Proposal & Ratification of Amendments to the Constitution of the U.S.: Hearing Before a Subcommittee ... on S.J.Res. 40 ... Jan. 16, 1923
1923 - 92 pages
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action adopted advocates American authority believe bill body CADWALADER called Chairman citizens clause committee condition Congress Congressional constitutional amendment convention delegates Democrats desire direct effect elected equal established express fact favor Federal amendment Federal Constitution fifteenth amendment framers fundamental give Globe Governor History hold House interest introduced issue January joint leaders least legislative legislature letter limited majority March Massachusetts matter means measure ment method necessary negro suffrage never Ohio opposed organization party passed political popular practical present President proposed amendment question radical ratified reason reconstruction referendum referred regard rejected Representatives Republican require resolution secure seems Senator Colt South southern submitted Supreme Court Tennessee thing thought tion Tribune two-thirds Union United Virginia vote Wadsworth Washington WHEELER York
Page 67 - I will say then that I am not, or ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races — that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people...
Page 25 - The basis of our political systems is the right of the people to make and alter their constitutions of government. But the constitution which at any time exists, till changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all.
Page 56 - No political dreamer was ever wild enough to think of breaking down the lines which separate the States, and of compounding the American people into one common mass.
Page 45 - The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.
Page 56 - This mode of proceeding was adopted ; and by the Convention, by Congress, and by the State Legislatures, the instrument was submitted to the people. They acted upon it in the only manner in which they can act safely, effectively, and wisely, on such a subject, by assembling in Convention. It is true, they assembled in their several States — and where else should they have assembled...
Page 45 - The regulation of commerce, it is true, is a new power ; but that seems to be an addition which few oppose, and from which no apprehensions are entertained. The powers relating to war and peace, armies and fleets, treaties and finance, with the other more considerable powers, are all vested in the existing congress by the articles of confederation. The proposed change does not enlarge these powers ; it only substitutes a more effectual mode of administering...
Page 46 - On the other hand, the people of each State compose a State, having its own government, and endowed with all the functions essential to separate and independent existence. The States disunited might continue to exist. Without the States in union there could be no such political body as the United States.
Page 51 - No, my friend, the way to have good and safe government, is not to trust it all to one, but to divide it among the many, distributing to every one exactly the functions he is competent to.
Page 60 - Convention to write letters to the inhabitants of the several places, which are entitled to representation in Assembly, requesting them to choose such representatives, and that the Assembly when chosen do elect Counsellors ; and that such assembly or Council exercise, the powers of government, until a Governor of His Majesty's appointment will consent to govern the Colony according to its charter.
Page 45 - Several important considerations have been touched in the course of these papers, which discountenance the supposition, that the operation of the federal government will by degrees prove fatal to the state governments. The more I revolve the subject, the more fully I am persuaded, that the balance is much more likely to be disturbed by the preponderancy of the last than of the first scale.