Conserving Plant Genetic Diversity in Protected Areas: Population Management of Crop Wild Relatives
José María Iriondo, Nigel Maxted, Mohammad Ehsan Dulloo
CABI, 2008 - Agriculture - 212 pages
Conservation in protected areas has focused on preserving biodiversity of ecosystems and species, whereas conserving the genetic diversity contained within species has historically often been ignored. However, maintaining genetic diversity is fundamental to food security and the provision of raw materials and it is best preserved within plants' natural habitats. This is particularly true for wild plants that are directly related to crop species and can play a key role in providing beneficial traits, such as pest or disease resistance and yield improvement. These wild relatives are presently threatened due to processes of habitat destruction and change and methodologies have been adapted to provide in-situ conservation through the establishment of genetic reserves within the existing network of protected areas.Providing a long-awaited synthesis of these new methodologies, this book presents a practical set of management guidelines that can be used for the conservation of plant genetic diversity of crop wild relatives in protected areas.
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2 Genetic Reserve Location and Design
3 Genetic Reserve Management
4 Plant Population Monitoring Methodologies for the In Situ Genetic Conservation of CWR
5 Population and Habitat Recovery Techniques for the In Situ Conservation of Plant Genetic Diversity
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activities agriculture analysis and/or assessment biodiversity Biological CAB International climate change Conservation Genetics conservation of CWR conservation of plant conservationist Council of Europe Crop Wild Relative CWR conservation CWR populations CWR species CWR taxa developed distribution Dulloo ecogeographic ecosystem effective population size ensure environment environmental establishment European ex situ ex situ conservation extinction Ford-Lloyd gene pool genebanks genetic conservation genetic reserve genetic reserve management germplasm global guidelines habitat recovery Ile aux Aigrettes important individuals invasive species Iriondo Island IUCN Laguna landraces long-term management interventions Maxted models natural Plant Conservation Plant Genetic Conservation plant genetic diversity Plant Genetic Resources population and habitat potential priority protected areas recovery programme recovery techniques regional reintroduction reserve design reserve management plan Restoration Ecology sampling units seed selection Spain spatial strategy sustainable target population target species target taxon taxa tion Valencian Community vegetation