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RESOLUTION ON IMMIGRATION PASSED BY THE STATE FARMERS' UNION OF SOUTH
GREENWOOD, S. C., July 26, 1907. We wish to go on record as being unalterably opposed to the foreign element being distributed among the manufacturing interests in this State and other Southern States, and ask that the state support be withdrawn from the state immigration bureau and that our state and national Representatives are hereby requested not to encourage immigration.
J. B. Watson,
RESOLUTION ON IMMIGRATION.
The following resolutions were unanimously adopted at the Thirty-seventh Annual Session of the State Council of Ohio, Junior Order American Mechanics, Toledo, Ohio:
Title, Regulation of immigration. Whereas the Immigration Commission appointed under the act of February 27, 1907, has already spent more than two years of time and almost a half million dollars of money in investigating the causes and sources of immigration into the United States and the effect of such immigration upon our people; and
Whereas the dumping of a million immigrants into the United States annually is a fact for which the world offers no precedent, and is a menace to American institutions, the American home, and the American laborer; and
Whereas the regulation of foreign immigration is necessary to protect Americans from ruinous competition by cheap labor in our own country; and
Whereas a tariff on manufactured articles does not afford protection against the millions of paupers who are coming into the United States to compete with American labor; and
Whereas all good citizens are anxious for such regulation of immigration, to be prescribed by law, the application of which will result in securing only
those immigrants whose standards and ideals compare favorably with our own: Therefore, be it
Resolved by the State Council of Ohio, Junior Order United American Mechanics, assembled in annual session at Toledo, Ohio, That we demand the immediate report of the Immigration Commission and amendments to present immigration laws, as follows:
1. A repeal of section 40, which authorizes the establishment of a division of information, for the reason that such division has become a government employment agency for alien laborers to the hindrance of native-born and naturalized laboring men and women already in the United States.
2. An increase in the head tax from $4, as now collected, to $10.
3. Require each immigrant, unless he be a political refugee, to bring with him not less than $25 in money, in addition to the amount required to pay transportation to the point where he expects to reside or find employment.
4. Require all immigrants, between the ages of 14 and 50 years, when asked so to do by an officer of the United States, to read a section of the Constitution of the United States in an European language or dialect.
5. Deny admission to all unmarried females who are unaccompanied by a parent or brother, or who are not coming to a parent or brother; and be it further
Resolved, That the state council secretary be directed to forward a certified copy of these resolutions to the Members of the United States Senate and House of Representatives from Ohio.
JESSE TAYLOR (No. 31).
REINHARD SCHWALD (No. 324).
SMITH W. BENNETT,
C. G. HERBRUCK,
Committee on Good of the Order. D. S. C. Reuter, of No. 49, moved to adopt the resolution, which was agreed to.
Whereas the Patriotic Sons of America has labored consistently for the proper enforcement and enactment of federal legislation restricting foreign immigration; and
Whereas the United States Immigration Commission, after a three years' investigation, will report to the next Congress, recommending additional legislation, and since our worthy national president has so ably called attention to this important question, of such vital interest and consequence to every good American, native or naturalized: Therefore be it
Resolved by the Patriotic Order Sons of America in national camp at New York City this 30th day of September, 1909, That we commend our national president's patriotic sentiments, the work of our national legislative committee, the loyal support of members particularly to that committee, and urge upon Congress and reaffirm our belief in the enactment of a properly applied illiteracy test, an increased head tax, a money test, and such other measures as will restrict and sift out undesirable and the less assimilative aliens, and be it further
Resolved, That we indorse the patriotic efforts of the present commissioner at New York City to enforce our existing feeble immigration laws and urge our national officials, and particularly our national legislative committee, to do all they can to secure the passage of additional immigration laws and to carry out the object and purposes of these resolutions; and be it still further
Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be sent by the national secretary to the Commissioner of Immigration at New York City, the United States Immigration Com. . mission at Washington, and the Senate and House Immigration committees.
Whereas the foreign steamship companies are making this country the only dumping ground for the Old World's least desirable peoples; and
Whereas our public domain is exhausted, population has begun to recoil upon itself, congesting in the large cities and industrial centers, where hundreds of thousands are out of employment and suffering for the common necessities of life; and
Whereas the present class of immigrants is quite detrimental to the best interest of the country's welfare; and
Whereas a Federal Immigration Commission was created over two years ago to investigate the immigration problem; and
Whereas our existing utterly inadequate immigration laws have been notoriously and scandalously relaxed by the recent Secretary of Commerce and Labor's adminisa tration of them; and
Whereas a Federal Bureau of Information was created in 1907, which has developed into an advertising device for the stimulation of foreign immigration: Therefore be it
Resolved by the Maryland State Council of the Junior Order of American Mechanics in annual session at Frostburg, this 21st day of April, 1909, That we urge upon Congress the abolition of the Division of Information, the immediate report of Immigration Commission, the vigorous enforcement of immigration laws, and the enactment of additional legislation, increasing the head tax to $25, fining the steamship companies $300 for bringing here any deportable or excludable alien whose condition might have been ascertained at the time of sailing, requiring the possession of visible means of support, excluding persons unable to read in a European language, as is required in South Africa, Australia, and other civilized countries, and such other requirements and tests as will substantially exclude the present undesirable alien influx, protect the country's welfare, and preserve its institutions and civilization.
Resolutions adopted at the meeting of the State Camp of Pennsylvania of the Patriotic Order Sons of America, assembled at Hazelton, Pa., August 27, 1908:
“Whereas the Patriotic Order Sons of America has labored consistently for the enactment of laws relating to the regulating of immigration of aliens to the United States, we would therefore record our pleasure at the progress already attained and herein evidence our appreciation of the services of the national committee on legis-' lation of our order and pledge them our continued cooperation in their work.
“While recognizing that at present, owing to the prevailing financial stringency, a large number of foreigners are returning to Europe, we should not relax our efforts in legislative matters, as a return of prosperity to the country will again witness the overwhelming influx of aliens to this land: Therefore be it
“Resolved, That we reaffirm our belief in the need of a properly applied educational test in the reception of the foreign born to American shores and American citizenship.
Resolved further, That we oppose any change in the steamship air-space provision of our present law, and insist that a thorough trial of said provision be made before any change be seriously considered by Congress."
Whereas an organization calling itself the United Hebrew Trades has seen fit to denounce the very proper enforcement of the immigration laws at Ellis Island; and
Whereas the United Hebrew Trades is the only large labor organization in the United States that is built upon racial or religious lines: Therefore be it
Resolved, That it is the opinion of this league that the immigration policy of this Government as ordained by Congress and so efficiently enforced by Commissioner Williams should not be abrogated or set aside by any organization in which race or religion is made a test for membership.
Extracts from the twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth annual reports of Boston (Mass. Associated Charities, pages 7 and 10:
“In addition to our regular work we petitioned Congress for a modification of the present immigration laws. With immigration as unrestrained as at present we can have little hope of permanent gain in the struggle of uplifting the poor people of our city, since newcomers are always at hand, ignorant of American standards.
"Nor should it be forgotten that the increase of population has come to a very considerable extent from persons who barely slip through the wide meshes of our very inadequate immigration laws. yrians, Italians, and Russian Jews, a large proportion of our immigrants, come here fleeing from intolerable social and industrial conditions, badly equipped for the task of life in a new world, ignorant of our speech and customs and very liable to fall into difficulties which demand help from others.”
Whereas a movement has recently begun in Georgia and other Southern States to promote immigration to the South, and particularly to Georgia; and
Whereas as such efforts to stimulate immigration will result in the settlement in the South, and in Georgia, of a class of foreigners who are unassimilative elements, who may hereafter become citizens of our Republic, thus inevitably tending to modify and even transform social and industrial conditions, olutionizing and transforming the laws and form of our Government: Therefore be it
Resolved by the Georgia Federation of Labor in convention assembled, That we deplore and earnestly protest against the admission of such immigrants and against the illadvised efforts of those whose course in soliciting immigrants will, in our opinion, result in the flooding of the South and Georgia with a population composed of the scum of Europe, a people in nowise in sympathy with the spirit of our institutions and form of government, and whose presence in our midst will foment race troubles and tend to destroy the cherished ideals of every loyal Southerner, putting us on a plane with the Northeast, with its tenements crowded with unassimilative pauper labor.
Resolved further, That we call upon our governor-elect, the honorable commissioner of agriculture, the members of the state senate and house of representatives, and our Representatives in the United States Senate and the National House of Representatives, and all other of our public officials who have the interest of the State at heart to use all honorable means within their power to discourage the movement to increase immigration; and that our Representatives in Congress be requested to support such additional legislation as will further restrict immigration, such legislation, in our opinion, making for the preservation of liberties and forms of government which our forefathers fought and died for.
We urge that our Representatives in Congress support such legislation as will require American consuls to examine the records of intending immigrants, and grant certificates to those who are able to read and write their own language, are possessed of a sufficient sum of money to support themselves and their families for a period of at least six months, and whose moral character and health are such as to entitle them to citizenship; that those who reach our shores without such certificates be deported, thus barring from our country anarchists, nihilists, paupers, criminals, the illiterate, and contract laborers.
Resolved further, That we regard the unrestricted importation of labor as calculated to inevitably cause a deterioration of the standard of American citizenship and as inimical to the interests of the members of the Georgia Federation of Labor.
Resolved further, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded by our secretary to Governor-elect Hoke Smith, the commissioner of agriculture, the Farmers' Cooperative Union, and our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
Unanimously adopted July 21, 1907.
Be it resolved by the national council, Junior Order of United American Mechanics, that:
Whereas the coming of people of anarchistic tendencies and others opposed to established government, of assisted, illiterate, and pauper immigrants, and of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean laborers, endangers the peace and good order of every locality within the United States, and is a menace to American labor, American civilization, and the American standard of living: Therefore be it
Resolved, That we request all the Members of the Senate and House of Representatives to take such measures as may seem wisest to continue and perfect the policy of the United States aiming at the exclusion of all Mongolian laborers; be it further
Resolved, That we request our Representatives as aforesaid to enact laws to exclude the illiterate, degenerate, pauper, and assisted immigrants and to substantially reduce the number of immigrants coming to our country from European and other countries; be it further
Resolved, That we protest against special immigration immunity being granted to state officials to foster the growth of immigration under the false plea, scarcity of labor;" be it further
Resolved, That we request our Representatives aforesaid to enact laws to lengthen to ten years the period of probationary citizenship and to require all aliens to read, speak, and understand the English language before the issuance of final certificate of citizenship and conferring upon them the elective franchise; be it further
Resolved, That we invite the cooperation of all labor organizations, patriotic societies, and all patriotic people, and urge them to use all honorable means to secure the votes of Senators and Congressmen who will vote for the protection of our country and its institutions against the incoming of millions of people from European and Asiatic countries by the early enactment of proper immigration, exclusion, and naturalization laws; be it further
Resolved, That the national council secretary forth with transmit a copy of these resolutions to all Members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, to the officers of the executive and legislative departments of all labor organizations and patriotic societies, and to the recording secretary of each council Junior Order United American Mechanics; be it further
Resolved, That all the officers of the national council, state councils, and councils Junior Order United American Mechanics be directed to labor in accordance with the views outlined in the foregoing resolution.
MYRON G. McC'LINTON. Attest: MARTIN M. Woods,
RESOLUTION ON IMMIGRATION.
The following resolutions were unanimously adopted at the thirty-ninth regular and second biennial session of the National Council Junior Order United American Mechanics, Detroit, Mich.
Restriction and naturalization of immigrants.
Be it resolved by the National Council Junior Order United American Mechanics:
Whereas it is glaringly evident to the energetic, observing, and patriotic members of the Junior Order United American Mechanics, as well as every citizen of the United States of America, that the populace of the same are exhibiting a tardiness in the campaign for the restriction of immigration as well as the interests of the naturalization laws--the safety brake and valve of our citizenship; and
Whereas the items appearing in the greater part of the daily press are so extremely optimistic regarding the decrease of immigration to our shores, having the tendency to deceive and promote a feeling of false security amongst us, and those who are also striving for the correction of the immigration evils and the extreme jeopardy of our American institutions of the future; and
Whereas recent developments in the land of the free" exposing to our citizens the existence in our midst of organized bands of criminals known as the “Black Hand Society,” etc., whose damnable and nefarious practices cause brave hearts to stop at the awful dangers confronting the peace and liberty of our citizenship, have more forcibly than ever shown the results of lax immigration laws; and
Whereas the deception of optimistic newspaper editorials minimizing the immigration dangers may have a tendency to stunt the growth of powerful influences which
made themselves felt at the Capitol two years ago in the fight for laws governing immigration and calculated for the good of the nation may be the deception and the handiwork of the crafty politician, the result of the machinations of a system devel. oped by those unprincipled and parsimonious enough to traffic in the importation of cheap foreign labor, or the result of a criminal or ignorant representatives of the press of the country; and
Whereas certain laws and amendments relating to immigration and naturalization and derogatory to our principles of American protection were proposed at the last session of Congress; and
Whereas the laws of the country relating to immigration and naturalization are inadequate and incapable for the performance of those restrictions we deem necessary for the welfare of the United States of America; and
Whereas the very bone and sinew of this order—the development and maintenance of good citizenship-are threatened for the present and the coming generations: Be it
Resolved, That the National Council, Junior Order United American Mechanics establish a rigid campaign for such laws as are necessary for the correction of these evils, and that a liberal appropriation be provided therefor; and further be it
Resolved, That the national council commend the work of the secret-service men and officials who unearthed the vile organization of foreigners who so harassed the citizenship of our country and endangered the very lives thereof; and further be it
Resolved, That the establishment of an office in Washington during the next session of Congress, and the installation therein of an active, capable, and diplomatic representative, be instituted by the national legislative committee, under its supervision, to further the interests of the legislative principles of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics and the integrity of the Government of our Republic; and further be it
Resolved, That the committee on legislation of this body wage energetic and continuous efforts to have the Immigration Commission, created under section 39 of the immigration act of February 20, 1907 (as directed by resolution passed by the United States Senate in February, 1909), submit its final report to the next session of the Sixty-first Congress, December, 1909; and further be it
Resolved, That then all efforts should be made by the legislative committee to labor for the enactment of such laws as will properly protect our people against the present indiscriminate immigration from all countries, for there is no knowledge of the recommendations of said Immigration Commission.
THE Ohio DELEGATION.
Whereas the agricultural class of the State of Louisiana, having thoroughly considered every phase of the problem of immigration, see in the promiscuous importation of an undesirable class of citizens in our State a deterioration in the standard of its farming element:
Resolved, That we, the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America and State of Louisiana, ask our legislators and Senators to express themselves publicly on this issue.
Resolved, That we use our influence with the powers of the State to secure the enactment of such laws as will restrict or prohibit this wholesale importation of a lower class of immigrants. Attest:
G. D. DUPREE, Chairman. Adopted at Louisiana Farmers' Union state convention, July 31, 1908.
Your committee, appointed to submit resolutions relative to the questions of immigration referred to in the general master workman's address, would respectfully submit the following:
We are heartily in accord with the views expressed in the abuses of the immigration laws in turning the bureau of the Department of Commerce and Labor into an advertising agency and an employment bureau for obtaining employment for incoming immigrants, who are thus being furnished better opportunities for securing employment than citizens and residents of this country: Therefore be it
Resolved, That the General Assembly of the Knights of Labor condemns that clause of the present law known as “section 40 of the act of Congress approved February 20, 1907," entitled “An act to regulate the immigration of aliens into the United States, and urges upon Congress the immediate repeal of that section of the law, coupled with the abolition of the bureau of information and distribution, which is working grave injury to labor generally in this country.