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according action already American animals apparatus appear atmosphere axis become birds body carbonic acid cause charge collections communicated complete condition consequently considerable considered constriction contained continuous corresponding curvature cylinder determined diameter direction distance divisions earth eclipse effect employed entirely equal exist experiment extended fact figure forces give given greater important increase influence Institution interest Juli latter length less light limit liquid manner mass means measure memoir mirror movement nature necessary neocomian notice object observations obtained orifice original ozone pass period plants portion position present produced Professor proportion protuberances publication published quantity question received regard relation remains remarkable rings seen side Smithsonian Society sound species specimens successive surface tion United vein velocity vibrations volume whole wood
Page 5 - The property is bequeathed to the United States of America, "to found at Washington, under the name of the SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.
Page 7 - ... of literary and scientific societies, and copies to be given to all the colleges and principal libraries in this country. One part of the remaining copies may be offered for sale, and the other carefully preserved, to form complete sets of the work, to supply the demand from new institutions.
Page 8 - The following are some of the subjects which may be embraced in the reports: I. PHYSICAL CLASS. 1. Physics, including astronomy, natural philosophy, chemistry, and meteorology. 2. Natural history, including botany, zoology, geology, &c. 3. Agriculture. 4. Application of science to arts. II. MORAL AND POLITICAL CLASS. 5. Ethnology, including particular history, comparative philology, antiquities, &c.
Page 6 - To INCREASE KNOWLEDGE. It is proposed — 1. To stimulate men of talent to make original researches, by offering suitable rewards for memoirs containing new truths ; and, 2. To appropriate annually a portion of the income for particular researches, under the direction of suitable persons.
Page 9 - ... and other materials, should be collected for rendering the Institution a centre of bibliographical knowledge, whence the student may be directed to any work which he may require. 9. It is believed that the collections in natural history will increase by donation as rapidly as the income of the Institution can make provision for their reception, and, therefore, it will seldom be necessary to purchase articles of this kind.
Page 8 - DETAILS OF THE PLAN FOR DIFFUSING KNOWLEDGE. I. By the publication of a series of reports, giving an account of the new discoveries in science, and of the changes made from year to year in all branches of knowledge not strictly professional. 1. These reports will diffuse a kind of knowledge generally interesting, but which, at present, is inaccessible to the public. Some of the reports may be published annually, others at longer intervals, as the income of the institution, or the changes in the branches...
Page 6 - ÍS proposed — 1. To stimulate men of talent to make original researches, by offering suitable rewards for memoirs containing new truths; and, 2. To appropriate annually a portion of the income for particular researches, under the direction of suitable persons. TO DIFFUSE KNOWLEDGE. It IS proposed — 1. To publish a series of periodical reports on the progress of the different branches of knowledge ; and, 2. To publish occasionally separate treatises on subjects of general interest.
Page 8 - II. MORAL AND POLITICAL CLASS. 5. Ethnology, including particular history, comparative philology, antiquities, &c. 6. Statistics and political economy. 7. Mental and moral philosophy. 8. A survey of the political events of the world ; penal reform, &c. Ш. LITERATURE AND THE FINE ARTS. 9. Modern literature. 10. The fine arts, and their application to the useful arts. 11. Bibliography. 12. Obituary notices of distinguished individuals.
Page 7 - No memoir on subjects of physical science to be accepted for publication which does not furnish a positive addition to human knowledge, resting on original research; and all unverified speculations to be rejected.