Page images
PDF
EPUB

94, 1 P. 362; Tuolumne Consol. M. Co. v. Maier, 134 Cal. 583, 66 P. 863; Pherson v. Julius, 95 N. W. 428; Moore v. Steelsmith, 1 Alaska, 121; McConaghy v. Doyle, 75 P. 419; Score v. Griffin, 80 P. 331; Ambergris M. Co. v. Day, 85 P. 109; Lange v. Robbinson, 148 Fed. 799; Cascaden v. Bartolis, 146 F'ed. 739.

How the discovery may be made:

On the surface. See cases given under note entitled must show "vein" or "lode in place."

By shaft or cut. Zollars v. Evans, 5 Fed. 172; Strepey v. Stark, 7 Colo. 614, 5 P. 111; Gwillim v. Donnellan, 115 U. S. 45, 29 L. Ed. 348; Van Zandt v. Argentine M. Co., 8 Fed. 725; McGinnis v. Egbert, 8 Colo. 41, 5 P. 652; Electro-Magnetic M. Co. v. Van Auken, 9 Colo. 204, 11 P. 80; Little Pittsburg Con. M. Co. v. Amie M. Co., 17 Fed. 57; Gray v. Treabey, 6 Colo. 278; Armstrong v. Lower, 6 Colo. 393; Consol. Rep. Mt. M. Co. v. Lebanon M. Co., 9 Colo. 343, 12 P. 212; Upton v. Larkin, 5 Mont. 600, 6 P. 66; same case, 7 Mont. 449, 17 P. 728, affirmed in 144 U. S. 19, 36 L. Ed. 330; O'Donnel v. Glenn, 8 Mont. 248, 19 P. 302; Bonner v. Meikle, 82 Fed. 697; Hays v. Lavagnino, 17 Utah, 185; Zollars v. Evans, 5 Fed. 172; Biglow v. Conradt, 159 Fed. 868. See vol. 34 Cent. Dig. title, Mines and Minerals, sec. 25.

Discovery by tunnel. Rico Aspen Consol. M. Co. v. Enterprise M. Co., 53 Fed. 321; Ellet v. Campbell, 18 Colo. 510, 33 P. 521; Corning Tunnel Co. v. Pell, 4 Colo. 507, Back v: Sierra Nev. Consol. M. Co., 2 Idaho 386, 17 P. 83. See vol. 34 Cent. Dig. title, Mines and Minerals, sec. 26.

Discovery in placer ground. Gregory v. Pershbaker, 73 Cal. 109, 14 P. 401; Wheeler v. Smith, 5 Wash. 704, 32 P. 784; Freezer v. Sweeney, 8 Mont. 508, 21 P. 20; Barnette v. Freeman, 2 Alaska, 286; Redden v. Harlan, 2 Alaska, 402; Bulette v. Dodge, 2 Alaska, 427; Carlton v. Kelley, 2 Alaska, 532; Whiting v. Straup, 95 P. 849; Phillips v. Brell, 95 P. 856. See vol. 34 Cent. Dig. title, Mines and Minerals, sec. 27.

Subsequent discovery may validate previous location. Unita Tunnel M. Co. v. Creede M. Co., 119 Fed. 169; Nev. Sierra Oil Co. v. Home Oil Co., 98 Fed. 678; Tuolumne Consol. M. Co. v. Maier, 134 Cal. 583, 66 P.

2379. Proof of citizenship.

863; Cedar Canyon Consol. M. Co. v. Yarwood, 67 P. 749; Treasury Tunnel M. Co. v. Boss, 74 P. 888; Sharkey v. Candiani, 85 P. 219; Thompson v. Burk, 2 Alaska, 249; New. Eng. & Colinga Oil Co. v. Congdon, 92 P. 180; Whiting v. Straup, 95 P. 849.

V.

Locator has time to investigate discovery before completing location. Gregory Pershbaker, 73 Cal. 109, 14 P. 401; Murley v. Ennis, 2 Colo. 300; Erhardt v. Boaro, 113 U. S. 527, 28 L. Ed. 1113; O'Reilly v. Campbell, 116 U. S. 418, 29 L. Ed. 669; Doe v. Waterloo M. Co., 70 Fed. 455; Patterson v. Hitchcock, 3 Colo. 533; Pelican & Dives M. Co. v. Snodgrass, 9 Colo. 339, 12 P. 206; Omar v. Soper, 11 Colo. 380, 18 P. 443; Burke v. McDonald, 2 Idaho, 1022, 29 P. 98; Gleeson v. Martin White M. Co., 13 Nev. 442; Patterson v. Tarbell, 26 Ore. 29, 37 P. 76; Tonopah & Salt Lake M. Co. v. Tonopah M. Co., 125 Fed. 408; Reiner v. Schroder, 146 Cal. 411, 80 P. 517. See vol. 34, Cent. Dig. title, Mines and Minerals, sec. 28.

Locator need not make original discovery-Agent may make. Hays v. Lavagnino, 17 Utah, 185; Zollars v. Evans, 5 Fed. 172; Russel v. Dufresne, 1 Alaska, 486; McCulloch v. Murphy, 125 Fed. 147.

Possession without discovery gives certain rights. Haws v. Victoria Copper M. Co., 160 U. S. 303; English v. Johnson, 17 Cal. 108; Cosmos Exploration Co. v. Gray Eagle Oil Co., 112 Fed. 4; Whiting v. Straup, 95 P.

849.

Same discovery point cannot be used for location of more than one claim. Reynolds v. Pascoe, 66 P. 1064. See Lindley on Mines, 2d ed., secs. 335-340, 361-365, 582; vol. 30 Cent. Dig. title, Mines and Minerals, secs. 21-29; Fed. Stats. Anntd. vol. 5, p. 14, notes and cases.

A mining claim located in good faith is not wholly void because excessive in area, but is void only as to the excess which the owner may reject from any part he may select, and, until he has had a reasonable opportunity to do so, another cannot acquire any rights by a location of any part thereof. Jones v. Wild Goose Mining and Trading Co. (C. C. A.), 177 Fed. 95.

Regarding location of excessive ground and noncontiguous fractions. Clark Mitchell, 34 Nev.

V.

SEC. 2321. Proof of citizenship, under this chapter, may consist, in the case of an individual, of his own affidavit thereof; in the case of an association of persons unincorporated, of the affidavit of their authorized agent, made on his own knowledge or upon information and belief; and in the case of a corporation organized under the laws of the United States, or of any state or territory thereof, by the filing of a certified copy of their charter or certificate of incorporation.

NOTE-See Sec. 2, act of April 26, 1882, following sec. 2326, supra, for affidavit of citizenship required in above section.

G. & S. M. Co. v. Cable Consol. G. & S. M. Co., 12 Nev. 312; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 11 Fed. 125; Doe v. Waterloo M. Co., 70 Fed. 455; Thompson v.

Spray, 72 Cal. 528, 14 P. 182; Hammer v. Garfield M. Co., 130 U. S. 291, 32 L. Ed. 964; Garfield M. Co. v. Hammer, 6 Mont. 53, 8 P. 153; O'Reilly v. Campbell, 116 U. S.

[ocr errors]

MINES AND MINING

41, 29 L. Ed. 669; Wood v. Aspen M. Co., Fed. 25; Holp v. Treasury M. Co., 38

Wash.

S. W. 553: Jackson v. White Cloud G. M.

619, 80 P. 817; Matlock v. Stone, 91

Sec. 2380

Co., 85 P. 639. See Lindley on Mines, 2d
ed., secs. 7, 227; vol. 34 Cent. Dig. title,
Mines and Minerals, sec. 16; Fed. Stats.
Anntd. vol. 5, p. 13, notes and cases.

2280 Locator's rights-Surface and veins apexing on claim.

SEC. 2322. The locators of all mining locations heretofore made or which shall hereafter be made, on any mineral vein, lode, or ledge, situated on the public domain, their heirs and assigns, where no adverse claim exists on the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, so long as they comply with the laws of the United States, and with state, territorial, and local regulations not in conflict with the laws of the United States governing their possessory title, shall have the exclusive right of possession and enjoyment of all the surface included within the lines of their locations, and of all veins, lodes and ledges throughout their entire depth, the top or apex of which lies inside of such surface lines extended downward vertically, although such veins, lodes, or ledges may so far depart from a perpendicular in their course downward as to extend outside the vertical side lines of such surface locations. But their right of possession to such outside parts of such veins or ledges shall be confined to such portions thereof as lie between vertical planes drawn downward as above described, through the end lines of their locations, so continued in their own direction that such planes will intersect such exterior parts of such veins or ledges. And nothing in this section shall authorize the locator or possessor of a vein or lode which extends in its downward course beyond the vertical lines of his claim to enter upon the surface of a claim owned or possessed by another.

For the state law, see sec. 2425.

Cited, Golden Fleece Co. v. Cable Con. Co., 12 Nev. 331; South End M. Co. v. Tinney, 22 Nev. 43, 63; Gleeson v. Mining Co., 13 Nev, 453, 455, 457; Nash v. McNamara, 30 Nev. 114, 128, 132-135; Southern Nevada G. & S. M. Co. v. Holmes M. Co., 27 Nev. 107. 142.

V.

v. King, 76 P. 4; Porter v. Tonopah N. Star Co., 133 Fed. 756; U. S. M. Co. v. Lawson, 134 Fed. 769; Tyle Con. M. Co. v. Langstedt, 136 Fed. 124; Sou. Cal. Ry. Co. v. O'Donnell, 85 P. 932; Gurney v. Brown, 32 Colo. 472, 77 P. 357, affirmed, 201 U. S. 184, 50 L. Ed. 717; Ambergris M. Co. v. Day, 85 P. 109; Montagne v. Labay, 2 Alaska, 575; Dufresne v. North. Light M. Co., 2 Alaska, 592; Charlton v. Kelly, 2 Alaska, 532; Reed v. Munn, 148 Fed. 737 (Ibex M. Co. v. Lane, and Munn v. Ibex); Windmuller v. Clarkson, 2 Alaska, 298; Marks v. Gates, 2 Alaska, 519; Nash v. McNamara, 30 Nev. 114, 93 P. 405; Whiting v. Straup, 95 P. 849; Phillips v. Brill, 95 P. 856. See vol. 34, Cent. Dig., title Mines and Minerals, sec. 66. Rights of locator:

Character of title of locator-The section construed--Rights in general. Gillis Downey, 85 Fed. 483; Noyes v. Mantle, 127 U. S. 351; Belk v. Meagher, 104 U. S. 284; Clipper M. Co. v. Eli M. Co., 194 U. S. 220, 45 L. Ed. 944; Cheesman v. Shreve, 37 Fed. 36: Union Consol. S. M. Co. v. Taylor, 100 U. S. 37; Fuller v. Harris, 29 Fed. 814; Teller v. U. S., 113 Fed. 273; Allen v. Dunlap, 24 Ore. 229; Manuel v. Wulff, 152 U. S. 510; Suessenback v. Deadwood First Nat. Bank, 5 Dak. 477; Black v. Elkhorn M. Co., 163 U. S. 449; Mt. Rose M. Co. v. Palmer, 26 Colo. 56; Hughes v. Develin, 23 Cal. 502; Roseville Alta M. Co. v. Iowa Gulch M. Co., 15 Colo. 29; Forbes v. Gracey, 94 U. S.,762: Merced M. Co. v. Fremont, 7 Cal. 317; Phoenix M. Co. v. Scott, 20 Wash. 48; Tyler Con. M. Co. v. Langstedt, 1 Alaska, 461; Glacier Mt. Silver M. Co. v. Willis, 127 U. S. 471; Duffy v. Mix, 24 Ore. 265; Harris v. Equator M. & S. Co., 8 Fed. 863; Oscamp v. Crystal River M. Co., 58 Fed. 293; Meritt v. Judd; 14 Cal. 59; Keeler v. Trueman, 15 Colo. 143, 25 P. 311; McFeters v. Pierson, 15 Colo. 201, 24 P. 1076; Atkins v. Hendree, 1 Idaho, 95: Bradford v. Morrison, 212 U. S. 389; Blach v. Elkhorn, 163 U. S. 445; Bay v. Okla. C. Gas M. Co., 13 Okla. 425, 73 P. 936; Empire State Idaho M. Co. v. Bunker Hill M. Co., 131 Fed. 591, 134 Fed. 268; Maloney

Under a valid location. Belk v. Meagher, 104 U. S. 479, 26 L. Ed. 735; Chapman v. Toy Tong, Fed. Cas. No. 2,610; Fuller v. Harris, 29 Fed. 814; Jones v. Jackson, 9 Cal. 237; O'Keiffe v. Cunningham, 9 Cal. 589; Hughes v. Devlin, 23 Cal. 501; Dougherty v. Creary, 30 Cal. 290; Melton v. Lambard, 51 Cal. 258; Pelican & Dives M. Co. v. Snodgrass M. Co., 9 Colo. 339, 12 P. 206; Seymour v. Fisher, 16 Colo. 188, 27 P. 240; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Campbell, 17 Colo. 267, 29 P. 513; Gold Hill Quartz M. Co. v. Ish, 5 Ore. 104; Robertson v. Smith, 1 Mont. 410; Gottschall v. Melsing, 2 Nev. 185; Hall v. Kearny, 18 Colo. 505, 33 P. 373; Creede and Cripple Cr. M. Co. v. Unita Tunnel M. Co., 196 U. S. 337, 49 L. Ed. 501; Butte City Water Co. v. Baker, 196 U. S. 119, 49 L. Ed. 409; Grand Cent. M. Co. v. Mammoth M. Co., 83 P. 648 (same case 213 U. S. 72);

Nash v. McNamara, 93 P. 405; Lawson v. U. S. M. Co., 207 U. S. 1; Bevis v. Markland, 130 Fed. 226; Clipper M. Co. v. Eli M. Co., 194 U. S. 220, 48 L. Ed. 944; San Miguel Consol. M. Co. v. Bonner, 33 Colo. 207, 79 P. 1025; Phillips v. Brill, 95 P. 856. Rights under defective location. McGarrity v. Byington, 12 Cal. 426; Kinney v. Con. Virginia M. Co., Fed. Cas. No. 7,827; Rogers v. Cooney, 7 Nev. 213; Lebanon M. Co. v. Consol. Rep. M. Co., 6 Colo. 371; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 11 Fed. 125; Armstrong v. Lower, 6 Colo. 581; Van Valkenburg v. Huff, 1 Nev. 142. See Cent. Dig. vol. 34, title Mines and Minerals, sec. 69.

Illegal location on government reservation. Kendall v. San Juan S. M. Co., 9 Colo. 349, 12 P. 198, affirmed, 144 U. S. 658, 36 L. Ed. 583; Caledonia G. M. Co. v. Noonan, 3 Dak. 189, 14 N. W. 426, affirmed, 121 U. S. 393, 30 L. Ed. 1061; Behrend v. Goldsteen, 1 Alaska, 518; Walsh v. Ford, 1 Alaska, 146; Worthen v. Sedway, 71 Ark. 386, 79 S. W. 777.

What right has locator by mere occupancy without having made location. Faxon v. Barnard, 4 Fed. 702; Cowell v. Lammers, 21 Fed. 200; Noyes v. Black, 4 Mont. 527, 2 P. 769; Crossman v. Pendery, 8 Fed. 693; Brandt v. Wheaton, 52 Cal. 430; Horswell v. Ruiz, 67 Cal. 111, 7 P. 197; Hopkins v. Noyes, 4 Mont. 550, 2 P. 280; Doran v. Cent. Pac. R. R. Co., 24 Cal. 245; English v. Johnson, 17 Cal. 107; Rush v. French, 1 Ariz. 99, 25 P. 816; Boggs v. Merced M. Co., 14 Cal. 279; Attwood v. Fricot, 17 Cal. 37; Whiting v. Straup, 95 P. 849.

Locator need not be in actual possession to assert title. Belk v. Meagher, 104 U. S. 284; Patchen v. Keeley, 19 Nev. 413. Transfer and legal disposition of rights in mining claim:

The right of transfer in general. Carson City G. & S. M. Co. v. N. Star M. Co., 73 Fed. 597; Poire v. Wells, 6 Colo. 406; Poire v. Leadville Improvement Co., 6 Colo. 413; Union Con. S. M. Co. v. Taylor, 100 U. S. 37; Kinney v. Con. Virg. M. Co., 4 Sawy. 383; but see Moore v. Hammerstag, 109 Cal. 122; Little Pittsburg Con. M. Co. v. Amie M. Co., 17 Fed. 57; Suessenbach v. First Nat. Bank, 5 Dak. 477, 41 N. W. 662; Conn v. Oberto, 76 P. 369; Worthen v. Sidway, 71 Ark. 386, 79 S. W. 777; Slothower v. Hunter, 88 P. 36. How the transfer may be made-Instruments of transfer-Title acquired. Lockhart v. Rollins, 2 Idaho, 503, 21 P. 413; Moore v. Hammerstag, 109 Cal. 122, 41 P. 805; Carter v. Bacigalupi, 83 Cal. 187, 23 P. 361; Garthe v. Hart, 73 Cal. 541, 15 P. 93; Welton v. Lombard, 51 Cal. 258; Mevers v. Farquharson, 46 Cal. 190; Felger v. Coward, 35 Cal. 650; Blodgett v. Potosi G. & S. M. Co., 34 Cal. 227; King v. Randlett, 33 Cal. 318; Goller v. Felt, 30 Cal. 481; St. John v. Kidd, 26 Cal. 263; Copper Hill M. Co. v. Spencer, 25 Cal. 18; Richardson v. McNulty, 24 Cal. 339; Patterson v. Keystone M. Co., 23 Cal. 575; Draper v. Douglas, 23 Cal. 347; Gatewood V. McLaughlin, 23 Cal. 178;

Antoine Co. v. Ridge Co., 23 Cal. 219; Jackson v. Feather River & G. Water Co., 14 Cal. 18; Union Con. S. M. Co. v. Taylor, 100 U. S. 37, 25 L. Ed. 541; Doe v. Waterloo M. Co., 70 Fed. 445; Kinney v. Con. Virg. M. Co., Fed. Cas. No. 7,827; but see Moore v. Hammerstag, 109 Cal. 122; Harris v. Equator M. & Smelter Co., 8 Fed. 863; black v. Elkhorn M. Co., 163 U. S. 450; Phoenix M. Co. v. Scott, 20 Wash. 48.

How transfer made-Instruments of transfer-Title acquired. Hitchens v. Nougues, 11 Cal. 28; Beem v. McKusiek, 10 Cal. 538; Clark v. McElvy, 11 Cal. 154; Waring v. Crow, 11 Cal. 366; Table Mt. Tunnel Co. v. Stranahan, 31 Cal. 387; Weill v. Lucerne M. Co., 11 Nev. 200; MeIntyre v. Buell, 10 N. Y. Supp. 332, affirmed under 32 N. Y. 192, 30 N. E. 396; Wasatch M. Co. v. Crescent M. Co., 7 Utah, 8, 24 P. 586.

Transfers made to aliens, or by aliens. Gorman M. Co. v. Alexander, 2 S. D. 557, 51 N. W. 346; same case, 3 S. D. 3, or 51 N. W. 349; but see Tibbitts v. Ah Tong, 4 Mont. 536, 2 P. 759; Ah Kle v. McLean, 32 P. 200; Wulff v. Manuel, 9 Mont. 276, 23 P. 723, reversed, Manuel v. Wulff, 152 U. S. 509, 38 L. Ed. 532; Lee v. Justice M. Co., 2 Colo. App. 112, 29 P. 1020; Billings v. Aspen M. & S. Co., 51 Fed. 338, affirmed, 52 Fed. 250; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 1 Fed. 522; Ferguson v. Neville, 61 Cal. 356. Where one coowner transfers to another: Rights gained by adverse possession. Hamilton v. S. Nev. G. & S. M. Co., 33 Fed. 562; Harris v. Equator M. & S. Co., 8 Fed. 863; 420 M. Co. v. Bullion M. Co., Fed. Cas. No. 4,989; Omaha & Grant Smelt. & Ref. Co. v. Tabor, 13 Colo. 41, 21 P. 925.

Veins, lodes, and ledges of every charac ter included within the meaning of the statute. Gilpin v. Sierra Nev. Con. M. Co.. 2 Idaho, 662; Calhoun G. M. Co. v. Ajax G. M. Co., 182 U. S. 508; Campbell v. Ellet, 167 U. S. 119; Cheesman v. Shreeve, 40 Fed. 791; Crown Point M. Co. v. Buck, 97 Fed. 465; Waterloo M. Co. v. Doe, 82 Fed. 45; Gwillim v. Donnellan, 115 U. S. 49; Walrath v. Champion M. Co., 171 U. S. 308; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Mike G. M. Co., 143 U. S. 400; Mt. Diablo Co. v. Callison, 5 Sawy. 439.

The apex-Defined. Stevens v. Williams, 1 McCrary (U. S.), 480; Bluebird M. Co. v. Largey, 49 Fed. 289; Bullion M. Co. v. Eureka Hill M. Co., 5 Utah, 3; St. Louis M. Co. v. Mont. M. Co., 104 Fed. 664; Waterloo M. Co. v. Doe, 82 Fed. 55; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Murphy, 3 Fed. 368; Grand Cent. M. Co. v. Mammoth M. Co., 29 Utah, 490, 83 P. 648.

Rights to veins having their apex within the claims-To follow vein on dip. Van Valkenburg v. Huff, 1 Nev. 142; Eilers v. Boatman, 3 Utah, 159, 2 P. 66; Armstrong v. Lower, 6 Colo. 393; Colo. Cent. Con. M. Co. v. Turck, 50 Fed. 888; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., Fed. 522; Jupiter M. Co. v. Bodie Con. M. Co., 11 Fed. 666; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Cheesman, 8 Fed. 297; Book v. Justice M. Co., 58 Fed. 106; Penn. Con. M. Co. v. Grass Valley Explor. Co., 117 Fed.

683

509; Sou. Nev. G. & S. M. Co. v. Holmes M. Co., 73 P. 759; St. Louis M. Co. v. Montana M. Co. 194 U. S. 235, 48 L. Ed. 953. Extralateral rights:

In

M. Co., 122 U. S. 478, 30 L. Ed. 1140; King v. Amy Con. M. Co., 152 U. S. 222, 38 L. Ed. 419, reversing 9 Mont. 543, 24 P. 200; Last Chance M. Co. v. Tyler M. Co., 157 U. S. 683, 39 L. Ed. 859; Tyler M. Co. v. Sweeney, 54 Fed. 284; Watervale M. Co. v. Leach, 33 P. 418; Empire M. Co. v. Tombstone M. Co., 131 Fed. 339; Empire State Idaho M. Co. v. Bunker Hill M. Co., 131 Fed. 591.

When vein passes through end and side line. Parrot S. M. Co. v. Heinze, 25 Mont. 139; Tyler M. Co. v. Last Chance M. Co., 71 Fed. 848; Blue Bird M. Co. v. Largey, 49 Fed. 289; Con. Wyo. G. M. Co. v Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 540; Tyler M. Co. v. Sweeney, 54 Fed. 284; Davis v. Shepherd, 72 P. 57; So. Nev. G. M. Co. v. Holmes M. Co., 73 P. 759; but see Colo. Cent. Con. M. Co. v. Turck, 54 Fed. 262; King v. Amy M. Co., 152 U. S. 222; Doe v. Sanger, 83 Cal. 203; Colo. Cent. Con. M. Co. v. Turck, 54 Fed. 262; Tyler M. Co.

general. Iron Silver M. Co. v. Elgin Co., 118 U. S. 196, affirming same case, 14 Fed. 377; Delmonte M. Co. v. Last Chance M. Co., 171 U. S. 89; Fitzgerald v. Clark, 17 Mont. 100; Carson City G. M. Co. v. N. Star M. Co., 83 Fed. 658; Mont. Ore Pur. Co. v. Boston Con. Copper M. Co., 27 Mont. 536; Amador Median G. M. Co. v. S. Spring Hill G. M. Co., 56 Fed. 668; Bullion, Beck & Champion M. Co. v. Eureka Hill M. Co., 5 Utah, 3, 11 P. 515; McCormick v. Barnes, 2 Utah, 355; Pardee v. Murry, 4 Mont. 234, 2 P. 16; Gilpin v. Sierra Nev. Con. M. Co., 2 Idaho, 662, 23 P. 547, also, 1014; Flagstaff S. M. Co. v. Tarbet, 98 U. S. 463, 25 L. Ed. 253; Richmond M. Co. v. Eureka Con. M. Co., 103 U. S. 839, 26 L. Ed. 557; Walrath v. Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 552, modified, 72 Fed. 978; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 1 Fed. 522; Jupiter M. Co. v. Bodie Con. M. Co., 11 Fed. 666; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Cheesman, 8 Fed. 297; Hyman v. Wheeler, 29 Fed. 347; Cheesman v. Shreeve, 40 Fed. 787; Mont. Co. v. Clark, 42 Fed. 626; Doe V. Waterloo M. Co., 54 Fed. 935; Consol. Wyo. G. M. Co. v. Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 540; Tombstone M. & M. Co. v. Waylep M. Co., 1 Ariz. 426, 25 P. 794; King v. Amy Con. M. Co., 9 Mont. 543, 24 P. 200, modified, 152 U. S. 222, 38 L .Ed. 419; Davis v. Shepherd, 31 Colo. 141, 72 P. 57; Mont. Ore Pur. Co. v. Boston & M. Con. M. Co., 27 Mont. 536, 71 P. 1005; St. Louis M. Co. v. Mont. M. Co., 194 U. S. 235, 48 L. Ed. 953; Heinze v. Boston & M. Copper M. Co., 26 Mont. 265, 67 P. 1134, affirmed, 77 P. 421; Bunker Hill M. Co. v. Empire State Idaho M. Co., 134 Fed. 268; Cent. Eureka M. Co. v. E. Cent. Eureka M. Co., 79 P. 834; U. S. M. Co. v. Lawson, 134 Fed. 769, affirmed, 207 U. S. 1, 52 L. Ed. 65; Hilkey v. Anaconda C. Co., 81 P. 806; Grand Cent. M. Co. v. Mammoth M. Co., 29 Utah, 490, 83 P. 648.

V.

Sweeney, 54 Fed. 284, approving King v. Amy Con. M. Co., 9 Mont. 543, 24 P. 200; Del Monte M. & M. Co. v. N. Y. & S. C. M. Co., 66 Fed. 212; Fitzgerald v. Clark, 17 Mont. 100, 42 P. 473, 30 L. R. A. 803, 52 Am. St. Rep. 665; Sou. Nev. G. & S. M. Co. v. Holmes M. Co., 73 P. 759; Grand Cent. M. Co. v. Mammoth M. Co., 29 Utah, 490, 83 P. 648.

Vein must be continuous. Iron Silver M. Co. v. Cheesman, 116 U. S. 529, 29 L. Ed. 712; Fitzgerald v. Clark, 17 Mont. 100, 42 P. 273, 52 Am. St. Rep. 665, 30 L. R. A. 803; Leadville M. Co. v. Fitzgerald, 15 Fed. Cas. No. 8,158; Carson City G. & S. M. Co. v. N. Star M. Co., 73 Fed. 597; Stevens v. Gill, Fed. Cas. No. 13,398; Stevens v. Williams, Fed. Cas. No. 13,414; Hyman v. Wheeler, 29 Fed. 347; Cheesman v. Shreeve, 40 Fed. 787; Doe v. Waterloo M. Co., 54 Fed. 935; Tombstone M. & M. Co. v. Waylep M. Co., 1 Ariz. 426, 25 P. 794; Penn. Con. M. Co. v. Grass Valley Ex. Co., 117 Fed. 509; Mont. Ore Pur. Co. v. Boston & M. Con. Copper Co., 70 P. 1114.

Parallel and nonparallel end lines-Rights. King v. Amy M. Co., 152 U. S. 222, 38 L. Ed. 419; Parrot Silver M. Co. v. Heinze, 25 Mont. 139; Elgin M. Co. v. Iron Silver M. Co., 14 Fed. 626; also, see same case, 118 U. S. 196, 30 L. Ed. 98; Flagstaff S. M. Co. v. Tarbet. 98 U. S. 463; Argonaut M. Co. v. Kennedy M. Co., 131 Cal. 15; Doe v. Sanger, 83 Cal. 203, 23 P. 365; Cheesman v. Hart, 42 Fed. 98; Mont. Co. v. Clark, 42 Fed. 626; Bunker Hill & Sullivan M. Co. v. Empire State M. Co., 106 Fed. 471, reversed, 114 Fed. 417; see 121 Fed. 973; Argonaut M. Co. v. Kennedy M. Co., 131 Cal. 15, 63 P. 148, affirmed, 189 U. S. 1, 47 L. Ed. 685; Last Chance M. Co. v. Bunker Hill & S. M. Co., 131 Fed. 579; Central Eureka M. Co. V. East Cent. Eureka M. Co., 146 Cal. 147, 79 P. 834, affirmed, 204 U. S. 266, 51 L. Ed. 476; Hickey v. Anaconda C. M. Co., 81 P. 8.06.

When claim is located across the vein. Flagstaff S. M. Co. v. Tarbet, 98 U. S. 463, 25 L. Ed. 253; Argentine M. Co. v. Terrible

Rights of secondary vein apexing within claim. Ajax G. M. Co. v. Hilkey, 31 Colo. 131, 72 P. 447; Walrath v. Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 552, affirmed, 171 U. S. 293; Jefferson M. Co. v. Anchoria-Leland M. Co., 75 P. 1070, 64 L. R. A. 925.

How extralateral rights are affected by patent of claim. Hawke v. Deffebach, 4 Dak. 20; Waterloo M. Co. v. Doe, 82 Fed. 45 (see, also, 54 Fed. 935); St. Louis M. Co. v. Montana M. Co., 194 U. S. 235 (but see New Dunderberg M. Co., v. Old, 79 Fed. 598); Gwillim v. Donnellan, 115 U. S. 45, 29 L. Ed. 348; Colo. Cent. Con. M. Co. v. Turck, 50 Fed. 888; Amador Medean G. M. Co. v. S. Spring Hill G. M. Co., 36 Fed. 668; Cheesman v. Hart, 42 Fed. 98; Con. Wyo. G. M. Co. v. Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 540; Del Monte M. Co. v. N. Y. & L. C. M. Co., 66 Fed. 212; Carson City G. & S. M. Co. v. North Star M. Co., 73 Fed. 597; Eclipse G. & S. M. Co. v. Spring, 59 Cal. 304; Duggan v. Davey, 4 Dak. 110, 26 N. W. 87; Blake v. Butte S. M. Co., 2 Utah, 54.

How extralateral rights are affected by

purchase. Carson City G. M. Co. v. North Star M. Co., 83 Fed. 658.

Party claiming ore by reason of extralateral rights must show apex on claimBurden of proof. Carson City G. M. Co. v. North Star M. Co., 83 Fed. 658; Con. Wyo. G. M. Co. v. Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 540.

Blanket ledges-Rights of locator. Golden v. Murphy, 31 Nev. 395, 75 P. 625 (rehearing denied, 76 P. 29).

Rights of prior locator. Tyler M. Co. v. Last Chance M. Co., 71 Fed. 848; Davis v. Shepherd, 31 Colo. 141; Jefferson M. Co. v.

2381. Owners of tunnels, rights of.

Anchoria-Leland M. Co., 75 Pac. 1070, 64
L. R. A. 925; Montagne v. Labay, 2 Alaska.
575; Dufresne v. Northern L. M. Co., 2
Alaska, 592; Tyler M. Co. v. Sweeney, 54
Fed. 284.

Where strike of vein leaves claim by side line and is located by another-Rights of locator. Wolfley v. Lebanon M. Co., 4 Colo. 112; Johnson v. Buell, 4 Colo. 557. See Lindley on Mines, 2d ed., secs. 3, 548-553, 567, 572-574, 576, 582, 581-594, 598-600, 608-615; Cent. Dig. vol. 34, title, Mines and Minerals, secs. 67-86; Fed. Stats. Anntd. vol. 5, p. 17, cases and notes.

SEC. 2323. Where a tunnel is run for the development of a vein or lode, or for the discovery of mines, the owners of such tunnel shall have the right of possession of all veins or lodes within three thousand feet from the face of such tunnel on the line thereof, not previously known to exist, discovered in such tunnel, to the same extent as if discovered from the surface; and locations on the line of such tunnel of veins or lodes not appearing on the surface, made by other parties after the commencement of the tunnel, and while the same is being prosecuted with reasonable diligence, shall be invalid, but failure to prosecute the work on the tunnel for six months shall be considered as an abandonment of the right to all undiscovered veins on the line of such tunnel.

For the state law regarding the location of tunnels, see secs. 2440 to 2443.
Statute construed - Terms defined "To
the same extent," meaning of. Campbell v.
Ellet, 167 U. S. 116; Enterprise M. Co. v.
Rico-Aspen Con. M. Co., 167 U. S. 113.

M. Co., 167 U. S. 113; but see Corning Tun-
nel Co. v. Pell, 4 Colo. 507.

Discovery of veins in tunnel-Rights of tunnel locator. Corning Tunnel Co. v. Pell, 4 Colo. 507; Back v. Sierra Nev. Con. M. Co., 2 Idaho, 386, 17 P. 83; Calhoun G. M. Co. v. Ajax G. M. Co., 182 U. S. 507; Hope M. Co. v. Brown, 7 Mont. 550, 19 P. 218; also, see same case, 11 Mont. 370, 28 P. 732; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Mike G. M. Co., 143 U. S. 405; Glacier Mt. S. M. Co. v. Willis, 127 U. S. 481; Creede & Cripple Creek M. Co. v. Unita Tunnel M. Co., 196 U. S. 337, 49 L. Ed. 501.

Purposes of location of tunnel claims. Fissure M. Co. v. Old Susan M. Co., 22 Utah, 438; Campbell v. Ellet, 167 U. S. 116; Enterprise M. Co. v. Rico Aspen Con.

Tunnel claims, their dimensions. Glacier M. & M. Co. v. Willis, 127 U. S. 471, 32 L. Ed. 172; Enterprise M. Co. v. Rico Aspen Con. M. Co., 66 Fed. 200; see, also, 167 U. S. 113, same case; Rico Aspen Con. M. Co. v. Enterprise M. Co., 53 Fed. 321; Corning Tunnel Co. v. Pell, 4 Colo. 507; Ellet v. Campbell, 18 Colo. 510, 33 P. 521.

"Line" of tunnel-Meaning of statute. Corning Tunnel Co. v. Pell, 4 Colo. 507; Hope M. Co. v. Brown, 7 Mont. 550, 19 P. 732.

What distance from tunnel is open to other locators. Hope M. Co. v. Brown, 7 Mont. 550. See Lindley on Mines, 2d ed.. secs. 467, 472, 473-476, 481-492; Cent. Dig. vol. 34, title Mines and Minerals, sees. 26, 34, 43, 80; Fed. Stats. Anntd. vol. 5, p. 23, case and notes.

2382. Money expended on tunnel considered expended on lode-Period for annual work.

SEC. 2324. The miners of each mining district may make regulations not in conflict with the laws of the United States, or with the laws of the state or territory in which the district is situated, governing the location, manner of recording, amount of work necessary to hold possession of a mining claim, subject to the following requirements: The location must be distinctly marked on the ground so that its boundaries can be readily traced. All records of mining claims hereafter made shall contain the name or names of the locators, the date of the location, and such a description of the claim or claims located by reference to some natural object or permanent monument as will identify the claim. On each claim located after the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, and until a patent has been issued therefor, not less than one hundred dollars' worth of labor shall be performed or improvements

« PreviousContinue »