Scientific Manpower, Volume 9
Includes the papers of the 5th (1956)- Conference on Scientific Manpower held at the 123rd- annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, other selected papers given during the year 1956- , an account of highlights of significant developments during the year, .
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ability able academic accepted activities AGCT aptitude areas Arts and humanities better bio-sciences biological career compared concept course creative cultural discovery distributions doctorate Education effective engineering example experience fair fields figures Foundation given Government high school graduates ideas important included increased indices institutes intelligence intelligence test interest Manpower mathematics means measures Mendel nature noted observer offered Office pattern percent Physical sciences population present problem productivity professional question rank reason received regarding regions relatively says scale scientific scientific discovery scientists scores seems selected Social sciences Society sometimes source of resistance specific standard standing Talent test scores theory tion United University York
Page 38 - Autobiography, sadly remarked that "a new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.
Page 49 - ... publicly. And, indeed, the experienced scientist continues to check, hoping that if errors are to be found, it will be he who finds them, so that he will have a chance to make revisions, or even to discard the hypothesis, should that prove necessary. He finds it less difficult to discard his hypothesis if, in his efforts at checking, he has been able to come up with another one. The extent of personal commitment to a hypothesis is a prominent factor in the historical interplay between scientists....
Page 25 - Pennsylvania 3 East North Central Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin 4 West North Central Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas 5 South Atlantic Delaware, Maryland...
Page 26 - Divisions: 1. New England 2. Middle Atlantic 3. East North Central 4. West North Central 5. South Atlantic 6. East South Central 7. West South Central 8. Mountain 9.
Page 46 - It is the passage of time, therefore, which must confirm or destroy the opinions I have presented. Meanwhile, I observe with great satisfaction that the young people are beginning to study the sciences without prejudice.
Page 37 - We must also in his case acquiesce in the fact, that the greatest benefactors of mankind usually do not obtain a full reward during their lifetime, and that new ideas need the more time for gaining general assent the more really original they are, and the more power they have to change the broad path of human knowledge.
Page 37 - I found no interest, let alone approval even among the very physicists who were closely connected with the topic. Helmholtz probably did not even read my paper at all. Kirchhoff expressly disapproved ... I did not succeed in reaching Clausius. He did not answer my letters, and I did not find him at home when I tried to see him in person at Bonn. I carried on a correspondence with Carl Neumann, of Leipzig, but it remained totally fruitless
Page 25 - C 45-49 c40-44 35 and below 1. New England: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut. 2. Middle Atlantic: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. 3. East North Central: Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin. 4. West North Central: Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas.
Page 49 - ... come to terms with this fact has a good chance of getting beyond his commitment and of learning how to disassociate himself from his idea when this is necessary. There is little in the traditional education of scientists to prepare them for this necessity, and there are many who are still unaware of it. The extent of a scientist's personal involvement in a theory can now be a matter of grave public concern. Scientists who become advisers on political or other policy have an extraordinarily heavy...
Page 39 - Bacon's analysis of these difficulties under the name of "idols" is still suggestive, still one of the best systematic attempts to classify our rationalizations. He finds four classes of idols which beset men's minds, the Idols of the Tribe, of the Cave, of the Market-place, and of the Theater. By Idols of the Tribe he means the errors that have their origin in human nature itself, in our sense apparatus and in our minds. The statement "man is the measure of all things" means in fact that even in...