Enzymes in the Environment: Activity, Ecology, and Applications

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Richard G. Burns, Richard P. Dick
CRC Press, Jan 29, 2002 - Science - 640 pages
The need to understand the biological processes that are important for essential aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem function has prompted much research into the field of ecological enzymology. This book presents the two broad areas of application in a compilation of reviews by 21 international experts in their respective fields. The first explores enzymatic activities to assess the processes or mechanisms that operate in a given system, such as the rhizosphere, plant leaves and shoots, soil surfaces, and biofilms. The second considers enzymes or microbial cells as sensors to detect microbial activity and stresses due to pollution, management, or climatic change in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.
 

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Finally a book dedicated to the catalysts of life in the soil and, in turn, life on earth. This book does an excellent job summarizing/citing the scattered literature on environmental enzymes and has the top respective enzymologists giving chapter reviews. This book is a must for anyone studying the functionality and application of enzymes (but mostly pertains to soil). Also, the chapter reviews are written very well for cross-disciplinary use. Overall fantastic resource for my research.  

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Contents

Enzyme Activities and Microbiological and Biochemical Processes in Soil
1
Ecology of Microbial Enzymes in Lake Ecosystems
35
Ecological Significance of Bacterial Enzymes in the Marine Environment
73
Enzymes and Microorganisms in the Rhizosphere
109
Enzymes in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
125
Microbes and Enzymes Associated with Plant Surfaces
153
Microbial Enzymes in the Biocontrol of Plant Pathogens and Pests
171
Microbiology and Enzymology of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling
227
Search for and Discovery of Microbial Enzymes from Thermally Extreme Environments in the Ocean
327
Molecular Methods for Assessing and Manipulating the Diversity of Microbial Populations and Processes
363
Bioindicators and Sensors of Soil Health and the Application of Geostatistics
391
Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities to Assess Soil Degradation and Recovery
407
Enzymatic Responses to Pollution in Sediments and Aquatic Systems
433
Microbial Dehalogenation Reactions in Microorganisms
447
Isolated Enzymes for the Transformation and Detoxification of Organic Pollutants
495
EnzymeMediated Transformations of Heavy MetalsMetalloids
539

Enzyme and Microbial Dynamics of Litter Decomposition
249
Fungal Communities Succession Enzymes and Decomposition
267
Enzyme Adsorption on Soil Mineral Surfaces and Consequences for the Catalytic Activity
285
Microbes and Enzymes in Biofilms
307
Enzymes in Soil
567
Index
597
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