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Savannah News: The impression that seems to prevail in Washington and in the East is that the South and West are almost unanimously in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver. It is a wrong one. In the South, and it is pretty safe to say, in the West, business men are against free silver coinage. They are willing that all the silver that can be coined safely shall be coined, that is, all the silver that can be put into circulation without driving gold out of circulation. They are satisfied that the free and unlimited coinage of silver would force the country to a silver standard, and they are confident that a silver standard would have a disastrous effect upon every interest.
Florida Citizen : The public opinion of the Nation can force the Congress of the Nation to do its duty and enact the legislation that is required. It is necessary only that this public opinion should be brought to bear. The first duty of the hour in every community throughout the land is to evoke this tremendous force, now so generally latent, and to concentrate it upon Congress. Every citizen should do his share in this work.
gold. The Government can go right along and pay all its bills. It can also redeem in silver all the notes presented.
Indianapolis Sentinel: The country understands the situation. It understands that the free coinage of silver has a bsolutely nothing to do with the relief of the Treasury from the network of absurdities in which the present law entangles it. The silver monometallists are simply using the embarrassing situation of the Treasury as a club to force the legislation they demand. - They must be met on their own ground and beaten if possible.
Chicago Herald: The Springer bill is not satisfactory to silver fanatics, of course; but in every essential particular it is much more satisfactory to all who favor a sound and safe currency than any other that has been formulated for Congressional action up to this time.
Chicago Times: The President's plan is a plan for converting a noninterest-bearing debt into one bearing interest, for clothing the Secretary of the Trea-ury with almost unlimited power to issue bonds, for still further discrediting silver and setting the golden calf on a still higher pedestal. We do not think that such a plan can possibly find favor in Congress or among producers.
Detroit Free Press: What President Cleveland has said in his message will meet the approval of the business and other thinking men of the country.
St. Paul Globe: The President makes a strong appeal to the patriotism of Congress. He draws the situation in strong outline; he lays the duty of help on all alike; he strips off the pretense of party obligations and leaves the partisan without cover.
Omaha World- Herald: Let the people arouse themselves to a realization of what the gold policy means-bonds, bankruptcy and disaster indefinitely contioned. Let the Nebraska legislature now in session place on record its denunciation of the President's proposition. Nebraska, the United States, the people of all nations are interested in retaining the use of silver as a standard money. Civilization itself is at stake.
Louisville Courier-Journal: The situation is most critical and should be dealt with promptly by Congress, but we have no hope that it will be. The plan of the President is practicable and the reasons which he gives are conclusive. But we have no faith either in the patr otism or common sense of Congress.
Wheeling Register: Congress must act, and that speedily, on the line laid down by the President, or confess its hopeless incapacity.
Nashville American: For the United States, already a debtor nation, to enter into this senseless scramble for gold with the creditor nations of the Old World, when it is known and universally conceded that the supply of gold is limited and many times less in quantity than is absolutely essential to serve as a basis for the interchange of the commerce of the world, it does seem that it is little short of criminal. The message of Mr. Cleveland will only complicate and cannot possibly help the situation.
Memphis Commercial Appeal: The message is very unpleasant reading, and one might well conclude that it was better calculated to create distrust in the ability of the United States Government to meet its obligations than to assist in the solution of the financial problems now confronting the Treasury. But the message has been written and delivered, whether in good taste or bad taste, and Congress, out of a spirit of patriotism, should lose no time in coming to the relief of the Treasury.
St. Louis Republic: It would seem that Congress, if it is unable to decide upon a reform of the currency, could at least authorize a form of bonds suitable to the present conditions-especially when the new form would give the common people a chance to use the bonds for investment.
New Orleans Times- Democrat: Meantime Congress ought most undoubtedly to relieve the Treasury of its temporary embarrassment by adopting either the suggestions which Mr. Cleveland made in his annual message and practically repeats in yesterday's, or some other plan of its own.
Birmingham (Ala.) News: The President's recommendations as embodied in Mr. Springer's bill seem to be the only remedy at present. Will Democrats stand idly by and compel a Democratic President to call togetber in extra session a Republican Congress to relieve the country? Let's see.
Atlanta Constitution: President Cleveland now asks that the Treasury Department be“ authorizel” by law to go into the bond issue business on a more extensive scale than formerly. What's this? And pray, why Is it necessary to pass a law to authorize the perpetuation of the bond outrages which have been resorted to without regard to law? We sball next hear of some of the Western train brigands asking for an act to legalize highway robbery.
REPUBLICAN COMMENT. New York Tribune: The President proposes too much. A simple provision for current necessities until the Congress just elected can have time to act would have been timely. But nobody can say how violent a contraction of the note circulation might immediately follow the offer of interest-bearing gold bonus in place of $500,000,000 of notes to be can. celed and not reissued. This one element of grave uncertainty, if there were not others, makes the President's proposal dangerous in a practical sense, and will deprive it of the favor of multitudes who will warmly commend his courage in urging an issue of gold-bearing bonds. His difficully is that he has lost touch with the people, and instead of proposing what they want and what suits their practical necessities, has offered his latest idea of a theoretical remedy.
Boston Advertiser: President Cleveland's message breathes an entirely needless and an exceedingly mischievous panic spirit. Public confidence in the ability and purpose of the Nation to redeem all its obligations in letter and in spirit has not been shaken, as he, in his terror, implies. As for passing a law to substitute for the non-interest-bearing obligations of the Government, amounting in all to something like three-quarters of a billion dollars, interest-bearing obligations, and transferring to National banks all the privileges and profits to the people now inhering in the issue of paper currency by the people's Government at Washington—this Congress will not do it, and there is no present ground for believing that any Congress will ever do it.
Boston Journal: President Cleveland's message is clear-sighted, vigorous and patriotic. It shows an accurate perception of the causes of the existing evils, and a high degree of courage in dealing with them. The suggested requirement that duties be paid in gold seems to us unwise and dangerous. To give gold a use which is denied to other forms of currency is to instantly increase its value. The real question before Congress is not whether bonds shall be issued to keep up the gold reserve and to maintain the National credit, for authority adequate to that purpose already exists, and the President is pledged to use it, but whether the borrowing shall be done on the most favorable terms and under conditions most to the credit of the Nation.
Hartford Courant: The message is just such another serious, solid document as the message of August 7, 1893. Now, as at the opening of the extraordinary session, Mr. Cleveland's sense of the importance of what he is saying to Congress shows itself in the unusual simplicity and directness of his language. Now, as then, he temporarily sinks the Democratic politician in the American President.
Philadelphia Inquirer: Patriotism and statesmanship are needed now -a combination to meet the silver cranks and defeat them. Partisan. ship should be dropped. The bill should be passed by both Republican and Democratic votes. The President had to rely on the Republicans to repeal the silver purchase act. He now calls upon the Republicans to save the credit of the Nation. No honest-money Republican should hesitate. Cleveland Leader: The Government is primarily in need of more
That is really the trouble with the Treasury, but the financial crisis at Washington can be relieved only by the application of an immediate and radical remedy. The only way in which the reserve can be protected is by retiring the legal tenders. That was the object at which the President and Secretary Carlisle aimed when they propose l to change the National banking system so as to substitute legal tender for bonds as a security for the circulation of such banks. The failure of
that plan has compelled them to resort to another expedient. There can
INDEPENDENT AND OTHER COMMENT. be no doubt that the President's proposition will in the main meet with Nero York Journal of Commerce : At the verge of utmost danger, the approval of the advocates of sound currency and honest money
President Cleveland brings a great National relief. His proposals meet everywhere.
all the salient points of danger and in a true and direct fashion. His Indianapolis Journal: At last, aud slowly, but, it is to be hoped, not measure is much broader than has been expected. The most potent too late, the President has reached a wise conclusion. A fair and can. feature of the message is the unqualified proposal that the bonds to be did judgment of the message compels the admission that its prevailing issued shall be, in every sense, gold bonds. This is an assertion of a spirit is one of devotion to sound financial principles and an earnest broad conservative principle fundamental to the credit of the Nation. desire to adopt right methods, regardless of party or political considera- The enactment of such a measure would be as important for what it tions. If this Congress fail to pass the Springer bill or one embodying implies as for what it proposes. The world would regard such a loan as the same general features the President should call an extra session of the most significant commitment to the gold basis that the United States the next Congress and trust to their patriotism and intelligence to rescue has ever made; and from that point of view the dangers of our silver the Government from its perilous position.
agitation would appear insignificant. Taking the document as a whole, it Milwaukee Sentinel: President Cleveland's message recommends a is a great saving pronouncement. The President has withdrawn the policy which is likely to meet the approbation of all but the silver
Nation back from the verge of a precipice to solid ground. fanatics and the fiat money crowd. It is a creditable production, bold Nero York Nation: The message has exactly the right tone. There and earnest in its tone. But there is little hope that the present Con- may be differences of opinion as to details here and there, but the main gress will take any action either in the direction recommended or in any proposition is so sound that it constitutes a rallying-point for all the other.
defenders of the public credit and for all the believers in an honest dol. Minneapolis Tribune: President Cleveland's message is a patriotic
lar. This proposition is that the dollar is 25 8-10 grains of gold of standappeal to the patriotism of Congress for prompt action to maintain the
ard fineness, that the Government's paper of all kinds must be redeemed credit of the Government and relieve the country from financial distress.
in it, and the Government's debts of all kinds must be paid in it or its The President's present plan is sound, and it is the only feasible plan equivalent. This proposition, we say, is now the rallying point for all that will insure immediate relief.
the friends of sound money. Moreover, it is something that they cannot
avoid or shirk, because business considerations will overtop politics in Des Moines Register: Mr. Cleveland wants to take up the greenbacks
spite of all the partisans and the harlequins (of whom the New York and other outstanding obligations in this manner. The sentiment of the
Tribuno (Rep.) is a type) who are dancing around the bonfire of the country will hardly sustain the President to tbis extent. For the meet
public credit. The first thing to be done is to sell gold bonds. We want ing of current expenses, however, the three per cents are to be preferred.
gold; therefore, we ought to promise gold. This can only be tolerated as a makeshift. The correct way is still for the country to collect tariff duties enough to pay its expenses and thus
Philadelphia Times: The message is so strong, so clear and so earnest, avoid the spectacle of borrowing to get along.
it is impossible to believe that it will fail in effect. It is worse than fool.
ish, it is criminal, to prate about the revenue laws, when it is not a defiOmaha Bee: The condition described by the President is familiar. All
ciency of revenue, but simply a distrust of the ability of the Government the facts contained in the message have been communicated to the pub
to maintain its currency on the gold standard, that has brought about the lic through Treasury statements and fully commented upon in the press.
present crisis. Everybody will agree with the President that the emergency is very
Washington Times (Labor): There are two ways out of the present serious and appeals to the best wisdom and the highest patriotism of Congress, but outside of Eastern banking circles there will not be a very
financial dilemma. One is to stop gold payments and adopt a silver basis,
and the other is to sell gold bonds and redeem and cancel the outstandgeneral sentiment in approval of the plan suggested by Mr. Cleveland.
ing legal-tender and Treasury notes. At another time, when there was Topeka State Journal: Wholly impervious to the demands and neces
a substantial gold reserve and when prosperity made it impossible for an sities of an overburdened and impoverished people, Grover Cleveland
extraordinary demand on our Treasury to create a financial depression, free has made a demand on Congress for authority to plunge the country
coinage of silver and the adoption of a silver basis would not jeopardize deeper in debt to the extent of half a billion dollars. Wheat is now
business interests. But now, when our gold reserve is rapidly vanishing, worth but 50 cepts a bushel in Chicago. If the President's suggestion
when the country is on the verge of a panic, and when financial and tariff shall be enacted into law we may look to see it come down to 25 cents a
agitation has disturbed business interests and stagnated trade, a refusal bushel.
to make gold payments w uld bankrupt and destroy thousands of busiTopeka Capital: The President has taken advantage of the close of the ness enterprises. Congress can render no greater service than by the Hawaiian debate to force the issue of financial relief and the people stand immediate passage of the new (Springer) financial bill. behind him in the main object if not in the method he outlines.
Indianapolis News: The message does its author great credit. If ConKansas City Journal: The President's message to Congress is no less gress does not respond to his forcible and patriotic appeal it will be than a threat that no proposition for aid to the Treasury that carries with because it does not represent the people of the country, who are overit the restoration of silver shall be countenanced. Rather than save the whelmingly on the side of the President in the pending controversy. To Nation's credit at the expense of his copartners in the gold business, he be sure, there is manifest a disposition to exaggerate the dangers which will see a repetition of the panic by which his administration was ush- threaten the country, and such phrases as “business disaster," "universal ered in.
distress," and "disastrous conclusion,” must be charged up to a someSt. Louis Globe-Democrat: The message presents the facts in a plain
what perfervid rhetoric which the President no doubt felt it was necesand forcible way. The matter is placed before Congress [in the Springer
sary to employ in order properly to impress the exceedingly unimpresbill] for immediate consideration; and there is no doubt about the fact
sionable body to which his words are addressed. But after making every that prompt action is necessary to avert impending disaster.
deduction, the fact remains that the country is confronted by serious Seattle Post-Intelligencer: An issue of bonds is not "the only way left
evils. If the sound-money men in both the old parties have the patriot
ism to respond to the President's manly appeal, they can crush the life open” for procuring gold. The first and better way would be to take
out of the silver contingent. Is it too much to hope that this will be immediate steps to increase the revenue by at least $100,000,000 annually.
done? There are indications that the Republicans may do their duly. This may be done by a horizontal raise of 15 or 20 per cent on all imports
The bill can be passed if they are willing to help. They cannot refuse now charged with duty, restoration of the former duty on wool, lumber,
to help without inflicting a serious blow upon their party. coal, etc., and a specific tax on beer and spirits. If after the revenues are so adjusted as to meet current obligations, the drain of gold con. Chicago Record: Until the time when a monetary commission or tinues, it will be time, perhaps, to consider the subject of further bond another Congress can perfect a new banking and currency plan, some Issues.
means of relief is absolutely necessary, and the measures proposed by the Boston Transcript : Senator Peffer, the bearded Populist, of Kansas,
President appear to be as good as any. If the Republicans, Democrats and yesterday said, “gold bonds were out of the question, but coin bonds
Populists in Congress refuse to co-operate with the President in apply. might not be.” Senator Teller (Rep.) says that the President's bond is a
ing these remedies they will be striking a blow at the National credit and
public prosperity. gold one, and would weld the gold standard upon the Nation. That is what, under existing circumstances, sound-money advocates everywhere Denver News (Pop.): There is an audacily about the demand of the desire.
goldites for $500,000,000 more bonds that would add plumage to the crest
States. The Mexican silver would probably come through the hands of the Kansas City dealers. With all the silver of the United States and of Mexico absorbed, the rest of the world could not supply enough to hold prices where they are now. We believe it would bring about full remonetization in a few days. We are sure that were it done it would cause silver to go back to $1.00 or $1.10 an ounce. With that accomplished, it would be a comparatively easy thing next winter, when Congress meets, to re-establish absolute free coinage, and we think the mistake the Nows, Senator Stewart and others make is that to stand off, with silver in the commercial market only worth about 60 cents an ounce, and to demand that by an edict of the Government it should at once be declared to be worth $1.2929.
of a Robin Hood or a Captain Kidd. The demand does not arise out of an insufficient revenue, for Treasury experts confidently state that in a short time the revenue will be ample for all expenses of the Government. The bonds are demanded that the Government may purchase gold with them to pay it out in exchange for non-interest-bearing paper. Upon the face of the Treasury notes and by the clear letter of the law, the Government may redeem them in either gold or silver coin. The silver dollars have never depreciated a shade. Their purchasing and paying power have always been equal to that of the gold dollar. The Treasury is run. ning over with silver dollars and with bullion out of which to coin them.
Kansas City Star: The message is a plain, strong appeal for the sal. vation of the credit of the Nation. Silver men may denounce it as a complete surrender to the bankers, partisans may decry it as partisans do everything originated by their opponents, but the solid, common sense of the country will recognize the message for just what it is-namely, a patriot's appeal to patriots for such legislation as will forever banish the uncertainty and lack of confidence which underlies the business troubles of this country,
THE NEWSPAPERS AND THE MESSAGE. Springfield Republican (Ind.): The leading newspapers of the East and central West as a rule indorse the President's financial recommendations. There are, however, some exceptions. The Boston Herald, being opposed to the retirement of the greenbacks, cannot approve of the whole executive program. Nearly all the New York papers support the recommendations—all except the Tribune, which is against the retirement of the legal tenders, and the Sun, which is against anything the President may propose. Greater unanimity of opioion in support of the plan is to be found in Philadelphia, with the organs of the Manufacturers' Club, which has silver leanings, yet to be heard from. The Chicago Tribune, Republican, Record, Independent, and Herald, Democratic, indorse the whole proposition; while the Inter Ocean, silver Republican, and Times, silver Democrat, denounce it. All papers and persons, in fact, with any leanings at all to silver, may be counted in the opposition. It is noticeable that all the Boston and New York bankers interviewed warmly commend the President's plan.
The free silver and cheap-money organs in the South are rejoicing in the present situation of the National Treasury, and are lifting up their voices with one accord in protest against bond issues and the retirement of the greenbacks. The Atlanta (Ga.) Constitution, which is one of the worst of these shouters, and wbose guiding political principle is hatred of Cleveland and opposition to everything he advocates, declares that "the people of this country, outside the hotbeds of gold-buggery and Shylockism, do not care how soon gold payments are suspended.” None of the Southern free silver newspapers, so far as we have seen, approve the proposed issue, and one or two sound-money newspapers also oppose it. The utterances of the most solid of the Southern newspapers prove that the Vests, Harrises and Pughs and the silver-or-nothing crowd in both Houses do not fairly represent the solid sense of the South. There is a strong sound-money sentiment in that section which ought to and probably will find representation in Congress when the vote is taken on the President's plan.
Boston Transcript (Ind. Rep.): The President's message has been received by the friends of sound money and the influential press generally with decided approval. The Chicago Tribune says that every Republican Senator and Representative should vote for his recommendations, and show that they are glad to be able to support a Democratic President in doing his duty by the people.”
COLORADO'S EXPERIMENT WITH POPULISM. The Populist movement in Colorado is not identical, either in causes or development, with the corresponding movement in Kansas, Nebraska and the South. The real influence which suddenly swelled the Populist vote from 6 per cent to 47 per cent of the total vote of the State, is found not in the Ocala platform of the Farmers' Allia nce, nor in the vagaries of the Omaha platform, but in the attitude of the two great National parties on the question of bimetallism. The voters of Colorado of all parties are practically unanimous in the advocacy of bimetallism. Long prior tù the National conventions of 1892 there had developed an intense sentiment that the policy of gold monometallism was destructive not only to the interests of Colorado, but to manufacturing, producing and commercial interests throughout the United States. In the hope of influencing National policy, "silver clubs” were organized throughout the State in the winter of 1891 and 1892, the members of which were pledged to vote for no Presidential candidate who was not committed, and whose party was not committed, to the free coinage of silver. Delegates and organized committtees labored with the Republicans at Min. neapolis, and afterward with the Democrats at Chicago. Their efforts were fruitless. Then followed the Populist Convention at Omaha, with a declaration in favor of bimetallism, but with a demand for paper money, to be distributed in accordance with the subtreasury scheme of the Farmers' Alliance, “or a better system " (noscitur ex sociis). Here, then, was a National party pledged to the free coinage of silver. Thou. sands of Colorado voters turned to it, not because they accepted its doctrines on other subjects for they ignored them—but for the purpose of protesting against the attitude of the two dominant parties on the one subject of coinage. At the ensuing election the Weaver electors received a plurality of nearly 15,000 voles in Colorado, and the Populist candidate for governor was elected by a plurality of 5,436. Thus Colorado soon found herself subject to the full sway of a Populist regime.
From the foregoing statement it will be apparent that Populist ascendancy in Colorado was accidental. It did not represent the judgment of the great mass of citizens. It was with a shock of surprise that vigorous and enterprising, albeit conservative, Colorado suddenly discovered that sue bad put her neck into the yoke of Populist control. Since the char. acter of a State administration must usually be, and in this case was, determined by the policy and conduct of the man who happened to be chief executive, it is fair to inquire whether any peculiar or radical fea. tures should be attributed to the party and its principles, or to the idiosyncrasies of the man. After a gubernatorial career of nearly two years, Governor Waite sought a renomination. The State convention of his party gave it to him with great unanimity and boundless enthusiasm. At the ensuing election he received more than 40 per cent of the total vote of the State. These facts can be considered only as an approval and ratification by his party of his public acts.
The dominant idea which permeates the Omaha Populist platform and its immediate predecessors is a concentrated paternalism. The Government ownership of railroads, of telegraph lines, of telephones; the reclamation by the Government of lands held by corporations and by aliens; the abolition of banks; the direct issue of full legal-tender money, not supported by a coin reserve; the lending of this money to the people on the security of “imperishable farm products,” stored in Government warehouses-these are characteristic features of Populism. The party also appeals to and emphasizes class distinctions. It calls for a of the labor forces of the United States"; it declares that ".if any will not work neither shall be eat'”; it sees daught but wickedness in the two great parties, and alleges that corruption dominates the ballot-box, the legislatures, the Congress, and touches even the ermine of the bench." Colorado in its State administration under Governor Waite gave an illustration of the practical operation of these Populist principles. Paternal. ism manifested itself in the assumption that the Governor is “the Gov.
THE JONES FINANCIAL BILL. Salt Lake City Tribune (Rep.): The Denver News repudiates Senator Jones's silver bill on the ground that it provides for issuing a heavy amount of bonds and does not openly declare for free silver at 16 to 1. We take a different view because we know that Senator Jones, of Arkan. sas, is as sincere a silver man as Senator Jones, of Nevada. He says nothing about 16 to 1 in his bill, but he provides for the absorption of every ounce of silver that American citizens can carry to the Treasury Department, and, further than that, that silver shall be coined into dol. lars of 4127 standard grains. That is 16 to 1. Other men criticising the bill, say that with such a bill as that, wi only American citizens permitted to carry bullion to the mint, the price of silver will not advance at all in London; that the bill will be valueless on that account. Now, we look at it this way. We believe under that bill every ounce of AmerIcan and Mexican silver would be carried to the mints of the United
ernment." Class distinctions were empbasized and increased by the what this laughing stock of the Nation has accomplished. It would add announcement that the rich have had their day and turn about is fair much to the general hilarity over his colossal and criminal blundering if play. The courts, if they differed from the executive in the construction he should succeed, in the next two years, in negotiating a treaty of arbiof constitution or statutes, were corrupt usurpers. Under such influences tration with the European Powers. That would complete and round out the spirit of anarchy was fostered and grew apace, and the State was a career of a dunderhead in a way to make it wholly unique. brought to the very verge of civil war.
Philadelphia Telegraph (Rep.): In ratifying the treaty with Japan, the The Eastern press makes an egregious error in assuming, as has fre
Senate adopted the very commendable precaution of abrogating the quently been done of late, that the Republican victory in Colorado
eleven-year clause which Secretary Greshum's maladroit management denotes defeat of the silver cause. It does not imply the slightest diminu.
permitted to be embodied in the document, and replaced it with a protion of bimetallic sentiment. Certainly, a party which wins its victory
vision for modifying or annulling the treaty on one year's notice. This under the leadership of such men as Senator Teller and Senator Wolcott
is the only sane way of formulating a treaty, and is, moreover, in accordcan hardly be said to have grown less zealous in the cause of bimetallism.
ance with the methods usually pursued in similar negotiations with The Republican party of Colorado believes in gold and silver coin as the
other nations. We cannot reasonably be asked to tie up the hands of our legal-tender money of the country, and as the basis of currency issues.
Government for ten years and a year's notice, especially with an Oriental It looks with some amusement at the present proximity of extremes-the
nation just emerging from a state of semi-barbarism. The Senate has bankers at Baltimore and the Populists of the Farmers' Alliance-the
rebuked the Secretary's folly in this matter, and has sharply corrected one advocating a paper currency based on stockholders' liability and
the blunders he allowed the State Department to fall into. bank assets (for example, bank buildings, furniture and fixtures, and
Philadelphia Press (Rep.): bills receivable); the other advocating a paper money issued on the secur
The Japanese treaty was ratified, as it
should have been. After the success of Japan in the current war it is ity of “imperishable farm products, such as wheat, cotton and tobacco. It wonderingly inquires whether we shall depend in future for our money
idle to suppose that ex-territorial rights will be resumed in that country
at the close of the term set by the treaty for its abrogation by either party, supplies "upon the quartz mills or the pulp mills of the country.'
and the provision that the treaty can be abrogated by either party on The combination of doctrines la beled “Populism” furnishes, however, no panacea for existing ills. Colorado is not likely to repeat her experi
a year's notice will amount to little, except as to the commercial and ment in Populist government.---Joel F. Vaile, in the Forum, New York,
shipping privileges. Japan has been for several years a country which February.
has had a right to ask full sovereignty over all the strangers within its borders, and while it will be some time before this is granted even under
the present treaty, its ratification is a measure of substantial justice GOVERNOR MCKINLEY SUSTAINS COLONEL COIT.
which the Senate did well to pass by a unanimous vote. Cleveland Plain Dealer (Dem.). I am the person against whom the indictment should have been returned. It was by my orders that the soldiers wero at Washington C. H., and if any one
MR. PLATT'S DICTATORSHIP IN NEW YORK. was to be indicted it should surely have been the person whose order sent the militia there.-Guoernor McKinley.
The eyes of the country have been turned with no little interest upon That has the right ring in it, and every good citizen in Ohio will respect
the factional tendency in the ranks of the victorious Republicans of the Governor McKinley for uttering those manly words. He is the general
State of New York. There has been only one question at issue, howof the militia in reality, as Governor of the State. By his order Colonel
ever, and that has been whether Mr. Thomas C. Platt should or should Coit and the militia under him were sent to Washington C. H. to sup
not be recognized as the Republican dictator. Mr. Platt on the Repubpress a riot. These men went there as in duty bound they should; they
lican side is more ambitious than any gentleman of corresponding suppressed the riot; they saved the jail from being broken open, main.
position in the other party has ever been; for whereas Mr. David B. tained the majesty of the law, and they deserve each and all of them
Hill was ambitious to control the Democratic party in the State at large, credit and not condemnation.
and Mr. Richard Croker was equally determined to control that party in There was never a fairer hearing granted than at the court-martial, or
the city of New York, neither one of them ever supposed that he could military investigation. Every one who knew anything against the con
successfully fill the two boss-ships at the same time. Mr. Platt's aspiraduct of Colonel Coit or any of his officers or men, had full opportunity
tions, therefore, are without precedent in either party. He has underto give evidence, and they did it, and the Colonel was acquitted, and the
taken to secure direct personal control of the machinery of Republican people of the State said, Amen.
organization in the State of New York, and to control with equal directHe is a brave man; he is a good soldier; he is a prudent officer; he
ness the county organization for the city of New York. Moreover, he obeyed the orders, and we are glad that he was acquitted. The petty
attempted with success at the opening of the year to dictate the organilocal spite at Washington C. H. against Colonel Coit will not prevail
zation of the Republican legislature, just as he succeeded last summer in against him. On what grounds a grand jury could find indictments in controlling the State convention and dictating the nomination for Gov. the face of the evidence that was shown at the investigation, is more
ernor of the Hon. Levi P. Morton. tban a sane man can understand. If an officer in the discharge of his
Mr. Platt's methods resemble Mr. Croker's rather than Mr. Hill's, inasduty, under the orders of the Governor of the State, in putting down a
much as Mr. Hill has always been a public man, an officeholder, and an riot, in saving public property, in the maintenance of law and order, is outspoken political leader, while Mr. Platt and Mr. Croker have remained to be arrested and tried for manslaughter while in the performance of his
in private life pulling wires behind the scenes. The secret of Mr. duty, then farewell all military organizations in the State of Ohio, and
Croker's now disintegrated power and intluence has become quite generfarewell all efforts by the assistance of military companies to the enforce
ally understood. Mr. Platt's has not been so minutely analyzed, and it ment of law.
remains to many intelligent minds a puzzling mystery. So far as we are aware, not one of Mr. Platt's followers has ever intimated that their
leader was an exeeptionally wise and authoritative student of public ques. “POOR, IGNORANT GRESHAM.”
tions, yet be is permitted to dictate legislation. It may be a mistake to New York Hoening Post (Ind.): Poor, ignorant Gresham goes on bis assume that Governor Morton's policy is directed by Mr. Platt at all blundering way, getting one troublesome international question after points, yet such seems to be the general belief in New York. Even the another settled in the most stupid fashion. His Japanese treaty, for not report of the Senate committee which, witli Mr. Lexow as chairman, negotiating which, and then for negotiating which, he was so justly investigated the police corruption of New York City, has been shaped to denounced and exposed by the Tribune, has just been ratified by the Sen. meet Mr. Platt's views regarding the reorganization of the police force. ate. Prior to that his Chinese treaty, covering so many points of inter- The report in itself is a matter of minor consequence, because the facts national difficulty, was negotiated and ratified. In between came his of the investigation were made fully public from day to day, and the dealings with Great Britain, resulting in the final abandonment of the whole world has been able to form its conclusions. English protectorate over the Mosquito Coast-a protectorate which had It is unfortunate in the extreme that the Senate committee should not bothered all the really great minds in the State Department since Marcy's have been content to allow the New York reformers to draft the reform day, only to be disposed of forever by an ignoramus. These three great legislation. Instead, they seem to have preferred to do the bidding of a achievements in two years by the most imbecile Secretary that ever dis- politician like Mr. Platt, who cannot possibly be actuated by the sole and missed a subordinate and forced him to write for the Tribune, show us unmixed motive of a desire to lift the municipal services of New York what might have been done in the same time by a man of average ability. out of the domain of party politics. We do not for a moment wish to One has to go back to the days of Hamilton Fish to find a parallel to accuse Mr. Platt either of corrupt designs or of misconduct in any regard.
It is only that Mr. Platt is a party man pure and simple, who has made it his business to consult always and everywhere what he considers the interests of the Republican party as such. But the best Republicans in New York City want a municipal government which shall be removed from the sphere of party politics, and want a police service which shall as little taint of partisanship as the United States army or navy. It is certain that the reform forces of New York will not easily accept Mr. Platt's determinations, nor is there any prospect that Mayor Strong will acquiesce. Thus there seems to be a stormy time ahead, in which the reformers will have to fight as valiantly to secure the substantial results of their success as they fought last autumn to gain the victory at the polls. - February Review of Reviews.
up the Carlisle Indian School football team. The tribes represented are the Oneida, Nez Perce, Gros Ventre, Piegan, Kiowa, Chippewa, Sioux, Seneca, Omaha and Tuscarora. It is not easy to understand how any. body can look upon tbe pictured faces of these young men, even if he has never seen similar types in the flesh, and not feel that there is a better solution of the Indian problem tban that of shooting, starving or otherwise exterminating these original “ Americans.” Captain Pratt, the superintendent of the Carlisle School, is to be commended for giving this ocular demonstration of the civilizing power of humane, intelligent, sympathetic treatment such as characterizes the methods of the Carlisle School.
ARBITRATION BILLS. Journal of tho Knights of Labor: There are two arbitration bills now before the House of Representatives and one Labor Commission bill—the Wright arbitration bill, the Olney arbitration bill and the Phillips mixed commission bill. There is much that is good in all of them, and it need not take the balance of the session of Congress to perfect a measure that will, temporarily at least, put into operation a law for the arbitration of railroad difficulties that will be a test of this method of averting disastrous stoppage of commerce and oppression of working people by greedy cor. porations and general managers.
Attorney-General Olney's bill undoubtedly possesses certain merits pot covered by the Wright bill, but the Attorney-General is wrong when he advises the elimination of the Pullman section of the Wright bill. That provision of the Olney bill making it a misdemeanor for a corpora tion to make employes sign agreements to pay into relief societies or to sever connection with labor organizations is a good one, but the provision of time notice to employers by employes and the attempt to tell labor organizations incorporated when they shall terminate the affiliation of their membership are fatal to the bill. If the latter be a good provision, why not also provide that when an officer of a railroad company asks an employe to work for lower wage his connection with the corporation shall be terminated and he shall not be liable individually for its debts nor a beneficiary of its assets ?
The Phillips bill, which has been also reported favorably by Chairman McGann, of the Labor Committee, is a good measure. It provides for a commission made up of the representatives of the real producing classes, who can collate information and with something like practical common sense recommend needed legislation to Congress. Being non-political and having time to really consider the questions of greatest moment to agriculturists and workers, we may secure some practicable results from their work. At least the information they could furnish the people would be worth all the money expended.
SENATOR MORGAN ON NEGRO EMIGRATION TO AFRICA.
SENATOR MORGAN, of Alabama, in an address at the 78th annual meeting of the American Colonization Society, held recently in Washington, advocated negro emigration to Africa. He avowed his deep interest in the welfare of the negro. He said that since its incorporation in 1817 the Society had expended $3,200,000 in the cause, and had assisted in finding homes in Liberia for 22,146 persons. He asserted that in resources Africa was the richest of the continents. He would have the Society re-incorporate under act of Congress, form a stock company, the shares to be owned by negroes, and purchase ships to run between New Orleans or Charleston and Liberia and the Congo Free State; the ships to be manned with negro crews and commanded by negro captains, and to carry American manufactures and negro emigrants. He would undertake to secure the enactment of commercial treaties between the United States and the African countries mentioned, providing for free trade.
Bishop Henry M. Turner, of the African M. E. Church, wbo has long been an active member of the Society, commends Senator Morgan's views. Some other representative negroes favor emigration; but the great majority of them think it impossible to bring about a general return of their race to Africa, even if it were desirable; and moreover, that the advocates of emigration are preaching a "gospel of despair” and retarding the development of the negro in this country, where, as they believe, he is bound to stay.
TO MAKE THE INDIAN A FARMER. The Red Man, the monthly paper published at the Indian Industrial School at Carlisle, Pa., has this to say editorially concerning allotment in severalty:
“Captain Woodson, United States Army, acting agent for the Chey. enne and Arapahoe in Oklahoma, proposes to take $500,000 from the $1,000,000 general fund belonging to those Indians and build a house on one of the allotments for each family and then furnish such family with agricultural implements, seeds, stock, chickens, etc., sufficient to make a beginning toward utilizing the allotment for the support of the family, having district farmers to instruct.
“Certainly! Why not? What could be more common sense ?
“To give a blanket, tepee Indian an allotment of land and no help to occupy and work it and say to him 'root, hog, or die,' and then stand off and mock at his failure is criminally the quintessence of cruelty; not less so than to put him in a boat in midocean and expect him to survive unprovided with either propelling or directing force. Allotment must not be set down a failure until it has been thoroughly tried under the best conditions. We believe Captain Woodson can carry out his excellent plan and is abundantly able to see that every dollar goes economically and directly to the fullest benefit of the Indian and that no dollars wrongfully accrue to his neighbor—the greedy, alert, designing white man."
And by the way, a supplement to the current number of The Red Man presents a graphic anıl, to anybody who has faith in the human face as an index of character, a convincing refutation of the theory that "there is no good Indian except a dead Indian.” The supplement is an excellent photograph of a group of sixteen Indian youths who make
VARIOUS TOPICS. New York Press (Rep.): President Cleveland's purpose to maintain gold payments is one in which he should be encouraged. Republicans owe it to themselves and to the country to point out distinctly why the Treasury is now in distress, and to throw and to keep upon Cleveland and his party the responsibility for the situation they have created; but, none the less, it is the duty of Republicans to co-operate with the President and to sustain his efforts to bring about a better state of things.
Springfield Republican: The National Woman Suffrage Convention at Atlanta closed, Saturday, with the election of the old board of officers, Susan B. Anthony being president, Rev. Anna Shaw, of Philadelphia, vice president, Rachael Foster Avery recording secretary, Alice Stone Blackwell corresponding secretary, Harriet Upton treasurer and Carrie Lane Chapman-Catt chairman of the committee on organization. Tbe reception of the suffragists by the people of Atlanta was most cordial, and all that Southern hospitality could do was done for the delegates. The cause gained much in the estimation of the Atlanta public because of the coupling with woman suffrage the scheme of an educational test, which, it was declared by several speakers, would at once do justice to women and remove the feared evils of the domination of the ignorant negro vote.
Toronto Week: It is pleasing to see the better class of journals in the United States taking honorable ground in regard to the obligation of the Nation to pay the amount of damages agreed on between the respective Governments concerned in the Bering Sea matter.
GEORGE F. UNDERHILL in 1893 caused the arrest of General Jose Manuel Hernandez in this country for having ordered Underhill's arrest during a Venezuelan revolution in 1892. The United States Circuit Court of Appeals at New York has decided that it would imperil the amicable relations between States and vex the peace of nations to permit the sovereign acts or political transactions of one country to be reviewed by the courts of another.
A MEMORIAL signed by 354 members of Parliament, representing all shades of political opinion in Great Britain, has been presented to President Cleveland by W. R. Cremer, M. P. It proposes that all differences between that country and the United States, which cannot be settled by the usual diplomatic methods, shall be submitted to arbitration.