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Analysis of obligations under “Administrative expenses, Adjusted Compensation
Payment Act" --Continued
Total obligations, Treas.
ury. Reimbursement to Federal Reserve banks..
Grand total obligations,
from appropriation in Supple-
Supplemental estimate of
Statement showing employees included in supplemental estimate for administrative
expenses, Adjusted Compensation Payment Act, whose salaries aggregate $2,400
STATEMENT OF Hon. R. WALTON MOORE, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE
PROPOSED ESTABLISHMENT OF AIR SERVICE FROM AREQUIPA, PERU, TO BUENOS
AIRES VIA LA PAZ, BOLIVIA, AND FROM RIO DE JANEIRO TO BUENOS AIRES VIA
The question which I understand the committee is considering concerns the appropriation of approximately $448,500 to be made available for air-mail contracts on two new services in South America; one from Arequipa, Peru, to Buenos, Aires via La Paz, Bolivia, and the other from Rio de Janeiro to Buenos Aires via Asuncion, Paraguay.
The matter of the establishment of these services first came to my attention some months ago when it was presented for consideration at a meeting of the Interdepartmental Committee on Civil International Aviation. This committee was created by the President in June 1935, to gather information pertaining to civil international aviation in all its phases and to submit such recommendations as may seem called for”, and is composed of the Assistant Secretaries of State, Treasury, and Commerce, and the Second Assistant Postmaster General.
The proposed services were discussed at several meetings of the interdepartmental committee during the past few months. After carefully considering all aspects of the question, the committee unanimously agreed that it would be in the best interest of the United States to make available the funds necessary for air-mail contracts, and reported this conclusion to the President.
I understand that what is now desired is an expression of my views as a member of the committee as to the merits of these proposals. I am, of course, not in a position to discuss the matter from the point of view of postal revenue.
It has long been the policy of the United States to foster and develop economic and political relations with the Latin American republics. The importance of United States trade with these countries is well known. The investment of United States capital in Latin America amounts to several billions of dollars, and this area is generally considered of vast promise for future commercial expansion to the benefit of all the countries concerned. Similarly, in the political field, this Government, in recent years more than ever, has felt the importance of close friendship and intimate cultural relations with our Latin American neighbors. The recent Inter-American Conference at Buenos Aires emphasized the importance of trade relations among the American nations, and one of the chief bases for its program was the consideration of all measures which would improve communications.
Adequate air-mail and air-transport facilities are of material assistance in building up international trade and promoting better understanding between peoples of different nations. Nations which are far removed from each other geographically are brought into close proximity in point of time by the establishment of efficient air services. Air communication between the United States and Latin America is particularly advantageous and necessary because of the great distances to be traversed. The time saved by air as compared to steamship travel between New York and Buenos Aires amounts to approximately 13 days, and an additional saving would be made by the establishment of the proposed service through Bolivia. As a result of the establishment of these facilities, businessmen and statesmen now travel between the two continents with a frequency never before even dreamed of.
In establishing air communication with South America, United States aviation interests have accomplished a piece of work which is of fundamental importance. No phase of United States commercial activity in the American republics has, in many years, done so much to enhance the prestige of the United States in this hemisphere. These interests have successfully overcome great obstacles in establishing direct air-mail services to all the cou cries of Latin America except Bolivia and Paraguay. It is now proposed to include these last two countries on the through services. The establishment of the proposed routes should be of great benefit to the relations of the United States with these countries.
At present, European aviation interests, heavily subsidized by their respective governments, are making a determined effort to secure a substantial proportion of the business now in United States hands. These foreign services are attempting to expand rapidly throughout the continent, and their activity makes it incumbent upon our aviation interests to do everything possible to preserve their present predominant position, as well as to prepare for the future. The establishment of the proposed new services would be a valuable asset in this connection.
Without this support from the Government at this concise stage, it seems highly unlikely that the United States aviation interests can retain their present position, much less expand into new activities. For that reason, as a matter of national policy, it seems to be of the utmost importance that our aviation interests be accorded the fullest measure of support which present legislation makes possible and which Congress will authorize. The situation is so urgent that this year may mark the turning point one way or the other—whether United States aviation interests will maintain their present outstanding position, to the obvious advantage of inter-American relations; or whether non-American interests will obtain a preponderant position in this field.
I therefore recommend without hesitation the passage of the legislation under consideration.
Capitol Grounds, improvement of, sewer reconstruction..
Federal Communications Commission..
Radio equipment of ship inspection of
Agricultural income investigation.-
Glaeser, Dr. M., statement of.
Revision of the Laws Committee, D. C. Code.