Research and Development, Hearings ..., on H.r. 2946 ..., May 22-29, 1945

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Page 25 - The information, the techniques, and the research experience developed by the Office of Scientific Research and Development and by the thousands of scientists in the universities and in private industry, should be used in the days of peace ahead for the improvement of the national health, the creation of new enterprises bringing new jobs, and the betterment of the national standard of living.
Page 43 - Government, investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art, the actual expense of such investigations, examinations, experiments, and reports to be paid from appropriations which may be made for the purpose, but the Academy shall receive no compensation whatever for any services to the Government of the United States.
Page 79 - Bureau, and for other purposes, was referred by your committee to the Navy Department with request for a report thereon. The purpose of the bill is to...
Page 66 - To insure continued preparedness along farsighted technical lines, the research scientists of the country must be called upon to continue in peacetime some substantial portion of those types of contribution to national security which they have made so effectively during the stress of the present war.
Page 7 - ... weapons — which can best be done within the military establishment. However, the job of long-range research involving application of the newest scientific discoveries to military needs should be the responsibility of those civilian scientists in the universities and in industry who are best trained to discharge it thoroughly and successfully. It is essential that both kinds of research go forward and that there be the closest liaison between the two groups. Placing the civilian military research...
Page 64 - Navy must continue to carry the major responsibility for such work, especially in times of peace. Experience with the Office of Scientific Research and Development during the past 4 years, however, has demonstrated that scientists in civilian life, when given the opportunity, are capable of making outstanding contributions to the invention, development, and operation of all manner of instrumentalities of war. Obviously, the Government cannot, after the war, continue to employ on military research...
Page 11 - Navy, and civilians of outstanding accomplishments, established by agreement between the Secretary of War the Secretary of the Navy, and the President of the National Academy of Sciences...
Page 66 - This war emphasizes three facts of supreme importance to national security: (1) Powerful new tactics of defense and offense are developed around new weapons created by scientific and engineering research; (2) the competitive time element in developing those weapons and tactics may be decisive; (3) war is increasingly total war, in which the armed services must be supplemented by active participation of every element of civilian population.
Page 65 - As a majority of the committee is of the opinion that a Research Board for National Security should be permanently established by Congress as an independent agency, it is recommended that appropriate legislation for this specific purpose be requested of the Congress along the lines of the draft, enclosure (a).
Page 65 - Department and such chiefs of such bureaus and offices of the Navy Department as the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy, respectively, may from time to time designate. There shall be within the divisional scientific committee for the Division of National Defense a...

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