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basin growth continues. In other words, est to develop a portion of the remaining nique in the appraisal of risks. Probability on the basis of our joint memorandum, suf- unused water resources by enactment and techniques have been used for years in the ficient water will not be available to provide implementation of H.R. 4671, 89th Congress assessment of flood frequencies, in weather 1.2 million acre-feet per annum to the cen- (this and 36 other House bills are identical forecasts, in actuarial procedures, etc. tral Arizona project together with other counterparts of S. 1019 in the Senate).

Many scientists and educators have encourmainstream commitments in the lower

Discussion

aged the use of the probability technique in basin after upper basin depletions reach 5.5

In considering water projects in a single of Engineers uses probability methods to million acre-feet.

planning for water conservation. The Corps We have reached this conclusion on the river basin such as the Colorado, absent evaluate and justify flood control projects. basis of the studies reported in our joint special circumstances or a program of aug

The U.S. Geological Survey also uses probawater supply memorandum dated August 13, menting its water supply by importation bility methods of water supply analysis. 1965. Before responding to questions, I will or otherwise, most estimates of future water

Wide variation may be expected in the furead the memorandum into the record: production have been based upon so-called

ture runoff of the Colorado River not only safe yield studies. These consist of hypoAUGUST 13, 1965.

in annual flows but also in 10-year and even thetical reservoir operation studies in which

50-year averages, as demonstrated by nearly COLORADO RIVER WATER SUPPLY the estimated or recorded stream flows of

70 years of streamflow data, about 110 This memorandum regarding the probable the past are routed through existing or pro

years of lake level measurements and roughly future water supply of the Colorado River posed reservoirs in exactly the same sequence

700 years of tree-ring data. For example, is prepared at the request of our Governors in which they occurred historically, deduct

in the 70-year period of estimated and for the guidance of legislators and admin- ing losses in storage and calculating by suc

measured flow at Lee Ferry, the average istrators in passing judgment on pending cessive trials the uniform annual release virgin flow for the first 35 years was about legislation to authorize a Lower Colorado from the downstream reservoir which could

17 million acre-feet annually, but the averRiver Basin project, which would include have been maintained under various as

age for the last 35 years was only about 13 urgently needed facilities in the lower basin, sumptions. Thus the results of safe yield

million acre-feet. principally the central Arizona project, and studies are circumscribed by the somewhat

Probability analyses of the annual virgin investigations leading to a regional plan to rigid assumption that historical runoffs, in

flow of the Colorado River at Lee Ferry, supplement the water supply of the river at cluding those during the critical low-flow

using streamflow estimates for the 69-year an early date.

period of record, will be repeated in the period 1896–1964 show a 90-percent chance

future in exactly the same sequence. Summary and conclusions

that the virgin flow will average between

The Colorado River has been the subject 13.3 million and 16.5 million acre-feet per The water supply of the future cannot be of numerous safe yield studies. The most predicted with absolute confidence, particu- recent studies of the virgin flow of the main

annum over the next 69 years and between larly in a stream of such widely fluctuating stream at Lee Ferry indicate a dependable the next 35 years. The midpoint in each

12.8 million and 17 million acre-feet over annual runoff as the Colorado River. We yield over the least favorable runoff period case is 14.9 million acre-feet. Therefore, the can only estimate future possibilities within

(1931-64) of about 13.7 million to 14 milreasonable limits, based upon what has hap

chances are equal that the future average lion acre-feet year, varying a little according will be above or below that quantity. There pened in the past. Risks are inherent in all to judgment factors although obviously not

are 19 chances in 20 that the future 69-year such projections.

enough to supply future demands. However, We are unanimous in the opinion that the

mean flow will equal or exceed 13.3 million the more favorable historic sequence of supply of the river will be insufficient to

acre-feet. There is 1 chance in 20 that it flows at Lee Ferry beginning in 1921 would

will exceed 16.5 million. Since there is a meet future demands, estimated to reach

have furnished by 1930 enough water to fill about 18 million acre-feet per annum by all storage reservoirs presently in existence storage capacity in major reservoirs in the

total of more than 60 million acre-feet of year 2000, or to meet apportionments of use

or under construction within the Colorado basin the possibility of unusable spills need of water made by the Colorado River ComRiver Basin.

not be weighed for the present purpose. pact to the upper and lower basins, and the

Mainstream supply available for use in A lower basin mainstream supply of 7.1 Mexican Treaty burden. It is simply a ques- the lower basin equals the dependable yield million acre-feet a year is required to satistion as to how long it will take the demands

at Lee Ferry minus (1) estimated upper fy 4.4 million acre-feet of use in California, to surpass the water available. Both basins

basin depletions and future increases there- existing uses in Arizona and Nevada, and are ultimately dependent upon substantial

of, (2) estimated net channel and regula- the central Arizona and southern Nevada importations which should be made available

tor losses in the lower basin, and (3) the projects. Opinions differ as to such matters by the last decade of the present century.

quantity required for Mexico under the 1944 as net channel and evaporation losses and We have concluded, however, that there

Water Treaty. Any variation in these de

Any variation in these de- the rate of future increase of upper basin is a 50-50 chance that the supply in the

ductions stems from judgment factors. depletions. Such differences affect only the

factors. mainstream will equal or exceed the amount Judgment may be tempered according to estimate of the date when augmentation of needed to provide: (1) 4.4 million acre-feet

whether the prime objective is to protect the Colorado River must be accomplished. a year for California; (2) water for decreed

existing rights or to optimize the utilization Deducting from the midvalue of 14.9 milrights and existing mainstream projects in

of the water supply. Arizona and Nevada and the southern Nevada

lion acre-feet a year the Mexican treaty de

Depending upon a variety of such factors, liveries and midvalues of current estimates water supply project; (3) water for increasing demands of the upper basin; and (4) a

water available for the proposed central Ari- of upper basin depletions and net channel

zona project has been estimated to range and evaporation losses, indicates that a resifull supply of 1.2 million acre-feet per annum for the proposed central Arizona project initial operation of the project to quantities of the mainstream supply would be available

from an inadequate quantity even under due of at least 7.1 million acre-feet a year until about the turn of the century, grad- adequate to supply the project with 1.2 mil- to Arizona, California, and Nevada untii ually reducing thereafter.

lion acre-feet a year throughout the entire about the turn of the century, and would Present mainstream uses and commit

reduce gradually thereafter. ments in the Colorado River Basin, with payout period.

Million California uses limited to 4.4 million acre

Safe yield studies which span the critical drought period minimize the risk of over

acre-feet feet per annum, are:

Million
commitment of the water supply of the river

per year basin but by the same token may result in Virgin flow at Lee Ferry-

14.9 acre-feet

underdevelopment and a consequent waste Net losses below Lee Ferry plus deper annum of water to the ocean or unnecessary evapo

livery to Mexico.--

2.3 Upper basin.

4.7

ration from reservoirs during sustained Lower basin----

5.7

periods. The risk of overdevelopment must Available for upper basin depletions Mexico--

1.5

be given greater weight if consideration is and in mainstream for Arizona, CaliNet losses after salvage (mean of estibeing given independently to a self-contained fornia, and Nevada--

12.6 mates)

.8

water supply system than if consideration
is being given concurrently to two or more water available for Arizona, California, and

When upper basin depletions reach 5.5, Total.---

-- 12.7 systems that may be conjunctively regulated Nevada would be reduced to 7.1. Probability studies indicate a 95 percent and developed to mutual advantage.

For comparison, if the 1-in-20 chance of a chance that the future long-range average

There are several reasons why decisions

mean virgin flow as large as 16.5 million annual runoff will exceed 13.3 million acre- in the regional program should be based on

acre-feet should materialize, the residual feet, and a 50 percent chance that it will technical information on water supply be

mainstream supply available to Arizona, equal or exceed 14.9 million acre-feet. With yond that provided by the foregoing apan even chance that there will be 14.9 million proach. We have adopted an approach which eral order of 8.7 million, and, at the other

California, and Nevada would be of the genacre-feet available for present uses and com- recognizes that the future will not mirror extreme, if the 1-in-20 chance of a mean mitments amounting to 12.7 million acre- the past and applies the theory of probabili- virgin flow as low as 13.3 million should feet, and with a water supply augmentation ties to the occurrence of natural phenomena prevail

, the corresponding residual supply program pending, it is in the national inter- in order to determine what future flows will would be as little as 5.5 million, which would probably be.

make the early augmentation of the Colo1 California's present uses are approxi- The probability approach to projecting fu- rado even more imperative. We believe that mately 5.1 million acre-feet.

ture events is a commonly accepted tech- the midpoint value is sensible.

The average annual water supply available posed of six members appointed by the materials which are surging rapidly into nato the three lower basin States would grad- Governor, each nominated by and represent- tional importance as the atomic and space ually decrease to the 7.1 billion acre-feet ing one of the public agencies of California programs demand. For example, the region shown above by about the turn of the cen- having contracts for the use of water or accounts for 99 percent of the Nation's dotury, the rate of decrease depending on sal- power from the Colorado River. These agen- mestic uranium production. More than half vage operations in the lower basin and fu- cies are: Palo Verde Irrigation District, Im- the Nation's copper production comes from ture depletions by upper basin projects. perial Irrigation District, Coachella Valley the area, with Arizona leading in this regard.

Of course, more than 7.1 million acre- County Water District, the Metropolitan Vast coal deposits are being developed for feet will be needed to meet all the projected Water District of Southern California, San generation of electricity at large mine-mouth needs of the lower basin, including the needs Diego County Water Authority, and City of steamplants. Many trillions of barrels of of California in excess of 4.4 million acre-feet Los Angeles Department of Water and oil in extensive shale deposits in Wyoming, and the present needs of central Arizona be- Power.

Utah, and Colorado will be exploited as the yond an additional 1.2 million acre-feet. These six agencies own, in behalf of more

market for fuels and petrochemical grows The interval between the completion of than 10 million people, the major water and many of the conventional sources of oil the central Arizona project and completion rights in California on the Colorado River. are depleted. Industrial development in the of import works will constitute the period The agencies cover an area of more than 9,800 States of the Colorado River Basin has produring which there is the greatest risk of square miles and contain more than half the ceeded at a rapid rate since the end of World water shortage. The probability studies in- population and assessed valuation of the en- War II and is expected to continue far into dicate, however, a favorable chance of hav- tire State (more than $19 billion).

the future. Food processing in connection ing a substantial reserve of water in main- Southern California homes, farms, and in

with the extensive agricultural development stream storage when the central Arizona

dustries rely greatly on the water and power was one of the first industries to be estabproject goes into operation. They show a resources of the Colorado River. Eighty per

lished and is still one of the largest in the 54-percent chance that in 1975 Lakes Mead cent of the water now used in southern Cali

basin. and Powell together will contain more than fornia and 25 percent of all the water

Manufacturing has grown continuously 40 million acre-feet (about 75 percent of now used in the entire State comes from and now includes many thousands of items their total capacity) and a 78-percent chance

the Colorado River by means of facilities rep- large and small: shipbuilding, aircraft, electhat both will be at least at rated power resenting a total investment of $800 mil

tronics, space support equipment, refining of head (about 30 million acre-feet).

lion-and a replacement value more than petroleum products, clothing, movies, teleAdditional development of the utilization twice that much at present-day prices. vision production, rubber products, and plasof the Colorado River system water supply About 4 billion kilowatt-hours of electrical tic products. Value added by manufacture can and should proceed as part of a regional energy are delivered each year to southern

in the seven-State area is 10 percent of the program to augment the supply, carefully California from hydroelectric plants on the national total. phased with inbasin development, to minColorado-small in percentage of total use

The seven Colorado River Basin States conimize the risk of overcommitment within but large in necessity and value, because

tain about 12 percent of the Nation's poputhe basin itself. Enactment of legislation most of it is used to meet high peak demands lation. People in those seven States account to authorize a Lower Colorado River Basin

of short duration that could not otherwise for 13 percent of national retail sales, 14 project keyed to timely supplementation of be met except by large additional capital percent of the telephones, 35 percent of the the Colorado River will render pointless furinvestment.

pleasure boats and camping trailers, and 15 ther argument about the future supply of

percent of the motor vehicles. They drive the river.

THE REGION OF WATER DEFICIENCY

more miles per capita than the national We agree that each of us will transmit the The bill before the committee deals with

average. Tourism and outdoor recreation foregoing synthesis of views to our respec- the water needs of large and important seg

attract millions of visitors to the area from tive Governors with the recommendation ments of the Nation's population and econ- all over the world. that it be forwarded to Chairman WAYNE omy. The region covers the entire Colorado

Irrigated agriculture and livestock raising N. ASPINALL as the position of our respective River drainage area plus part of the seven

are major elements of the area's economy. States regarding the availability of water in basin States outside the natural basin which

More than 15 million acres of land are dethe Colorado River. are or may be served with Colorado River

voted to irrigated agriculture in the Colorado W. S. GOOKIN, water, in all some 350,000 square miles or

River Basin States, of which more than 4 State Water Engineer, Arizona Interstate about 11 percent of the area of the 48 con

million acres are irrigated with Colorado Stream Commission, State of Arizona. tiguous States. It includes such important River water. The seven States produce more I. P. HEAD, population and industrial centers as Salt

than $5 billion worth of crops and livestock Administrator, Colorado River Commis- Lake City, Denver, Las Vegas, Phoenix,

annually, or about one-sixth of the U.S. sion of Nevada, State of Nevada. Tucson, Los Angeles, and San Diego, which

total. Annual production from areas irriW. E. STEINER, are dependent upon the Colorado River sys

gated by the Colorado River system is $921 Assistant Chief Engineer, Department of tem for all or major portions of their water

million, and would be much greater if water Water Resources, State of California. supplies. D. E. COLE,

were available to irrigate all suitable lands. More than 80 percent of the Colorado Practically all the agriculture in the basin is Chief Engineer, Colorado River Board River Basin receives on the average less than dependent on irrigation. of California, State of California. 15 inches of rain a year. Thus, despite the

Because of warm climate and long-growing W. D. MAUGHAN, large area of the basin, the runoff per square

season, the southern half of the region ships Regional Planning Staff Specialist, De- mile is relatively small. The Ohio River

enormous quantities of fresh fruits and partment of Water Resources, State of Basin, the Columbia River Basin, and the

vegetables to eastern markets during much California. Colorado River Basin are almost equal in

of the winter. For example, at the height of size but each of the first two produces more

the winter lettuce harvest, as many as 2,800 STATEMENT OF DALLAS E. COLE, CHIEF than 10 times as much water on the average

carloads of this perishable crop are sent to ENGINEER, COLORADO RIVER BOARD OF CALI- as the Colorado. To achieve full develop

market from the Imperial Valley, California FORNIA, ON H.R. 4671 AND S. 1019, 89TH ment of all the resources of the Colorado

each month. CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, LOWER COLORADO River service area will require more water

A wide variety of specialty crops is proRIVER BASIN PROJECT, AUGUST 1965 than can be produced in the basin. Even at

duced in the southern area, including melons, The Colorado River Board of California

the present state of development, water defavors prompt passage of the pending legislaficiencies are acute in some parts of the grapes, dates, citrus, green vegetables, and

seed and nursery items. tion, because of the urgent need of more

region. water in the great Pacific Southwest and The Pacific Southwest is the fastest grow

WATER DEFICIENCY the imperative need to implement quickly ing region of the United States. Its popula- The explosive growth in the population the necessary investigations and plans to

tion has increased about 85 percent in the and economy has led to overcommitment of augment the water supply naturally avail- 15 years since 1950 and now numbers about the water supply naturally available in the able in the region. Parts of the region, for

15 million people. There is no sign of any region as a whole. Sustaining the present example central Arizona, are in dire need of letup in the rate of increase. Accompanying level of economic activity depends upon commore water now. The region as a whole the population growth is a similar growth plete utilization of the available surface will need a supplemental water supply of

in the region's economy. According to pro- water supply and the mining of ground water, 4- or 5-million acre-feet a year within a few jections in the report of January 1964, by the principally in southern California and cendecades, and as much as 15 million acre- Secretary of the Interior on the Pacific tral Arizona. feet a year in the long-range future. The Southwest water plan, the population of the

When water is scarce, conflicts of interest search for supplemental water for the Pa- region may be expected to triple in the next

are unavoidable and often lead to controversy cific Southwest must begin immediately. half century.

as in the Colorado River Basin, where comThe Colorado River Board is a State agency

This is a region rich in resources, except petition among subbasins, States, and created by act of the legislature in 1937, water. The vitality of the area's economy projects and among different water uses has and given the statutory responsibility of procan be gaged by a number of indicators, as

been prevalent for many years. In recent tecting the interests of California, its agen- in chart 1 (not printed in the RECORD). months, for example, differences have becies and citizens in the waters of the A wide variety of mineral deposits is come sharp between those whose primary Colorado River system. The board is com- scattered through the region, including some interest is in preservation and enhancement of the fish, wildlife, and recreation resources 300,000 acre-feet will not suffice to the end fear, an effective solution to our water probalong the lower Colorado and those whose of the century.

lems will emerge. primary interest is in maintaining an ade- California's Colorado River projects are al- The bill before you has widespread supquate water supply for the agricultural, ready using more than 5 million acre-feet a port throughout California. Arizona, Callmunicipal, and industrial water users in an year, and have contracts and designed capac- fornia, and the other Colorado River Basin area threatened with water shortage. Sin- ity for at least 5.4 million, including 1,212,000 States are at last working together toward cere efforts are being made to compromise acre-feet for the metropolitan water district. the same end, the implementation of a resuch differences but they cannot be fully To supply all the irrigable land within the gional plan and framework that will take resolved as long as the water supply is in- agricultural projects' service areas in addi- care of the water requirements of all segadequate for all reasonable demands. Com- tion to the full metropolitan water district ments of the regional economy as the needs petition will intensify as demands increase. entitlement would require a total consider- arise.

Taken as a whole the region is presently ably in excess of 5.4 million. short 1,500,000 acre-feet of water a year. The Secretary in his 1964 report estimated

AUGUST 20, 1965. Chart 2 (not printed in the RECORD) illus

that in order to maintain at their present COLORADO RIVER BASIN SEVEN-STATE trates the present and anticipated future levels the economies of California's agricul

CONSENSUS shortage, considering the needs of existing

tural areas dependent on the Colorado River, and identifiable future developments. Even

There is a general recognition in the West a net diversion of about 4.2 million acretually the equivalent of another Colorado

that Arizona's water situation is only a part feet a year would be needed. Current reRiver will be required to overcome the pro

of a larger problem which confronts all of search and studies of consumptive use and jected deficiency. The plotting on the chart leaching requirements indicates that the to

the States of the Colorado Basin. During

the past week informed and experienced repallows for the transfer of 212 million acre- tal needs may be substantially greater than feet a year of water from northern to south

resentatives of the seven Colorado River 4.2 million acre-feet. Similar conclusions ern California through facilities now under

Basin States-Arizona, California, Colorado, would apply to similar areas in the other construction as part of the State water plan. States.

Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and WyomingShortages in some segments of the region

met for several lengthy and fruitful sessions

Even to provide 5.4 million acre-feet a year exploring the basin's water situation as it is are now and will be in the future more

to California and the corresponding shares of severe relatively than may be inferred from

affected by the legislation before the comthe total supply to Arizona and Nevada the regionwide figures. The central Arizona

mittee. We are gratified by the broad conwould require an average annual flow of area must now pump from its wells 2 million

sensus of views on many fundamental about 12 million acre-feet in the river at Lee acre-feet more water a year than the ground Ferry, leaving 9.5 million for consumptive

factors. water basins can permanently sustain. Cur- use after deducting losses and the required cord heretofore arrived at among the lower

This consensus, without affecting the acrent use of water from groundwater basins

delivery to Mexico. To maintain that much in southern California aggregates about 2

basin States, as set forth in H.R. 4671, 89th flow in the lower main stream would require million acre-feet a year, of which about

Congress, expresses certain principles with an importation of 4.5 million acre-feet a 500,000 acre-feet represents overdraft.

respect to the rights, obligations and requireyear, or 2 million more than the 2.5 million The decree of the U.S. Supreme Court in

ments of each basin as against the other. legal minimum specified in the bill. Still Arizona v. California et al. deals essentially

These principles are: more would be required if the Upper Colowith an assumed basic water supply sufficient

1. The upper basin's right to the use of rado River Basin States are to share in the for the consumptive use in the United States

water of the Colorado River, pursuant to the benefits of an importation of water. of 7,500,000 acre-feet a year from the lower

Colorado River Compact, shall not be mainstream of the Colorado River and

The water needs of the upper basin States

jeopardized by the temporary use of unused are increasing rapidly and will some day exdivides that quantity 2,800,000 to Arizona,

upper basin water by any lower basin ceed the upper basin's legal share of the sup4,400,000 to California and 300,000 to Nevada.

projects. The decree provides no guide to the sharing ply naturally available. Mexico would like

2. The importation of substantial quantito acquire more Colorado River water than of a supply less than 7,500,000 acre-feet a

ties of water into the Colorado River Basin is the present treaty provides. Factors like year, a condition which may prevail fairly

essential to the adequate development of these emphasize the need for long-range both the Upper and Lower Colorado Basins. soon. Accordingly, Arizona and California

plans to add large quantities of water to the congressional representatives have agreed supply in the southwest region.

It is recognized that this importation must upon language in section 304 of the bills

be accomplished under terms which are fair which would provide that diversions for the

NEED FOR REGIONAL PLAN

to the areas of origin of the water so imcentral Arizona unit be so limited as to The only effective solution to problems ported. The pending legislation should assure the availability of enough water to such as those mentioned is a comprehensive authorize the Secretary to construct impermit 4.4 million acre-feet of consumptive approach to the water problems of the region portation works which will deliver not less use of mainstream water a year in California as a whole. A regional plan to meet the than 2,500,000 acre-feet annually, upon the and certain other uses in Arizona and most urgent needs and to anticipate the President's approval of the Secretary's findNevada, until works are constructed to de- long-range needs, as the Secretary of the ing of feasibility. liver not less than 2.5 million acre-feet of Interior has proposed, is in the best interest 3. Such importation works should water a year from outside sources into the of the Nation. The need to get started is planned and built so as to make the imColorado River below Lee Ferry.

urgent. Even if planning starts at once, ported water available, if possible, not later Apparently the decree and the agreement years will pass before additional water can than 1980. Water supply prospects on the in section 304 of the bill have induced the be brought to the Colorado.

Colorado River, based in part upon the temmisconception by some persons that the A plan that will coordinate the augmenta- porary use of water allocated to the upper horizon of the proposed regional planning is tion of the water supply of the Colorado basin, appear adequate to furnish a full to be established and limited by the quan- River with the growing needs will do much supply to the central Arizona project accomtities just cited. That is decidedly not the to minimize conflicts of interest and lessen panied by the safeguards for existing projects case. The numbers 2.5 million, 7.5 million, controversies. A region so rich in natural

agreed to by Arizona and California, until etc., are of legal import only and are by no and manmade resources should be provided sometime during the last decade of the presmeans to be construed as physical, engineer- plenty of water, sufficient for all practical

ent century. Thereafter, the central ing, or economic limitations. The 2.5 million and reasonable purposes.

Arizona project supply would diminish unacre-feet a year is only the legal minimum Considering the West as a whole, the water less supplemented by importation. of the initial phase of an importation pro- supply is ample for extensive additional de- 4. Satisfaction of the Mexican Treaty burgram; the practical physical minimum likely velopment but the water must be redistrib- den should be the first priority to be served would be higher for the initial phase, which uted geographically to achieve maximum use. by the imported water. The costs of imwould have to be followed by later additions River basins in the Northwest waste to the portation allocable to the satisfaction of that as the real water needs grow.

sea annually millions of acre-feet of water burden, which is a national obligation, A total annual supply of 7.5 million acre- in excess of foreseeable future needs within should be nonreimbursable. feet in the lower mainstream is not enough those basins. Numerous suggestions that to meet the full needs of the three lower have been made to transport some of this basin States. The supply of the entire Colo- excess to the Colorado River Basin must be AMENDMENT OF THE RAILROAD RErado River system, plus an importation no examined in detail, to select the best. First,

TIREMENT ACT OF 1937 AND THE greater than 2.5 million acre-feet a year however, the future needs of the areas that would not be enough to meet all the require- have surplus water must be determined in

RAILROAD RETIREMENT TAX ACT ments of the upper and lower basins.

order to assure those areas proper protection Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I Arizona needs substantially more than 2.8 and assistance in their own development. ask unanimous consent that the Senate million acre-feet a year from the mainstream Other possibilities such as salt water converto provide water for her existing mainstream sion must be studied also. All this takes proceed to the consideration of Calendar projects, provide for anticipated growth in time, money, and cooperation. The regional No. 627, H.R. 3157. her population and economy, and overcome plan should spread benefits to the maximum

The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill the present ground water overdraft in the practicable, and minimize detriments. When will be stated by title for the information central part of the State. Nevada says her fact and logic displace emotionalism and of the Senate.

II

The LEGISLATIVE CLERK. A bill (H.R. Internal Revenue Code of 1954, whichever Ronald A. Walrod Steven C. Martin 3157) to amend the Railroad Retirement is greater,".

Harold J. Capell Paul T. Potter

(c) Subsection (1) (10) of section 5 of Morris D. Helton Frank R. Long Act of 1937, to eliminate the provisions

such Act is amended by striking out “$450" David E. Clements Paul W. Needham, Jr. which reduce the annuities of the spouses

and inserting in lieu thereof “(i) $450, or Norman T. Saunders Earl J. Meiers, Jr. of retired employees by which the

(ii) an amount equal to one-twelfth of the John R. Harrald Richard C. Waterman amount of certain monthly benefits, to current maximum annual taxable 'wages' as James C. Card

William G. MacDonald amend the railroad retirement tax, and defined in section 3121 of the Internal Rey- William E. Wheelock Burton F. Folce, Jr. for other purposes. enue Code of 1954, whichever is greater”.

Richard S. Jarombek Thomas H. Galligan The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there SEC. 4. The provisions of sections 1, 2, and

William R. Wilkins Jerry C. Bacon 3 of this Act shall take effect with respect

George E. Watts Martin L. Lindahl objection to the present consideration of to annuities accruing and deaths occurring

John H. McGowan Charles W. Murray the bill? in months after the month in which this

Richard D. Herr Richard V. Butchka There being no objection, the Senate Act was enacted, and shall apply also to

Richard W. Hawrins Donald G. Campbell proceeded to consider the bill, which had annuities paid in lump sums equal to their

Michael B. Stenger William R. Ladd been reported from the Committee on commuted value because of a reduction in Stephen P. Plusch Walter F. Bodner, Jr. Labor and Public Welfare Welfare with an such annuities under section 2(e) of the

Kenneth W.

Gary C. Nelson amendment to strike out all after the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as in effect

Thompson

Kenneth W. Bates before the amendments made by this Act,

Lewis W. Parker II Ronald J. Davies enacting clause and insert:

as if such annuities had not been paid in Peter K. Valade Joseph J. Wehmeyer TITLE I-AMENDMENTS TO THE RAILROAD REsuch lump sums: Provided, however, That

David N. Arnold Grant W. Risinger TIREMENT ACT OF 1937 the amounts of such annuities which were

Robert Bates

James A. Monahan SEC. 1. Subsection (e) of section 2 of the paid in lump sums equal to their commuted James R. Sherrard Larry H. Hyde Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 (45 U.S.C. value shall not be included in the amount

Robert L. Sundin Gilbert T George 228b (e)) is amended by changing the colon of annuities which become payable by reason

Fred H. Halvorsen Lee J. Black, Jr. before the last proviso to a period and by of section 1 of this Act.

Raymond E. Cunning- Ralph C. Yetka striking out all that follows down through

ham, Jr.

Stephen R. TITLE I-AMENDMENTS TO THE RAILROAD the period at the end of such subsection.

Philip R. Laut

Edmondson
RETIREMENT TAX ACT
SEC. 2. (a) Subsection (a) of section 3 of

Robert T. Dailey Thomas Nunas

SEC. 201. Sections 3201, 3202, 3211, and the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 is

Michael J. Meehan David L. Priddy 3221 of the Railroad Retirement Tax Act are Richard J. Beaver F. Michael Kien amended by striking out “the next $300" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "the

each amended by inserting after the phrase Harry E. Budd, Jr. William W. Furrer remainder up to a total of (i) $450, or (ii)

"or $450 for any calendar month after the Berne C. Miller Robert R. Dudley an amount equal to one-twelfth of the cur

month in which this provision was so Richard E. MacDonald Stephen H. Davis rent maximum annual taxable 'wages' as

amended”, wherever such phrase appears in Peter J. Heistand James W. Kunkle

such sections, the following: "and before Harold G. Reed William H. Thompson defined in section 3121 of the Internal Reve

the calendar month next following the Alan D. Rosebrook Andrew F. Hobson nue Code of 1954, whichever is greater”.

calendar month in which this provision was Jerry J. Surbey Dennis M. Fairbrother (b) The second sentence of subsection (c)

amended in 1965, or (i) $450, or (ii) an Robert E. Hammond James M. Sharpe, Jr. of such section 3 is amended by inserting amount equal to one-twelfth of the current

Delbert L. Hemphill before ", shall be recognized" the following: maximum annual taxable 'wages' as defined James M. Loy

Galen B. Siddall "and before the calendar month next fol

in section 3121 of the Internal Revenue Gordon G. Piche Steven A. Pope lowing the calendar month in which this Act was amended in 1965, or in excess of (i) $450, month after the month in which this proviCode of 1954, whichever is greater, for any Edward V. McGuire Wayne I. Smith

John A. Gloria Sperry C, Storm or (ii) an amount equal to one-twelfth of

Frank E. Rockwell James T. Fenner the current maximum annual taxable ‘wages' sion was so amended”.

Arnold H. Litteken, Walter B. Perm as defined in section 3121 of the Internal

Jr.

David R. Van Dreumel Revenue Code of 1954, whichever is greater,

ADJOURNMENT

Joseph M. Maka Richard G. Evans for any calendar month after the month in

Paul A. Martin John R. Carlile, Jr. which this Act was so amended".

Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I Thomas A. Welch Thomas L. Osborne SEC. 3. (a) Subsection (f) (2) of section move that the Senate adjourn until 12 Anthony J. Lutkus Gerald J. Pounds 5 of such Act is amended by inserting after o'clock noon tomorrow.

Thomas J. McCarthy Richard G. Johns “so amended” where it appears the second

The motion was agreed to; and (at Richard L. Anderson David F. Orszak time in the first parenthetical phrase after

Donald F. Potter Robert L. Zeller clause (vi) the following: "and before the 5 o'clock and 58 minutes p.m.) the Sen

Robert L. Hanna, Jr. Gary A. Rogers calendar month next following the month in ate adjourned until tomorrow, Wednes

James E. Cornell which this Act was amended in 1965, and in day, September 1, 1965, at 12 o'clock Gary Russell

1,

Douglas B. Engel Lawrence R. Rodgers excess of (i) $450, or (ii) an amount equal meridian.

William E. Remley Gerald W. Schwab to one-twelfth of the current maximum an

Martin C. Miller James D. Crisp, Jr. nual taxable 'wages' as defined in section

NOMINATIONS

James W. Featherer, William H. Rollins, Jr. 3121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954,

Jr.

Charles C. Williams whichever is greater, for any month after Executive nominations received by the Walter C. Reissig Richard H King the month in which this Act

was 50 Senate August 31 (legislative day of Au- Larry A. Murdock Larry P. Searborough amended”. gust 30), 1965:

William M. Senske, Jr. Rene N. Roussel (b) Subsection (1) (9) of section 5 of such

Timothy V. Johnson Robert H. Miller Act is amended

IN THE NAVY

James M. Landt Anthony G. Kasparian (1) by striking out "and" where it appears Vice Adm. Paul D. Stroop, U.S. Navy, when Terrance R. Pietenpol Jimmie H. Hobaugh the fourth time and inserting in lieu thereof retired, for appointment to the grade of vice David Zawadzki Bernard W. J. Ching a comma;

admiral pursuant to title 10, United States Robert J. Heid Charles S. Endress (2) by inserting after “so amended” where Code, section 5233.

Richard B. Ralph Roy E. Henderson it appears the second time the following:

IN THE COAST GUARD

Thomas Rutter James L. Golden, Jr. "and before the calendar month next fol

George A. Bachteli Ted B. Bryant lowing the calendar month in which this Act The following-named officers to be perma

POSTMASTERS was amended in 1965, and any excess over (i)

nent commissioned officers in the Coast
Guard in the grade of lieutenant:

I nominate the following-named persons $450, or (ii) an amount equal to one-twelfth of the current maximum annual taxable Charles F. Reid

to be postmasters: 'wages' as defined in section 3121 of the In- Warren H. Madson

ALABAMA ternal Revenue Code of 1954, whichever is The following-named officers to be perma- Gene L. Tisdale, Brantley, Ala., in place of greater, for any calendar month after the nent commissioned officers in the coast J. C. Horn, retired. month in which this Act was so amended”; Guard in the grade of lieutenant (junior Daniel W. Johnson, Jr., Headland, Ala., in (3) by striking out "$6,600" both times it grade):

place of J.L. Gamble, retired. appears in such subsection and inserting in Vincent E. Abraham- Gary L. Rowe

ARIZONA lieu thereof "an amount equal to the current

son

Carl D. Bossard maximum annual taxable 'wages' as defined John R. Malloy III Richard S. Bizar

Nolan G. Mack, Gilbert, Ariz., in place of in section 3121 of the Internal Revenue Code Roy L. Foote

W. M. Johnson, retired. of 1954", and

ARKANSAS (4) by striking out "$450" where it appears

The following-named officers of the Coast the second time and inserting in lieu there

Guard for promotion to the grade of lieu- Robert C. Mabry, De Queen, Ark., in place of "(1) $450, or (ii) an amount equal to onetenant (junior grade):

of T. H. Edwards, retired. twelfth of the current maximum annual tax- John J. Soltys, Jr. Kurt G. Zimmerman Max G. Cope, Monette. Ark., in place of able 'wages' as defined in section 3121 of the Robert L. Armacost John N. Naegle

G. L. Agnew, retired.

CALIFORNIA

Elizabeth M. Elliott, White City, Kans., in William L. Cale, Cambridge, Ohio, in place James L. Tinnin, Coyote, Calif., in place of place of O. T. Kappelmann, retired.

of W. H. Driggs, retired. F. W. Patterson, retired.

KENTUCKY

Virgil L. Detty, Londonderry, Ohio, in Walter W. Coleman, Escondido, Calif, in

place of W. D. Smallwood, transferred.

Bennie G. Faulk, Mortons Gap, Ky., in place of R. F. Osmann, deceased.

Treva M. Betts, Risingsun, Ohio, in place place of Bertha Stanley, retired. Niilo J. Jacobson, Fort Bragg, Calif., in

of R. D. Ferguson, retired.

Pauline H. Applegate, Tollesboro, Ky., in place of Hugo Celeri, deceased.

Ruie J. Smith, Walhonding, Ohio, in place place of V. O. Ruark, deceased. Rose M. Caipen, Independence, Calif., in

of A. B. Fox, retired. place of W. E. Kester, deceased.

LOUISIANA

Lulu V. Guderjahn, West Salem, Ohio, in Donald L. Sheehy, Norco, Calif., in place of James A. Hoyt, Cheneyville, La., in place place of V. K. McVicker, retired. E. J. Copenhaver, retired. of S. R. Jackson, retired.

OKLAHOMA Roy A. White, San Joaquin, Calif., in place Juliette W. Chabaud, St. Gabriel, La., in

Edward O. McCarty, Skiatook, Okla., in of M. S. Butz, deceased. place of J.L. Richard, retired.

place of A. S. Bradshaw, retired. Guy Rossi, Sierra Madre, Calif., in place of

MARYLAND
C. E. Louk, retired.

OREGON
F. Wallis Wheeler, Silver Spring, Md., in
COLORADO

Elmore D. Spencer, Salem, Oreg., in place place of W. E. Bowman, retired.

of A. C. Gragg, retired. Roy G. Larson, Arvada, Colo., in place of

MICHIGAN
S. E. Koon, retired.

PENNSYLVANIA
Vernon J. Dix, Haxtun, Colo., in place of T. A. Liukko, retired.
Allison W. Green, Dafter, Mich., in place of

Chester P. Tracewski, Eynon, Pa., in place L. E. Taylor, retired.

of E. P. Shamborsky, retired. Harold L. Hutchinson, Deerfield, Mich., in

Joseph A. Ferace, Greensburg, Pa., in place CONNECTICUT place of D. F. Seiser, deceased.

of French Cason, Sr., retired. Edward J. Coyle, Stratford, Conn. Office

MINNESOTA

Mary C. Klingel, La Plume, Pa., in place of established June 22, 1963.

Gerald W. Leland, Bricelyn, Minn., in place A. F. Wydeen, retired.
FLORIDA
of O. L. Flo, resigned.

Thomas F. Collins, Jr., Linesville, Pa., in Roger A. Lopp, Dundee, Fla., in place of Frank E. Henderson, Elkton, Minn., in place place of H. D. Akens, retired.

, A. C. Greiner, retired. of W. B. Spear, retired.

Edward D. Oliver, Montrose, Pa., in place of Bessie M. Osteen, Osteen, Fla., in place of

O. W. Rogers, transferred.

MISSISSIPPI L. M. Brooke, retired.

Leonard H. Stackhouse, Muncy Valley, Pa., Hazel T. Stevenson, Sebastian, Fla., in

James R. Triplett, Flora, Miss., in place of in place of F.D. Starr, deceased.

L. A. Stephenson, retired. place of R. W. Long, retired.

Henry A. Springer, New Stanton, Pa., in James H. Acker, Vero Beach, Fla., in place

William R. Robison, Hamilton, Miss., in

place of Raymond Carlson, retired. of S. V. Buss, retired. place of M. C. Basham, retired.

Albert L. Wessner, Pine Grove, Pa., in place
MISSOURI

of M. P. Haldeman, retired.
GEORGIA
Alice A. Marshall, Appling, Ga., in place
Dale M, Baker, Kingston, Mo., in place of

Robert R. Mease, Springtown, Pa., in place
R. M. Farr, retired.

of J.H. Stoneback, deceased. of M. K. Pollard, retired.

Doris I. M. Moyer, Virginville, Pa., in place John G. Butler, Savannah, Ga., in place

MISSOURI

of Chester Homan, deceased. of J. M. Stubbs, retired.

Albert L. Mix, Osborn, Mo., in place of M. S. Hale Truitt, West Grove, Pa., in place of
ILLINOIS
McMahill, retired.

H. C. Reece, retired.
Malvin W. Ditzler, Davis, Ill., in place of

MONTANA

SOUTH CAROLINA H. A. Ditzler, retired.

Myron G. St. John, Opheim, Mont., in place James D. Watson, Jr., Elgin, S.C., in place William C. Thompson, Edwards, Ill., in of C. D. Tichenor, retired.

of J. D. Watson, Sr., retired. place of M. E. Mulvaney, retired.

NEBRASKA

Luther V. Mayer, Jackson, S.C., in place of Francis C. Shanahan, Midlothian, Ill., in place of J. E. Pacatte, retired.

Allen K. Lookabill, Lisco, Nebr., in place of

J. P. Sullivan, Jr., declined.

Cecil B. Guerry, Jamestown, S.C., in place Gerald D. Earlenbaugh, Pearl City, fli., in F. G. Carney, transferred.

of S. H. Grady, retired. place of B. B. Kampmeier, retired.

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Fred B. Setzler, Jr., West Columbia, S.C.,
INDIANA
Vernon F. Hall, Bradford, N.H., in place of

in place of R. W. Trotti, retired.
Roberta L. Harlan, Bringhurst, Ind., in
G. H. Simpson, retired.

TENNESSEE place of C. J. Quinn, retired.

G. Nelson Lambert, Center Harbor, N.H., Fred D. Janney, Gaston, Ind., in place of in place of H. F. Smith, retired.

Betty C. Street, Antioch, Tenn., in place Audley Dildine, retired.

Paul E. Sanborn, Wilmot Flat, N.H., in of F.C. Taylor, retired.

Marvin G. Scott, Scotts Hill, Tenn., in Merrill K. Lambert, Hope, Ind., in place of place of W.F. Haskell, resigned. C.B. Holder, retired.

NEW JERSEY

place of R. E. Scott, transferred. Cletus H. Engler, Lawrenceburg, Ind., in James L. Doyle, New Lisbon, N.J., in place

TEXAS place of L. W. Ogden, deceased. of F. S. Doyle, retired.

Mary R. Cartwright, Boerne, Tex., in place Ralph E. Manifold, Mooreland, Ind., in

NEW YORK

of E. G. Saxon, deceased.
place of Jeannette Manifold, retired.
Raymond T. Elliott, Portland, Ind., in place place of E. B. Tenney,

deceased.
Francis E. Gilhooly, Alexander, N.Y., in

Sidney L. Gustafson, Gonzales, Tex., in

place of L. H. Boothe, retired. of I. E. Stabler, retired.

John B. Goodwin, East Rochester, N.Y., in

Ruby F. Henderson, Groesbeck, Tex., in Myron D. Barnes, Rosedale, Ind., in place place of E. P. Talley, retired.

place of H. L. Humble, retired. of W. H. Lauterbach, retired.

John L. Ingalls, Hornell, N.Y., in place of Lynn Ratliff, Madisonville, Tex., in place · IOWA F. J. Kelly, retired.

of G. L. McKay, deceased. Darrell B. Daugherty, Adel, Iowa, in place Florence Robinson, Lawrence, N.Y., in

Ross B. Stuart, Strawn, Tex., in place of of F. W. Knoll, retired. place of L. J. Stankard, deceased.

W. R. Baker, deceased. Edgar A. Cox, Charlotte, Iowa, in place of

John J. Bridgeford, Rensselaer, N.Y., in John G. Hagan, Jr., Whitehouse, Tex., in T. G. Clifford, deceased. place of O. L. Johnson, retired.

place of D. E. Gilley, retired. Pat McGuire, Cushing, Iowa, in place of

John W. Buckner, Wimberley, Tex., in place NORTH CAROLINA

of W. R. Saunders, resigned. R. H. Stoneking, deceased.

Luther E. Taylor, Jr., Faison, N.C., in place Dean A. Cowger, Mediapolis, Iowa, in place of J. E. Faison, retired.

UTAH of J. M. Stephenson, retired.

Hardy L. Vause, Hookerton, N.C., in place Kae B. Weston, Laketown, Utah, in place of Mildred E. Howell, New Liberty, Iowa, in of W. B. Jenkins, resigned.

A. K. Cheney, resigned. place of H. L. Allmandinger, deceased. Charles P. Smith, Rowland, N.C., in place

VIRGINIA Murel L. Scherbring, Red Oak, Iowa, in of G. S. Crawford, retired. place of C. P. Norris, retired.

Rhoda L. Lewis, Sneads Ferry, N.C., in

Harold J. Workman, McGaheysville, Va., in

place of R. H. Sipe, resigned. Paul E. Beumer, Rock Valley, Iowa, in place place of N. M. Millis, retired. of H. J. Long, retired. L. Yale Miller, Wilkesboro, N.C., in place

, , , Theodore Raines, Vansant, Va., in place of

A. H. Matney, transferred. George W. House, Sigourney, Iowa, in place of M. O. Elliott, resigned. of Cotton Etter, retired.

NORTH DAKOTA

WASHINGTON Edward J. Delaney, Stuart, Iowa, in place Carroll D. Tudahl, Berthold, N. Dak., in

Mike Montanye, Goldendale, Wash., in of G. W. Trowbridge, retired. place of H. W. Emanuel, retired.

place of O. K. Hill, retired.
KANSAS
Glenn D. Heldt, Rocklake, N. Dak., in place

WEST VIRGINIA
Durward E. Smith, Admire, Kans., in place of Bland Elsberry, retired.

Harry J. Reitter, Colliers, W. Va., in place of D. W. Fowler, transferred.

OHIO

of C. O. Freshwater, retired. Orval M. Siefers, Dorrance, Kans., in place Dorothy V. Benson, Barlow, Ohio, in place Julia A. Warrick, Glen Dale, W. Va., in of E. L. Betts, retired. of M. D. Proctor, retired.

place of E. W. Fitzgerald, retired.

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