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CITATIONS

IN OPINIONS CONTAINED IN THIS VOLUME.

INTERSTATE COMMERCE REPORTS, VOL. I.

A.

Atchison etc. R. Co. v. Denver etc. R. R. Co., 110
U. S. 683 (28 L. ed. 297)..

319

B.

43 429, 787

835

835

Baltimore & O. R. R. Co. v. Maryland, 88 U. S. 21 Wall. 456 (22 L. ed. 678).. Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 38 U. S. 13 Pet. 519 (10 L. ed. 274).. Bartemeyer v. Iowa, 85 U. S. 18 Wall. 129 (21 L. ed. 929) Beer Co. v. Massachusetts, 97 U. S. 25, 33 (24 L. ed. 989, 992) Brooklyn, C. & N. R. R. Co. v. Nat. Bank of Republic, 102 U.S. 14 (28 L. ed. 61). 809 Brown v. Houston, 114 U. S. 622, 631 (29 L. ed. 257, 260).. 42, 46, 48, 313 v. Maryland, 25 U. S. 12 Wheat. 419, 420, 436, 446 (6 L. ed. 678, 684, 688).. 37, 46, 56, 300, 310, 313, 833, 835, 836 Butchers Union Co. v. Crescent City Co., 111 U. S. 746, 751 (28 L. ed. 585, 587)..

838

C.

Cardwell v. Am. Bridge Co., 113 U. S. 205 (28 L. ed.
959)
Carpenter v. Providence Washington Ins. Co. 41
U. S. 16 Pet. 495 (10 L. ed. 1044).
Chicago & A. R. Co. v. Pierson, 12 Am. & Eng.
R. Cas. 156.

840 809 581 Chicago, B. & Q. R. Co. v. Cutts, 94 U. S. 155 (24 L. ed. 94). 33, 34, 35, 44 Chicago etc. R. R. Co. v. Fuller, 84 U. S. 17 Wall. 560, 567, 569 (21 L. ed. 710, 713, 714)..41, 44, 581 v. Iowa, 94 U. S. 163 (24 L. ed. 96). 581 v. People, 67 Ill. 24. 747 Coe v. Errol, 116 U. S. 517 (29 L. ed. 715). 42, 313 Cook v. Pa., 97 U. S. 566, 574 (24 L. ed. 1015, 1018) 37, 313, 833 Cooley v. Port Wardens, 53 U. S. 12 How. 299, 318 (13 L. ed. 996, 1004)....41, 46, 307, 311, 381, 828 Crandall v. Nevada, 73 U. S. 6 Wall. 35, 42 (18 L. ed. 745, 746).....41, 43, 46, 55, 56, 307, 311, 828

E.

D.

Daniel Ball, The, 77 U. S. 10 Wall. 557, 564 (19 L.
ed. 999, 1001).
30, 34, 441
Davis v. State, 3 Lea (Tenn.) 379..
581
Denaby Main Colliery Co. v. M. S. & L. Railway
Co., L. R. 10 H. of L. 97; 26 Am. & Eng.
R. R. Cas. 293..

320

71

v. Manchester S. & L. R. Co., L. R. 11 App. Cas. 97. 747 District, The, v. Waggaman, 1 Cent. Rep. 823; 4 Mackey, 333. Doyle v. Continental Insurance Co., 94 U. S. 535 (24 L. ed. 148). 299, 803 Ducat v. Chicago, 77 U. S. 10 Wall. 410, 415 (19 L. ed. 972, 973)... 299, 787, 803

Ehrman v. Teutonia Ins. Co., 1 McCrary, 126.... 803 Escanaba Co. v. Chicago, 107 U. S. 678, 682 (27 L. ed. 442, 444). .40, 381, 441, 839 Evans v. Oregon R. & Nav. Co., 1 Inters. Com. Com. Rep. 336, 641.. 747

F.

313

Fargo v. Mich., 121 U. S, 230 (30 L. ed. 888).
Foster v. Kansas, 112 U. S. 201, 206 (28 L. ed. 629) 836

G.

787

Germania Life Ins. Co. v. Commonwealth, 85 Pa. 513 Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U. S. 9 Wheat. 1, 195, 203, 205 (6 L. ed. 23, 70, 71, 72)..37, 46, 390, 831, 836, 838 Gilman v. Phila., 70 U. S. 3 Wall. 713, 728, 730 (18 L. ed. 96, 100, 101)....40, 307, 441, 828, 836, 839 Girardot v. Midland R. Co., 4 R. & Can. Traf. Cas. 291.. 747 Gloucester Ferry Co. v. Pa., 114 U. S. 196, 203, 204, 217 (29 L. ed. 158, 161, 162, 166)..34, 42, 46, 57, 307, 312, 430, 803 Goldsmith v. Home Ins. Co., 62 Ga. 379.. 803 Granite State Mut. Aid Asso. v. Porter, 58 Vt. 581.... 803 Great Western R. Co. v. McCarthy, 29 Am. & 738 Eng. R. R. Cas. 87.

v. Sutton, L. R. 4 Eng. & Ir. App. 239.. 747 Guy v. Baltimore, 100 U. S. 434 (25 L. ed. 743).. 313

840

362

H. Hall v. DeCuir, 95 U. S. 485, 488 (24 L. ed. 547, 548) 34, 35. 41, 307, 441, 830 Hamilton v. Vicksburg R. Co., 119 U. S. 281 (30 L. ed. 394) Hammans v. G. W. R., 4 R. & Can. Traf. Cas. 181 Hannibal etc. R. R. Co. v. Husen, 95 U. S. 465 (24 L. ed. 527) 581 Hays v. Pacific Mail Steamship Co., 58 U. S. 17 How. 596 (15 L. ed. 254) 386 Henderson v. Mayor of N. Y., 92 U. S. 259, 272 (23 L. ed. 543, 549).. .46, 307, 389, 829, 832 Home Insurance Co. v. Morse, 87 U. S. 20 Wall. 445, 456 (22 L. ed. 365, 369) Houston etc. R. R. Co. v. Harry, 18 Am. & Eng. R. Cas. 502. 581 Humes v. Missouri Pac. R. Co., 82 Mo. 221. .581 Huse v. Glover, 119 U. S. 543, 546, 549 (30 L. ed. 489, 490). ..381, 840

298

I. Inman Steamship Co. v. Tinker, 94 U. S. 238 (24 L. ed. 118) Iowa R. R. Land Co. v. Soper, 39 Iowa, 116........581

307

K.

Kellogg v. Union Co., 12 Conn. 7..

Keokuk etc. Packet Co. v. Keokuk etc., 95 U.S. 80 (24 L. ed. 377); 100 U. S. 428 (25 L. ed. 690); 105 U. S. 563 (26 L. ed. 1171); 107 U.S. 698 (27 L. ed. 587); 121 U. S.Koehler, Ex parte, 23 Fed. Rep. 529; 25 Fed. Rep. 73, 76. ..29, 30, 318, 319 Kohl v. U. S. 91 U. S. 367 (23 L. ed. 449).

313

443

389

L. Lafayette Ins. Co. v. French, 59 U.S. 18 How. 404, 407 (15 L. ed. 340, 451, 452). .299, 803 License Cases, 46 U. S. 5 How. 504, 599, 619 (12 L. ed. 256, 299, 308).....714, 715, 827, 831, 835, 840 Lotspeich v. Cent. R. Georgia, 73 Ala. 306.. 747

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41 389

48

441

McReynolds v. Smallhouse, 8 Bush, 447. Machine Co. v. Gage, 100 U. S. 676 (25 L. ed. 754). Miller v. Mayor of New York, 109 U. S. 395( 27 L. ed. 975). Mobile County v. Kimball, 102 U. S, 691, 697, 698, 701 (26 L. ed. 238, 239, 240, 241)..37, 41, 46, 307, 313, 381, 386, 411, 441, 830, 840 Moore v. U. S., 91 U. S. 270 (23 L. ed. 346). 809 Moran v. New Orleans, 112 U. S. 69 (28 L. ed. 653) 313 Morgan v. Louisiana, 118 U. S. 455 (ante 237).. 381 v. Parham, 16 Wall. 471 (83 U. S. 21 L. ed. 303) Mugler v. Kansas, 123 U. S. 623 (31 L. ed. 205) 714, 826, 835 Munn v. Illinois, 94 U. S. 113, 123, 133 (24 L. ed. 77, 83, 86). 33, 44, 313, 581 Mutual Benefit L. Ins. Co. v. Bales, 92 Pa. 352....803

387

N.

Newport etc. Bridge Co. v. U. S. 105 U. S. 496 (26
L. ed. 1152)

442

809

838

N. Y. Cent. R. R. Co. v. Lockwood, 84 U. S. 17
Wall. 357 (21 L. ed. 627)..
N. O. Gas Co. v. La. Light Co., 115 U. S. 650, 672
(29 L. ed. 516, 524)..
Nicholson v. Great Western R. Co., 5 C. B.
366
North America Ins. Co. v. Brim, 9 West.
830, 111 Ind. 281..

N. S. 738, 747 Rep. 803

0.

740

803

Oates v. First Nat. Bank, 100 U. S. 239 (25 L. ed. 580) 809 Ogdensburg etc. R. Co. v. Pratt, 89 U. S. 22 Wall. 123, 133 (22 L. ed. 827). Ohio v. Moore, 39 Ohio St. 486.. Ormerod v. New York etc. R. Co., 21 Blatchf. 106... Osborne v. Mobile, 83 U. S. 16 Wall. 479, 481, 482 (21 L. ed. 470, 472, 473). Ouachita Packet Co. v. Aiken, 4 Woods, 208, 213, 380

441 41, 44, 49

P.

Packet Co. v. Catlettsburg, 105 U. S. 559, 562 (26 L. ed. 1169,1170). 41, 381, 390 v. Keokuk, 95 U. S. 80, 88 (24 L. ed. 377, 381) 41, 381, 390

837

v. St. Louis, 100 U. S. 423 (25 L. ed. 688).. 381, 390 Parkersburg & O. Transp. Co. v. Parkersburg, 107 U. S. 691 (27 L. ed. 584). 41, 803 Passenger Cases, 48 U. S. 7 How. 283, 462 (12 L. ed. 702, 777). 46,832, 836 Patterson v. Kentucky, 97 U. S. 501, 505 (24 L. ed. 1115, 1117). Paul v. Virginia, 75 U. S. 8 Wall. 168 (19 L. ed. 357) 312, 430, 786 Pearson v. International Distillery (Iowa) 34 N. W. Rep. 1. 715 Peik v. Chicago & N. W. R. Co., 94 U. S. 164 (24 L. ed. 97).. 34, 35, 43 Pennsylvania v. Standard Oil Co., 101 Pa. 119. 387 v. Wheeling etc. Bridge Co., 18 How. 421 (59 U. S. 15 L. ed. 435). 441 Pensacola Tel. Co. v. Western U. Tel. Co., 96 U. S. 1 (24 L. ed. 708) 307,803 People v. Fire Asso., 92 N. Y. 311; 44 Am. Rep. 380.. 803

v. Rensselaer etc. R. R. Co. 15 Wend. 113.. 441 v. W. St. L. & P. Railway Co., 104 III. 476... 34, 39 Murphy v. Kelley, 76 N. Y. 475. 441 Phila. Fire Asso. v. New York, 119 U. S. 110, 120 (30 L. ed. 342, 345).. 299 Philadelphia & S. S. S. Co. v. Pennsylvania, 122 U.S. 326 (30 L. ed. 1200). 430, 803 Phoenix Ins. Co. v. Burdett, 11 West. Rep. 239; 112 Ind. 204..

v. Welch, 29 Kan. 672.

Pickard v. Pullman Southern Car Co., 117 U. S. 34 (29 L. ed. 785).. 34, 46, 57, 313 Pierce v. New Hampshire, 46 U. S. 5 How. 504, 557, 578 (12 L. ed. 256, 280, 289). 840 Pollard v. Hagan, 3 How. 212 (44 U. S. 11 L. ed.565). 441 INTER S.

803 803

Pound v. Turck, 95 U. S. 459, 462 (24 L. ed. 525, 526)

41, 441

R.

R. R. Commission Cases, 116 U. S. 307, 334, 335 (29 L. ed. 636, 645). 44, 313 Railroad Co. v. Husen, 95 U. S. 465, 469, 471 (24 L. ed. 527, 529, 530).. 46, 313, 832, 836 v. Pennsylvania, 15 Wall. 232, 300 (82 U. S. 21 L. ed. 146, 179). 387, 388 v. Richmond, 86 U. S. 19 Wall. 584 (22 L. ed. 173)... Roach v. Van Riswick, 7 Wash. Law. Rep. 496. Rodd v. Heartt, 21 Wall. 581, 582 (88 U. Š. 22 L. ed. 664). Robbins v. Shelby Tax Dist., 120 U. S. 489, 492, 493 (30 L. ed. 694); 1 Interstate Com. Rep. 45 51, 57, 69, 307, 310, 313, 803, 834

829 71

41

S.

430

St. Clair v. Cox, 106 U. S. 350, 356 (27 L. ed. 222, 225) 299
St. Louis v. Ferry Co., 11 Wall. 423 (78 U. S. 20 L.
ed. 192).
387
Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific R. R. Co.,
118 U. S. 394-396 (30 L. ed. 118).
Sherlock v. Alling, 93 U.S. 99, 102, 103 (23 L. ed. 819,
820).
44, 807, 836
Sinnot v. Davenport, 63 U. S. 22 How. 227 (16 L.
ed. 243).
Smith v. Alabama, 124 U. S. 465 (31 L. ed. 508).......
v. Pittsburgh etc. R. Co. 23 Ohio St. 10..
South Carolina v. Georgia, 93 U. S. 4 (23 L. ed.
782)
State v. Amery, 12 R. I. 64.

v. Farmers & M. Mut. Ben. Asso., 18 Neb.
276; 15 Ins. L. J. 321.

809 840

747

442

714

803

803

715

v. New York L. Ins. Co., 81 Mo. 89.
v. Peckham, 3 R. I. 289.

State Freight Tax Case, 15 Wall. 232, 275, 279, 282,
284, 293, 328 (21 L. ed. 146, 161, 164, 167,
162, 168) 33, 34, 36, 42, 43, 44, 46, 70, 311, 581
803, 829, 834
Steamship Co. v. Port Wardens, 6 Wall. 31
(73 U. S. 18 L. ed. 749).
Stone v. Farmers Loan & Trust Co., 116 U. S.
307 (29 L. ed. 636).......

388

34 838

v. Miss., 101 U. S. 814 816 (25 L. ed. 1079). Swift v. Tyson, 41 U. S. 16 Pet. 1 (10 L. ed. 865) 809

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W. Wabash, St. L. & P. R. Co. v. Illinois, 105 Ill. 236 39 v. Illinois, 118 U. S. 557, 572 (30 L. ed. 244, 249) 30. 46, 55, 307, 313, 803, 833 Walling v. Michigan, 116 U. S. 446, 455, 456, (29 L. ed. 691, 694). 46,70,313833, 838 Ward v. Md., 79 U.S. 12 Wall. 418, 430 (20 L. ed. 449, 452) Webber v. Va., 103 U. S. 344 (26 L. ed. 565). Welton v. Missouri, 91 U. S. 275, 282 (23 L. ed. 347, 350). 37, 42, 46, 300, 307, 311, 386, 803 Western Union Tel. Co. v. Pendleton, 122 U. S. 347 (30 L. ed. 1187) 803 v. Texas, 105 U. S. 460 (26 L. ed. 1067). 34, 803 Wheaton v. Peters, 33 U. S. 8 Pet. 591 (8 L. ed. 1055).. 808 Wilson v. Blackbird Creek Marsh Co., 27 U. S. 2 Pet. 245, 250 (7 L. ed. 412, 414) 39,441, 839, 840 v. Mc Namee, 102 U. S. 575 (26 L. ed. 235).... 41

46 313

INTERSTATE COMMERCE REPORTS.

THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT.

Approved February 4, 1887.

AN ACT TO REGULATE COMMERCE.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,

That the provisions of this Act shall apply to any common car-visions of the Act rier or carriers engaged in the transportation of passengers or prop-apply. erty wholly by railroad, or partly by railroad and partly by water when both are used, under a common control, management, or arrangement, for a continuous carriage or shipment, from one State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, to any other State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or from any place in the United States to an adjacent foreign country, or from any place in the United States through a foreign country to any other place in the United States, and also to the transportation in like manner of property shipped from any place in the United States to a foreign country and carried from such place to a port of transshipment, or shipped from a foreign country to any place in the United States and carried to such place from a port of entry either in the United States or an adjacent foreign country: Provided, however, That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to the transportation of passengers or property, or to the receiving, delivering, storage, or handling of property, wholly within one State, and not shipped to or from a foreign country from or to any State or Territory as aforesaid.

"

"trans

fined.

The term "railroad" as used in this Act shall include all bridges Terms "railand ferries used or operated in connection with any railroad, and portation" dealso all the road in use by any corporation operating a railroad, whether owned or operated under a contract, agreement, or lease; and the term "transportation" shall include all instrumentalities of shipment or carriage.

just charges.

All charges made for any service rendered or to be rendered in Reasonable and the transportation of passengers or property as aforesaid, or in connection therewith, or for the receiving, delivering, storage, or handling of such property, shall be reasonable and just; and every unjust and unreasonable charge for such service is prohibited and declared to be unlawful.

bates,

Sec. 2. That if any common carrier subject to the provisions of Special rates, rethis Act shall, directly or indirectly, by any special rate, rebate, unjust discrimindrawback, or other device, charge, demand, collect, or receive from

ation.

Undue or unreasonable preferences.

traffic.

Interchange of Every common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act shall, according to their respective powers, afford all reasonable, proper, and equal facilities for the interchange of traffic between their respective lines, and for the receiving, forwarding, and delivering of passengers and property to and from their several lines and those connecting therewith, and shall not discriminate in their rates and charges between such connecting lines; but this shall not be construed as requiring any such common carrier to give the use of its tracks or terminal facilities to another carrier engaged in like business. Sec. 4. That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject

compensation for to the provisions of this Act to charge or receive any greater com

a shorter than a

longer distance pensation in the aggregate for the transportation of passengers or of

forbidden.

like kind of property, under substantially similar circumstances and conditions, for a shorter than for a longer distance over the same line, in the same direction, the shorter being included within the longer distance; but this shall not be construed as authorizing any common carrier within the terms of this Act to charge and receive as great compensation for a shorter as for a longer distance: ProRelief may be vided, however, That upon application to the Commission appointed

granted by commission.

Discrimination prohibited.

rendered, or to be rendered, in the transportation of passengers or property, subject to the provisions of this Act, than it charges, demands, collects, or receives from any other person or persons for doing for him or them a like and contemporaneous service in the transportation of a like kind of traffic under substantially similar circumstances and conditions, such common carrier shall be deemed guilty of unjust discrimination, which is hereby prohibited and declared to be unlawful.

Long and short haul. Greater

Sec. 3. That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act to make or give any undue or unreasonable preference or advantage to any particular person, company, firm, corporation, or locality, or any particular description of traffic, in any respect whatsoever, or to subject any particular person, company, firm, corporation, or locality, or any particular description of traffic, to any undue or unreasonable prejudice or disadvantage in any respect whatsoever.

freights.

under the provisions of this Act, such common carrier may, in special cases, after investigation by the Commission, be authorized to charge less for longer than for shorter distances for transportation of passengers or property; and the Commission may from time to time prescribe the extent to which said designated common carrier may be relieved from the operation of this section of this Act. Pooling of Sec. 5. That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act to enter into any contract, agreement, or combination with any other common carrier or carriers for the pooling of freights of different and competing railroads, or to divide between them the aggregate or net proceeds of the earnings of such railroads, or any portion thereof; and in any case of an agreement for the pooling of freights as aforesaid, each day of its continuance shall be deemed a separate offense.

Schedules of rates to be printpublic.

Sec. 6. That every common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act shall print and keep for public inspection schedules show- ed and made ing the rates and fares and charges for the transportation of passengers and property which any such common carrier has established and which are in force at the time upon its railroad, as defined by the first section of this Act. The schedules printed as aforesaid by any such common carrier shall plainly state the places upon its railroad betweeen which property and passengers will be carried, and shall contain the classification of freight in force upon such railroad, and shall also state separately the terminal charges and any rules or regulations which in any wise change, affect, or determine any part of the aggregate of such aforesaid rates and fares and charges. Such schedules shall be plainly printed in large type, of at least the size of ordinary pica, and copies for the use of the public shall be kept in every depot or station upon any such railroad, in such places and in such form that they can be conveniently inspected.

countries.

Any common carrier subject to the provisions of this Act receiv- Rates to foreign ing freight in the United States to be carried through a foreign country to any place in the United States shall also in like manner print and keep for public inspection, at every depot where such freight is received for shipment, schedules showing the through rates established and charged by such common carrier to all points in the United States beyond the foreign country to which it accepts freight for shipment; and any freight shipped from the United States through a foreign country into the United States, the through rate on which shall not have been made public as required by this Act, shall, before it is admitted into the United States from said foreign country, be subject to customs duties as if said freight were of foreign production; and any law in conflict with this section is hereby repealed.

No advance shall be made in the rates, fares, and charges which have been established and published as aforesaid by any common. carrier in compliance with the requirements of this section, except after ten days' public notice, which shall plainly state the changes proposed to be made in the schedule then in force, and the time when the increased rates, fares, or charges will go into effect; and the proposed changes shall be shown by printing new schedules, or shall be plainly indicated upon the schedules in force at the time and kept for public inspection. Reductions in such published rates, fares, or charges may be made without previous public notice; but whenever any such reduction is made, notice of the same shall immediately be publicly posted and the changes made shall immediately be made public by printing new schedules, or shall immediately be plainly indicated upon the schedules at the time in force and kept for public inspection.

And when any such common carrier shall have established and published its rates, fares, and charges, in compliance with the provisions of this section, it shall be unlawful for such common carrier to charge,

Advances in rates-ten days' notice.

Reductions in

rates.

variation

from published rates.

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