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($389,922) by the partly successful strikes, and 1,014,400 crowns ($205,924) by the strikes which failed. In addition 7,810 persons not on strike were thrown out of work, and their loss in wages is estimated to have been 227,000 crowns ($46,081).

The number of lockouts in 1908 was 35, as compared with 26 in 1907. The following table shows by industries the number of strikes, the number of establishments affected, the number of strikers, etc., for the year 1908:

STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, STRIKERS, AND OTHER EMPLOYEES THROWN OUT OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES, 1908.

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The industries in which the largest number of strikes occurred were the building trades with 145 strikes, quarrying with 95 strikes, and mining and metallurgical with 81 strikes. Each of three other groups had over 50 strikes; textiles with 59, metal working 58, and woodworking, caoutchouc, etc., 53. In each of the following industries more than 5,000 workers were on strike: Mining, etc., industries with 26,803 strikers, building trades industries with 12,664 strikers, textile industries with 7,284 strikers, and quarrying, etc., industries with 5,939 strikers. These four industries included 52,690 strikers, or 67.2 per cent of the total number of strikers.

The following table shows the causes of strikes for 1908, by industries:

STRIKES BY INDUSTRIES AND CAUSES OR OBJECTS, 1908. [Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the industry totals of this table, if computed, would not agree with those of the preceding table.]

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As in previous years, the demands of the strikers were most frequently for increase of wages and for reduction of hours, the first demand occurring in 490 strikes and the second in 138 strikes.

The following table shows the number of strikes and of strikers in each group of industries in 1908 by results:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES AND RESULTS, 1908.

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The following table shows the number of strikes and of strikers in 1908 according to duration and results:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY DURATION AND RESULTS, 1908.

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STRIKES DURING FIFTEEN YEARS.-The summaries for the years 1894 to 1908 were compiled partly from the report for 1908 and partly from previous reports. The following table shows the number of strikes and strikers, establishments affected, and working-days lost in Austria for the period during which the Ministry of Commerce has published reports on strikes:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, AND WORKING-DAYS LOST, BY YEARS, 1894 TO 1908.

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The number of strikes and the number of strikers for each year of the 15-year period are shown, by industries, in the following table:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES AND YEARS, 1894 TO 1908.

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The causes of strikes for each year of the period are shown in the following table, the cause and not the strike being the unit:

STRIKES, BY CAUSES AND YEARS, 1894 TO 1908.

[Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the yearly totals for this table, if computed, would not agree with those for the preceding tables.]

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The following table shows, for both strikes and strikers, during. each year of the period, the results expressed in percentages:

PER CENT OF STRIKES AND OF STRIKERS, BY RESULTS, FOR EACH YEAR, 1894

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LOCKOUTS.-There were 35 lockouts reported in 1908 as compared with 26 in 1907. The number of lockouts due to reported causes were 14 due to differences concerning wages and hours of labor, 12 due to strikes, and 5 to threatened strikes, and 4 due to other causes.

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