Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volumes 97-98

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A.L. Hummel, 1921 - Electronic journals

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g. 175: pennsylvania railroad's african american workforce

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Page 112 - Home life is the highest and finest product of civilization. It is the great molding force of mind and of character. Children should not be deprived of it except for urgent and compelling reasons.
Page 7 - August, 1921, to formulate juvenile-court standards, adopted by a conference held under the auspices of the Children's Bureau and the National Probation Association, Washington, DC, May 18, 1923 US Children's Bureau Publication No.
Page 36 - To further the public welfare wherever technical and engineering knowledge and experience are involved, and to consider and act upon matters of common concern to the engineering and allied technical professions.
Page 1 - Next to the duty of doing everything possible for the soldiers at the front, there could be, it seems to me, no more patriotic duty than that of protecting the children, who constitute one-third of our population.
Page 97 - Children of parents of worthy character suffering from temporary misfortune, and children of reasonably efficient and deserving mothers who are without the support of the normal breadwinner should, as a rule, be kept with their parents, such aid being given as may be necessary to maintain suitable homes for the rearing of the children.
Page 97 - Oklahoma law of 1908 provided for " school scholarships " to be paid by counties upon recommendation of the school authorities to children whose widowed mothers needed their earnings. A Michigan law of 1911 also authorized payment from school funds to enable children of indigent parents to attend school. Through a resolution by the county board of Milwaukee County...
Page 174 - Household articles that are worn out or destroyed cannot be replaced. The above sum provides for neither birth nor death nor any illness that demands a doctor's attention or calls for medicine. Even though all these things are eliminated, if the family is not to suffer, the mother must be a woman of rare ability. She must know how to make her own and her children's clothing; she must be physically able to do all of the household work, including the washing. And she must know enough to purchase with...
Page 6 - ... may be translated into practice in the various states. The fundamental rights of childhood are normal home life, opportunities for education, recreation, vocational preparation for life, and moral, religious and physical development in harmony with American ideals and the educational and spiritual agencies by which these rights of the child are normally safeguarded. Upon the State devolves the ultimate responsibility for children who are in need of special care by reason of unfortunate home conditions,...
Page 185 - American standard of living."" In January, 1920% Professor Ogborn presented to the Bituminous Coal Commission, a minimum budget necessary for a miner's family, at $2,118.94 a year. About the same time the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, at the request of the Bituminous Coal Commission, in a study of a number of mining towns in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois found the budget varying from $2,044.39 to $2,162.65.

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