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The Teacher and the Parent-Northend..
Science of Government-Alden..
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LAW AND POLITIC8-Continued:
Colton's Public Economy
Number of volumes
1 264 26 3 3
In view of the limited means at the disposal of the Trustees, upon their first organization, the Corresponding Secretary undertook to gather together, by circulars, such an amount of scientific and practical information as might give to this first report a direct economical value to farmers and others into whose hands it might come. With this intent the following circular was issued :
ILLINOIS INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY.
Allon, Dec. 1, 1867. DEAR SIR :
In order to obtain for the Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the Illinois Industrial University reliable statements of the results of the experience and observation of practical farmers in all parts of this State, the following queries are addressed to yourself and others, in the hope that you will find it convenient to communicate any information you may possess upon one or more of the topics named, as well as concerning any other subjects that you may deem of value to the agricultural interests of our State.
Five thousand copies of the Report, in which we wish to embody your suggestions, will be printed and distributed at the expense of the State ; and we hope that you and others will avail yourselves of this opportunity to improve the methods of agriculture by a wide distribution of the practices of our best farmers. Address, W. C. FLAGG, Cor. Sec., Alton.
J. M. GREGORY, Regent. 1. What is the location of your farm by section, township and range ; its distance from market town or shipping point ?
2. Character of surface soil, as to depth, color and consistency; of subsoil, whether clay, sandy, or gravelly: natural growth, whether prairie or forest, with varieties of plants and trees growing spontaneously.
3. Number of acres in your farm : number in cultivation: number in woodland or wild pasture : division of fields; rotation of crops ?
4. When was your farm first put in cultivation : kind of crops taken off: to what extent does the soil seem exhausted by cultivation : have you used manures, and, if so, with what results : your experience in deep ploughing, and its effect on soil and crops : best plows or other implements for breaking up ground.
5. GRASSES, CLOVERS, ETC.—What do you find most suitable varieties for pastures and meadows: mode of seeding and quantity sown per acre: largest and average yields of meadow lands: average number of live stock of different sorts pastured per acre: experience in top-dressing meadows and its effects: stage of growth at which grasses, etc., are best cut for hay: implements preferred for hay-making.
6. GRAINS.—Best varieties of corn, wheat (fall or spring), oats, rye, barley, buckwheat, etc., that have been tried in your neighborhood : the best time and method of preparing ground for each of the small grains: time and method of planting or sowing: drills, sowing machines or planters that you have tried and found best : best harrows and rollers: cultivation of corn, with the kind of implements used: esperience, if any, in cultivating wheat by horse-hoe, or otherwise : time of cutting up corn: method and implements: time of cutting small grains : reaper or header employed: practice in shocking, stacking or putting small grains in barn: largest and average yield: insects and diseases, and methods subduing them.
7. Root Crops. —Best varieties of Irish and sweet potatoes, turnips, beets, and carrots: time and method of preparing ground: mode of planting, method and means of cultivation : largest and average yield: methods of digging and keeping: cost and value as compared with grain crops for feeding : insects and diseases.
8. LEGUMES.—Best varieties of peas and beans: their management: cost and value as feed crops.
9. TEXTILE PLANTS.—Your experience with flax, hemp and cotton: best varieties, method of planting, cultivating, etc. : value as a farm crop.
10. GROUND PLANTS.–Pumpkins, squashes, watermelons, etc.: management, cost and value as a field crop: insects and diseases.
11. MISCELLANEOUS.-Hops, tobacco, broom corn, sorghum, onions, chiccory: growth, management and value as farm crop.
12. ORCHARD Fruits. — Apples, pears, peaches, cherries: preferred varieties for various purposes: preparation of ground: planting, cultivation and pruning: gathering and keeping of fruit: packing for market: fruit houses and cellars: value of orchard products as a farm crop: insects and diseases.
13. SMALL Fruits.—Grapes, currants, gooseberries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries : varieties preferred: mode of preparing ground: planting, cultivation, pruning, draining and gathering : value as a farm crop: insects and diseases,
14. WOODLANDS AND TIMBER PLANTATIONS.—Experience in forestry: in management of woodlands, or in growing timber trees from seeds or young trees: value as a crop and as shelter for crops and animals.
15. Live Stock. —Cattle, horses, mules, sheep, swine ; breeds preferred: breeding of each: rearing and training: dairy management: fattening of animals: wool growing: management of manures: diseases.
16. OTHER DOMESTIC ANIMALS. —Poultry, bees, silkworms, etc.; best breeds : rearing and management: diseases.
17. RURAL ARCHITECTURE, ETC. - Houses, barns, (for hay and grain and different kinds of stock,) root and fruit houses, etc. : the materials preferred; best arrangement for economy of labor and comfort.