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founded this splendid nursery of freemen and enlightened patriotism. An educated man may become unpatriotic, a patriot may become perverted, through ignorance ; but wisdom and patriotism, hand in hand, are invincible. Enlightened patriotism is the steadfast palladium of human liberty.
May the institution over which you are called to preside be enabled to illustrate and enforce this vital truth through all the years of glorious and prosperous peace which await our State and nation, is the sincere wish of Illinois' grateful son,
RICHARD YATES. Hon. J. M. GREGORY,
GALESBURG, ILL., February 29, 1868. J. M. GREGORY, D. D.
MY DEAR SIR :-I have received yours of the 24th inst., inviting me to be present at the inauguration exercises of the Industrial University. I am much obliged to you for the invitation, and regret not to be able to accept it. The official duties of the members of our court make an almost unceasing demand upon their time, and hardly less when the court is not in session than during term.
Allow me, however, to express my very deep interest in your noble undertaking, and my most earnest wishes for its success. Every citizen of Illinois who would promote the future greatness of the State, and secure the well being of his own chil. dren, should lend you a hearty co-operation.
Illinois can hardly fail of a merely material prosperity. God has so endowed us with the means of wealth, that we can not but attain it, if the country remain at peace. But we need more than that, and must accomplish more, if not false to our duties. We should reach, on these prairies, the highest standard of modern civilization, by the most complete development of the individual man in every class of society. The means of the highest mental and moral culture should be furnished to every youth. To this end we shall have, in my opinion, no agency equal to the institution you are about inaugurating, if you are able to build it up in accordance with your plans. From an examination of your published report and schedule of studies, and from what I have learned of your views in conversation, I am satisfied you will, if you are properly sustained, create, in the largest and best sense of the word, a University, where the youth of our State can be taught, according to their respective tastes, talents and plans in life, in every department of human knowledge, while the highest practical training will, at the same time, be given in agriculture and the inechanic arts—an institution resting on a broader basis, aiming at a wider usefulness, and furnishing a culture at once more generous and more practical than any other in the country. I wish you God speed, and am,
Very truly yours,
C. B. LAWRENCE.
TISKILWA, March 10, 1868. Hon. J. M. GREGORY,
Regent of Industrial University. DEAR SIR:—Permit me to acknowledge the receipt of your invitation to attend the inaugural exercises, to take place to-morrow, at Champaign, and to express my sorrow that severe illness forbids me the enjoyment of the pleasure I had anticipated in visiting Champaign on this interesting occasion.
In my opinion, the inauguration of the Industrial University will ever be regarded as an important incident in the educational progress of our State. The character of the institution to be inaugurated is a true and just response to the demands of the cultivators of the grand and fertile prairies of our State. Let a generous and elevated spirit control the management of the University. Let the baleful influences of partisanship and sectarianism be excluded from its halls. Let an eye single to the physical, intellectual and moral advancement of the sons of the prairie State watch over and direct its operations. The affections and just State pride of our citizens will cluster around it; the patronage of our State Legislators will sustain it, and endow it still more liberally; the industrious and worthy of our sons will throng its halls. Its usefulness and destiny will be Excelsior. Man will be blest, and glory given to the Sovereigo Ruler of the Universe.
I shall await with much interest the published proceedings of the inaugura tion.
You will please accept, as an apology for this pencil note, the fact that confinement to a sick bed prevents my participation in the pleasures of the occasion.
Yours very truly,
B. N. STEVENS.
WASHINGTON, March 6th, 1868. J. M. GREGORY, Esq.
DEAR SIR:—Your kind favor, with card of invitation to the inauguration of the “Illinois Industrial University, is received." Nothing would give me more pleasure than to comply with your invitation; but I fear that duties more arduous than pleasant will prevent.
JOHN A. LOGAN.
WASHINGTON, D. C., March 3, 1868. Hox. J. M. GREGORY,
Regent Ilinois Industrial University. MY DEAR SIR:--Your letter, inviting me to be present on the occasion of the inauguration of the Illinois Industrial University, on the 11th inst., has been received. I shall not be able, consistent with public luty here, to be with you.
I wish I could attend. I look forward to the day when that institution will be a great benefit to the people of our prosperous State. Education and labor, joined together, is the great need of the people. Honest, intelligent work is what makes a people worthy and powerful.
Your Institution, properly fostered by the State, and managed well by those in immediate charge, is destined, in a few years, to wield a powerful influence for good in the country.
Hoping you may have a pleasant time at your inauguration ceremonies, and that the University may meet with great success,
I am, in haste, yours very truly,
8. M. CULLOM.
WASHINGTON City, D. C., March 1, 1868. Dear Sir:-Your favor of the 27th ult., inclosing an invitation to the Inauguration of the Illinois Industrial University, is just received. It would afford me great pleasure to be with you on that interesting occasion, but my engagements here will render it impossible for me to leave Washington at the time indicated. Thanking you for the courtesy in extending to me the invitation, I have the honor to be, very respectfully, etc.,
S. S. MARSHALL. J. M. GREGORY, Esq., Champaign, Illinois.
WASHINGTON, D. C., March 4, 1868. J. M. GREGORY, Esq.,
Illinois Industrial University, Champaign, Ns.: Dear Sir :-Yours of the 26th ult., inclosing a card of invitation to attend the inauguration of the Illinois Industrial University, on the 11th inst., was duly received.
Feeling a deep interest in the complete success of the enterprise, it would afford me great pleasure to be present and witness the ceremonies of the occasion, and I regret that my duties here will necessarily prevent my attendance.
In every country, labor is the foundation of wealth, prosperity and happiness. In this country of free government and equal rights, where agriculture enjoys the attention of the great masses of the people, how important it is to cultivate a taste for farming and farm labors, by elevating the business to a science, and by this means simplify the processes and increase the ratio of production.
Your University, devoted in the main to the encouragement of all the industries of the age, will, I have no doubt, effect great good for our people.
Trusting that the occasion of the inauguration of the University will be one long to be remembered with interest, I subscribe myself,
Truly and respectfully, yours,
GREEN B. RAUM.
The University anthem, written for the occasion by Dr. Gregory, and set to music by George F. Root, was then sung.
We hail thee! Great Fountain of learning and light;
O'er homes of the millions, o'er fields of rich toil,
And as generations, in the grand march of time,
Thy portals shall throng with the lowly and great,
Then hail thee! blest fountain of learning and light,
Must tell of thy grandeur, and shout Harvest Home. Dr. Newton BATEMAN, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, then delivered the following
A great State has just embarked in a great enterprise, and here, at the very threshold, it is fit that we pause a moment to consider the history of that enterprise, its nature, and how we may hope to conduct it to a successful issue.
What, then, is the Illinois Industrial University, which we to-day inaugurate-for what ends has it been established—and by what means shall we seek to achieve those ends ?
The practical realization of nearly every grand movement of the forces of civilization, is the sequence—usually the long delayed, long waited-for sequence-of many silently working, far-distant causes—the final embodiment of the struggling thoughts, aspirations and yearnings of the public mind.
To this historical fact the Institution, which we to day place in the grand column of the educational forces of this commonwealth and of the nation, is no exception. It is not a thing of yesterday; it is born of no transient impulse of the public mind-of no meteoric flash of popular enthusiasm-no sudden faith in the royalty of labor, and the exaltation of the laborer. The ideas which underlie and have at length fashioned it into being, have long been before the American people, and are indeed, in some sense, co-eval with the existence of the Republic itself. Washington and Jefferson, and many others of that day, were practical agriculturists, and did much to foster a love of industrial pursuits among their countrymen, and to lay under contribution the treasures of science, to enhance the productiveness of soils, and ennoble the employments of husbandry. And from that period to the present, there have been those who, from time to time, have directed public atten. tion to the transcendent importance of this great department of our national industries, and to the need of institutions of learning devised and conducted with more direct reference thereto.
But the era of great combined movements, in this country, in behalf of the better education of the masses for the manual industries of life, may be said to have commenced about twenty years ago, And, whether considered in the light of the magnitude of the interests involved; the millions of people concerned in the issue ; the grandeur of the thoughts and conceptions advanced; the number, eminence and power of the men engaged; or the undaunted persistency and faith with which the contest has been carried on whether viewed in one or all of these aspects, this era of effort and conflict for industrial education deserves to be called sublime.
Convention after convention was held ; league after league was formed; society after society was organized; pamphlets, appeals and addresses were written and published by tens of thousands of copies ; petitions and memorials went up from the lakes to the sea; the law-making power was invoked, and earnest, determined men thundered again and again at the doors of General Assemblies and Congressional Halls, demanding to be heard on this great question. At times, in some of the States, the issue went to the hustings, and even the tumultuous roar of rival political parties was awed and hushed for a time by the great voice of the toiling masses, demanding an education suited to their needs. Repeated disappointments and defeats only resulted in fresh combinations, more determined efforts, and large accessions of strength. Able and gifted men from every pursuit in life, from every class of society, and from every quarter of the Union poured into the swelling tide the contribntions of their learning, experience and genius.
In the West, the man whose voice rang out earliest, loudest and clearest, in this great movement—whose words pealed and thundered through the minds and hearts of the people, and the round shot of whose tremendous broadsides of irrefragable facts and logic, and fiery rhetoric, plowed and plunged and ricochetted through these prairies, with an energy and vehemence that no bulwarks of ignorance or apathy could withstand, and which brought nearly every farmer and artisan hurry. ing to his sta'dard, from far and near, and put in motion the imperial columns of our free-born yeomanry—the man who threw into the struggle not only the best energies of his mind, but the unwavering faith of his soul and the deepest longings of his heart, and who'plead for the uplifting and regeneration of the masses and for the “millennium of labor," as the patriot pleads for his country and the christian for the salvation of God—the man whose able reports, instructive addresses, and thrillinglr eloquent speeches were caught up and re-echoed by the enlightened press of the whole country, without regard to sect or party, and which furnished at once the material and the inspiration of auxiliary and co-operative movements and organizations in many other States—and the man who, as I believe, through all these multiplied and overwhelming labors, was animated not by considerations of self-aggrandizement or sordid gain, but by the loftier purpose of serving his race and honoring God by uplifting and blessing the toiling millions of His childrenthat man was Jonathan Baldwin TURNER, of Illinois.
This is not blind adulation nor fulsome eulogy. I know whereof I affirm; I am familiar with the procession of events to which I have referred, and the connection of that great and good man therewith ; and I could not suffer this glad day to pass without a few words in vindication of the truth of history, and a grateful recognition of his services. I speak in this matter only for myself, and at the promptings of my own feelings and judgment—no other person is in any manner responsible for what I have said, or may say, in this regard.
And if I speak warmly of Prof. Turner as a man, it is because I have known him over thirty years, during twenty of which he was my near neighbor, during four of which he was my teacher, and during all of which he has been my friend, ever kind and true. If his right to the place to which I have assigned him as the western pioneer and leader in this great educational movement, is challenged, I refer to the printed records and documentary history of the whole agitation, from the convention at Granville, in November, 1851, down to the passage of the bill creating this Institution, in February 28th, 1867. Through all those sixteen years of struggle and effort, you will find him towering up as the central figure, the very Ajax of the fight; closely identified with every phase of the controversy, and with all its vicissitudes of fortune. His reports, addresses, memorials and other papers, are