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BANGOR HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.

A MONTHLY.

VOL. VI.

BANGOR, ME., JULY, AUG., SEPT., 1890.

No. 1, 2, 3.

THE SECOND SETTLEMENT IN ACADIA, NOW

MAINE, 1611–13.

After the first settlement at St. Croix, near Calais, in 16045, and the removal to Port Royal, now Appapolis, N. S., De Monts and Poutrincourt returned to France, where they were not cordially received. The promoters were not satisfied with results. The King of France, Henry IV, was angry with De Monts. However, a new expedition was soon gotten up, destined for some other part of Acadia. Two purposes were in view—religion and trade. Catholics and Huguenots, alike had an interest.

Poutrincourt was probably captain, and Mark Lescarhot, whom Parkman says was no common man, was next in charge. Mechanics and laborers were enlisted. The sbip Jonas sailed from Rochelle, May 13, 1606, and arrived at Port Royal, July 27, wbere they found the former colony reduced to two Frenchmen. In July, De Monts, wbo seems to have been with the party, returned to France, leaving Poutrincourt in charge of the colony. In the meantime, he made a voyage of observation along the coast as far as Cape Cod, which was unsuccessful in every way. He returned to Port Royal and began work there. Forts were erected, and other preparations for a permanent settlement began. Disagreements took place between the civil and religious authorities, and nothing prospered. Early in. 1607, news arrived that De Monts' Patent has been revoked and it was determined to abandon Port Royal where 100,000 livres

• Aute, vol. 11, page 225..

had been spent. July 30, 1607, the place was abandoned and the stores shipped to Canseau, and from thence the party sailed for France, August 11, arriving there in October.

In 1610, a new interest was awakened, and it was determined to make another attempt to colonize and settle Acadia in the interests of trade and religion. The Huguenots furnished the means, and the Catholics other things that were needed. Pierre Biard, a Jesuit Priest, Professor of Theology at Lyons, and Enemond Masse, another Priest, were of the company.

The Marcbionesse de Guercheville, wife or widow of the Governor of Paris, a zealous Catholic of great influence, was the chief patron of the expedition. The ship sailed from France, Jan. 26, and arrived at Port Royal, June 22 (12), 1611. Poutrincourt and his son Biencourt, who was with him, concluded to sit down once more at Port Royal, where operations again conmenced. Again the civil and religious authorities had a conflict. Poutrincourt returned soon to France, leaving his son in command. The trouble with the priests continued and they departed westward for the purpose of seeking a new location. They came to Kadesquii—Kenduskeag, now Bangor, in October, and were charmed with the situation and the natives and determined upon this place* as the best for the purposes of a new colony. They returned to Port Royal and wrote Madam de Guercheville who at once proceeded to acquire the rights of the Crown, and all other parties to this part of Acadia. Here she determined to establish a mission where the objects she had in view could be pursued unmolested by white men. She bought a ship of 100 tons in which to send out her priests, her artisans and her laborers, who numbered 48 persons, including two more Jesuit priests, Fathers Quentin and Gilbert du Thet. The Sieur La Saussaye was appointed governor and commander of the new colony. The ship sailed March 12, 1613, and arrived at Port Royal, now Annapolis, N. S., June 22. They remained five days and then taking on board Fathers Biard and Masse set sail for their destination, Kadesquit, now Bangor. When off Grand

See Father Biard's letter from Port Royal, dated January 31, 1612, giving an account of his visit to Kadesquit in Oct., 1611, printed in Paris, 1864, in a work eniitled "Premiere Mission des Jesuites au Capada, Letters et Documents Inedits-Par le P. Auguste Cavayon," p. 44-105,

Mapan they struct a regular Passamaquoddy fog, which has not changed from that day to this. They had a miserable time of it, but the third day out they saw the mountains of Pematiq in the distance. During the day they came into a harbor and landed 25 colonists on the south side of the river," built a fort and habitations, and set up a cross and named the place Saint Saviour*.

Just where Saint Saviour was has not been clearly settled. The drift of opinion is that it was at South West Harbor, Mt. Desert. Others are of the opinion that it was at Penobscot, now Castine.

In subsequent articles further statements of the old navigators and historians will be given. There is much yet of early Acadian history which has not been printed in English.

THOMAS HOWARD, AND FAMILY, OF BANGOR.

Thomas Howardt was born in Lynn, Mass., Aug. 15, 1741. He was a soldier in Wolfe's Army at the taking of Quebec Sept. 1759. About 1764 he went to Woolwich. He there married Mary Stinson Oct. 31, 1765. She was born in that town May 20, 1747.

In 1771 he came to Bangor with his wife and two oldest children. His homestead lot was afterward surveyed lot No. 16, he being at that time the uppermost settler on the Penobscot river. His son John succeeded to the lot which was occupied in part by some of his descendants; being the next northerly of the estate of Francis W. Carr, Esquire. Mr. Howard was one of the first actual settlers. He was an early town officer prior to 1800. He was a most worthy man and was said to have been a member of the Methodist Church for over thirty years before his death. He died Dec. 1827-8, aged 86. Their children all born in Bangor except the two first who were born in Woolwich were :

REBECCA, b. Friday, Feb. 6, 1767; m. Richard Sanborn Blaisdell of

Bangor. He settled in Hampden. He died, according to his grave

i.

lamson's History of Maine, vol. 1, p. 209. indebted to Joseph Williamson, Ewq , of Belfast, for an account of Mr. Howdren, written by Joseph Howard, of Bangor, March 27, 1832, which has been assistance in the preparation of this article.-EDITOR.

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