Bureau Publication, Issue 162

Front Cover
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1912 - Child welfare - 24 pages

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Page 8 - ... the allowance shall be made only when in the absence of such allowance, the mother would be required to work regularly away from her home and children, and when by means of such allowance, she will be able to remain at home with her children...
Page 1 - Home life is the highest and finest product of civilization. It is the great molding force of mind and of character. Children should not be deprived of it except for urgent and compelling reasons.
Page 8 - Fourth: such allowance shall in the judgment of the court be necessary to save the child or children from neglect...
Page 8 - A surrogate who admits to probate the will of a person, who was not a resident of the State at the time of his death; or grants original or ancillary letters testamentary upon such a will, or original or ancillary letters of administration upon the estate of such a person; must, within ten days thereafter, transmit to the Secretary of State, to be filed in his office, a certified copy of the will or letters.
Page 19 - In every city and town the overseers of the poor shall, subject to the provisions of the subsequent sections of this act, aid all mothers with dependent children under fourteen years of age, if such mothers are fit to bring up their children. The aid furnished shall be sufficient to enable the mothers to bring up their children properly in their own homes...
Page 1 - The normal development of childhood is one of the main functions of government. The best education requires a proper home training, and it thereby becomes the duty of the State to conserve the home as its most valuable asset whenever factors, other than the improper guardianship of the parents, threaten its destruction.
Page 8 - ... children; (5) the relief granted shall, in the judgment of the court, be necessary to save the child or children from neglect; (6) a mother shall not receive such relief who is the owner of real property or personal property other than the household goods...
Page 5 - Provision of safeguards necessary to protect the public treasury against fraudulent or unwarranted claims and against burdens that should be borne by other communities or by individuals legally responsible and able to furnish support. 7. Administration lodged in the public agency best fitted to carry out the provisions of the law as a constructive child-welfare measure. 8. Appropriation adequate to carry out the purpose of the law, with respect both to funds required for aid and to expenses of administration....
Page 6 - ... administrative agencies. The earlier laws generally limited the aid to children of widows, but the trend of legislation has been toward widening the application of the law, either permitting aid to be granted to any mother with dependent children or defining the circumstances, so as to include those in which the father is dead, deserting, divorced, physically, or mentally incapacitated, or imprisoned, with necessary restrictions pertaining to cases of desertion and divorce.
Page 5 - Bureau) sums up the general characteristics of these laws: 1. Application broad enough to permit aid whenever by such means a suitable home may be maintained. 2. Age limitation to conform with education and child labor laws. 3. Amount of aid to be based on the needs of each individual family, with due regard to other available resources. 4. Inquiry in each case to determine the home conditions and the assistance needed for the proper care of the children.

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