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construed to prohibit gratuitous services of druggists or other persons in cases of emergency, or the domestic administration of family remedies, and this act shall not apply to commissioned surgeons of the United States army or navy in the discharge of their official duties, nor shall it apply to professional or other nurses in the discharge of their duties as nurses, nor to physicians who are called into this state for consultation, and who are legally qualified to practice in the state where he or she resides. In charging any person in an affidavit, information or indictment with a violation of this act by practicing medicine, surgery or obstetrics without a license, it shall be sufficient to charge that he or she did, upon a certain day, and in a certain county of this state, engage in the practice of medicine, he, or she, not having a license to do so, without averring any further or more particular facts concerning the same.
2371. Practicing without license, misdemeanor-Penalty-Proceedings
SEC. 14. Any person who shall practice medicine, surgery or obstetrics in this state without first complying with the provisions of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars, nor more than two hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than fifty days, nor more than one hundred and eighty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment for each and every such offense. Any person may institute proceedings at law provided for in this act.
2372. False impersonation, penalty for.
SEC. 15. Every person filing for record, or attempting to file for record, the certificate issued to another, falsely claiming himself to be the person named in such certificate, or falsely claiming himself to be the person entitled to the same, shall be guilty of felony, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one year nor exceeding five years.
2373. Issuing false certificate, penalty for.
SEC. 16. Any person assuming to act as a member of a state board of medical examiners, or who shall sign, or subscribe, or issue or cause to be issued, or seal or cause to be sealed, a certificate authorizing any person to practice medicine or surgery in this state, except the person so acting and doing shall have been appointed a member of said board of medical examiners as in this act provided, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of not less than sixty nor more than one hundred and eighty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
2374. Registration fee-Free to certain persons-Proviso.
SEC. 17. Every person practicing medicine, surgery or obstetrics in the State of Nevada on the first Monday of May, 1905, shall submit to the said board his, or her, diploma for registration, and a fee of twenty-five ($25) dollars shall accompany such diploma; provided, that the owner of such diploma shall, if he or she was practicing medicine, surgery or obstetrics prior to the passage of the act approved March 15, 1899, and has not complied with said act of March 15, 1899, pay a fee of five ($5) dollars for such registration, but said person shall submit to the board said diploma on the first Monday of May, 1905; provided further, that all persons who have complied with the act of March 15, 1899, shall be entitled to full registration by the said board of medical examiners, and nothing in this act shall be construed to prevent such registration, and the secretary of said board shall
enter free of all charge, upon the record book of said board, the names of all persons who have complied with the act of March 15, 1899. And be it further provided, that a certificate of registration or license issued by the proper examining board of any state, which agrees on reciprocal registration with this state, may be accepted as evidence of qualification for reciprocal registration in this state; provided, that the holder of such certificate was, at the time of such registration, the legal possessor of a diploma issued by a medical college in good standing in this state, and that the date thereof was prior to the passage of this act.
MINES AND MINING
General mining laws of the United States relating to lode and placer claims, tunnels and millsites, appearing in United States Revised Statutes, sections 2375–2391, 2396–2407.
Amendment of 1875, providing that money expended on tunnel shall be considered as expended on claim, section 2382.
Amendment of 1882, providing that adverse claims may be verified by agents and affidavit of citizenship of applicants for mineral patents may be made out of district, section 2384. Act extending to saline lands the laws relating to placer locations, section 2392.
Act authorizing entry of land valuable for building stone, under the placer mining laws, section 2393.
Act of February 11, 1897, authorizing entry of lands containing petroleum and other mineral oils under the laws relating to placer locations, section 2394.
Act of February 12, 1903, providing that the annual assessment work on oil lands may be done on any one of a group of not more than five claims, section 2395.
United States laws relating to coal lands, sections 2408-2413.
Act authorizing use of timber on public domain for mining and domestic purposes, approved June 3, 1878, sections 2414-2416.
Act restricting entry under all land laws to 320 acres and reserving right of way for government canals, section 2417.
Act modifying the last-named act so as to allow the acquiring of mines in addition to 320 acres of other land, and regarding townsite entries on mineral lands, sections 2418, 2419.
Act of June 4, 1897, relating to forest reserves, mineral and agricultural lands therein and the use of timber and stone thereon, and rights of settlers, section 2420. Act for refunding certain payments made by applicants for mineral surveys, approved February 24, 1909, section 2421.
Annual labor may be done on one for
Surveyor general to appoint surveyors
2397. Verification of affidavits-Contest and
2400. Conditions may be made by local legis-
2401. Vested rights of water-Rights of way for canals.
2402. Patents, preemptions and homesteads subject to vested and accrued water rights.
2403. Mineral lands in which no valuable mines are discovered open to homesteads.
2404. When lands may be set apart as agricultural lands.
2405. Additional land districts and officers
Power of president to provide. 2406. Provisions of this chapter not to affect acquired rights or Sutro Tunnel. 2407. Grant of lands to states or corporations not to include mineral lands.
2408. Entry of coal lands.
For schedule of state mining laws, see section 2422.
The following subsection numbers are from United States Revised Statutes:
Possessory actions for recovery of mining titles or damages. SEC. 910. No possessory action between persons, in any court of the United States, for the recovery of any mining title, or for damages to any such title, shall be affected by the fact that the paramount title to the land in which such mines lie is in the United States, but each case shall be adjudged by the law of possession.
The following cases refer to this section: Harris v. Kellogg, 117 Cal. 489; Duffy v. Mix, 24 Ore. 265; Duggan v. Davey, 4 Dak. 110; Belk v. Meagher, 104 U. S. 283; Gillis V. Downey, 85 Fed. 486; Fulkerson V. Chisma M. Co., 122 Fed. 784; Rico Aspen 2376. Mineral lands reserved.
Con. M. Co. v. Enterprise M. Co., 53 Fed. 321; Davidson v. Calkins, 92 Fed. 230; Aurora Hill Con. M. Co. v. Eighty-Five M.
('o. 34 Fed. 520.
See Fed. Stat. Anntd. vol. 5, p. 35, cases and notes.
425, 73 P. 936; Alaska Gas M. Co. v. Barbridge, 1 Alaska, 311; Lynch v. U. S., 138 Fed. 535; Heine v. Roth, 2 Alaska, 416.
SEC. 2318. In all cases lands valuable for minerals shall be reserved from sale, except as otherwise expressly directed by law (Title XXXII, chapter 6, Revised Statutes of the United States). Cited, Merrill v. Dixon, 15 Nev. 407; South End M. Co. v. Tinney, 22 Nev. 19 (35 P. 89). General interpretation. Davis v. Weibbold, 139 U. S. 516; Reynolds v. Iron Silver M. Co., 116 U. S. 693; Kas. City M. Co. v. Clay, 29 P. 9; Deffeback v. Hawke, 115 T. S. 402.
Character of lands reserved. Merrill v. Dixon, 15 Nev. 406; Heil v. Martin, 71 S. W. 14; Bay v. Okl. S. Gas & M. Co., 13 Okl.
Mineral value question of fact. Standard Quicksilver Co. v. Habishaw, 132 Cal. 115. Purchase by fraud. U. S. v. Culver, 52 Fed. 81.
See, also, Lindley on Mines, 2d ed., secs. 47, 86, 136-139, 140, 152, 154, 155; Cent. Dig. vol. 34, title, Mines and Mining, secs. 1, 2.
2377. Mineral lands open to location-Regulations.
SEC. 2319. All valuable mineral deposits in lands belonging to the United States, both surveyed and unsurveyed, are hereby declared to be free and
open to exploration and purchase, and the lands in which they are found to occupation and purchase, by citizens of the United States and those who have declared intention to become such, under regulations prescribed by law, and according to the local customs or rules of miners in the several mining districts, so far as the same are applicable and not inconsistent with the laws of the United States.
See state law, sec. 2422.
U. S. R. S., secs. 2318-2346 cited, Golden Fleece Co. v. Cable Con. Co., 12 Nev. 322; Merrill v. Dixon, 15 Nev. 407; Gleason v. Mining Co., 13 Nev. 455; Hand v. Cook, 29 Nev. 518; Nash v. McNamara, 30 Nev. 114, 128, 137.
Requisites for valid location under sec. 2319 Statute construed generally. Traphaagen v. Kirk, 77 P. 58; St. Louis M. Co. v. Montana M. Co., 194 U. S. 235, 48 L. Ed. 953; Steele v. Tanana M. Co., 148 Fed. 678; Bulette v. Dodge, 2 Alaska, 427.
The majority of the court in Hand v.. Cook, 29 Nev. 518, held that under the U. S. Rev. Stats., sec. 452, providing that "the officers, clerks and employees in the general land office are prohibited from directly or indirectly purchasing or becoming interested in the purchase of any of the public lands," a U. S. deputy mineral surveyor is not prohibited from locating a mining claim.
The contrary view is taken by the ninth circuit court of appeals in Waskey v. Hammer, 170 Fed. 31, and by the supreme court of Utah in Lavagnino v. Uhlig, 26 Utah, 1, 71 P. 1046.
Title by occupancy. Burns v. Clark, 133 Cal. 634.
Property rights in. Forbes v. Gracey, 94 U. S. 766; Gorman M. Co. v. Alexander, 2 S. D. 557; Mt. Rose M. Co. v. Palmer, 26 Colo. 56; Cent. Eureka M. Co. v. East Cent. Eureka M. Co., 146 Cal. 147, 79 P. 834, affirmed, 204 U. S. 266, 51 L. Ed. 476; Reed v. Munn, 148 Fed. 737 (see Ibex M. Co. v. Same, and Munn v. Ibex).
Deposits distinguished from land.
loo M. Co. v. Doe, 82 Fed. 45. But see St. Louis M. Co. v. Montana M. Co., 113 Fed. 900.
Building stone valuable deposit. Sullivan v. Schultz, 22 Mont. 541; Johnson v. Harrington, 5 Wash. 78. But see Wheeler v. Smith, 5 Wash. 704; N. P. R. R. v. Soderberg, 188 U. S. 534.
Lands withdrawn from sale. Lockhart v. Johnson, 181 U. S. 520.
Location of lode after patent of placer claim. Mutchinor v. McCarty, 149 Cal. 603,
87 P. 85.
not locate. Hand v. Cook, 29 Nev. 518, 92 P. 3; Lavagnino v. Uhlig, 26 Utah, 1, 71 P. 1046, 198 U. S. 443, 49 L. Ed. 1119.
Private corporations may locate. U. S. v. Trinidad Coal Co., 137 U. S. 160; McKinley v. Wheeler, 130 U. S. 630; also, 32 L. Ed. 1048; Thomas v. Chrisholm, 13 Colo. 105, 21 P. 1019; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 1 Fed. 522, 6 Sawy. 299; 34 Cent. Dig., Mines and Minerals, sec. 14.
Minor may locate. Thompson v. Spray, 72 Cal. 531.
Abandonment, rights of junior and senior locators. Nash v. McNamara, 30 Nev. 114, 93 P. 405.
Location by alien voidable. Ferguson v. Neville, 61 Cal. 356; Manuel v. Wulff, 152 U. S. 505, 46 L. Ed. 331; McKinley Creek M. Co. v. Alaska United M. Co., 183 U. S. 563; Billings v. Aspen M. Co., 51 Fed. 338; Gorman M. Co. v. Alexander, 2 S. D. 557; North Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 1 Fed. 522, 6 Sawy. 299; Croesus M. Co. v. Colo. Land & Mineral Co., 19 Fed. 78; Anthony v. Jillson, 83 Cal. 296, 23 P. 419; Lee v. Justice M. Co., 2 Colo. App. 112, 29 P. 1020; Rosenthall v. Ives, 2 Idaho, 244, 12 P.904; Bohanon v. Howe, 2 Idaho, 417, 17 P. 583; Golden Fleece M. Co. v. Cable Consol. M. Co., 12 Nev. 312; Shea v. Nilima, 133 Fed. 209; Stewart v. Gold and Copper Co., 29 Utah, 443, 82 P. 475.
Conflict of state and federal legislationvalidity of state regulations. Butte City Water Co. v. Baker, 196 U. S. 119, 49 L. Ed. 409; Mares v. Dillon, 75 P. 963; Wright v. Lyons, 77 P. 81. See, also, note in 11 L. R. A. 528. Lindley on Mines, 2d ed., secs. 85-89, 223, 224-226, 227, 231-234, 237, 238, 242-244, 249, 250, 268-275, 323, 419-428; Cent. Dig. vol. 34, title, Mines and Minerals, sec. 15; Fed. Stats. Anntd. vol. 5, p. 35, cases and full notes.
The rights of a locator of a mining claim on a forest reserve under act of Congress of June 4, 1897, c. 2. Stats. 34 (U. S. Comp. Stats. 1901, p. 1538), are those of a locator on the public domain, under Rev. Stats. sec. 2322 (U. S. Comp. Stats. 1901, p. 1425). United States v. Rizzinelli (D. C.), 182 Fed. 675.
Certain government officials may or may 2378. Dimensions of mining claims upon veins or lodes-End lines must
SEC. 2320. Mining claims upon veins or lodes of quartz or other rock in place bearing gold, silver, cinnabar, lead, tin, copper, or other valuable deposits, heretofore located, shall be governed as to length along the vein or lode by the customs, regulations, and laws in force at the date of their location. A mining claim located after the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, whether located by one or more persons, may equal,
but shall not exceed, one thousand five hundred feet in length along the vein
but no location of a mining claim shall be made until the discovery the vein or lode within the limits of the claim located. No claim shall more than three hundred feet on each side of the middle of the vein at the surface, nor shall any claim be limited by any mining regulation to less than twenty-five feet on each side of the middle of the vein at the surface, except where adverse rights existing on the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, render such limitation necessary. end lines of each claim shall be parallel to each other.
Cited, Fox v. Myers, 29 Nev. 169; Golden Fleece Co. v. Cable Con. Co., 12 Nev. 323; Gleason v. Mining Co., 13 Nev. 442.
Mining claim defined, section construed. N. P. R. R. Co. v. Sanders, 49 Fed. Rep. 129, affirmed (1897), 166 U. S. 620; St. Louis Smelting Co. v. Kemp, 104 U. S. 649; Zollars v. Evans, 5 Fed. 172; Noyes v. Clifford, 94 P. 842.
113 U. S. 536; Tuolumne Consol. M. Co. v. Maier, 134 Cal. 585; Ledoux v. Forester, 94 Fed. 600; Michael v. Mills, 22 Colo. 439, 45 P. 429; Guennell v. Swain, 28 Mont. 331; Upton v. Larkin, 7 Mont. 449, 17 P. 728; Lockhart v. Farrell, 86 P. 1077; New Eng. & Colinga Oil Co. v. Congdon, 92 P. 180; Biglow v. Conradt, 159 Fed. 868; Johnson V. White, 160 Fed. 901; Merced Oil M. Co. v. Patterson, 96 P. 90; Whiting v. Straup, 95 P. 849, affirmed in 144 U. S. 19, 36 L. Ed. 330; Shoshone M. Co. v. Rutter, 87 Fed. 801, reversed on other points, 177 U. S. 505; Gwillim v. Donnellan, 115 U. S. 45, 29 L. Ed. 348; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 1 Fed. 522; Jupiter M. Co. v. Bodie Consol. M. Co. 11 Fed. 666; Van Zandt v. Argentine M. Co., 8 Fed. 725; Cheesman v. Shreeve, 40 Fed. 787; Waterloo M. Co. v. Doe, 56 Fed. 685; Book v. Justice M. Co., 58 Fed. 106; Field v. Grey, 1 Ariz. 404, 25 P. 793; Wolfley v. Lebanon M. Co., 4 Colo. 112; Armstrong v. Lower, 6 Colo. 393; Moyle v. Bullene, 7 Colo. App. 308, 44 P. 69; Atkins v. Hendree, 1 Idaho, 95; Burke v. McDonald, 2 Idaho, 1022, 29 P. 98: Wenner v. McNulty, 7 Mont. 30, 14 P. 643; Shreve v. Copper Bell M. Co., 11 Mont. 309, 28 P. 315; McShane v. Kenkle, 18 Mont. 208, 44 P. 979; Overman S. M. Co. v. Corcoran, 15 Nev. 147; Creede & Cripple Cr. M. Co. v. Unita Tunnel M. Co., 119 Fed. 164, affirmed, 196 U. S. 337, 49 L. Ed. 501; Sharkey v. Candiana, 85 P. 219; Secre v. Griffin, 80 P. 331; Remer v. Schroder, 146 Cal. 411, 80 P. 517; Sullivan v. Sharp, 33 Colo. 346, 80 P. 1054; Grand Cent. M. Co. v. Mammoth M. Co., 29 Utah, 490, 83 P. 648; Barnett v. Freeman, 2 Alaska, 286; Redden v. Harlan, 2 Alaska, 402; Daggett v. Yreka M. Co., 149 Cal. 357, 86 P. 968; Steele v. Tanana M. Co., 148 Fed. 678; Lange v. Robinson, 148 Fed. 799; Fox v. Myers, 29 Nev. 169, 86 P. 793; New Eng. & Colinga Oil Co. v. Congdon, 92 P. 180.
"Veins," "Lodes," "Rock in Place"-Terms defined and statute construed. Synnott v. Shaughnessy, 2 Idaho, 127; Blue Bird M. Co. v. Largey, 49 Fed. 289; Hays v. Lavagnino, 17 Utah, 185; Eureka Con. M. Co. v. Richmond M. Co., 4 Sawy. 302, affirmed, Richmond M. Co. v. Eureka M. Co., 103 U. S. 839, 26 L. Ed. 557; Gregory v. Pershbaker, 73 Cal. 109, 14 P. 401; Stevens v. Williams, 1 MeCrary (U. S.), 480; Hyman v. Wheeler, 29 Fed. 347; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Sullivan, 16 Fed. 829; Leadville M. Co. v. Fitzgerald, 15 Fed. Cas. No. 8,158; Tabor v. Dexter, 23 Fed. Cas. No. 13,723; Mt. Diablo M. Co. v. Callison, Fed. Cas. No. 9,886, 5 Sawy. 439; Stevens v. Gill, Fed. Cas. No. 13,398; N. Noonday M. Co. v. Orient M. Co., 1 Fed. 522, 6 Sawy. 299; Jupiter M. Co. v. Bodie Consol. M. Co., 11 Fed. 666, 7 Sawy. 96; Iron Silver M. Co. v. Cheesman, 8 Fed. 292, 2 McCrary, 191; Book v. Justice M. Co., 58 Fed. 106; Consol. Wyo. G. M. Co. v. Champion M. Co., 63 Fed. 540; Burke v. McDonald, 2 Idaho, 646, 33 P. 49; Harrington v. Chambers, 3 Utah, 94, 1 P. 362; Buffalo Zinc & Copper Co. v. Crump, 70 Ark. 525, 69 S. W. 572; Score v. Griffin, 80 P. 331; Grand Cent. M. Co. v. Mammoth M. Co., 29 Utah, 490, 83 P. 648; Webb v. American Asphaltum M. Co., 157 Fed. 203; Noyes v. Clifford, 94 P. 842. See Cent. Dig. vol. 34, title, Mines and Minerals,
Requisites of title-Discovery and marking boundaries. Erwin v. Perego, 93 Fed. 608; Beals v. Cone, 27 Colo. 484; Pardee v. Murry, 4 Mont. 234; Enterprise M. Co. v. Rico Aspen Consol. M. Co., 167 U. S. 115; Argentine M. Co. v. Terrible M. Co., 122 U. S. 484; Shattuck v. Costello, 68 P. 529; Fox v. Mackay, 1 Alaska, 329; Unita Tunnel M. Co. v. Ajax G. M. Co., 141 Fed. 563; Sharkey v. Candiani, 85 P. 219; Barnette v. Freeman, 2 Alaska, 286; Redden v. Harlan, 2 Alaska, 402; Bullette v. Dodge, 2 Alaska, 427; Charlton v. Kelly, 2 Alaska, 532; Steele v. Tanana M. Co., 148 Fed. 678; Healy v. Rupp, 37 Colo. 25, 86 P. 1015; Fox v. Myers, 29 Nev. 169, 86 P. 793.
Discovery must show "vein" or "lode in Place." King v. Amy M. Co., 152 U. S. 227; Buch v. Jones, 70 P. 951; Erhardt v. Boaro,
The vein or lode must contain mineral with a prospective commercial value. McShane v. Kenkle, 18 Mont. 208; Bonner v. Meikle, 82 Fed. 697; Shreve v. Copper Bell M. Co., 11 Mont. 309; Mont. Cent. R. Co. v. Migeon, 68 Fed. 811, affirmed, 77 Fed. 249; Book v. Justice M. Co., 58 Fed. 106; Muldrick v. Brown, 37 Ore. 185; Nev. Sierra Oil Co. v. Home Oil Co., 98 Fed. 676; King v. Amy M. Co., 152 U. S. 227; Upton v. Larkin, 7 Mont. 449, 17 P. 728; Ormond v. Granite Mt. M. Co., 11 Mont. 303, 28 P. 289; Davidson v. Bordeaux, 15 Mont. 245, 38 P. 1075; Walsh v. Mueller, 16 Mont. 180. 401 P. 292; Sou. Cross G. & S. M. Co. v. Europa M. Co., 15 Nev. 383; Harrington v. Chambers, 3 Utah,