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Years.

Exports of the
United States.

Imports of the
United States.

Average from 1700 to 1710, 81,000,000 $1,100,000

1710 to 1720, 1,700,000 1,550,000 1720 to 1730, 2,600,000 1,980,000 1730 to 1740, 2,940,000 2,900,000 1740 to 1750, 3,120,000 3,630,000 1750 to 1760, 3,710,000 6,160 000 1760 to 1770, 4,670,000 7,000,000 1770 to 1780, 3,100,000 5,200,000

In 1784

1790

4,000,000 18,000,000 6,000,000 17,260,000

Years.

1791 1795 1800 1803 1807 1808, i.e. em-2

bargo year, 1810, embar

go off 1814 war with England, 1815 1816

Total Exports. Esports of domes- Esports of foreigo tic origin.

origia. 819,012,041 47,989,472 70,971,780 55,800,033842,205,961 813,594,072 108,343,150*48,699,592 59,649,558 22,430,960 9,433,346 12,997,414

ar

66,757,970 42,366,675 24,991,295 6,927,441 6,782,272

145,169 52,557,753 45,974,403 6,383,550 81,920,452 64,781,896 17,198,555

Of the domestic exports of the United States the

proportions are ;-the produce of agriculture, three-fourths in value; the produce of the forest, one-ninth ; of the sea, one-fifteenth ; and manufactures, one-twentieth.

EXPORTS AND IMPORTS.

41

Of the foreign exports, the proportions in 1807 (the greatest commercial year ever experienced by the United States) being the year immediately preceding the embargo, were 843,525,320, imported from the British Isles ; 83,812,065, from France and her dependencies ; and $11,318,532, from the rest of the world. During the years 1802, 1803, and 1804, the annual value of the imports into the United States was 875,316,937; and of the exports, 868,460,000. Of the imports the proportions were,

From Britain

835,970,000 the northern powers, Prussia, and Germany

7,094,000 Dominions of Holland, France, Spain, and Italy

25,475,000 Dominions of Portugal

1,083,000 China, and other native powers of

4,856,000 All other countries

838,000

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Asia . .

Whence it appears that the trade between the United States and Britain is greater in amount than between the United States and all the rest of the world : which is a strong reason why the two countries, for their mutual benefit, should preserve friendly relations towards each other, in the spirit as well as in the

letter of peace.

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During the same three years, 1802, 1803, and 1804, , the annual value of domestic exports was 839,928,000 Of which was exported to the British dominions

20,653,000 To northern powers, Prussia, and Germany

2,918,000 Dominions of Holland, France, Spain, and Italy

12,183,000 Dominions of Portugal

1,925,000 All other countries

2,249,000

The annual value of foreign produce, re-exported to all parts of the world, during those three years was,

828,533,000 Of which was exported to the British dominions

3,054,000 To northern powers, Prussia, and Germany

5,051,000 Dominions of Holland, France, Spain, and Italy

18,495,000 Dominions of Portugal

396,000 All other countries

1,537,000

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.

75,316,000

Annual value of importations being .

exports-domestic

produce 39,928,000 foreign produce 28,533,000

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68,461,000

Apparent balance against the United States, 86,855,000

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The imports for the year 1807 were, in
value.

138,574,876 exports-domestic

produce . . . . 848,699,592 foreign produce . 59,643,558

108,343,150

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From this great commerce with foreign nations, amounting to nearly two hundred and fifty millions of dollars in one year, together with all the wealth it poured into the country, and all the productive industry it put in motion, Mr. Jefferson's embargo cut off the

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United States; which, in consequence of our own restrictive energies, the late war with England, and the peace dimninution, have never yet nearly reached tlat Hoodtide of trade which was fertilizing and enriching every corner of the Union. For a view of the trade of the United States with each country, from the commencement of the government, distinguishing the trade of the parent country from that of her colonies and dependencies, together with a general account of the trade of America with each quarter of the world, the reader may most profitably consult Mr. Pitkin's Statistics of the United States, second edition, beginning at page 183, and continuing to page 290.

The United States, since the establishment of the Federal government in 1789, up to the commencement of commercial restrictions in December, 1807, and the war with England in 1812, increased in wealth and population with unexampled rapidity, as appears by the great increase of their exports and imports ; of the duties on imports and tonnage, and of their commercial tonnage ; by the accumulation of wealth in all their cities, towns, and villages ; by the establishment of numerous monied institutions ; by the great rise in the value of lands; and by various internal improvements, in the shape of roads, bridges, ferries, and canals; and by their annual consumption of goods increasing rapidly. For instance, the average yearly amount of merchandise, paying duties ad valorem, consumed, was, in

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At least seventy millions of pounds weight of sugar are consumed in the United States. In 1810, ten millions of pounds were made in the territory of Orleans, now State of Louisiana ; and about the same quantity made from the maple-tree throughout the United States.

Sugar-cane plantations are increasing in Louisiana, and twenty millions of pounds weight of sugar are supposed to have been made in 1817. In the State of Georgia, also, the sugar-cane is cultivated with success. The culture of the cane is not more laborious than that of cotton, and less liable to accidents : a moderate

crop

is 1000 pounds per acre; and in a few years a sufficient quantity will, probably, be made within the limits of the United States to supply their consumption. The increase of American tonnage is unexampled in the history of the commercial world, owing to the increased quantity of bulky domestic produce exported, the increase of population, and extent of the carrying trade. The increase of the registered tonnage, or tonnage employed in foreign trade, from 1793 to 1801, was 358,815 tons, having nearly doubled in eight years. From 1793 to 1810, the increase was 616,535 tons. In 1793, the tonnage employed in the coasting trade was 122,070 tons; in 1801, 274,551 tons, From 1793 to 1810, the increase was 283, 276 tons. The tonnage employed in the fisheries increased from 1793 to 1807 about 40,000 tons.

The whole tonnage of the United States, in 1810, was 1,424,780 tons, of which the different States owned the following proportions :

Tons 143,785

0

New Hampshire, Tons 28,817 | Maryland · Massachusetts.. .495,203 Virginia Rhode Island

36,155 North Carolina Connecticut..

45,108 South Carolina New York

..276,557 Georgia New Jersey

43,803 Ohio Pennsylvania .... 125,430 New-Orleans Delaware

8,190

84,923 39,594 53,926 15,619

None 13,240

.

The State of Massachusetts has many hundred miles of sea-coast, with numerous inlets and harbours ; and her amount of tonnage has always been greater than that of any other State in the Union. The tonnage of the principal seaports, in 1810, was,

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