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MASTER AND SERVANT.-Continued.

2. Id. State statute providing that in action against carrier for
an injury suffered in intrastate commerce, employee may not be
held guilty of contributory negligence or to have assumed the risk
where violation of “any statute, state or federal, enacted for the
safety of employees " contributed to the injury, in effect incor-

porated the Federal Safety Appliance Acts. Id.
MATERIALMEN. See Constitutional Law, VI, (B), 7.
MILK CONTROL LAW. See Nebbia v. New York, 502.

MILITARY RESERVATION. See Taxation, II,

1.

MINERAL LANDS.

Taxation of income from. See Helvering v. Falk,
MISREPRESENTATION. See Fraud; Unfair Competition, 4-7.
MISSISSIPPI RIVER. See Constitutional Law, I, 4.
MORTGAGES. See Judgments, 2.
MULTIFARIOUSNESS. See Pleading.
MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.

Taxation by municipality of private corporation with which it is
in active competition. Puget Sound Co. v. Seattle, 619; Seattle

Gas Co. v. Seattle, 638.
NATIONAL BANKS. See Banks, 1-2, 4.
NAVIGABLE WATERS. See Constitutional Law, I, 4; Treaties,
2-5.

1. Doctrine of Thalweg. See New Jersey v. Delaware, 361.

2. Rights of States. Local Improvements. State may make
provision for local improvements on navigable stream until author-
ity is superseded by action of Congress, even though stream be
international boundary. Pigeon River Co. v. Cox Co., 138.

3. Id. Authorization by State of improvements on boundary
stream and tolls for their use, held not precluded by Webster-
Ashburton Treaty. Id.

4. Id. Act of March 3, 1901, authorizing improvement of river
at particular place, implied approval of improvements at other

places where necessary to the purpose of the Act. Id.
NEGLIGENCE. See Constitutional Law, I, 8; Death.

1. Violation of Law. Effect of violation of Federal Safety Appli-
ance Acts by carrier. Moore v. C. &0. Ry. Co., 205.

NEGLIGENCE. Continued.

2. Injuries to Children. Attractive Nuisance. Duty of owner to
keep wharf in such repair that children will not be exposed to dan-

ger of falling through holes. Best v. District of Columbia, 411.
NEW JERSEY. See Boundaries, 1.

NUISANCE. See Negligence, 2.
NOTICE. See Constitutional Law, IV.

ONTARIO. See Treaties, 4.

PARI MATERIA. See Statutes, 7–8.

PARTIES.

Necessary Parties to suit by retired enlisted man to enforce pay-
ment of retired pay and allowances. Miguel v. McCarl, 442.
PENNSYLVANIA.

Procedure for recovery of tax paid under protest. See City
Bank Co. v. Schnader, 24.
PERSONAL INJURIES.

See Murray v. Gerrick & Co., 315; Moore v. C. &0. Ry. Co.,
205.
PENALTIES. See Constitutional Law, VI, (B), 5, 12; VI, (C), 3.
PHILIPPINE SCOUTS.

Status. Member as enlisted man in Army; right to retired pay
and allowances. Miguel v. McCarl, 442.
PLEADING. See Jurisdiction, IV, 1.

Multifariousness. Complaint of State seeking to enjoin five other
States from enforcing statutes forbidding sale of convict-made
goods, as unconstitutional, held multifarious. Alabama v. Arizona,
286.

PLEDGE. See Banks, 1-5.

PREFERENCE. See Banks, 5.

PRESUMPTIONS. See Evidence, 3–5; States, 3; Statutes, 1.

PRICE-FIXING. See Constitutional Law, VI, (B), 3; VI, (C), 2.

PRICES. See Constitutional Law, VI, (B), 3; VI, (C), 2.
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PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATIONS. See Evidence, 7-9,

PROCEDURE. See Administrative Decisions; Assignments of

Error; Bankruptcy, 1-2; Claims, 2; Constitutional Law, I, 8;
IV; V; VI, (A), 1-2; VI, (B), 8-11; Criminal Law, 2, 5;
Employers' Liability Act, 2; Jurisdiction; Mandamus, 1-2;
Parties; Prohibition Act, 2; States, 4; Taxation I, 7-11.

PROHIBITION ACT.

1. Effect of Repeal. Prosecutions pending in States when Eight-
eenth Amendment was repealed can not be continued. U.S. v.
Chambers, 217.

2. Id. Where petition for certiorari to review conviction was
filed in time after repeal of Eighteenth Amendment, cause re-
manded to District Court to vacate sentence and dismiss indict-

ment. Massey v. U.S., 608.
PROSECUTIONS. See Constitutional Law, I, 2.

PROSTITUTION. See Aliens, 2.

PROVABLE DEBTS. See Bankruptcy, 3.

PUBLIC INTEREST. See Federal Trade Commission, 6–7.

Meaning of “business affected with a public interest.” Nebbia v.
New York, 502.
PUBLIC OFFICERS. See Evidence, 4; Mandamus, 2.
PUBLIC UTILITIES. See Constitutional Law, VI, (B), 1, 4; VI,
(C), 1; Res Judicata.

See Pacific Tel. Co. v. Seattle, 300; Puget Sound Co. v. Seattle,
619; Seattle Gas Co. v. Seattle, 638.

Rates. Toll Bridges. Valuation; original cost as evidence of
value; special value of location; amount of allowance for deprecia-
tion; reasonableness of rate of return; validity of order prescribing
tentative schedule of rates. Clark's Ferry Bridge Co. v. Comm'n,
227.

QUO WARRANTO.

See Chase Bank v. Norwalk, 431.
RAILROADS. See Interstate Commerce Acts; Master and Ser-

vant, 1-2; Safety Appliance Acts.
RATE OF RETURN. See Public Utilities.
RATES. See Constitutional Law, IV; VI, (B), 3-4; Interstate

Commerce Acts; Public Utilities.

RATIFICATION.

Constitutional Amendment. See U S. v. Chambers, 217.
RECEIVERS. See Banks, 5.
REËNTRY PERMIT. See Aliens, 1, 3.
REFUNDS. See Taxation, I, 9-12.
REGULATION. See Constitutional Law, VI, (B), 3-4.
REMOVAL. See Bankruptcy, 1; Mandamus, 1.
RENT. See Bankruptcy, 3; Landlord and Tenant, 1-2.
REORGANIZATION. See Antitrust Acts, 2.
REPEAL. See Statutes, 10.
RESERVATIONS. See States, 1.
RES JUDICATA. See Antitrust Acts, 1.

Claim that valuation of property of utility in earlier proceeding
was treated as res judicata, not substantiated by record. Clark's

Ferry Bridge Co. v. Comm'n, 227.
RETIREMENT. See Army; Constitutional Law, I, 10; Judges.
RULES. See Assignments of Error.
SAFETY APPLIANCE ACTS. See Employers' Liability Acts,
1-2; Jurisdiction, IV, 2-3; Master and Servant, 1-2.

Scope of Statute. Intrastate Commerce. Statute embraces all
locomotives, cars, and similar vehicles used on railroad which is a
highway of interstate commerce and duty imposed exists though
vehicle and employee at time of injury were engaged in intrastate

commerce. Moore v. C. &0. Ry. Co., 205.
SETTLEMENT. See Contractors' Bonds.

SHERMAN ACT. See Antitrust Acts, 1.
STATES. See Banks, 2-3; Jurisdiction, I, 5-9; II, 2; Navigable
Waters, 2-3; Pleading.

1. Effect of cession of jurisdiction over lands to the United
States. Standard Oil Co. v. California, 242; Murray v. Gerrick &
Co., 315.

2. Suit by one State against others to enjoin enforcement of
statutes. See Alabama v. Arizona, 286.

3. Presumption that State will not enforce unconstitutional enact-
ment to detriment of another. Id.

4. Federal court injunction against state officers. See City Bank
Co. v. Schnader, 24.

STATUTES. See Conspiracy, 2; Constitutional Law, I, 4-9; II,

1-2; IV; VI, (A), (B), (C); Employers' Liability Act, 1; Navi-
gable Waters, 4; Safety Appliance Acts.

1. Presumption of Validity. Life & Casualty Co. v. McCray,
566.

2. Validity. Vagueness and Indefiniteness. Pacific Tel. Co. v.
Seattle, 300.

3. Id. Objection held obviated by practical construction. Puget
Sound Co. v. Seattle, 619.

4. Construction. See U.S. v. Jefferson Electric Co., 386.

5. Id. Judicial construction and legislative history. Manhattan
Properties v. Irving Trust Co., 320.

6. Id. Meaning of Words. Normal meaning of words is first
criterion of construction. Federal Trade Commission v. Keppel &
Bro., 304.

7. Statutes in Pari Materia. Federal Employers' Liability Act
and Safety Appliance Acts. Moore v. C. &0. Ry. Co., 205.

8. Id. State statute providing that in action against carrier for
injuries suffered in intrastate commerce, employee may not be held
guilty of contributory negligence or to have assumed the risk where
violation by carrier “of any statute, state or federal, enacted for
the safety of employees" contributed to injury, in effect incor-
porated Federal Safety Appliance Acts. Moore v. C. & 0. Ry.

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Co., 205.

9. Ejusdem Generis. See Hansen v. Hafj, 559.

10. Repeal. Effect of repeal by constitutional amendment of
authority for statute and prosecutions based on it; general saving
provision of R.S., § 13 inapplicable; transfer by Congress of pend-
ing cases from territorial courts to courts of new State not analo-
gous. U.S. v. Chambers, 217.

11. Attacking Statute. Challenger must prove himself adversely
affected. Nebbia v. New York, 502.

12. Particular Statutes. California Alien Land Law. Morrison
v. California, 82.
STAY. See Bankruptcy, 2.
STEAMSHIP COMPANIES. See Aliens, 1.
STENOGRAPHER. See Evidence, 9.
STOCKHOLDERS. See Taxation, 6.

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