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SECTION 1. Iu discussions, and the disposition of business, the Board shall be gorerned by the parliamentary rules and usages usually governing deliberative bodies.
Sec. 2. Every resolution offered shall be reduced to writing, and sent to the Secretary's table.
Sec. 3. No member shall speak more than ten minutes, or more than twice, upon any proposition, without the consent of the Board.
The oficers of the Board shall consist of the Regent, Treasurer, Corresponding Secretary, and Recording Secretary; and the Board may, from time to time, appoint such professors, tutors or instructors, and such subordinate officers and employees, as they may deem necessary to carry on the Institution.
SECTION 1. The Regent and Treasurer shall be elected at each biennial meeting, and hold their offices for two years, and until their successors are elected and qualified.
Sec. 2. The Corresponding and Recording Secretaries shall be elected at the anpual meeting, and hold their offices for one year, and until their successors are elected and qualified.
Sec. 3. Professors, and other officers and employees, shall be appointed at such time, in such manner, and for such term, as the Board shall, by resolution, in each case, direct, and be subject to removal at the pleasure of the Board.
Section 1. The Regent shall be the President of the Board of Trustees, and of all the several faculties of the University; may vote on all questions or propositions submitted to the Board, and, upon calling any member to the chair, may participate in debate.
SEC. 2. He shall be the chief executive officer of the Board, and shall see that the orders and resolutions of the Board are carried into effect, when the Board shall not otherwise direct; and shall take care that the by-laws and regulations relating to the duties of subordinate officers, instructors, and students, are faithfully observed.
Sec. 3. He shall be the Chairman of the Executive Committee, and, as such, shall report at each meeting of the Board the doings of the committee since the last session of the Board.
SEC. 4. He shall also, as Regent, make an annual report to the Board, exhibiting the progress and condition of the several departments of the University, with such suggestions as he may deem needful for their improvement.
The Treasurer shall give bond, with approved security, in the sum of three hundred thousand dollars. He shall be the custodian of all moneys and securities belonging to the University, except such as are, by law, placed in the custody of the State, and of the land scrip, until the same shall be sold or located. He shall invest the funds of the University, as directed by the Board, and he shall pay no money out of the treasury, except upon a warrant of the Regent, countersigned by
the Recording Secretary. He shall, also, annually, and oftener, when required, make a detailed report to the Board of all receipts and disbursements, since making his last report.
The Corresponding Secretary shall perform the duties indicated and required by the act creating his office. He shall hold his office in the University building as soon as the institution is opened.
Section 1. The Recording Secretary shall perform the duties required of him by law, and usually appertaining to his office. He shall keep the books and papers belonging to his office at the University building, at Champaign, and the same shall be open to the inspection of any member of the Board, or officer of the University. He shall be the clerk of the Executive Committee, and, as soon as the University is open, reside at or near thereto.
SEC. 2. He shall countersign all warrants on the Treasurer, and note on each the date of the order of the Board or Executive Committee authorizing the issuing of the same.
The salary of each officer, professor, instructor and other employee of the Univer. sity shall be fixed by resolution at the time the appointment is made, subject to alteration in the discretion of the board; and a warrant shall be drawn for the same according to law, on the Treasurer, as the same shall fall daie, provided there are funds in the treasury to pay the same.
Salaries shall be payable quarterly, on the first days of April, July, October and January, of each year.
DISABILITIES OF MEMBERS.
No Trustee, except as provided in the charter, shall receive any salary or compensation (except actual expenses) for services as an officer, or while acting under any appointment of the Board: nor shall any Trustee be interested in any contract made with, or on behalf of, the Board: Provided, that this section shall not apply to any of the present officers or appointees of the Board.
At the annual meeting, the following Standing Committees shall be appointed:
1. An Executive Committee, consisting of the Regent and eight members.
Section 1. The Executive Committee shall meet, at the seat of the College, at least quarterly, and oftener if they shall find it necessary, for the transaction of any business necessary to be done in the vacation of the Board.
Sec. 2. The Executive Committee shall, for the purposes for which they were appointed, possess all the powers of the Board : Provided, That they shall not revise or change the acts of the Board, nor act upon any matters referred to any committee of the Board, that may be entrusted with any special business; shall not purchase or sell real estate, nor the land scrip nor bonds belonging to the University, without the consent, in writing, of a majority of all the members of the Board, and shall be strictly confined to sucb business as cannot be left till the annual meetings of the Board.
Sec. 3. The Committee shall hold their office till the annual meeting next after their appointment; and they shall submit the minutes of their proceedings, or make a report, through their Chairman, to every meeting of the Board, of all their transactions since the last meeting of the Board.
Sec. 4. Special meetings of the Executive Committee may be called in the same manner as special meetings of the Board.
The Auditing Committee shall examine and report upon all accounts of the Regent and the Treasurer, and audit all accounts referred to them by the Board or Executire Committee.
THE FINANCE COMMITTEE, The Finance Committee shall have the general supervision of the financial affairs of the University, subject to the rules and control of the Board. They shall make to the Board, at the annual meetings, a statement of the condition of the finances of the University, and an estimate of the income from all sources, and of its necessary and probable outlay for the succeeding year. And they shall report at all other meetings of the Board and of the Executive Committee, when required, and shall recommend such measures for the management of the revenues as they may think best.
XVI. COMMITTEE ON FACULTY AND COURSES OF STUDY. The Committee on Faculty and Courses of Study shall recommend, from time to time, suitable persons for positions in the Faculty, in its various departments, and all necessary changes or modifications in the course of study.
The Committees on Agricultural, Horticultural, Mechanical and Military Departments shall attend to the several subjects indicated by the titles of the committees. They shall recommend all measures necessary for the advancement of the interests of the various departments.
COMMITTEE ON BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS. The Committee on Buildings and Grounds shall consider and report upon all plans, estimates or proposals for the sale or exchange, repair or improvement of the buildings or grounds belonging to the University, or for the erection of buildings or fences on the same, and for their convenient division; and all orders of the Board for improvements on buildings and grounds (except the farms) shall be under the charge and control of the Committee.
COMMITTEE ON LIBRARY AND CABINETS.
XIX, The Committee on Library and Cabinets, of which the Regent shall be one, shall consider and report upon all matters relating to the care and arrangement of the
library and cabinets. They shall have charge of the purchase and exchange, under the direction of the Board, of all cabinet materials, books, pamphlets, periodicals or specimens. They shall report, from time to time, the condition of the library and cabinets, and their future wants.
COMMITTEE ON RULES AND BY-LAWS. The Committee on Rules and By-Laws shall prepare and recommend, from time to time, by-laws for the government of the Board in its business, and rules for the management of all the departments of the University.
These by-laws may be repealed or amended, at any meeting of the Board, by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of the Board. [Signed]
I. S. MAHAN,
After the adoption of the by-laws, the Board adjourned to to-morrow morning at nine o'clock.
November 27, 1867. The meeting was called to order by the Regent, at 9 o'clock. Rev. Mr. LAWRENCE conducted the opening exercises. The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read by the Secretary, and approved by vote of the Board.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MILITARY DEPARTMENT.
Gen. Brayman, Chairman of the Committee on Military Department, presented the following report, viz:
The United States and the State of Illinois have, by appropriate laws, endowed and established an Industrial University, wherein shall be maintained, prominent in its course of studies, the instruction of a portion of the youth of the State in military science and practice.
Your committee recognize the wisdom and necessity of these enactments, as well as the duty of giving them full force. From the war of Independence to the present time, the successes and glories wbich crowned our arms have been due to natural courage, ready genius, and love of country, on the part of an intelligent and virtuous people, rather than to their knowledge of the art and practice of war.
The Military Academy at West Point, founded in the early days of the Republic, has furnished graduates barely sufficient, in number, to officer our meagre regular establishment in times of peace. The universal dearth of military knowledge, and the want of competent leadership, remained unobserved during the long period of repose which our country happily enjoyed. But when, only a few years since, the whole nation was, almost
in a day, plunged into the midst of a terrible war—when treason had infected our little army, and seduced from honor and allegiance, many, even, whose power to make crime formidable, was the gift of the beneficent government they would destroy, the value of thoroughly trained leadership became apparent. The true men whom the nation had educated in her great military school, stood out in grand relief, and though few in number, became conspicuous in organizing and training our armies and leading them to victory.
But of the hundreds of thousands who came from the peaceful walks of life to the camp and field, in response to the call of patriotism, there were not enough educated military men to furnish one to each regiment. Thousands were commissioned and sent to the field, who had never before worn a sword, nor even learned enough of tactics to instruct a squad in the simplest exercises. Ignorance of all that related to military life and duties was profound and almost universal. But the rebound was prodigious. Officers and men, as if by intuition, learned the most difficult and complicated duties in the very act of performing them. Our citizens became soldiers-our awkward recruits became veterans our volunteer armies saved the country-our volunteer officers performed their parts in the terrible drama, with such courage, skill and success, that future ages will believe that the science and practice of war had been the only study of their lives.
But the picture has a darker shade. The present generation cannot comprehend, and history will never tell, how many terrible disasters befell the armies of the Union-how many gallant men have died-how many live, broken and mutilated-what millions of treasure have been wasted-how often the flag went down in dishonor, while the nation was learning the rudiments of war. We now confess, that though rare natural gifts and persistence may achieve much, each occasional success is overshadowed by many failures A schoolmaster, whose rod of correction we yet feel, has taught us that he who would perform a duty well, must first learn how to do it—that true greatness consists in reaching the highest results at the least expense of time, labor, life and material. We do not officer and man our ships with land lubbers, and send them out into ocean storms, to take their first lessons in navigation. Neither do we propose to await, in willful ignorance, the shock of future wars, to learn how wars should be met, and conducted, and prevented, too; for the experience of all nations proves, that preparation for war is often the surest pledge of peace.
We justly claim that our republican form of government has its basis upon the intelligent consent and patriotic support of an educated people, thus enabling us to dispense with standing armies. A wise body of constitutional and statute law, universal education and suffrage, toleration in religion, and a free press, secure us against the disorders and calamities felt by nations wanting those blessings.
That people, however, cannot be said to be well educated who remain untaught in a department of knowledge, on which, despite all that casuists and moralists may say, the peace and security of society, nay, the existence of nations, must ultimately depend.
Nothing will supply this demand but a uniform system of military education, having its origin in governmental authority and support, and sustained by the several states, in such manner as to diffuse military knowledge, and foster a martial spirit, throughout the great body of the people. The Military Academy at West Point,' as now organized, cannot, after supplying the scientific corps, furnish each regiment of the regular army with one officer every two years. No possible enlargement of that institution-no increase in the number of like establishments, can supply the growing wants of the country. Neither will institutions founded for the sole purpose of furnishing officers for the army, predestined to a military life, suffice. It is desired to send into all communities, and all employments, men of sufficient military training, engrafted upon the common stock of knowledge, to fit them for transfer to the camp and the field, as instructors and leaders, whenever the exigncies of war may demand their services.
Recent events have shown that the stability of our government and the honor of our flag are safe in the popular support. The great need now is positive uniformity, to be found only in the recognition of a national standard of military education, maintained by