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VOL. VI.—JULY, AUG., SEPT., 1890.
PUBLISHED BY JOSEPH W. PORTER,
Member of the Maine Historical Society, and of the New England
CONTENTS,--JULY, AUG., SEPT., 1890.
Page I. The second settlement in Acudia, now Maine, 1611-13........
1 II. Thomas Howard and Family, of Bangor.....
है III. Donations from Maine to the spffering people of Boston, 1774-5.
€ IV. The French expedition to Acadia, now Maine, 1613....
€ V. Pentagoet, Penobscot, and Mount Desert..
11 VI. Home of the Bashaba...
13 VII. Col. John Crane, of Whiting, Maine, 1784..
14 VIII. Letter from Jonathan Darling, of Blue Hill, 1791.
16 IX. Mills at the Eastward prior to 1800.....
18 X Survey of the Bingham Purchase in 1797, by Park Holland.
22 XI. General Court Records, 1786.... XII. The story of the Penobscot Bar, 1849..
25 XIII. Settlement and settlers in Orrington, (Brewer) prior to 1785.
27 XIV. Some pioneer settlers on Upper Penobscot River.....
28 XV. Records of deeds in Hancock and Washington ('ounties prior to their incorporation.....
34 XVI. Dunning Family of Maine.....
35 XVII. An account of Bucksport in 1827..
42 XVIII. Orphan's Island, now Verona....
45 XIX. Revolutionary Pensioners in Washington County.
45 XX. Inscriptions from Carney burying ground in Dresden, Muine.
47 XXI. Origin of the name of Union River...
48 XXII. Ancient Norombega...
49 XXIII. First Meeting House at Hull's Cove, Eden....
50 XXIV. Col. Jonathan Buck aud family, of Bucksport.
51 XXV. Bangor Records...
57 XXVI. Historical Notes--Jordan, Leighton, Col. J. L. Moor, Deaths, Mrs. Tem
ple Jordan, Jarvis, the Northmen, Noble, Adrian Block, John Denny, Aaron Capen, Col. Josiah Brewer, Butter Island, Moosehead Lake. Simeon Cary, Bangor Daily News, Cressey, Oakes, Coolidge, Chief Justice Peters....
The Bangor Xistorical Magazine,
Established to gather Historical matter relating to Eastern Maine. To be issued monthly, at $2.00 per annum. Each number to contain 20 or more pages. JOSEPH W. PORTER, Bangor, Maine, Editor.
ptions and advertisements may be sent to BENJ. A. BURR, Printer, Bangor, Me.
[Entered at the Post Office at Bangor, Me., as second-class mail matter.]
BANGOR HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
BANGOR, ME, JULY, AUG., SEPT., 1890. No. 1, 2, 3.
THE SECOND SETTLEMENT IN ACADIA, NOW
After the first settlement at St. Croix, near Calais, in 16045, and the removal to Port Royal, now Annapolis, N. S., De Monts and Poutrincourt returned to France, where they were pot cordially received. The promoters were not satisfied with results. The King of France, Henry IV, was angry with De Monts. However, a new expedition was soon gotten up, destined for some other part of Acadia. Two purposes were in view-religion and trade. Catholics and Huguenots, alike bad an interest.
Poutrincourt was probably captain, and Mark Lescarhot, whom Parkman says was no common man, was next in charge. Mechanics and laborers were enlisted. The sbip Jonas sailed from Rochelle, May 13, 1606, and arrived at Port Royal, July 27, where they found the former colony reduced to two Frenchmen. In July, De Monts, who seems to have been with the pauty, returned to France, leaving Poutrincourt in charge of the colony. In the meantime, he made a voyage of observation along the coast as far as Cape Cod, which was unsuccessful in every way. He returned to Port Royal and began work there. Forts were erected, and other preparations for a permanent settlement began. Disagreements took place between the civil and religious authorities, and nothing prospered. Early in 1607, news arrived that De Monts' Patent has been revoked and it was determined to abandon Port Royal where 100,000 livres
• Aute, vol. 11, page 225..
had been spent. July 30, 1607, the place was abandoned and the stores shipped to Canseau, and from thence the party sailed for France, August 11, arriving there in October.
In 1610, a new interest was awakened, and it was determined to make another attempt to colonize and settle Acadia in the interests of trade and religion. The Huguenots furnished the means, and the Catholics other things that were needed. Pierre Biard, a Jesuit Priest, Professor of Theology at Lyons, and Enemond Maese, another Priest, were of the company.
The Marchionesse de Guercheville, wife or widow of the Governor of Paris, a zealous Catholic of great influence, was the chief patron of the expedition. The ship sailed from France, Jan. 26, and arrived at Port Royal, June 22 (12), 1611. Poutrincourt and his son Biencourt, who was with him, concluded to sit down once more at Port Royal, where operations again commenced. Again the civil and religious authorities had a conflict. Poutrincourt returned soon to France, leaving his son in command. The trouble with the priests continued and they departed westward for the purpose of seeking a new location. They came to Kadesquit—Kenduskeag, now Bangor, in October, and were charmed with the situation and the natives and determined upon this place as the best for the purposes of a new colony. They returned to Port Royal and wrote Madam de Guercheville who at once proceeded to acquire the rights of the Crown, and all other parties to this part of Acadia. Here she determined to establish a mission where the objects she had in view could be pursued unmolested by white men. She bought a ship of 100 tons in which to send out her priests, her artisans and her laborers, who numbered 48 persons, including two more Jesuit priests, Fathers Quentin and Gilbert du Thet. The Sieur La Saussaye was appointed governor and commander of the new colony. The ship sailed March 12, 1613, and arrived at Port Royal, now Annapolis, N. S., June 22. They remained five days and then taking on board Fathers Biard and Masse set sail for their destination, Kadesquit, now Bangor. When off Grand
See Father Biard's letter from Port Royal, dated January 31, 1612, giving an account of his visit to Kadesquit in Oct., 1611, printed in Paris, 1864, in a work eniitled •Premiere Mission des Jesuites au Capada, Letters et Documents Inedits-Par le P. Auguste Cavayon," p. 44-105,
Manan they struct a regular Passamaquoddy fog, which has not changed from that day to this. They had a miserable time of it, but the third day out they saw the mountains of Pematiq in the distance. During the day they came into a harbor and landed 25 colonists on the south side of the river," built a fort and habitations, and set up a cross and named the place Saint Saviour*.
Just where Saint Saviour was has not been clearly settled. The drift of opinion is that it was at South West Harbor, Mt. Desert. Others are of the opinion that it was at Penobscot, now Castine.
In subsequent articles further statements of the old navigators and historians will be given. There is much yet of early Acadian history which has not been printed in English.
THOMAS HOWARD, AND FAMILY, OF BANGOR.
Thomas Howardt was born in Lynn, Mass., Aug. 15, 1741. He was a soldier in Wolfe's Army at the taking of Quebec Sept. 1759. About 1764 he went to Woolwich. He there married Mary Stinson Oct. 31, 1765. She was born in that town May 20, 1747.
In 1771 he came to Bangor with his wife and two oldest children. His homestead lot was afterward surveyed lot No. 16, he being at that time the uppermost settler on the Penobscot river. His son John succeeded to the lot which was occupied in part by some of his descendants; being the next northerly of the estate of Francis W. Carr, Esquire. Mr. Howard was one of the first actual settlers. He was an early town officer prior to 1800. He was a most worthy man and was said to have been a member of the Methodist Church for over thirty years before his death. He died Dec. 1827-8, aged 86. Their children all born in Bangor except the two first who were born in Woolwich were : i. REBECCA, b. Friday, Feb. 6, 1767; m. Richard Sanborn Blaisdell of
Bangor. He settled in Hampden. He died, according to his grave
lamson's History of Maine, vol. 1, p. 209.