Page images
PDF
EPUB

Table 5.-SUMMARY OF FEDERAL ALLOCATIONS FOR THE EDUCATION OF

VETERANS, FOR THE 1950-51 SCHOOL YEAR

[blocks in formation]

Total..

$580,262,020 $1,363,078,577 Table 6.-SUMMARY OF FEDERAL FUNDS ALLOTTED TO THE STATES FOR

!!!

Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado
Connecticut.
Delaware.
Florida.
Georgia.
Idaho..
Illinois.
Indiana.
low...
Kansas.
Kentucky-
Louisiana.
Maine.no
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan...
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New Mexico.
New York..
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon...
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texse.
Utah
Vermont.
Virginia.
Washington.
West Virginia
Wisconsin.
Wyoming
District of Columbia.
U. 8. Possessions.
Foreign countries.

$41,702,280

$2,120,215,751

72,809, 572

9, 469, 099 47, 342, 213 114,725, 949 26,784, 310 14,437,954

2,047, 288 50, 127, 187 71, 174,581 10, 154, 858 88,776,560 38,004, 707 27, 991, 774 15, 367, 193 39, 793, 901 84, 155,478 5, 697,834 25, 999,060 47,399, 702 47, 288, 476 33,759,184 64,672, 017 70,055, 274 8, 294, 468 19, 778, 017

979, 440 4,308, 629 44,569, 956 11,582,963 168, 374, 885 70, 805, 498 10, 403, 963 71,423, 297 40, 720,850 16,992,567 166,877,606

9, 114, 745 47, 275, 080 8, 283,467 82, 692, 960 146, 366, 287 13,698, 408

3,608, 830 27,088, 616 23, 365, 357 16,616, 446 29, 355, 005

4,263, 540 26,532,049 23,040,741 15, 767, 910

1, 131, 620

243, 892

981, 353 2,877,370

730, 750 326,412

25, 902 1,096, 841 1, 151, 656

220,074 1,583,874

683, 150 540, 807 380, 452 947, 426 853,552

71, 156 189, 894 1,464, 350 1,438, 677

789, 739 1,015, 439 1,479, 060

159, 800 379, 738

15, 609 123, 841 610, 152

224, 434 3,966, 329

586,681

294,046 1,558, 364 1,194,802

397,548 2,954, 941

196, 885 559, 616

73, 576 1,304, 703 3,886, 742 256, 613

81, 309 353, 306 575, 894 326, 493 693,883

68,955
514, 101
106, 489
13,984

$135,172,874
4,072, 733

730, 915
4,045, 397
7, 382, 659
1,990, 031
1, 295, 164

110, 009 2,603, 203 5, 382, 346 1,015,816 3,303,021 2, 249, 056 1,836, 086

894, 642 4,887, 883 2,818, 126

281, 329

513, 896 4, 239, 522 3,953,032 2,955, 539 4,534, 223 5,335, 288

550, 005 1,457, 143

51,402

338, 963 2, 200, 375

604,889 8, 225, 363 2,743,897 1, 283, 181 6, 472,511 4,341, 672

900, 654 8,495,079

810, 279 2,639, 640

305, 030 5,492, 497 11,108,165

608, 187

284, 961 1,685,342 1,585, 716 1,798,449 2,737, 311

283, 964 1,051,951 600,356 85, 976

14,355,818 2,645, 324 9, 169, 577 35,963, 415 7,875, 863 4,359,718

581, 442 13,601, 432 12, 293, 009

2,809, 493 32,495, 231 11, 339, 665 7, 761, 353 3,882, 338 7,512, 991 21,075, 756 1,444, 297 8,667, 846 16,708, 649 15,858, 501 8,928,845 11, 754, 962 18,884, 877 2,317, 451 4, 290, 031

306, 453 1,312, 119 16,072, 571

3,037, 454 64, 609,583 13, 178, 948 2, 158, 635 21,139,502 9, 203, 947 5,802, 874 50, 110, 742 2,851, 361 8, 777, 708 1,811, 797 19, 108, 186 36,541, 301 4, 192, 930

977, 137 6,456, 112 7, 178, 599 3,490, 238 8, 220, 298 1,049, 298 9,425,573 3,978, 441 2,692, 329

53, 249, 401 5,848, 968 33, 145, 886 68,502, 505 16, 187, 666 8,456, 660 1,329,935 32, 825, 711 52, 347,570

6, 109, 475 51,394, 434 23, 732, 836 17,853, 528 10, 209, 761 26, 445, 601 59,408,044

3,901, 052 16,627, 424 24,987, 181 26,038, 266 21,085, 061 47, 367, 393 44, 356, 049

5, 267, 212 13,651, 105

605, 976 2,533, 706 25, 686, 858 7,716, 186 91,573, 610 54, 295, 972

6,668, 101 42, 252, 920 25,980, 429

9,891, 491 105, 316, 844

5, 256, 220 35, 298, 116 6,093,064 56,787,574 94,830,079 8, 640, 678

2,265, 423 18,593,856 14,025, 148 11,001, 266 17, 703,513

2,861, 323 15,540, 424 18,355,455 12, 975, 621

EDUCATION, FOR THE 1950–51 SCHOOL YEAR

[blocks in formation]

Total..

Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware.
Florida.
Georgia
Idaho..

Illinois.
Indiana
Iowa.
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana..
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts
Michigan..

Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.

Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New Mexico.
New York..

$2,550,642,812.95 $171,719,847.34 $161,658,175.90 $2,120,215,751 $97,049,038.71 81,395,559.66 2,904,300.19 5,681,687.47 72,809,572

0 12,904,535.23 2,351,366.76 1,075,069.47 9, 469, 099 54,126,374.83 2,311.635.89

9,000.00 4,472,525.94 47, 342, 213

0 140,436, 289.04 18,532,373.75 7, 172, 919.01 114, 725, 949 29,817,606.14

5,047.28 1,551, 945.56 1,509, 850.58 26,784,310 1,500.00 17.315.894.48 1,715,839.14 1,162,101.34

14,437,954 3,027, 154.47 609,482.57 370, 383. 90 2,047, 288 55,600.670.98 2,931,944.82 2,541,539.16 50, 127, 187 82,581,195.92 5,872.844.07 5,520, 761.81 71, 174,581 11,996, 100.39

13,009.04 811,971.52 1,029, 270.87 10, 154, 858

0 101,503, 244.25 7,456, 103.72 5, 270, 580.53 88,776,560 44,349,512.40 2,958,094.78 3,386, 710.62 38,004, 707 33, 152,988.44 2,373, 753.64 2,787, 460.80 27,991, 774 20,105,827.34 2.404,377.70 2,334, 256.64 15, 367, 193 48,667,621.70 3,916,029.73 4,957, 690.97 39,793, 901 91,551,661.66 1,612,027.49 5,784, 156.17 84,155, 478

7,303, 250.55 606, 602.19 998,814.36 5, 697,834 31, 242,964.63 3,650,454.96 1,593, 449.67 25, 999,060 53,079,324.07 2,537,426.76 3,142,195.31 47,399, 702 58,762,343.44 6,027,419.89 5,446, 447.55 47, 288, 476 38,536,699.02 1,494,783.69 3, 282,731.33 33,759, 184 71,503.523.88 2,112, 208. 27 4,719, 298.61 64,672,017 9, 294,797.46 5,352, 232, 26 3,887, 291.20 70,055, 274 10,001,778.94 984,380.99 722,929.95 8, 294, 468 22,644,512.85 1,335,573.58 1,495, 922.27 19, 778,017 35,000.00 2, 258, 269.25 959.849.84 318,979.41 979, 440 5,552,400.09 587, 273.08 656, 498.01 4,308, 629 48,992,578.51 2,103, 705.69 2,318, 916.82 44,569, 956 14,816,534.79 1,887,442.24 1,346, 129.55 11, 582,963 182,428,328.71 6,376,593.50 7,676, 850.21 168, 374,885 81,517,966.39 3,780, 241.98 6,932, 226.41 70, 805, 498 11,920,942.37 483,834.93 1,033, 144.44 10,403, 963 83.815,428.47 5,776,571.93 6,615,559.54 71,423, 297 49,788,430.27 5,167,643.79 3,899, 936.48 40, 720, 850

21,352,100.56 2,740, 763.18 1,618, 770.38 16,992,567
179,653,326.97 7,120, 250.88 5, 655, 470.09 166,877, 606
10,647,320.01 957,849.13 574, 725.88 9,114,745
55,386,677.95 3,589,604.78 4,521, 993.17 47, 275, 080
10,024,960.55 853,408.56 888, 084.99 8, 283,467
91,462,548.19 2,890,872.27 5,878, 715.92 82,692, 960
164,856.601.38 9,655, 246.82 8,835,067.56 146, 366, 287
16,575,420.16 1,619,849.80 1, 257, 162.36 13,698, 408

4.599,093.34 406,972.18 583, 291.16 3,608,830
36.809,759.43 5,679,767.27 4,041, 376.16 27.088, 616
34,268,404.20 8,656,808.50 2, 246, 238.70

23,365,357
21,510,814.30 2,023,332. 20 2,871, 036.10 16,616,446
34,825, 269.13 2,102,656.90 3, 367, 607.23 29,355, 005

5,413,373.34 590, 134.01 545,817.52 4,263, 540 13,881.81 30,395,762.41 835,534.41 257,684.00 26,532,049 2,770,495.00 73, 296.505.58 5,330,700.00 299, 967.00

0 67,665.838. 58 1,612,641.00

0
0

0 1,642,641.00 37.633,725.58 5,127,765.55 6,999,032.03 23,040, 741 2.466,187.00 38,194,349.00

0

0 15,767, 910 22,426,439.00 71,849.25

0
71,849.25

0

0

North Carolina...
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon...

Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee.

Texas.
Utah.
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington.

West Virginia.
Wisconsin.
Wyoming

District of Columbia

National
Canal Zone
U.S. Possessions
Foreign countries.
Unallotted.

GENERAL AND SPECIAL AIDS FOR EDUCATION Federal grants for education made to the States beginning in 1802 were for the express purpose of establishing and supporting common schools. This kind of aid is usually regarded as general aid since it is to be used for the general program of public education and does not specify a particular service or some limited part of the educational program for which it must be used. Other types of Federal aid, including early grants to universities, to seminaries of learning, and to normal schools are considered to be special aids because of the special purposes described in the congressional enactments.1

Both classes of Federal aid were approved in early legislation, but in the years following those first grants, Congress has given much more attention to special aids than to assistance for the general program of education. Now, in the middle of the twentieth century, after years of experience with special aids, it appears that national attention is turning to general aids again. Evidence of this is to be found in the many bills which have been introduced in recent years, proposing Federal aid for the total program of education, to be used as directed by State and local boards of education.

This Federal trend in authorizing general and special aids for education is similar to the development in many State aid programs. Early State aids were general and were allocated to all school districts in proportion to census figures. They were intended to help with the establishment and operation of a total program of education without specifying certain preferred subjects or particular elements of the educational services. Later, special aids for well-defined and limited purposes were approved, and they increased in number. Some States had as many as 30 or 40 of these special aids to promote specific purposes or to support school functions which might otherwise be neglected. State legislatures designated certain items of the local school budgets to be assisted by the State money. Some of these special purposes are listed here to indicate the extent that State appropriations for education have offered assistance to local boards of education in planning school budgets.

1 Keesecker, Ward W. Digest of Legislation Providing Federal Subsidies for Education (Office of Education Bulletin 1930, No. 8). Washington, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1980.

Special Purposes for Which State Legislatures Appropriate Funds to Local School Districts
Special areas of
Special financing

Teacher sick leave instruction

Abandoned building aid Teacher training Adult education

Additional aid
Agricultural courses

Capital outlay aids
Board and lodging for
Audio-visual aids

Building repairs

pupils Commercial subjects

Capital outlay
Consolidation of schools
Correspondence courses

Lunchroom equipment
Deficiencies in budgets
Extension education

Plant rehabilitation
Discretionary aid
Home economics

Projection equipment
Emergency aid

School busses
Industrial education

Equalizing aid
Normal training in

School garages
Free textbooks
high schools
Indebtedness

Education of specific
Physical education Military camp grants

groups
Pupil testing
Miscellaneous subsidies

Army camp children
School libraries
School health

Classes for the blind
Sight-saving classes

Classes for the deaf
School lunches
Tuition to agricultural School surveys

Crippled children
schools
Special projects

Dependent children
Visual education

Federal wards
Supplemental aid
Vocational education Term extension

Foster home children
Transportation of pupils

High-school tuition
Specific schools and

Home instruction districts Professional services

Isolated pupils Area vocational schools Adequate salary aid

Kindergartens Elementary schools Attendance officers Mentally handicapped Evening schools

County school super- Nurseries High schools

vision

Precocious pupils Junior high schools Music supervision Physically handicapped New school districts Normal institutes

Speech-defectives One-teacher schools Salaries of principals State wards Orphans' home schools Supervisory principals Subnormal pupils Special district aid Supervision

Transportation of handiSummer schools

Supervisors of Negro capped Standard rural schools schools

Tuition for orphans Two-teacher schools Teacher retirement

Vocational rehabilitation Unorganized districts Teacher salaries

A reversal of this trend on appropriating special amounts for particular purposes has now been noted. Recently, State legislatures have been enacting foundation program laws which provide State funds for comprehensive programs of education without specifying amounts for certain items of the budgets. More and more, legislatures are depending upon the local boards of education to approve reasonably proportioned budgets. Under this trend toward a preference for general aids, the special aids in many States are declining in number and amount.

Federal funds for education allotted in the years following the early granting of lands were limited chiefly to those for education of college grade. Since 1917, however, funds have been provided regularly for vocational education at the secondary school level and, after 1933, emergency funds were provided for various levels, including nursery, kindergarten, elementary, secondary, higher, and adult education. These Federal aids have been for special purposes which were well-defined in the congressional acts. The remainder of this bulletin is devoted to a presentation of the various aids for education allocated by the Federal Government during the 1950–51 and 1951-52 school years.

« PreviousContinue »