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addressed American animal appears become bioplasm body branches Bulletin called cause cell chambers Charles collodion common containing covered Cretaceous December described diameter Diatoms Doctor entire EXHIBITED existence fact fishes Foraminifera fungus galleries genus glass growth Huxley inch interesting January Jersey Journal June kind known living March mass material matter MEETING Michigan Microscopical Microscopical Society minute mounted mycelium Natural Naturalist nest OBJECTS observed occurring October organic original P. H. DUDLEY Panama persons plant plate present President Proceedings produced Professor protoplasm queen rare referred Report says Science seems seen separated shell showing side slide Society soldiers soon species specimens sporangium spores structure substance surface taken Termes Termites theory things tion tissues tube United vegetable vital wood York
Page 16 - But expectation is permissible where belief is not, and if it were given me to look beyond the abyss of geologically recorded time, to the still more remote period when the earth was passing through physical and chemical conditions which it can no more see again than a man can recall his infancy, I should expect to be a witness of the evolution of living protoplasm from not living matter.
Page 93 - Beast and fowl, reptile and fish, mollusk, worm, and polype, are all composed of structural units of the same character, namely, masses of protoplasm with a nucleus.
Page 94 - Debemur morti nos nostraque," with a profounder meaning than the Roman poet attached to that melancholy line. Under whatever disguise it takes refuge, whether fungus or oak, worm or man, the living protoplasm not only ultimately dies and is resolved into its mineral and lifeless constituents, but is always dying, and, strange as the paradox may sound, could not live unless it died.
Page 92 - Thus it becomes clear that all living powers are cognate, and that all living forms are fundamentally of one character. The researches of the chemist have revealed a no less striking uniformity of material composition in living matter.
Page 94 - I shall probably have recourse to the substance commonly called mutton, for the purpose of stretching it back to its original size. Now this mutton was once the living protoplasm, more or less modified, of another animal — a sheep. As I shall eat it, it is the same matter altered, not only by death, but by exposure to sundry artificial operations in the process of cooking.
Page 96 - Withdraw any one of these three from the world, and all vital phenomena come to an end. They are as necessary to the protoplasm of the plant, as the protoplasm of the plant is to that of the animal. Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen are all lifeless bodies. Of these...
Page 93 - And now, what is the ultimate fate, and what the origin, of the matter of life? Is it, as some of the older naturalists supposed, diffused throughout the universe in molecules, which are indestructible and unchangeable in themselves; but, iu endless transmigration, unite in innumerable permutations, into the diversified forms of life we know? Or is the matter of life composed of ordinary matter; differing from it only in the manner in which its atoms are aggregated.
Page 93 - Thus a nucleated mass of protoplasm turns out to be what may be termed the structural unit of the human body. As a matter of fact, the body, in its earliest state, is a mere multiple of such units ; and, in its perfect condition, it is a multiple of such units, variously modified.
Page 16 - With organic chemistry, molecular physics, and physiology yet in their infancy, and every day making prodigious strides, I think it would be the height of presumption for any man to say that the conditions under which matter assumes the properties we call " vital" may not, some day> be artificially brought together.