Colonial Tariff Policies
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1922 - Colonies - 869 pages
This report treats in detail of the tariff policies of the colonial powers and of the self-governing Dominions of the British Empire. Part 1 contains chapters on tariffs and tariff policies in the colonies of Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain (Crown Colonies and India), Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United States, with some general descriptive and historical matter. The tables of contents prefixed to each chapter, and the general index will enable the reader readily to locate the discussion of any phase of the subject in which he may be especially interested. Part II sets forth the development of the preferential tariff policy in the British Empire, with chapters on Great Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Newfoundland. A large part of the Introduction and Summary is based upon the material contained in other chapters, but it begins with an outline of the rise of modern colonial empires. After establishing to necessary distinctions between the different kinds of colonies, it discusses the characteristics and importance of colonial trade. The summaries of the other chapters of the report include brief statements of the general policy of each of the colonial powers, but the survey of colonial tariff policies is mainly developed subject by subject. In the sections of the Introduction and Summary devoted to treaty obligations, import duties, export duties, intercolonial trade, the treatment of colonial products in the market of the mother country, and minor and concealed preferences the reader will find a general presentation of those topics. It is felt that the material presented in this chapter will be sufficient to introduce the subject, and it has been published separately under the title Introductory Survey of Colonial Tariff Policies, which may be obtained from the Government Printing Office for 10 cents a copy.
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Page 11 - Certain communities formerly belonging to the Turkish Empire have reached a stage of development where their existence as independent nations can be provisionally recognized subject to the rendering of administrative advice and assistance by a Mandatory until such time as they are able to stand alone.
Page 11 - The best method of giving practical effect to this principle is that the tutelage of such peoples should be entrusted to advanced nations who, by reason of their resources, their experience, or their geographical position, can best undertake this responsibility, and who are willing to accept it, and that this tutelage should be exercised by them as Mandatories on behalf of the League.
Page 11 - Pacific islands, which, owing to the sparseness of their population or their small size or their remoteness from the centres of civilization or their geographical contiguity to the territory of the mandatory and other circumstances, can be best administered under the laws of the mandatory as integral portions of its territory, subject to the safeguards above mentioned in the interests of the indigenous population.
Page 11 - The degree of authority, control or administration to be exercised by the Mandatory shall, if not previously agreed upon by the Members of the League, be explicitly defined in each case by the Council.
Page 11 - In every case of mandate, the Mandatory shall render to the Council an annual report in reference to the territory committed to its charge.
Page 265 - Powers, in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be done which might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country...
Page 85 - It is expressly recognized that in extending the principle of free trade to this eastern zone, the Conference Powers only undertake engagements for themselves, and that in the territories belonging to an independent Sovereign State this principle shall only be applicable in so far as it is approved by such State.
Page 11 - Other peoples, especially- those of Central Africa, are at such a stage that the Mandatory must be responsible for the administration of the territory under conditions which will guarantee freedom of conscience and religion, subject only to the maintenance of public order and morals, the prohibition of abuses such as the slave trade, the arms traffic and the liquor traffic, and the prevention of the establishment of fortifications or military and naval bases and of military training of the natives...
Page 121 - And, as on the river itself, so there shall be collected on these roads, railways and canals only tolls calculated on the cost of construction, maintenance and management, and on the profits due to the promoters.
Page 61 - And provided further, That the foregoing provisions of this section shall not take effect with reference to the Philippine Islands until the President of the United States after a full investigation of the local needs and conditions shall, by proclamation, declare that an adequate shipping service has been established as herein provided and fix a date for the going into effect of the same...