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REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC

INSTRUCTION

STATE OF NEW YORK :
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION,

ALBANY, January 1, 1863.
To the Legislature of the State of New York:

The Superintendent of Public Instruction, in compliance with the provisions of law, respectfully submits the following

REPORT.

The accompanying tables and documents exhibit, in a condensed form, what the State is doing in the department of education, and contain information on the following subjects:

1st. Valuation of property in each county, and amount of school tax in 1858; together with the present equalized valuation by the State Assessors, and the tax for 1862.

2d. The amount of the general school tax paid and received by each county; the amount apportioned from the Cominon School Fund to each county, with the aggregate amount apportioned to it.

3d. Apportionment of school moneys for 1863: showing the population of each county, by cities and rural districts; the number of school districts; the amount apportioned for teachers' wages by “district quotas," and according to population; and the amount apportioned for libraries.

4th. Abstract from the statistical reports of the School Commissioners, showing:

1. The number of school districts in each county.
2. Teachers employed at the same time for six months.

3. Number of children between the ages of 4 and 21, residing in the district.

4. Number of free schools.
5. Number of private schools.
6. Number of pupils attending private schools.
7. Time district school was in session.
8. Teachers: by whom licensed, and number of each sex.

9. Number of children taught, classified as to time of attendance.

10. Number of inspections by commissioners.
11. Volumes in district libraries.
12. School-houses, classified as to structure.

5th. Abstract from the financial reports of the School Commissioners, showing, under the head of

RECEIPTS: 1. The amount of money on hand at the commencement of the fiscal year closing with September 30, 1862.

2. Amount apportioned by State Superintendent
3. Proceeds of the gospel and school lands.
4. Amount raised by tax.
5. Amount raised by rate bills.
6. Received from all other sources.
7. Total of receipts.

PAYMENTS: 8. For teachers' wages. 9. For libraries. 10. For school apparatus. 11. For colored schools. 12. For school-houses, sites, fences, out-houses, repairs, etc. 13. For all other incidental expenses. 14. Amount remaining on hand October 1, 1862. 15. Total of payments.

6th. Statement showing the increase and diminution of the Common School Fund, for the year.

7th. Showing the investment of the capital of the Common School Fund, at the close of each fiscal year since its establishment.

[A.] List of academies in which teachers' classes are to be organized in 1862–3.

[B.] List of School Commissioners.

[C.] Report of the Trustees of the Thomas Orphan asylum, for orphan and destitute Indian children.

[D.] Report of the Superintendent of the Indian schools on the Cattaraugus and Allegany reservations.

[E.] Statistics of Indian schools.
[F.] Statistics of Teachers’ Institutes.

The number of school districts in the State, reported in 1862, was 11,763 ; in 1861, the number was 11,683.

The number of school-houses, and their designation according to the material of which they are constructed, is as follows:

In 1862
In 1861.

Log.
228
246

Frame.
10,004
9,918

Brick.

964
971

Stone.

554
562

Total. 11,750 11,697

While this shows a decrease of eighteen in the number of log houses during the past year, a decrease of seven brick and of eight stone houses, an increase of eighty-six in the number of framed houses, and a total increase of fifty-three in the State, it does not show the number of new houses erected to replace others of the same material. The actual improvement in this direction may be better understood from an exhibit of the amount of money expended for sites, and for building, purchasing, hiring, repairing and insuring school-houses, and for fences, out-houses, etc., which was,

In 1862.
In 1861

Cities.
$389,316 56
427,786 17

Rural Districts.

$230,852 44 228,390 85

More than a moiety of this large expenditure is for the erection of better school buildings, furnished with more appropriate accommodations for the comfort, convenience and instruction of pupils.

The number of volumes in the district libraries is reported as follows:

In 1862.
In 1861

Cities. 101,104 99,302

Rural Districts.

1,225,578
1,206,075

Total. 1,326,682 1,305,377

There was expended for libraries :

In 1862.
In 1861

Cities.
$6,353 82
7,411 74

Rural Districts.
$26,559 10
26,733 63

Total. $32,912 92 34,145 37

There was expended for school apparatus :

In 1862..
In 1861.

Cities.
$85,968 78
81,100 59

Rural Districts.
$8,487 40
7,533 02

Total. $94,456 13 88,633 61

The amount expended for libraries and apparatus during the past year was $127,369.10. (Of this sum, $55,000 was apportioned to the cities and rural districts from the income of the U. S. Deposit Fund. The balance, $72,369.10, was, therefore, raised by voluntary taxation in the cities and districts.)

It will hardly fail to be observed that the amount applied to the purchase of libraries is diminishing, while that expended for apparatus is rapidly increasing, and that there is a higher appreciation of the value of apparatus in the cities than in the rural districts.

The $55,000 appropriated for libraries was divided as follows: Cities. Rural Districts.

Total. $20,142 14 $34,857 86

$55,000 00 The number of persons between the ages of four and twenty-one years, as reported, is :

In 1862......
In 1861......

Cities. 443,826 423,079

Rural Districts.

878,997
915,188

Total. 1,322,823 1,338,167

This shows an increase, during the year, in the number reported in the cities, and a decrease in the rural districts. To reconcile this apparent discrepancy between the cities and the country-a discrepancy appearing in the report of no former year—it is necessary only to direct attention to the manner in which, in the two cases, these numbers are obtained. An actual enumeration of the children of school age, in some of the cities, not having been made, the number of such children, as reported to this Department, is only an approximate estimate based on the relations of age and the increase of population; and no allowance has probably been made for the demands of the war for volunteers. It is otherwise in the country. Two-thirds of the public money is apportioned to the various counties according to population : this is reapportioned by the Commissioners to

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