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H. 5.

DELAWARE TRANSITIONS.

luen, to say.

PRETERITE SUBJUNCTIVE.

FUTURE SUBJUNCTIVE.

lue yenk

up

lue yan

up thou up he

up 1 up 11

akpan

up he will
up thou

ak

ek e enk e

up | 1

If Singular.

Plural. If

Singular.

Plural. I said lue yak up

I will say lue yak tsh lue yenk

tsh thou up lue yek

lue yane
tsh lue yek

tsh he lue t up lue khtit

lue te

tsh lue khti tsh If him. them. If

him.

them. he will 1 at

aakhtit

1

ate tsh 1 aakhtite tsh thou 1 atpan

1

atpane tsh 1 akpan e tsh 1 1

up 1 ek pan

up
I
1 ake tsh 1

ak pan e tsh they

1 uktink up 1 uktitpan up they 1 inde tsh 1 ak tite tsh ye 1 equek up || 1 ek

up | ye

1
eque
tsh 1

tsh 2e 1 ank

enk
up 20e
1 anke tsh 1

tsh
he.
they

he.

they thee ukquon

up 1

ukquonk up thee 1 ukquon e tsh 1 uk quon etsh 1 it

up | 1
ink

up
me

1 it e tsh 1 ink etsh 1 you ukquek up || 1 ukquek up you

1

uk quek tsh 1 ukquek etsh 1 US ukquenk up 1 ukquenk up

1 uk quenk tsh 1 ukquenk etsh I.

I.

we. thee 1

ell ank

up
thee

tsh 1 ell anque tsh you 1 ell ek

ell enk
up you

1 ell eque tsh 1 ell enque tsh
thou.
ye.

thou.

ye.
1 i
yan

i yek
up
1 i yanne tsh 1

i yeque tsh 1 i yenkpan up || 1 i yank up

1

i yenque tsh 1 i yenque tsh

те

US

we.

ell an

ell ane

up 1 up 1

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b mil pet pend

dahoal n

dell n mil n pet

pend n' dahoal n' dell

he.

с uk agun agun uk uk gu agu agu gu gu

they. b

с mil

ge pet ake pend age dahoal ge dell

ge mil

ge pet ake pend

age

US

n'

neen neen na

na

dahoal ge

n'
n'

ana

dell

ge

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they. ge ake agu

mil pet pend

k' k k' k' k' k k'

dahoal ge

he.

uk aguk agun uk an gu agu agu gu gu

you

wa
wa

k' pet k' pend

dell mil pet pend

ge ge ake agu

k' k'

wa wa wa

dahoal dell

dahoal ge dell

ge

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newo
newo

neen
neen
neen
hena
neen

wak
newo

himo
newo
wawak
himo
himo

neen

ell olen olen ell ell ello olo olo lo lo

neen neen neen neen humo hena hena hummena hena

thou.

i
awi
awi
i
i
i
awi
awi
i
i

i
mil
pet awi
pend awi
dahoal i
dell

himo
himo
himo
himo
himo
hena
hena
henook
hena
hena

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с

a

me

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en ik en in

w't

a

k' † g

en ik en ik

1- you

ish e

Sing. to sing. a
b d a b d

а

b d he - him w'f *ak

00 tu

of en aun thou - him k'

koot

ket in ah In't a noot

neen t en aun he n' t uk noo | uk

neen t en ik - thee k' t uk

kvot uk

ket I-thee k' † 1

koo t sh

ket thou - mc k' t i

koo teh

ket ish Sing. to plur. he them wak 00 + uh ot in

aun thou"

k' t a
wak
koot
oog

ket
in

aug In' t a wak noot oog

neent en

aug he US n't g una

#koot uk qun
#ket

owa - you

uwa
koo t uk 00

ket

owau k' † lo humo koo tun umwo ket

en en im thou Us k' t i neen koo ti mun ket

min Plur, to sing. they him wit newo oot ouh ot in ah

waun ye k' ta newo koot au

ket

in ah wau we n't a neen

noot
oun neen tin ah

paun they me n't

ge
noot uk quog

oag - thce k't g

koo f uk quog

ket

oag 108 - - thee k't le neen

koot un umun ket en in e nim ye - me k' ti himo koot im woo

ket

min Plur. to plur. thcy them w't a wawak

ounak ot in ah waun yek' t a wawak koot oog ket in ah

waug 100

n't a wawuna noot ounonog ket in ah nanik they - US n't geneen noo | uk qunonog #ket

owaug you k't

g
ehimo koo t uk 00-og

kt

owaug - you

k' † lo hena koot un unumon kt in un e nim ye US k' t i hena koo ti mun kt iz-zh e min

a

net

in eg in eg

e

izh e

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106

a, Initial characteristic; – b, inserted characteristic ;– d, plural terminations. c. This expletive en seems peculiar to the Chippeway.

* He — him; ak, wall, gol, &c. VOL. II.

37

# First person, plural inclusive.

NO TES

TO THE

TABLES OF

TRANSITIONS.

CHOCTAW.

There is no pronoun of the third person : but for its plural, okla, and oklat, which mean, "a multitude,' people,' are used respectively in the nominative and the objective case.

The derivation of the pronouns of the first person, used in the nominative case with the verbs as subjects of the action, is not known : but those in the nominative of the second person are abbreviated from the corresponding separable pronouns: and those in the objective case, both of the first and second person, are the same as the possessive pronouns used in connexion with the parts of the body.

The pronouns are prefixed to the verb, with the exception of ill, 'I,' which is affixed. The pronouns in the objective case are placed immediately before the verb and after those in the nominative case, with the exception of oklat (them,) which always precedes the other pronoun.

As, with the exception of the third person, there is, for each number, a distinct word, for the nominative and for the objective case respectively, the only defect is found in the union of oklat with the singular of the same person. Thus the sentences, ‘he ties them, and, they tie him,' are both expressed by oklat tokchě.

The transitions of all the tenses, moods, voices, and forms of the verb tokchě, “to tie,' are, with respect to the pronouns, conjugated as the Present of the Indicative.

MUSKHOGEE. There are distinct words for the singular and plural respectively of the three persons in the nominative case, and of the first person in the objective case; and also one, chi (same as in the Choktaw), for both numbers of the second person in the objective case. In order to distinguish the dual and plural from the singular in that instance, and the dual from the plural in both persons, the word homulgiad or homulgot, from homulga, multitude, is used for the plural; and hokolid, from hokoly, "two,' for the dual. In the objective case, they become homulgin and hokolin: and, in either case, they always precede the pronouns and verb. There is no word properly for the objective case of the third person: but the particle awa, prefixed to the pronoun in the nominative case, supplies its place in the plural.

The pronouns in the nominative case are always affixed, and those in the objective case, (with the exception of awa, as aforesaid,) always

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