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Note.-Each State requires that a voter must be a citizen.

Australian ballot. Ballot contains a column for each party. Official ballot in envelope, each party having a ticket. 1In some counties. 2 In cities of over 20,000 population. 8In cities of the first, second and third classes. 4 In cities of 100,000. 6In cities of 3,000. Non-property owners must be residents two years. 8Towns of 1,000. 'Cities of 10,000 10 Must be citizens ninety days before election. 11 Prepayment of poll tax required. 12 Must be able to read. 13 Must be able to read and write. 14Guilty of treason. 15 Lunatics, 16 Idiots. 17 Paupers. 18 Bigamists. 19Guilty of bribery. 20 Under guardianship. 21 Duellists. 22 Dishonorably discharged soldiers. 28Chinese. 24 Indians holding tribal relations. 25Polygamists. 26 Persons who have voluntarily borne arms against the United States and not restored to civil rights by Legislature. 27 Law requires voting machines. 28 Also in cities of fourth class. All States prohibit persons convicted of felony from voting.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS.
January 1 (New Year's Day)—In all the States, except Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia,
Massachusetts, Minnesota, New-Hampshire and Rhode Island.

January 8-Louisiana only; anniversary of battle of New-Orleans.
January 19-Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and Virginia only; Lee's birthday.

February 12 (Lincoln's Birthday)-Connecticut, Illinois, Minnesota, New-Jersey, New-York, Pennsylvania and Washington.

February 22 (Washington's Birthday)—All the States, except Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Mississippi and New-Mexico.

March 2—Texas; Texan independence anniversary.
April: First Wednesday-Election Day; Rhode Island,
April 6–Confederate Memorial Day; Louisiana.
April 19-Massachusetts; Patriots' Day.
April 21—Texas; anniversary of battle of San Jacinto,
April 26--Confederate Memorial Day; Alabama, Florida, Georgia and Tennessee.
May 10_Memorial Day; North Carolina and South Carolina.
May 20—North Carolina; Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence.

May 30—Memorial Day; in all States except Arkansas, Alabama, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia

June 3—Jefferson Davis's birthday; Florida and Georgia.

July 4-Independence Day; in all the States, except Colorado, where it is observed, though not a statutory holiday.

July 24-Utah only; Pioneers' Day.
August 16-Vermont; Bennington Battle Day.
September 9—California; Admission Day.
October 31- Nevada; admission into the Union anniversary.
November 1-Louisiana; All Saints' Day.

December 25 (Christmas Day)-Observed in all the States. (Not statutory in Colorado.)

ARBOR DAY-Arizona, first weekday after February 1; Florida, first Friday in February; Kansas, on day set by Governor; Maryland, September 12; Minnesota, on day set by Governor; Montana, third Tuesday in April; Nebraska, April 22; New-Mexico, second Friday in March; New-York, first Friday in May; North Dakota, on day set by Governor; Rhode Island, first Friday in April; Texas, February 22; Utah, April 15; Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming, on day set by Governor.

BIRD DAY-Minnesota, designated by the Governor.

ELECTION DAY (first Tuesday after first Monday in November)—In Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, NewJersey, New-York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

GOOD FRIDAY-Observed as a holiday in Alabama, Connecticut (customarily designated by Governor as Fast Day), Louisiana, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Tennessee.

LABOR DAY (first Monday in September)-By an act of Congress approved June 28, 1894, this was made a National holiday. Labor Day is observed in Louisiana on the fourth Saturday in November. It is observed in the other States, except Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota and Wyoming, on the first Monday in September.

MARDI GRAS-Observed in Alabama and Louisiana. It falls on Shrove Tuesday, the day before the first Sunday of Lent.

SATURDAY HALF-HOLIDAYSAfter 12 o'clock noon. Legal holiday in Colorado and Louisiana (in cities and towns of 100,000 population and over), Delaware (Newcastle County only, in Wilmington throughout the year, and rest of county from June to September), District of Columbia, Maryland (Baltimore and Annapolis only), Michigan, Missouri (in cities of 100,000 or over), New-Jersey, New-York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina (in Charleston County only) and Virginia.

THANKSGIVING DAY (last Thursday in November)-In all States (except Arkansas, Idaho and Kentucky), though not a statutory holiday in some.

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voting .....: No. of States

Total
Each

voted ...
ceived

No.
re-

Popular

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*George Washington.

John Adams.
*George Washington.

John Adams.
John Adams.

Thomas Jefferson.
*Thomas Jefferson.

Aaron Burr...... *Thomas Jefferson.

C. 0. Pinckney. *James Madison..

C. C. Pinckney. *James Madison..

DeWitt Clinton.
*James Monroe.

Rufus King
*James Monroe.

John Q. Adams,
*John Q. Adams..

Andrew Jackson,
Andrew Jackson.....

J. Q. Adams.
*Andrew Jackson.....

Henry Clay.
*Martin Van Buren

W. H. Harrison. *W. H. Harrison.

Martin Van Buren *James K. Polk..

Henry Clay........ *Zachary Taylor......

Lewis Cass........... *Franklin Pierce,....17

Winfield Scott......... *James Buchanan.....

John C. Fremont.... Abraham Lincoln..

J. C. Breckenridge. •Abraham Lincoln..

George B. McClellan. *Ulysses S. Grant.

Horatio Seymour. *Ulysses S. Grant.

Horace Greeley. *R. B. Hayes.

Samuel J. Tilder. *James A. Garfield..

W. S. Hancock. *Grover Cleveland.

James G. Blaine. Benjamin Harrison.

Grover Cleveland. Grover Cleveland.

Benjamin Harrison.. •William McKinley.

e William J. Bryan. *William McKinley..

William J. Bryan..

1789 Federalist.. Virginia

Federalist.. Massachusetts 1792 Federalist.. Virginia

Federalist.. Massachusetts 1796 | Federalist.

Massachusetts Dem. Rep. Virginia 1800 | Dem.-Rep... Virginia

Dem.-Rep... New-York 1804 | Dem.-Rep... Virginia

Federalist.. So, Carolina. 1808 Dem. Rep.. Virginia Federalist.

So. Carolina. 1812 Dem.--Rep.. Virginia Federalist...

New-York 1816 Dem. Rep.. Virginia Federalist...

New-York
1820 | Dem.-Rep..

Virginia
Opposition.

Massachusetts c1824 Coalition.

Massachusetts Dem.-Rep.

Tennessee 1828 | Democrat.

Tennessee Nat.--Rep | Massachusetts 1832 Democrat.

Ternessee
Nat.-Rep. Kentucky
1836 Democrat..

New-York
Whig.

Ohio 1840) Whig.

Ohio Democrat.. New-York 1844 Democrat.

Tennessee Whig... Kentucky 1848/Whig..

Louisiana
Democrat.

Michigan 1852 Democrat. New-H'pshire Whig.

New-Jersey 1856 | Democrat... Pennsylvania

Republican.. California 1860 | Republican. . Illinois Democrat.

Kentucky 1864 Republican.. Illinois Deinocrat.

New Jersey 1868 Republican.. Illinois

Democrat... New-York 1872 Republican.. Illinois

Dem. & Lib../New-York 1876 Republican.. Ohio

Democrat... New-York 1880 | Republican..

Ohio Democrat.. Pennsylvania 1984 | Democrat New-York

Republican. Maine 1888 Republican Indiana

Democrat. New-York 1892 Democrat. New-York

| Republican.. Indiana 1896 Republican... Ohio..

Dem. (Sil.)... | Nebraska.. 1900 Republican... (Ohio

Democratic.. Nebraska

a10 73 691

341 15135 | 132

77 16/1381 71

68 16138b73

b73 17|176 162

14 17|176 | 122

47 18218128

89 19221183

34 24 235 231

1 24 261 84 108,740

99 153,544 24 261 178 647,231

83 509,097 24 288 219 687,502

49 530, 189 26 294 170 761,549

73 26/294 234 1,275,017

601,128, 702 26 275 170 1,337,243

105 1,299,068 30290 163 1,360,101

127|1,220,544 31 296 254 1,601,474

42 1,386,226 31296 | 1741,838, 169

114|1,341,264 33/303/180(1,866,352

72 845, 663 361314 212 2,216,067

21 1,808, 725 37/317 214 3,015,017

802, 709,613 371366 | 286 3,597,070

d422,834,079 38369185 4,033,975

1844,284,873 38/369 214|4,454,416

155/4,444,952 38401 219 4,874,986

182 4,851,981 38/401 233 5,440,708

16815,536, 242 444442775,554,267

145 5,175, 201 45 447271 7, 111, 607

1766,509,052 45 4472927,214,027

155 6,342,514

Previous to 1804 each elector voted for two candidates for President. The one receiving the greatest number was declared President, and the one receiving the next highest was declared Vice-President.

a Three States not voting. b Tie vote; choice decided by House of Representatives on 36th ballot. cNo choice by Electoral College; choice decided by House of Representatives on first ballot. d Horace Greeley, the Democrat and Liberal Republican candidate, died before the Electoral College met, and the Greeley electors of five States voted for Thomas A. Hendricks. e Including votes cast for Bryan and Watson (Pop.) ticket. *Elected President.

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796

2,824

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1892, 1896 AND 1900. 1892. 1896.

1900. Rep. Dem. Pop. . Rep. 1 D.-P. Nat. D. Rep

Dem. Pro.

S. Labor| S. Dem.
9,197 138,138 85,181 54,737 *131,226 6,462 53,669 96,368 1,407
46,974 87,834 11,831 37,512 101,103

44,800 81,142

584
118,149 118,293 25,352 146,688 *144,766 2,006 165,346 124,626 5,024

7,5721
38,620
53,584 26,271 *161,269
1 93,067 122,733 3,790

684

714
77,032 82,395
809 110,285 56, 740 4,336

102,572 74,014 1,617 908 1,029
18,077 18,581

20,452 16,615 966 22,537 18,865

546

57
30,143 4,843 11,257 *31,958 1,772 7,604 28,261 2,234 601
48,305 129,386 42,939 60,091 *94,672 2,708 34,028 77,353 1,396
8,599
10,520 6,314 23,192

27,198 29,414

857
399,288 426, 281 22, 207 607, 130 464,523 6,390 597,985 5113,061 17,626 1,373 9,687
255, 615 262, 740 22, 208 323, 754 305,573 2,145 336,063 309,581 13, 717

663 2,374
219,795 196,367 20,5951 289, 293 223,741 4,516 307,778 209,266 9,502

259 2,742 157,241

163, 111|| 159,541| 171,810 1,209 185,952 162, 605
135,441 175,461 23,5001 218,171 217,890 5,114 226, 799 234,902 2,262 408

456
13,331 87,622 13,332 22,037 77,175 1,915 13,928 53,671
62,876 48,049 2,396 80,461 34,587 1,866 65,475 36,822 2,585

878
92,736 113,866

136,978 104,746

2,507 136,212 122,271 4,582

391

908
202,914 176,813 3,2101 278,9761 *105,711 11,749 238,866 156,977 6,202 2,599 9,607
222, 708 202,296 19,931 293,582 237,268 6,968 316,269 211,685 9,916

825

902
122,823 100,920 29,313 193,503 139,735 3,222 188,779 111,816 8,394 1,316 2,943

1,406 40,237 10,256 5,123 *63,793 1,071 5,753 51,706
227,646 268,400 41, 204 304,940 363, 652 2,355 313,733 351,913
18,838 17,534 7,259 10,494 42,537

25,373 37,137

298
111

708
87,227 24,934 83,134 103,064 115,999 2,797 121,835 113,613 3,685

820
2,811
714 7,264 1,938 *8,377

3,849 6,347
45,658 42,081 292 57,444 *21,650 3,520 54,803 35,489 1,271

790
156,068 171,042 969 221,367 133,675

6,373

221,707 164,808 7,183 2,074 4,609
609,350 654,868 16,429 819,838 551,369 18,950 821,992 678,3861 22,043 12,622 12,869
100,346 132,951 44,732 155,222 174,488 678

182,997 157.733

900 17, 159

17,700 | | 26,335 20,686

35,891 20,519

731

518
405,909 404, 115 14,8501 525,991 -477,497

1,858 843,918 474,882 10, 203 1,688 4,847
35,0021 12,242 26,965 48,779 46,662

977 46,526 33,385

2,536

1,494
516,011 452,264 8,714 728,300 433,230 10,921 712, 665 424,232) 27,908 2,936

4,8311
26,975 24,356 228 37,437 14,459 1,166 34,784 19,812 1,529
13,384 54,698 2,410

9,313 68,801 824 3,580 47,236
34,888 9,081 26,544 41,042 41, 225

54,530 39,554 2,564
99,851 136,5941 23,780 148,773 166,268 1,951 123,394 145, 744 3,914

415
81,444 239, 148 99,688 167,520 370,434 5,046 120,483 267, 243 2,644

162 1,8461
13,491 64,607
21 47,089 44,949

205
37,992 16,325

44 50,991 *10,607 1,329 51,127 10,179 1,032
113,262 163,9771 12,275 135,388 154,985 2,127 115,687 146,079

2,153
36, 460 29,8021 19,165 39,153 51,646 1,668 57,456 44,905 2,363

866 2,006
80,293 84,467 4,166 104,414 92,927

677 119,780 99,781 1,585

187
171, 101 177,325 10,019 268, 185 165,523 4,584 265,866 159, 285 10,124

524 7,095 8,454 7.722 10,072 10,655

14,482 10,164 15, 176,3365,552,351 .041.467|17.111.807 6.509,062 467|1?

134,645 7,214,027 16,342,514 197,112 32,433 380,881

82,904 602.555

871,513

States.
Alabama
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut ........
Delaware
Florida
Georgia ..........
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine ..........
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri .........
Montana ..........
Nebraska
Nevada ...........
New Hampshire
New-Jersey
New-York
North Carolina....
North Dakota.......
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.....
South

Dakota.....
Tennessee
Texas
Utah .......
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Totals
Pinralitles

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1,423

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N

ELECTORAL VOTES

FOR PRESIDENT,

1872 TO 1900.

403

*The figures on the Bryan and Sewall and the Bryan and Watson tickets are added together, thus giving the total vote cast for the head of the ticket. The vote cast for the "Bryan and Watson” ticket in the several States was: Alabama, 24,089; California, 21,730; Colorado, 2,389; Florida, 1,977; Georgia, 440; Illinois, 1,090; Kansas, 46,194; Maine, 2,387; Massachusetts, 15,181; Mississippi, 7,517; Nevada, 575; New-Hampshire, 379; Ohio, 2,615; Pennsylvania, 6,103; Tennessee, 4,525; Texas, 79,572; Vermont, 461; Wyoming, 286. Prohibition vote, 1892, 270,367; 1896, 145,280. Socialist Labor vote, 1896, 36,373.

Scattering includes the following: Alabama-Pop., 3,796. Arkansas-Pop., 972; Union Reform, 341. Connecticut-Leonard W. Bacon, Independent Presidential elector, 45. Georgia-Pop., 4,548. Idaho-Pop., 213; Anti-Fusion Bryan Pop., 232. IllinoisPop., 1,141; Un. Christ., 352; Un. Ref., 672. Indiana-Pop., 1,458; Un. Ref., 254. Iowa -Pop., 613; Un. Christ., 166. Kansas-Soc., 1,605; Pro., 3, 605. Kentucky-Pop., 1,662. Maryland-Un. Ref., 147. Mississippi-Pop., 1,642. Missouri-Prog. Peop., 4,244; Pro., 5,963; Soc. Dem., 6,128; Soc. Labor, 1,294. Montana-Pop., 110. Nebraska-Pop., 1,103. North Carolina-Pop., 737. Ohio- Un. Ref., 4,284; People's, 251. Oregon-Pop., 275. Pennsylvania-Pop. (Mid. Road), 638. Rhode Island-Soc. Labor, 1,423; Pro., 1,529. Tennessee-Pop., 1,360. Utah-Soc. Labor, 102; Soc. Dem., 717. West Virginia-People's, 267. Texas-Pop., 20,961. Colorado-Pop., 389. Florida-Pop., 1,070. ELECTORAL VOTES FOR PRESIDENT, 1872 TO 1900.

11872 1876.||1880. ||1884. 1888. 1892. 1896. 1900

States.

Grant.....

1 Hendricks

Hayes.....

Tilden......

Harrison.

Cleveland. Prom

Harrison..IT
Cleveland. = 30 30 #6
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Cleveland.
Blaine.... | 10 | 11 |

12
(Garfield.... IT-000 T11169 FOTIT TO ITS |||
Hancock.. 20 || TFTLITE 10 11 10 1 1 1 0 1 1 TIITTF13

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Alabama 1011

11 Arkansas

611
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia

13

13 Idaho Illinois 21

24 Indiana

15 Iowa

11 Kansas 5

10 Kenutcky .....

81
12

13 Louisiana

fi † in 8 Maine

7 Maryland

811 Massachusetts

13 Michigan 11

13 Minnesota

5 Mississippi

9 Missouri

15
15

161 16
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New-Jersey

10

10 New-York

35
35 35
3611 36

36
36

36 North Carolina.

101
10
11

11
North Dakota.
Ohio
22

23

23 Oregon

3 Pennsylvania 29

30
301

32
Rhode Island..
South Carolina..
South Dakota..
Tennessee
12

12 Texas

13 Utah Vermont

5 Virginia 11

12

12 Washington West Virginia. 51

6 Wisconsin

101
10

12
12

12 Wyoming

3

3 3 Totals

1286| 42||185|184||2141155||182|219||233|168||143|277) 22||271|176||292|155 *Scattering, 21. řRejected. [Republican candidate in first column. Democratic In second column. In 1892 the third column is the Populist vote. Horace Greeley, the Democratic and Liberal Republican candidate for President, died before the electoral vote was cast, and the Greeley electors of five States voted for Thomas A. Hendricks.

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POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS SINCE THE

FORMATION OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY IN 1856. The totals given in the following table represent the strength of each party at the opening session of Congress. 1 Senate,

House.

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*During Civil War some Southern States were unrepresented. Two Virginia Senators were Readjusters and voted with Republicans. Four Populists and two Silver, the latter of Nevada. 1 Union party. 2 Liberal Republicans. Populists. 4Three vacancies. Greenbackers. 70ne vacancy. 8Five Populists, two Silver Republicans, one Independent. 10 Twenty-nine

are Silver Democrats. 11 Ten are Silver Republicans; also one vacancy. 12One hundred and twenty-nine are Silver Democrats, 18Fifteen Populists; eleven Democratic Populists. 14 Three seats, one from Delaware, one from Pennsylvania and one from Utah, remained unfilled during the greater part of the LVIth Congress. 15 During the life of the LVIth Congress two Senators elected as Populists, Mr. Kyle, of South Dakota, and Mr. Stewart, of Nevada, became Republicans. Mr. Wellington, of Maryland, elected as a Republican, became a Democrat. 16Four Fusionists from Nebraska, two from Colorado, one from Nevada, one from Kansas and one from Idaho are counted as Democrats. RATIO OF REPRESENTATION SINCE 1789.

No. of Rep-
How determined.

Year.

Ratio. resentatives. Population. Constitution

1789
30,000

65 First census......

1793
30,000

105

3,929,214 Second census......

1803
33,000

141

3,308,483 Third census..

1813
35,000

181

7,239,881 Fourth census.

1823
40,000

213

9,633,822 Fifth census.

1833
47,700

240

12,866,020 Sixth census.

1843
70, 680

223 Seventh census.

1853
93,423

233 Eighth census.

1863
127,381

243

31,443,321 Ninth census.

1873
131,425

293

38,558,371 Tenth census.

1883
151,911

325

50, 155.873 Eleventh census..

1893
173,901

356

62,831,900 Note.-For representation of each State at present see “States and Territories, General Information."

17,069,453 23, 191,876

VOTE CAST IN EACH STATE AND TERRITORY FOR REPRESENTA

TIVE IN CONGRESS, 1898 AND 1900.
1898.

1900.
Rep.
Dem.
Rep.

Dem. *Scattering Alabama

18,967
66,856

36,334 104,626 Arizona

7,384
8,212
7,716

8,664 Arkansas

62,706
24,204
42,735

84,258
California
139,382 1128, 700

180,549

142,321

4,766

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