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luen, to say.
up lue khtit
up 1 1
up he will
Plural. I said lue yak
up lue yenk
tsh thou up lue yek
tsh he lue t
tsh lue khti tsh If him. them.
them. he will 1 at up | 1 aakhtit
1 ate tsh 1 aakhtite tsh thou
akpan e tsh 1 1 ak up | 1 ekpan
1 ake tsh 1 ak pan e tsh they
1 uktink up | 1 uktitpan up they 1 inde tsh 1 ak tite tsh
1 ye equek up || 1 ek
up | ye
tsh 20e ank up 1 enk up
1 anke tsh 1
tsh he. they.
1 ukquon up 1 ukquonk up thee 1 ukquon e tsh 1 uk quon etsh
1 it me
up || 1
1 it e tsh 1 ink etsh 1 you
up | 1
uk quek tsh 1 ukquek etsh US 11 ukquenk up || 1 ukquenk up
1 uk quenk tsh 1 ukquenk etsh I.
I. thee 1
tsh 1 ell anque tsh you ell ek
ell eque tsh 1 ell enque tsh
i yeque tsh 1 i yenkpan up 1 i yank up
i yenque tsh
i yenque tsh
up | 1
up / 1
i yanne tsh 1
Sing. to sing a
en aun thou — him k' t a
ket in ah n' ta
neen t en aun he — те n' t uk
noo | uk
neen t en ik - thee k' t uk
kvo i uk
ket en ik I-thee k' † 1
koo t sh
ket thou me k' t i
k' t a
neen t en
Owau 1 - you k' t lo humo koot un umwo ket
en en im thou US k' t i neen kooti mun ket
min Plur. to sing. they him wit newo oot ouh ot in ah waun ye k't newo koot au
ket in ah
wau 100 n't neen oun neen t in ah
naun they me n't g
noot uk quog
oag - thee
koo | uk quog
oag we - thee k't le neen koot un umun ket en in e nim ye — те k' + i himo koot in woo ket
min Plur. to plur. they — them w't a wawak
ounak ot in ah waun ye
k't a wawak koot oog ket in ah waug 200
n't a wawuna noot ounonog tket in ah nanik they — us n’t geneen noo t uk qunonog #ke f
owaug you k't ehimo koo t uk 00-og
owaug 106 you k' † lo hena koot un unumonkt in un e
nim ye - US ko ? i hena koo ti mun kt iz-zh e min
in eg in eg
in eg in eg
a, Initial characteristic;— b, inserted characteristic ;-d, plural terminations. c. This expletive en seems peculiar to the Chippeway.
* He - him; ak, wall, gol, &c. VOL. II.
# First person, plural inclusive.
TABLES OF TRANSITIONS.
THERE is no pronoun of the third person : but for its plural, okla, and oklat, which mean, "a multitude,' * people,' are used respectively in the nominative and the objective case.
The derivation of the pronouns of the first person, used in the nominative case with the verbs as subjects of the action, is not known : but those in the nominative of the second person are abbreviated from the corresponding separable pronouns: and those in the objective case, both of the first and second person, are the same as the possessive pronouns used in connexion with the parts of the body,
The pronouns are prefixed to the verb, with the exception of ill, ‘I,' which is affixed. The pronouns in the objective case are placed immediately before the verb and after those in the nominative case, with the exception of oklat (them,) which always precedes the other pronoun.
As, with the exception of the third person, there is, for each number, a distinct word, for the nominative and for the objective case respectively, the only defect is found in the union of oklat with the singular of the same person. Thus the sentences, 'he ties them, and, they tie him,' are both expressed by oklat tokchě.
The transitions of all the tenses, moods, voices, and forms of the verb tokche, 'to tie,' are, with respect to the pronouns, conjugated as the Present of the Indicative.
MUSKHOGEE. There are distinct words for the singular and plural respectively of the three persons in the nominative case, and of the first person in the objective case; and also one, chi (same as in the Choktaw), for both numbers of the second person in the objective case. In order to distinguish the dual and plural from the singular in that instance, and the dual from the plural in both persons, the word homulgiad or homulgot, from homulga, multitude,' is used for the plural ; and hokolid, from hokoly, "two, for the dual. In the objective case, they become homulgin and hokolin: and, in either case, they always precede the pronouns and verb. There is no word properly for the objective case of the third person: but the particle awa, prefixed to the pronoun in the nominative case, supplies its place in the plural.
The pronouns in the nominative case are always affixed, and those in the objective case, (with the exception of awa, as aforesaid,) always