and practical work in dairy bacteriology and chemistry, and lectures in dairy farming, are given to the students by the staff at the county laboratories.
Poultry Keeping:- The two staff lecturers on dairying also give instruction in this subject. Courses of three to four lectures each were given at nine centres to an average attendance of 30.
Bee Keeping:-Instruction is given in this subject by an instructor employed as required. Demonstrations are given at the local Horticultural and Cottage Garden Shows, and lectures given throughout the county, the latter being illustrated by the use of modern hives and appliances and also by lantern slides. Courses of four lectures each were given at eight centres to an average attendance of 24. Much interest was taken in these lectures.
Manual Processes.-Instruction was given in the process of ploughing. Courses of eight lessons, 14 to 2 hours each, were given at each of nine centres. The total attendance was 119.
Horticulture.-Four short courses of three to four weeks each are given at the county laboratories in the four seasons. In addition local lectures and demonstrations are given throughout the county, assistance is rendered to local gardeners' associations, and visits of advice are paid to private gardens. Courses of one to six lectures each were given at 38 centres to an average attendance of 25. Interest in this subject has been well maintained for a long time, and there is evidence of better methods of gardening-particularly of fruit-growing-being carried out in the county. The services of the biological staff are also being increasingly used by farmers and gardeners desiring information regarding fungoid and insect pests, weeds, &c.
School or other Gardens.—There were gardens attached to 28 Elementary Day schools in the county, eight of which were worked on the collective plot system and 20 on the individual plot system. The total number of pupils who received instruction was 364.
Fruit-growing Stations.—There is a horticultural and fruitgrowing station of 3} acres maintained at Chelmsford hy the County Council and worked in connection with the county school
Organisation. The agricultural education work of this county is carried out entirely through the above county staff instructors.
School or College.
Agriculture.-Instruction is given in this subject by short courses of lectures and by classes for young farmers during the winter. Practical demonstrations are also given from time to time. During last season, a course of lectures, varying from two to six lectures at each place, was given at eight centres to an average attendance of 26. Evening classes for yourg farmers were held at three centres during the winter. At each class 10 to 24 lessons were given to an average attendance of 12. There is greater interest displayed in this work every year, particularly amongst the younger members of the different classes.
Field Experiments. These were conducted on ten farms, and consisted of manurial tests on the swede crop, meadow hay, and permanent pasture, together with variety tests on potatoes. These trials were conducted with the object of giving information as regards the manurial treatment of the most important crops in the “hill” and “ vale " portions of the county. The potato trials were carried out in conjunction with the National Potato Society. At three of the lectures enumerated under the previous heading the results of these experiments were discussed, and also at the elasses for young farmers.
Dairying. -A fixed school is maintained by the county throughout the year. Short courses are given all the year round and they are arranged to extend over a longer or shorter period according to the number of days the pupils can attend. The number of pupils who attended the butter-making courses was 21 and of those who attended the cheese-making courses 17. There is a healthy demand for instruction in dairy-work in the county and many enquiries for advice from dairies are addressed to the school.
Arrangements can also be made for itinerant classes to be conducted by a teacher from the fixed school. These classes were held last year at four centres for butter making and at four centres for cheese-making. The instructress gave ten lessons at each centre. The total attendance for butter making was 56, and for cheese-making 30. Several visits of advice were also paid. At four dairies in the county at which cheese had not been made for some years the manufacture was resumed as a result of these itinerant classes.
Poultry Keeping.-Instruction is given in this subject by means of lectures during the winter and by demonstrations at local shows during the summer. A course of from two to four lectures was given at 15 centres to an average attendance of 60. The demand for instruction in this subject is well maintained. The results of former lectures are shown by an improvement in several districts in the class of birds and the conditions under which they are kept.
Bee Keeping. -A course of two lectures and demonstrations was given at four centres, and a course of four lectures and demonstrations at one other centre, to an average attendance of 30. Practical demonstrations were also given at the County Agricultural Show and also at five local flower shows during the summer. There is a good demand for advice at these lectures, &c., on numerous matters connected with bee keeping.
Farriery.-Instruction is given in this subject by an itinerant teacher employed throughout the year. Nine centres were visited during the year. The practical work takes place at some local forge, and lectures are also given on the structure of the horse's foot and the principles of shoeing. The number of pupils attending both the theory and practice was 77. At the examination conducted by the Worshipful Company of Farriers held in the county during the year 26 students presented themselves, and of these 19 satisfied the examiners and qualified for the Company's certificate.
Manual Processes. Applications for instruction have been received, and it is to be hoped that courses may eventually be organised in some of these subjects.
Horticulture.-Instruction is given in this subject by means of lectures, and by demonstrations on pruning, washing, &c. A course of from two to four lectures was given at 32 centres to an average attendance of 35. The demand for this kind of instruction increases every year, not only among cottage gardeners and allotment holders, but also among tenant farmers and fruit growers. Small horticultural societies have been formed in certain localities as a result of these lectures, and these societies hold local exhibitions.
School or other Gardens.-Gardens were attached to nine Elementary Day schools in this county. Of these, two were worked on the collective plot system and seven on the individual plot system. In most schools one class was arranged for consisting of 14 boys, but in one or two centres two classes of 14 boys each were formed. There were also two Evening school gardens in the county at which 24 pupils received instruction.
Fruit-growing Stations. The county contributes to the National Fruit and Cider Institute, see page 73.
Training of Elementary School Teachers.
Lecturer in Veterinary Science
*T. B. Goodall, F.R.C.V.S. * Employed partially only.
See also the Farm School, Basing (page 78).
Organisation.---The agricultural education work of this county is conducted almost entirely through the staff employed at the above Farm School. The staff of the Agricultural Department of the University College, Reading, is employed for examination purposes.
School or College.-The county has established and maintains the above Farm School, Basing.
Agriculture. The county employs an instructor in this subject at the Farm School. No outside lectures were given.
Field Experiments.—These were conducted on the farm attached to the Farm School.
Experimental Farm.-The farm attached to the Farm School comprises 28 acres of pasture land and 33 acres of arable. A variety of simple, experiments were conducted there for the
benefit of the students. They were chiefly manurial on the various farm crops, but there was also one feeding experiment with cattle.
Dairying.-A fixed dairy school is maintained at the Farm School. The courses held are of five or ten weeks' duration. There were 32 in attendance during the year. An itinerant school is also maintained. It visited 1l centres for ten days each. The total attendance was 145, and of these 127 took the full course.
Poultry Keeping.-Instruction is given in this subject at the Farm School. Lectures are also given in the county. A course of four lectures was given at each of three centres, and two lectures at one other centre, to an average attendance of 18. In addition 65 visits were made to private poultry keepers.