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The debtor now applied for leave to file a fresh petition for liquidation, and he stated in his affidavit "it was by sheer inadvertence on my part that my petition did not disclose the shop in which I had previous to filing my said petition carried on the business of a hatter. When I disposed of the shop No. 30b, Warwick-street, I removed all the stock I had thereto No. 21, Warwick-street, which is almost opposite No. 30, Warwick-street. I had no object whatever in concealing the last-mentioned address, and it was entirely by my mistake that the same did not appear in my petition."

E. C. Willis, in support of the application.
Brovgh, for the petitioning creditor.

Mr. Kioistrar Murray said the same strictness must be observed apon an application for leave to file a fresh petition for liquidation as upon an application for a new first meeting. He had heard the evidence given when the debtor applied to register the resolutions, and he did not think the inaccuracy of tbe description had arisen from mere inadvertence. The petitioning creditor had now incurred the expense of presenting a petition for adjudication, which was returnable on the 28th February, and no ground whatever had been shown for granting the application. It must be refused, with costs.

Solicitor for the debtor, B. Sumney.

Solicitors for the petitioning creditor, Hooks <£■ Co,

LEGAL APPOINTMENTS.

Sir Hbnry Mather Jackson, baronet, Q.C., M.P., has been appointed a Judge of the Queen's Benoh Division. Sir H. M. Jackson is the eldest son of the late Sir William Jacksou. He was born in 1831, and succeeded to the baronetcy on his father's death in 1876. He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Oxford, where he graduated second class in classics in 1853, and he was called to the bar ,at Lincoln's-ino, in Michaelmas Term, 1855. He became a Queen's Counsel in 1S73, and has since practised in the court of Vice-Chancellor Bacon He was M.P. for Coventry in the Liberal interest from July, 1867, till November, 1868, and he was re-elected in 1874. Sir H. M. Jackton, is a bencher of Lincoln's-inn, aud a magistrate and deputy-lieuteuant for Monmouthshire.

Mr. Jam Ks Charles Mathew, barrister, has been appointed a Judge of the Qaeen's Bench Division. Mr. Justice Mathew was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in Hilary Term, 1854 (having in the previous November obtained an open studentship), and he is a member of the South-Eastern Circuit. He recently acted as a member of the committee on the subject of Costs of Legal Proceedings.

Mr. John Batten, F.S.A., of Upcerne, Yeovil, has been appointed High Sheriff of Dorsetshire for the ensuing year. Mr. Batten is the eldest son of Mr. John Batten, solicitor, of Yeovil. He was born in 1815, and was admitted a solicitor in 1838. He formerly practised at Yeovil, and was for several years town clerk of that borough. Mr. Batten is a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for Dorsetshire and Somer

Mr. John Cook, barrister, has been appointed a Stipendiary Magistrate for the Colony of British Honduras. Mr. Cook was called to the bar at Lincoln's-inn in Easter Term, 1858, and he is a member of the South-Eastern Circuit, having practised also at the Central Criminal Court aud at the Middlesex ~

Mr. Frederick Dtjtton, solicitor, of 21, Drapersgarden?, has been appointed a Commissioner for taking the Acknowledgments of Married Women for the Colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, and New Zealand, and also a Commissioner for taking Affidavits in the Supreme Courts of the Colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, and New Zealand.

Mr. Ghastly Hyde Fitzhardinqe, barrister, has been appointed Public Prosecutor for the Southern District of the Colony of New South Wales. Mr, Fitzhardioge was called to the bar at Sydney in 1868.

Mr. John Graves, solicitor (of the firm of Rutland & Gra ves), of Peterborough and Whittlesey, has been elected Town Clerk of tbe Borough of Salford, in succession to Mr. Christopher Moorhoose, who has been appointed Solicitor to

the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company. Mr, Graves was admitted a solicitor in 1869, and he has been for several years clerk to tbe Yaxley Fen Drainage Commissioners, and solicitor and secretary to the Peterborough G*s Company.

Mr. Alexander Smith Kinnear, LL.D., Dean of the Faculty of Adrocates in Scotland, has been created a Queen's Counsel for Scotland.

Mr. Charles Henry Thomas Marshall, solicitor (of the firm of Middleton & Marshall), of Colchester, Harwich, and Manningtree, has been appointed a Commissioner to administer Oaths in tbe Supreme Court of Judicature.

Mr. Frederick William Mcblaine, LL.D., has been appointed a Divisional Police Magistrate at Dublin. Mr. McBlaine was called to the bar at Dublin in 1845, and he is a member of the North-East Circuit.

Mr. Mobley Rodwell, solicitor (of the firm of Morley Rodwell & Evans), of 89, Chanoery-lane, has been appointed a Commissioner to administer Oaths in the Suprema Court of Judicature.

Mr. William Koyle, solicitor (of the firm of Royle, Smith, Fobs, & Royle), of 4, Bedford-row, has been appointed a Commissioner,to administer Oaths in the Supreme Court of Judicature.

Mr, George Bell Roth Era, solicitor (of the firm of Rothera & Sons), of Nottingham, has been elected President of the Nottingham Incorporated Liw Society for the ensuing year. Mr. Rothera was admitted a solicitor in 1859.

Mr. Altred Oxnard Smith, solicitor, of Durham, has been appointed Regis'rar of the Court of Chancery for the County Palatine of Durham, on the resignation of his partner, Mr. John Watson. Mr. Smith was admitted a solicitor in 1873, aud is acting under-sheriff for the county of Durham. Mr. Smith has also succeeded Mr. Watson in the office of Clerk to the Visiting Jusiices of the Durham County Lunatic Asylum.

Mr. James Wood, solicitor, of Bradford, has been appointed a Magistrate for that borough. Mr. Wood was admitted a solicitor in 1839, and was until lately a member of the firm of Wood, liillick, & Hutton, but has now retired from piaotioe.

COMPANIES.

WINDING-UP NOTICES. Joint Stock Companies. Limttxd iir Chajtcxby. Axglo-french Pouctni.v Company, LlmixKD.—Creditors are required on or before March 28 to send ibeir names and addresses and the particulars of their debts or claims to Samuel Lovelock, Coleman st. April 11 at 11 is appointed for hearing and udjudicating upon the debts and claims Darlington Briwsby Company, Limited.—The M.R. has by an order dated Feb 12, appointed William Augustine Spain, Grcsham bldgs, Basinghall st, to be provisional official liquidator

[Uazette, Feb. 25.]

Anglo-french Bbkwxby Company, Limited.—The M.R. has by an order dated Feb 1 appointed John Smith, Old Jewry, to bo official liquidator. Creditors are required on or before March 29 to send their names and addresses and the particulars of their debts or claims to the above. April 12 at 11 is appointed for hearing and adjudicating upon the debts or ftii»mn

BOURNEMOUTH AMD SOUTH COAST tiTRAM Pacxvt COMPANY, LIMITED.

—Petition for winding up, presented Feb 28, directed to be heard before Hall, V.C-, on March 11. Bell and Co, Bow churchyard, agents for Alcock and Routledgc, Sunderland, solicitors for too petitioners

Darlington Bxxwxry Compart, Limited.—By an order made by the M.R. dated Feb 19 it was ordered that the company be wound up. Walker and Co, Serjeant's inn, Temple, solicitors for tho petitioner

Eldorado Gold Mining Company, Limitkd—By an order mado by the M.R. dated Feb 19 it was ordered that the company bo wound up. Randall and Angier, Gray's inn plt petitioners in person

Gbocebs' Socibty, Limiibd.—By an order made by the M.R. dated Feb 19 it was ordered that the society be wound up. Baker and Nairne, Crosby sq, solicitors for creditors

Gbocbbs' Socibty, Limitkd.—The M.R. has fixed March 9 at 11 at his chambers for the appointment of an official liquidator

Halifax Building Aud Quaebyimg Company, Limitbd.— The M.R. has by an order dated Jan %\ appointed Joshua Armitago Riley, Cheapside, Halifax, to be official liquidator

Mobay Firth Mining Company, Limited.—Petition for winding up, presented Fob 25. directed to be heard before the M.R. on Mar 12. Greenfield and Abbott. Queen Victoria st, solicitors for the petitioner

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Tnismbudwy Tin Plate Company, Limitbd.—By an order made by V.C. Malins, dated Feb 18, it was ordered that the above company be wound up. White, Godliman at, agent for Thomas, Swansea, solicitor for the petitioner

[Gazette, Mar. 1.]

Unlimited iir Chanceby. Holly House Fbbeuold Land Society.—Petition for winding np presented Feb 26, directed to be heard before the M.R. on March 12. Munton and Morris, Lambeth hill, agents for Parker and Brailsford, Sheffield, solicitors for the petitioners

[Gazette, March 1.]

County Palatine Of Lancastbh. Knott Mill Darwbn Paper Company, Limited.—Creditors are required on or before March 26 to send their names and addresses and the particulars of their debts or claims to William Hutchinson, Victoria st, Blackburn. April 8 at 11 is appointed for hearing and adjudicating upon the debts or claims

[Gazette, Feb 25.] Manchester And County Insubance Company, Limited.—The V.C. has, by an order dated Jan 13, appointed John Merritt Wode, Fcnwick st, to bo official liquidator

[Gazette, Mar. l.j

Fhiewdly Societies Dissolved. Coubt Geoboe Of Green, Ancient Order of Foresters* Friendly Society, Talbot and Falcon Inn, Northgate, Wakelield, York. Feb 21

Faith, Hope, And Chabity Lodoe, Order of Druids Friendly Society, Bull and Dog Inn, Higher Chango, Bacup, Lancaster. Fob 21

[GazeVe. Feb. 25.] Egerton Grocery Society, Limited, Blackburn rd, Egerton, Lancaster. Feb 24

[Gazette, March 1.]

OBITUARY.

MR. THOMAS HAMLIN. Mr. Thomas Hamlin, solicitor, of Bristol and Wrington, died at Clifton, from paralysis, on the 19th tilt. Mr. Hamlin was admitted a solicitor in 1835, having served his articles to Mr. Samnel Baker, of Blagdon, in whose office he was for some time managing clerk. Two or three years later he settled at Wrington, where he carried on business until bis death, and more recently he had also an office at Bristol. Mr. Hamlin was a commissioner to administer oaths in the Supreme Court of Judicature, and a perpetual commissioner for Gloucestershire, Somersetshire, and the city of Bristol, and he had a good private practice. He was a man of very liberal and charitable disposition. He had contributed largely to the building of the church at Redhill, near Wrington, of which he was for several years churchwarden, and be was chairman of the Blagdon Benefit Society. Be was nn active member of the local Conservative party.

MR. THOMAS FLOUD. Mr. Thomas Floud, solicitor, of Exeter, died at that place on the 23rd ult. Mr. Floud was the son ol Mr. Thomas Floud, of Exeter, and was born in 1814. He was admitted a solicitor in 1835, and had practised for about forty-five years at Exeter, where he was universally respected. Mr. Floud formerly practised in the District Bankruptcy Court at Exeter, and he had also a good general practice in Exeter and the neighbourhood. He was a perpetual commissioner for Devonshire and the city of Exeter, and was clerk and solicitor to the feoffees of St. Fetrock's parish.

MR. WILLIAM EDWARDES HENNIKER
FORSYTH.

Mr. William Edwardes Henoiker Forsytb, barrister, died at Calcutta, on the 23rd ult., at the early age of thirty-five. Mr. Forsyth was the eldest son of Mr. William Forsyth, Q.C., late M.P. for Marylebone, his mother having been a daughter of the late Mr. George Ly all, formerly M.P. for the city of London, and he was born in 1545. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated in the second class of the classical tripos in 1867. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in Michaelmas Term, 1869,

and he joined the Home Circuit and the East and West Kent Sessions. A few years ago he went to India, and was duly admitted to practice at the bar at Culcutta. Ha was successful j in obtaining business, and had for several years held the'office of Clerk of the Crowu.

MR. JAMES ST. GEORGE BURKE, Q.C. Mr. James St. George Burke, Q.C, died suddenly at his residence, The Auberies, near Sudbury, on the 25th ult. Mr. Burke was the second son of tbe late Mr. John French Burke. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Michaelmas Term, 1846, and confined himself to parliamentary practice. He received a silk gown from Lord Westbury in 1862, and for many years enjoyed a lucrative leading business before Parliamentary Committees. He was for many years counsel to the London, Chatham, and Dorer Railway Company, and to other important public bodies. He retired from practice about twelve years ago, and had since resided at his country seat. Mr. Burke was a bencher of tbe Middle Temple, and he was for several years governor of the Imperial Gas Company. He was married to the second daughter of Mr. John Grubbe, of Horsendon House, Buckinghamshire. He had been for several years a widower, and leaves six sons and three daughters.

MR. ROBERT WILLIAM HEAD. Mr. Robert William Heal, solicitor, of Exeter, died on the 27ill ult. Mr. Head was the sou of Mr. Robert Thorna9 Head, solicitor, of Exeter, and be was an M.A. of Magdalen College, Cambridge. He was admitted a solicitor in 1846, and had ever since practised at Exeter. He was for some time in partnership with Mr. Bartholomew Charles Gidley, the present town clerk of Exeter. He was a perpetual oommissioner for Devonshire, and the city of Exeter, and he was for several years solicitor to the West of England and South Wales Land Drainage and Inclosnre Company. Mr. Head formerly represented St. Sidwell's Ward in the Exeter Town Council. He was seoretary to the AVest of England Peat Company, the members of which recently appointed a committee of investigation to inquire into the conduct of the directors. The business bad caused Mr. Head muoh anxiety and irritation, and on Sunday, the 27th ult., he was found lying dead in a stream near his father's house at Alphington. An inquest has been held, and a verdict of " FoUnd drowned " was returned by the jury.

REFRESHERS.

The following letter, concluding the correspondence, has been published :—

"New-court, Temple, Feb. 24.

"My dear Mr. Clabon,—It would be discourteous if I did not acknowledge the receipt of your letter of yesterday's date; but the explanation we sought to obtain does not appear to be contained in it.

"The desire you express to assist in lessening the excessive cost of litigation is most laudable. It does not, however, affect 'he question raised by our correspondence.

"You are good enough in your last letter to say that the meaning and intention of tbe Council of tho Incorporated Law Society in making the suggestion contained in paragraph 5 were to point out objections to 'a system,' and not to make personal charges against those who use it. Still I must remind you of the statement made by the Council of tbe Incorporated Law Society—viz., that the reoeipt by counsel of daily refreshers was a principal cause of the undue lengthening of legal proceedings in court. Too mere payment of such refreshers—that is, 'the system '—cannot of itself cause such unnecessary length. It must be to the effect of such payments that tbe evil was intended to be ascribed. The only effect whioh can be alleged as produoing tho result is the impropor inffuenoe on the minds of counsel, for if they are not influenced by tbe reoeipt of the refreshers, tbe trial would not be prolonged, and ' the system' would produce no such evil result.

"But as I gather from the tone of your letters that the Council of the Incorporated Law Society wonld not, if they had reflected before publishing these suggestions, bare employed words so likely to be construed as conveying a aerioas charge against members of oar profession, I think we had better endeavour to forget that the suggestion was ever made, and thus bring oar oorrespondenoe to a close.

"I am, yours very truly,

"henry James."

SOCIETIES.

LAW ASSOCIATION. At the usual monthly meeting of the directors, held at the baU of the Incorporated Law Society, Chauoery-laoe, on Thursday, the 3rd inst., the following being present— viz., Mr. Desboroogh (obairman), and Messrs. Boodle, Burgee, Callisson, Desborough (junr.), Luoas, and A. B. Carpenter (secretary;, a grunt of £10 was made to a member, one new member was elected, and the ordinary general business was transacted.

MANCHESTER INCORPORATED LAW ASSOCIATION. The annual dinner of this association took place on the evening of Wednesday, February 23, at the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, Manchester. Mr. George Hadfield, the president of the association, occupied the chair, the vice-presidents being Mr. James Watkins, of Bolton, and Mr. Henry Taylor. There were present Mr. James Crossley (president of the Cheetham Society, and one of the founders and the first president of the Manchester Law Association); a deputation from the Incorporated Law Society of Liverpool, consisting of Mr. C. H. Morton (lion, sec), and Mr. F. D. Lowndes ; and the following member* of the Manchester Association — viz., Messrs. Edwin Almond, T. T. Bellhouse, James Booth, E iward Bythway, Thomas Claye, Thomas Diggles, J. A. Foyster, James Hall, William Harper (Bury), T. li. Haslam, T. \V. Heelis (Bolton), C. H. Hnde, C. H. Holden (Bolton), James Kershaw, W. W. Kirkman, J. J. Lamberr, Alfred Leaf, P. J. Marlow, J. F. Milne, J. B. Parkinson, J. E. Rains, J. W. Roberts, John Ludlow, Leonard Tatham, 6. B. Witherington, P. Watson (Bury), M. Bateson Wood, C. S. Wilson, Samuel Woodcock (Bury), Percy Woolley, and S. Unwin (hon. sec). The usual loyal and patriotic toasts were proposed by the chairman, the "Army, Navy,'and Volunteers" being responded to Captain Harper; Mr. Crossley proposed "The Manchester Incorporated Law Association," which was acknowledgedby Mr. Diggles; Mr. Leaf proposed "The Lord Chancellor and the Judges, including the Local Judges." Mr. Bateson Wood proposed " The Incorporated Law Society of Liverpool," which was responded to by Mr. Lowndes and Mr. Morton. The healths of Mr. Crossley and of the bon. secretary (Mr. Uuwin) were proposed by Mr. Harper and Mr. Leaf, and acknowledged. Mr. J. F. Milne gave "The President and Chairman," and Mr. J. Evan Kains proposed, and Mr. Leonard Tatham responded to, the toast of "The Lancashire Witches." In the course of the evening the Heelis Gold Medal, founded in 1873, in memory of the late Mr. Stephen Heelis, as an annual prize for the student from Manchester or Salford who shall pass the best examination at the final examinations of the Incorporated Law Society of the United Kingdom, was presented, by the president, to Mr. James Douglas, who served his clerkship with Messrs. LingarJs & Newby, of Manchester, and Messrs. Cunliffe, Beaumont, & Davenport, of London.

LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL.

THE INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY. Honours Examination.January, 1881. At the examination for honours of candidates for admission on the roll of solicitors of the Supreme Court, the Examination Committee recommended the following gentlemen as being entitled to honorary distinction :—

First Class. [In order of merit.] Harry Faulkner Brown, who served his clerkship to

Mr. Henry Thomas Brown, of Chester; and Messrs. Milne, Riddle, & Mellor, of London.

Robert Leonard, who served his clerkship to Mr. Henry Selfe Leonard, of London.

Frank Watkins, who served his clerkship to Mr. James Watkins, of Bolton ; and Mr. Charles Heaton Hinde, of Manchester.

Hugh Neville Bewley, who served his clerkship to Mr. Alfred Bright, of the firm of Messrs. Bateson & Co., of Liverpool; and Messrs. Field, Roscoe, & Co., of London.

James Alfred Doudney, who served his clerkship to Messrs. Frank Richardson & Sadler, of London.

William Floyd, who served his clerkship to Mr. John Ellison, of Cambridge.

Thomas Carleton Bates, who served his olerkship to Mr. Robert Rogers Nelson, of London; and Messrs. Maples, Teesdale, & Co., of London.

Second Class.
[In alphabetical order.]

Ernest Orrell Bake, who served his clerkship to Mr. Richard Moore Cooper, of London.

Henry Freeman Bennett, who served his clerkship to Messrs. Pain & Hawtin, of Banbury.

Hubert James Boughton, who served his clerkship to Messrs. Bretherton & Son, of Gloucester; and Mr. Henry James Bretherton, of London.

William Harrison, who served his clerkship to Mr. Frederic Stanley Higson, of the firm of Messrs. Higson £ Son, of Manchester.

Frederick William Chant Hobrow, who served his clerkship to Messrs. Stopher & Rundle, of Loudon.

Henry Lennox Hopkinson, B.A., who served bis clerkship to Mr. James Fraser, of Ashford; and Messrs. Dawes & Sons, of London.

John Stamper Kitching, who served his clerkship to Mr. John Edward Thorley Graham, of the firm of Messrs. Moody, Turnbul], & Graham, of Scarborough; and Messrs. Layton & Jaques, of London.

Thomas Dunn Marshall, who served his clerkship to Mr. Thomas Tinley Dale, of South Shields.

Coarles Millard, who served his clerkship to Mr. David Lloyd, of Lampeter.

William Herbert OUing, who served his clership to Mr. John Attenborough, of London.

Walter John Preston, who served his clerkship to Mr. Horace William Smith, of the firm of Messrs. Fladgate, Smith, & Fladgate, of London.

Edgar Bryce Pyman, who served his clerkship to Mr. Charles Seaton Pemberton, of the firm of Messrs. Lee & Pemberton, ef London; and Mr. Wm. Benning Pritchard, of the firm of Messrs. Pritchard & Sons, of London.

William Henry Sirgeanr, who served his clerkship to Mr. Nathaniel White, of the firm of Messrs. Whites, Renard, Sc Co., of London.

John Thomas Beadsworth Sewell, who served his clerkship to Mr. John Ltifchild Hopkins, of Steyning ; aud Messrs. Purkis & Perry, of London.

Edward Garthwaite Weaving, who served his clerkship to Mr. Joseph Edmund Wilkinson, of Market Drayton.

Thomas Williams, jun., who served his olerkship to Mr. Alfred Curtis, of Neath.

Third Class. [In alphabetical order.] James Wellington Russell Almond, who served his clerkship to Mr. Henry Tebbs, of Bedford.

Charles Frank Andrews, who served his clerkship to Mr. Henry Underhill, of Wolverhampton; Messrs. Wilkins, Blyth, & Fanshawe, of London; aud Mr. John Andrews, of London.

George Bliss, who served his clerkship to Mr. Benjamin William Aplin, of Banbury.

Henry Brightwell, who served his clerkship to Mr. Frederic Oddin Taylor, of Norwich.

John William Clark, who served his clerkship to Mr. John Gibson Youll, of the firm of Messrs. Chartres, Youll, & Wilkinson, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Frederick Davies, who served his clerkship to Mr. Jesse Thomas Davies, of Loudon.

Alfred Henry Drew, who served his clerkship to Mr. William Chubb, of the firm of Messrs. Deane, Chubb, & Co., of London.

John Crosby Gillmore, B.A., who served his clerkship to Mr. Francis Gillmore Barnett, of Bristol; and Messrs. Shaen, Boscoe, & Co., of London.

Frank Edward Hodgkinson, who served his clerkship to Mr. Peroival Hodgkinson, of LondoD.

Edward Tudor Jones, who served his clerkship to Mr. Hngh Roberta, of tbe firm of Messrs. Charles A. Jones & Roberts, of Carnarvon.

William Andrew Jones, who served his clerkship to Mr. James Booth, of Manchester.

M Frank John Leslie, who served his clerkship to Mr. Henry Lewis Gregory, of the firm of Messrs. J. & H. Gregory, of Liverpool.

Walter Sydney Livesay, who served his clerkship to Messrs. Hill, Fitzhugb, Woolley, * Griffith, of Brighton.

John Lord, who served his clerkship to Mr. Henry Liversidge, of Winterton; and Mr. Frank Crowder Hett, of the firm of Messrs. Freer, Hett, & Hett, of Brigg.

George Alfred Matthew, B.A., who served his clerkship to Messrs. Eadens & Knowles, of Cambridge; and Messrs. Cole St, Jaokson, of London.

George Henry Morgan Owen, who served hia olerkship to Mr. George Thomas, of the firm of Messrs. J. H. Roberta & Thomas, of Carnarvon.

George Ostler Nioholson, who served his olerkship to Mr. Frank Crowder Hett, of the firm of Messrs. Freer, Hett, & Hett, of Brigg; and Messrs. Collyer-Bristow, Withers, & Russell, of London.

Walter Palmer, who served his olerkship to Mr. Benjamin Bedell, of Bristol.

John Thorpe Perry, who served his olerkship to Mr. Koby Liddington Thorpe, of Nottingham; and Messrs. Field, Rosooe, & Co., of London.

James Pogh, who served his olerkship to Mr. Riohard Williams, of the firm of Messrs. Williams, Gittins, & Taylor, of Newtown; and Mr. George Rennie Thorne, of Wolverhampton.

Henry Morgan Rens, who served bis olerkship to Messrs. Ingledew, Inee, & Vaohell, of Cardiff; and Mr. Daniel Rees, of Cardiff.

Louis Henry Shadbolt, who served hia olerkship to Mr. Kdmnnd Child Haynes, of the firm of Messrs. Hunters, Gwatkin, & Haynes, of London.

Alfred Slater, who served his olerkship to Mr. Henry Montague Trenohard, of Taunton; and Messrs. Wbitakers & Woolbert, of London.

John Charles Smith, who served his olerkship to Mr. Charles Webster, of Azebridge, Somerset.

Herbert John Wood, LL.B., who served his olerkship to Mr. Charles Taylor Ware, of the firm of Messrs. Ware & Hawes, of London.

John Kyme Wright, jun., LL.B., who served his clerkship to Mr. John Kyme Wright, of the firm of Messrs. Wright and Pilley, of London.

The Connoil of the Incorporated Law Sooiety have accordingly given class certificates and awarded the following prizes of books :—

To Mr. Brown, the prize of the Honourable Sooiety of Clement's-iun, value ten guineas.

To Mr. Leonard, the prize of the Honourable Sooiety of Clifford's-inn, value five guineas.

To Mr. Watkins, the prize of the Honourable Sooiety of New Inn, value five guineas.

To Mr. Bewley, Mr. Doudney, Mr. Floyd, and Mr. Bates, prizes of the Incorporated Law Sooiety, value 5 guineas

meeting and carried in the affirmative. A vote of thanks to the chairman c included the meeting.

The connoil have given olass certificates to the oandi dates in the second and third classes.

The number of candidates who attended the examination was eighty-four.

BIRMINGHAM LAW STUDENTS' SOCIETY.

A meeting of this society was held on Tuesday last at the Law Library, Bennett's-hill, Birmingham, J. Moore Bayley, Esq., being in the chair. Afler tbe special business a discussion took place on moot point No. 640: "Can the law laid down in Leggolt v. Barrett be regarded as satisfactory ? "—Genesi v. Cooper <fc Co. (L. R. 14 Ch. D. 696); Leggolt v. Barrett (L. R. 13 Ch. D. 306). Tbe speakers on the affirmative were Messrs. Barrows, O'Connor, and Crockford. The speakers on the negative were Messrs. Davies, Smith, and Coohrane. After a few remarks from the chairman, the question was put to the

MANCHESTER LAW STUDENTS' SOCIETY. The tenth meeting of the session was held on Tnesdav, the 1st of March, at the Law Library, Cross-street Chambers, at a quarter-past six o'clock, when the chair was Uken by J. Cottingham, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, deputy-recorder of Wigan. The following was the subject for discussion :— "Is any further restrictive 'legislation in relation to the liquor traffic justifUble?" Mr. Rayner opened in tiie affir. mative, and was followed on the same side by Messrs. Hartley and Linnell, whilst Messrs. A. Smith, Shaw, and S.hofield supported the negative contention. After an animated, discussion, in which, additionally to those before named, Messrs. Norton, Stocks, Read, Straus, Hawkins, Rycroft, Law, Price, Millar, and Coward took part, tbe opener replied, and the learned chairman having summed up in favour of the negative, the q uestion was decided in the negative by thirteen votes to nine. A vote of thanks to the chairman concluded the proceedings.

CREDITORS' CLAIMS.

CREDITORS UNDER ESTATES IN CHANCERY. LAST DAY OF PROOF.

Batty. Rev. Robnrt Eaton, Tranmere, Chester. Mar 14. Danger

v Batty, V.C. Malins. Blease, Liverpool Caldkh, George, Lincoln, Gent. Mar 14. Howson v Lampray,

V.C. Malins. Bescoby, East Retford Fbabnley, Jambs, Bradford, Gent. Mar 11. Feamley v Haste,

M.R. Bilbrough, Bradford Foord, James, Wnngton, Somerset. Mar 18. Foord v Caple, V.C.

Hall. Simmons and Wood, Wrington II \ Mis, Geobge, Kidderminster, Tanner. Mar 17. Hands Y Hands,

M.R. Hart, Lincoln's inn fields Kenwbxqht, Margaret, Burtonwood, Lancaster, Farmer. Feb 26.

Smith v Kenwright, V.C. Hall. Davies, Warrington Mi * in, John Joseph, Strand, Dressing Bag Maker. Mar 10.

Tayloe v Mechi, V.C. Malins. Wilson, CornhiU Nappbb, John, Kirdford, Sussex, Esq. Mar 11. St John v St John

M.R. Roberts, South sq, Gray's inn Naylob, Jambs, Oxford at. Ironmonger. Mar 17. Kitchen v Naylor

M.R. Goren, South Molton st Shobbock, Richabd, Blackburn, Corn Miller. Mar 10. Shorrock

v Greaves, V.C. HaU. Radcliffe, Blackburn Short, Charles Frederick, Ramsgatc. Mar 12. Short v Griggs,

V.C. Malins^ Mercer, Rams gate Wilkes, Sabah, Old Stratford, Warwick. Mar 7. WiUsonvHob-,

bins, V.C. HaU. Harrison, Seymour pi, Bryanston sq

i Uazetu, Feb. U.]

Bihctt, Wybley, Writham HaU, Norfolk, Esq. Mar IS. Pryor v

Ingram, M.R, Harrison, Lincoln's inn fields Brown, Geoegb, Sunderland, Pilot. Mar 15. Brown v Browu, M.R.

Brown, Sunderland Cbessby, Emily Mabia, Romsey, Hants. Mar 15. Hickman v

Cressey, M.R. Mortimer, Romsey Hamilton, Hornby, Gilesgato Moor, Durham, Yeoman. Max 15.

Hamilton v Jobson, V.C. Malins. Chambers, Durham Hindson, Matthkw, Kirkby Lonsdale, Wine Merchant's Assistant.

Mar 10. Greetham v Hindson, V.C. Malins. Pearson, Kirkby

Lonsdale

Grant, Cblarlbs Jambs Irwin, Baron do Longueuil, Pau, France. May 2. Longueuil v Trapman, M.R. Fladgate, Craven st. Strand

Pottbr, William, Farnborough, Warwick, Farmor. Mar 19.

Bucks and Oxon Union Bank, Limited Y Potter, V-C Malins.

Soames, Lincoln's inn fields Bedford, Richard, Fosdyke. Lincoln, Farmer. Mar 17. Wilson

v Bedford, M.R. Jebb, Boston Robblon, William, Sclater st, Bethnal Green, Silk Mercer. Mar

10. Robelon v Robelon, V.C. Malins. Eede, Great TitchfieUl st Smith, Benjamin, Birmingham, Gunmaker. Mar 15. Stater v

Smith, M.R. Godlee, Birmingham

[Gazette, Feb. 15.J

Db Laski, Alexander, Brighton, Esq. March 18. LeLaski v Ran,

M.R. Walters, Newsq, Lincoln's inn Goddabd, Robbbt, Merton rd, Wimbledon, Slate Merchant. March

2-4. Goddard v Jennings, M.R. Crafter, Blackfriars rd Jones, John, Ki.ighton, Radnor, Yeoman. March 21. Lloyd v

Brick, V.C. Hall. Green, Knighton Swift, Samuel, Headstone Drive, Harrow, Farmer. March 19.

Barber v Swift, V.C. Malins. White, Vjgo st. Regent st

[Gazette, Feb. 18.]

Cockbill, Rachakl, Swindon, WUts. March 18. HiU v Hill, M.RParry, Bristol

Parsons, Benjamin, North Weston Thame, Oxford, Gent. March 21. Allen v Parsons, V.C. Hall. Hedges, WaUingford

Pickbbino, Warlby, Middlesborough, Merchant. March 18. Piokering v Pickering, V.C. HaU. Bainbridge and Baxnley, Middlesborough

Pottbs, James, Balsham, Cambridge, Farmer. March 21. rotter v Potter, V.C. HaU. Blood, Witham

Rolph, Edwiii, Hemel Hempstead, Hertford, Grocer. March 21.

Y.C. Hall. Carter and Bell, Eastcheap Wbavee, William, York, Travelling Auditor. March 15. Tomlin

son v Weaver, V.C. Hall. Brown, Lendal

[ffasrffa, Feb. 22.]

CREDITORS UNDER 22 & 23 VICT. CAP. 25.

LAST DAY OF CLAIM. Axiom, Fce!tess, Halifax, Commercial Traveller. March 22. Rhodes, Halifax

Aim, Richabd, Hatfield, Hertford, Shoemaker. Apr 30. Annealey, St Albans

Bassett, Cathbbiith Elizibkth, Gloucester rd, Regent's park.

March 25. Burn and Gallomiy, Gresham st Bishop, Huic\R" Lucy, Kennington rd, Lambeth. March 21. Lowe,

Temple gardens, Temple Biggs Jiumiah, Brighton, Gent. Apr 25. Poole, Bartholomew

close

Brtra, Mist, Horley, Surrey. March 30. Sheflield and Sons, Galium st

Broom, Job, Rusholme, Lancaster, Contractor. March 8. Hall

and Co, Manchester Clegs, Robert, Todmorden, York, Grocer. March 20. StansQeld

and Soger, Todmorden Cms*, Richahd, Ribchester, Lancaster, Farmer. March 9. Hall,

and Son, Accrington Dints. Maetha, Trawamawr, Carmarthen. March 31. Barker

and Morris, Carmarthen DirKsxi, Mabia, Morehampstead. Apr 1, Ilutchings, Devonport

Deaxslhy, Thomas, Honley, Almondbury, Woollon Cloth Manu

■ 'luddi

Apr 22. Learoyd and Co, Huddersneld Deaxx, Ajtte, Winswood, Crediton, Devon. March 25. Drake and Co, Rood Lane

Eleihgtos, Johx, Coventry, Accountant. March 24. Troughton

and Co, Coventry Fltdlat, Johx Smith, Dulwich, Surrey, Merchant. August 18.

Turner and Low, King st, Cheapside G-abditbb, Johit, Wolviston, Durham, Cashier. March 31. Trotter,

Stockton-on-Tees Geicley, Davikl, Glemsford, Suffolk, Farmer. May 31. Coldham,

New inn, Strand Hadow, Johx Willum, Bruton st, Berkeley sq. Apr 2. Mac

donald and Maiden, Salisburv Hampton, William Philip, Haverstock hill, a Lieutenant-General

in the Bengal Army. March 25. Thompson, Devereux chmbrs,

Temple

Habpeb, James, Birmingham, Gonmaker. Apr 21. Mitchell and

Son, Birmingham Hxest, Johx, Edgerton, Huddersneld, Miller. Apr 22. Learoyd

and Co, Huddersfield Hcbt, Gbobge Edwabd,Halifax, Wine Merchant. Apr 1. Emmet

and Walker, Halifax Keebt, Axihoii, Smalley, Derby, Licensed Victualler. June 21.

Hextall, Derby

Leach, Lvuia, "Knottinglev, York. March 31. Rawson and Co, Bm-lford

Lxese, Joseph, Saddleworth, York, Gentleman. March 31. Beaumont, Manchester

Lobg, William, Trowbridge, Wilts, Gent. March 10. Mann and Rodway, Trowbridge

Mccabthy, Maby, Alma road, Kentish Town, June 1. Burn and Galloway, Gresham st

Mcixtosh, Jambs, Windsor Castle, Berks, a Footman in H.M.'s Service. March 10. Long and Co, Windsor

Miles, Rogbb Dvttos", Keyham, Leicester, Esq. March 25. Miles,

MrfCHELL-WiLLiAM, Sculcoates, Kingston-npon-Hull, Asphalter,

Apr «. Thoraey, Hull Matrix, Jobas, High st, Aldgate. March 7. Cowlard and Chowne,

Lincoln's inn fields Palmxb, Elizabeth, Ramsgate, Kent. March 31. Attcr and Brown,

Peterborough

Paxebh, Chablbs, Northampton, Licensed Victualler. March 18.

Andrew, Northampton Pool, Sab Ah, Kingston upon Hull. March 18. Walker and Spink,

Hull

Bobbets, Gxoxob, Austonley, Almondbury, Gent. Apr 22. Learoyd and Co, Huddersfield

Stcabt, Fbbdsbick Eatojt, Caterham Valley, Surrey, Banker's Clerk. March 31. Stuart, Cowley rd, North Brixton

Teb-beoue, William, Cambridge, Gent. March 25. Holben, Cambridge

Walsh, Maby Ellen, Gwernhaylod, Overton, Flint. Apr 1.

longueville and Co, Oswestry Wabs, Jambs, Bradford, York, Pauper. March 31. Rawson and

Co, Bradford

Weight, Thomas, Crosse ns, Southport, Lancaster, Farmer. Apr 2. I Dicksons, Southport

IQazette, Feb. 22.]

The directors of the Legal, Medical, and General Stores are prepared to receive applications for 2,500 abares at par, •haras £2 etch, to be paid in full on allotment. The shareholders are to receive half-yearly out of the profits interest at the rate of five per cent., and after placing a sufficient sum in the reserve /and, there will be an annual division among tbe >ofUw

COSTS.

"B." baa addressed the following letter to the editor of the Times:

Sir,—The amount of the costs of an action is an opprobrium to the law. It is also a mystery. Economists say, and truly, that the best way to get anything done as well and cheaply as possible is to leave it to public competition and unfettered. That is the oase with litigation. It is trne that barristers and solicitors are qualified persons, and that praotioe of the profession is not open to everyone; bnt it is open to everyone to be a barrister or solicitor aa it ia to be a singer or physician.

According to the economists, then, law ought to be as □heap as possible. Bat it is not. Another thing: are barristers and aolioitora particularly prosperous persona? Do they aa a olaaa make more money than those of other callinga who start from the same raok of life as themselves? Certainly not. Yet, again; look at the particular charge for the particular thing done. It ia excessive? It> 6a. 8d. too much for the attendance for aeveral hours at chambers of a man of education and abilities P Certainly not; and yet it ia certain that the coats of an action are monstrous. It cannot be right that an action on a bill of exohange for £25 or for as much damage to a cab in a runningdown case should cost the litigants ten timea tbat amount in costa, as it does often, perhaps more. There is something wrong somewhere. The thing has got into a wrong groove. The system ia wroDg. Let me state what it is.8

As a rale, the losing party paya the winner' coats; I say nothing about later coats, which would onlv embarrass the matter. The costs are ascertained by an officer of the court. The losing party has to pay them and hia own. His own coats which he has to pay his solicitor may, at the instance of either of them, be ascertained by the 8ame officer of thecourt, or, though it is never done, fixed by a jury like the items of a tailor's or butcher's bill. Practically, they are taxed by the same officer tbat taxes between party and party ; they are made out, of course, on the footing that if the client had been successful his opponent would have had to pay them. They are fixed in reference, not to the result, but to the work done.

Now lam not going to say a word against solicitors. On the contrary, I desire to express what I feel, the greatest respect for them. But it is obvious that this system is calculated to swell the amount of costs. Every solicitor mult hope, nay, ought to believe, that his client will be successful and the opponent have to pay. To that opponent he owes no duty and for him cau have no regard except as a fellow-creature. And as he must or ought to believe him in the wrong, he ought to think it wonld be a good, at least not a bad thing, tbat he should have to paylarge costs. Then, as he is paid, not by the result, but according to what he has done, he has every reason for doing as much as possible subject, of course, to this—that it the> laxing officer sees some of the things done were needless ha will disallow the charge for them. Still, tbe obvious tendency of this practice is to multiply items and augment costs. It is as though a man had to pay for a house, not according to the worth of the house when he got it, but according to the expense the builder bad gone to in building it. The remedy I propose is that the solicitors should be paid a lump sum; for instance, so much if proceedings stopped at the writ, so much if they stopped at a further stage, so much if there was a trial; and this sum should vary according to the amount at stake and other circumstances. It might either be a percentage or it might be a lump sum to be determined by the master on hearing the nature of the case. But I do not desire to go into detail. Merely to pay according to the work done is wrong. Of course, the amount might vary if the losing party had vexatiously increaaed the expense. It might vary, as between solicitor and client, it the client insisted on a particular expense. If it was thought necessary to protect the client, according to modern legislation, his order for extra expense might be required to be in writing. No doubt some hardship would be worked by this. A solicitor would sometimes be underpaid. A successful party would not always get the full amount of costs occasioned by his adversary being in the wrong. But, as in other cases, the occasional hardship must be borne as part of a good system.

Further, whether this plan is adopted or not, T would have interlocutory costs paid down. A solicitor is busy and

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