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2. Regulatory activities are conducted under four major categories: (a) plant disease and pest control; (b) animal disease and pest control; (c) pesticides regulation; and (d) meat inspection.
The Service carries out emergency programs, when necessary, for the control and eradication of animal diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, and for the control of emergency outbreaks of insects and diseases.
The Service directs research beneficial to the United States which can be advantageously conducted in foreign countries through agreements with foreign research institutions and universities. This program is carried out under the authority of sections 104(a) and (k) of Public Law 480, the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1945, as amended.
The Service maintains a central office in Washington, D.C., and operates the 10,378-acre Agricultural Research Center at Beltsville, Md. However, most of the Service's work is conducted at approximately 930 other locations in the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and at several locations in foreign countries. Much of the work is conducted in cooperation with the State agricultural experiment stations, State departments of agriculture, and with other agencies, both public and private.
Available funds and man-years 1963 and estimated, 1964 and 1965
Agricultural Research Service:
1 $176, 196, 495 16,756 - $183, 605, 700 -17, 516 $195, 407,000
184, 012, 102 16,772 201, 542, 140 17, 534 205, 407,000 Obligations under other USDA appropriations: Office of Management Ap
praisal and Systems Develop. ment: Personnel management functions.
6,000 Agricultural Marketing Service:
Methods for evaluating
market quality of live-
trition problems in the
42, 737 6
62,000 7 Examination of meat and
62,000 meat food products....
138, 145 15
143,000 15 146,500
terials for controlling to-
terials at the fertilizer
18,000 2 Federal Extension Service:
18,000 Drafting, engineering, and architectural layout services and miscellaneous publications relating to protection against radiation fallout.....
11,000 1 Foreign research and transla
tion programs under Public
26, 267 3
30,000 3 Miscella neous activities (pri
30, 536 marily clerical assistance and space maintenance)
56,796 Working Capital Fund: Main
tenance and operation of fa-
457 388, 490 465 391, 382
184, 365, 657 17, 229 201, 930, 630 17, 999 205, 798, 382
See footnotes at end of table
Available funds and man-years 1963 and estimated, 1964 and 1965-Continued
Investigations on control of
chaparral in Arizona..
carrying out foreign re-
consultation and support.
Ankole ranching survey
in Uganda.. Contagious bovine
tion in Near East,
of Brazil, Thailand
advisory services in
in the Near East.. Office of Emergency Planning:
functions Department of State: Plant
quarantine inspection sery. ices, Australia and New Zea
land.. Department of Commerce: Accelerated public works,
construction and renova
tion of facilities.... Technical assistance under
Area Redevelopment Ad
ministration program. Funds received from States, lo.
cal organizations and others
mals in quarantine....
and quarantine activities. Technical services and research
principally for Defense, In
terior, HEW, AEC, and AID. Inport-export services under
plant and animal disease and pest control and sale of equipment... Packer overtime and services to
the military under meat in
spection..... See footnotes at end of table.
Available funds and man-years 1963 and estimated, 1964 and 1965—Continued
1 Includes $2,750,000 appropriated in the Second Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1962, for use in 1963.
Excludes funds for cost of production research and utilization research and development authorized to be transferred in 1964 from Commodity Credit Corporation and section 32 funds.
11 Personnel compensation:
Total personnel compensation.
Services of other agencies.
Grants for research.
vention of Foot-and-Mouth Disease. 42 Insurance claims and indemnities.
Total, Agricultural Research Service......
Excludes reappropriation of $1,000,000 of prior year funds for labor at research field stations.
Summary of increases and decreases, 1965 Research :
Staffing and operating new and expanded farm research laboratories and watershed research centers -
+1,500,000 Research to avoid or minimize hazards associated with the control of agricultural pests.--.
+1,500,000 Strengthening research on foot-and-mouth disease, Plum Island, N.Y.--
+500,000 Expansion of food science research--
+250,000 Construction of facilities at Fort ollins, Colo. for sugarbeet, pasture and range research-
+1,000,000 Construction, alteration, and improvement of research facilities at the Agricultural Research Center
+1, 394, 300 For increased pay act costs (Public Law 87–793).
+1, 343, 000 Decrease due to closing research at small field stations..
—264, 000 Net increase, research.
+7, 223, 300 +230,000
Plant and animal disease and pest control :
Additional plant quarantine inspection at ports of entry to pro
vide increased protection against introduction of foreign
pests and diseases... Strengthening animal inspection and quarantine to prevent in
troduction and dissemination of foreign animal diseases.--Increased activities under the Virus-Serum-Toxin Act to assure
safety and potency of veterinary biologics.---
economic poisons regulated under the Federal Insecticide,
+800,000 +937, 000
Net increase, plant and animal disease and pest control..-- +1, 637,000
Meat inspection :
Additional inspectors to meet increasing requests for Federal
meat inspection and to provide for periodic pay increases. +1, 383,000 Reclassification of meat inspectors under revised specifications issued by Civil Service Commission...
+861, 000 For increased pay act costs (Public Law 87-793).
Increase, meat inspection.--
+2, 941, 000