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Black River from Brownville to Lake Ontario. Cape Vincent Harbor, to establish a break water. Shoals between the Sister Islands and the cross-over light in Saint Lawrence. Larchmont Harbor. A sbip channel between Jersey City and Ellis Island. Harbor of refuge at Frontberg, on the south shore of Lake Ontario. Genessee River, from a point sonth of the present harbor and above the village of Charlotte, extending southerly a distance about three thonsand feet.

Channel connecting Irondequoit Bay with Lake Ontario, for harbor of refuge at Irondequoit Bay.

Harbor at Troutberg:
Harbor, mouth of Salmon River, Lake Ontario.
Lake George, with view of placing buoys and improving channel.

The East River, with the view to the removal of a ledge of rocks in the same, from the foot of Broome street to the foot of Twenty-third street in New York City. This survey to be made notwithstanding any other survey heretofore made.


Alloway Creek.
Little Salem Creek.

Hackensack River, from the lower bridge at the town of Hackensack to the Erio Railway Bridge.

From the pier Lithe to the main channel, a distance of about sixteen hundred and fifty feet, and seven hundred feet north by northeast from Ellis Island for a ship channel or basin between the deep water of Hudson River and Ellis Island.


Trent River, to upper Quaker bridge.
Fishicg Creek.
Shallotte River.
Swift Creek.
White Oak River
North East River (Cape Fear).
Waterway, between New River and Swansboro.
Mackey's Creek.
Pasquotank River, above the mouth of Turner's Cut.

Cape Fear River, North Carolina, from Wilmington to the ocean, with an estimate of the cost of its improvement, with a navigable channel twenty feet deep at mean low water.

Ocracoke Inlet.
Tar River, from Tarboro to Rocky Mount.


Conneaut Harbor, for deepening and widening channel.
Cowles Creek or Geneva.
Mouth of Chagrin River, near Willoughby.
Muskiugum River, from Zanesville to Dresden.

Siuslaw River and bar.
Clackamas River.
Tualatin River.

The Secretary of War is authorized and directed to appoint a board of three engineers from the United States Army whose duty it shall

be to thorougbly examine the obstructions to navigation in the Columbia River at The Dalles and Celilo Falls, and at Three and Ten Mile Rapids, and to report to the Secretary of War, on or before the first Monday in December next, as to the feasibility and advisability of overcoming such obstructions by means of a boat-railway at The Dalles and Celilo Falls, and by widening, to a navigable status for large tonnage river boats, the channel of said river at Three and Ten Mile Rapids, accompanied by careful and detailed plans, with estimates of the cost and a statement as to the usefulness of such improvements to navigation and of their relations and value to commerce; and said board shall also report, at the same time, as to any other plan or project for overcoming said obstruc. tions at said points, whereby said obstructions to navigation may be removed, which in the judgment of said board may be deemed either more desirable than the above or worthy of consideration by the Secretary of War and Congress, and shall report detailed plans, with estimates of the cost of such proposed improvement or improveinents, and as to their relations to commerce and usefulness to navigation; and said board shall report which of said projects is by it deemed most advisable. Aud the Secretary of War shall transmit said report to Congress, at its next session, with his own views and those of the Chief of Engineers of the United States Army thereon ; and the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated to defray the cost of making said examination and survey and the expenses of said board.

Nebalen Bay and bar.
Young's River and its tributary Klaskuine River.

Umpqua River, in the State of Oregon; separate surveys and estimates to be made, first, of that portion of such river between Scottsburgh and the mouth; and second, of that portion between Scottsburg and Hart's Rapids, near Elkton.


Broad and Saluda River, above Columbia.

Beaufort River, from a point three miles south of the town of Beaufort through to Coosaw River, with view to its improvement, especially at Brickyard.

Ashepoo River, from the Charleston and Savannah Railroad bridge, six miles down the river, with view to removing obstructions and shoals caused by sunken vessels.

Connect North Edisto and South Edisto Rivers by Saint Pierre River and South Creek.

Savannah River, as to whether the damage to the Vernezobie Freshot Bank in eighteen hundred and eighty-seven was caused by the work at cross-tides, and whether the maintenance of said bank is essential to the success of the work at cross-tides, and what will be the cost of so constructing said bank as to confine the waier of said river to its bed.

Owendaw and Wando Rivers and other waters and water-routes connecting Bull's Bay and the harbor of Charleston.

Socastee Creek from its entrance into Waccamaw River to the bridge at Socastee. Combahee River: Examine whether the breaking of Bull River into Combahee River near the head of Bull River will injure the navigation of Combahee River, and report a plan for obstructing said breaks and the cost thereof.


For removal of raft on Guadaloupe River.
Mouth of Caney Creek, where it empties in Matagorda Bay.
Removal of bar at mouth of Cedar Bayou where it empties into Galveston Bay.


Lower Cumberland River, from Nashville to mouth, to ascertain if necessary to establish locks and dams.


Fishing Place Cove, near Seaconnet Point, with view to constructing a break water.

Cove near southeast extremity of Coaster's Harbor Island, and water-way between said island and Rhode Island, with a view to deepening the water-way and removing obstructions.

Entrance to Point Judith Pond, west of Point Judith, with a view of establishing a barbor of refuge.

Coast near life-saving station, East Point Judith, with a view to constructing a breakwater.

Greenwich Bay, to deepen water on tbe bar at Long Point.

For a survey of Narragansett Bay at the mouth of Narrow River with a view of constructing a breakwater.


Swanton Harbor, as to what changes are necessary in present improvements.


Quantico Creek.
Occoquan Creek.
Acquia Creek.

Chickahominy Creek.
Onancock Harbor.
Hampton Creek and Bar.

For cutting of Hospital Point and giving a depth of twenty-five foot and an additional width of two hundred feet.

Chuckatuck Creek.
Bepnett's Creek.
Ware River.
Hull Creek.
Roanoke River, between Clarksville and Eaton Falls.
Hunting Creek, at its mouth.
Harbor of Cape Charles City and approaches by Cheuton Inlet.
Chincoteague Inlet, for purposes of a breakwater.
Machodac River.
Nassowaddox River.
The channel crossing the Potomac from Alexardria, Virginia, to the Maryland side.



Great Chazy River from its mouth on Lake Champlain to Champlain Village.


Cheat River.
Monongahela River above upper dam.
Great Cacapan.
South Branch of the Potomac River.


Upper Columbia River, between Wallula and British line.
North Palouse River.


Centreville Creek, Manitowoc County,
Racine Harbor, enlarging and deepening channel.
Kenosha Harbor, for refuge.
Harbor at mouth of Fond du Lac River, in Lake Winnebago.

Oconto Harbor, channel sixteen feet deep and seventy-five feet wide from piers to first contour in river at Spies Slough.

For a survey of Minnesota Point, at Superior, at the west end of Lake Superior, to ascertain what, if anything, should be done to preserve the same from the inroads of the Lake, and for the protection of the harbor, together with the cost thereof.

Menomonee Harbor, from the waters of Green Bay to N. Ludington and Company's mill, Wisconsin, for a channel sixteen feet deep and two hundred feet wide.

Sec. 14. For examinations, surveys, and contingencies, and for incidental repairs, for which there is no special appropriation, for rivers and harbors, one hundred and fifty thousand dollars : Provided, That no survey shall be made of any harbors or rivers until the Chief of Engineers shall have directed a preliminary examination of the same by the local engineer in charge of the district, or an engineer detailed for the purpose ; and such local or detailed engineer shall report to said Chief of Engineers, whether, in his opinion, said harbor or river is worthy of improvement, and shall state in such report fully and particularly the facts and reasons on which he bases such opinion, including the present and prospective demands of commerce; and it sball be toe duty of the Chief of Engineers to direct the making of such survey, if, in his opinion, the harbor or river proposed to be surveyed be worthy of improvement by the General Government; and he shall report to the Secretary of War the facts, and what public necessity or convenience may be subserved thereby, together with the full reports of the local engineer: And prorided further, That the Government shall not be deemed to have entered upon any project for the construction or improvement of any waterway, harbor or canal mentioned in this act unless or until the work of construction shall have been actually appropriated for. Said reports of preliminary examinations and surveys shall be made to the House of Representatives, and are hereby ordered to be printed when so made.

Received by the President July 31, 1888.

[NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.- The foregoing act having been presented to the President of the United States for his approval, and not having been re

turned by him to the house of Congress in which it originated within the time prescribed by the Constitution of the United States, has become a law without his approval.]

AN ACT to authorize the Kentucky Rock Gas Company to lay conduit pipes across the Ohio and Salt


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the assent of Congress is hereby giveu to the Kentucky Rock Gas Company to lay pipes for conducting natural gas, petroleum, or salt water across the Ohio River and Salt River, at such points as may be deemed necessary, between the lower boundary of Bradenburgh, in Meade County, Kentucky, and the upper boundary of Louisville, in Jefferson County, Kentucky : Provided, That said pipes be laid upon or beneath the bed of the river and in such manner as not to interfere with navigation, and under the supervision of the Secretary of War.

Approved, August 13, 1888.

AN ACT to authorize the Winona and Sonthwestern Railway Company to build a bridge across the

Mississippi River at Winona, Minnesota. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Winona and Southwestern Railway Company, a corporation duly created and existing under the laws of the State of Minnesota, its successors or assigos, be, and they are hereby, authorized to construct and maintain a bridge, and approaches thereto over the Mississippi River, from any point within the present city limits of the city of Winona, in the State of Minnesota, to the opposite shore of said river, in the State of Wisconsin. Said bridge shall be constructed to provide for the passage of railway trains, and at the option of said corporation, its successors and assigns may be so constructed, to provide for and be used also for tbe passage of wagons and vehicles of all kinds, for the transit of animals, and for footpassengers, for such reasonable rates or tolls, to be fixed by said company, its successors or assigns; and the Secretary of War shall have the right, from time to time, to revise, prescribe, and determine such rates of toll.

SEC. 2. That any bridge built under the provisions of this act may, at the option of the company building the same, bo built as a draw-bridge or with unbroken continuous spans: Provided, That if said bridge shall be constructed as a draw-bridge, the same shall be constructed as a pivot draw-bridge, with a draw over the main channel of the river at an accessible and navigable point, and with spans giving a clear width of water way of not less than two hundred feet on each side of the central or pivotpier of the draw, and the next adjoining span or spans to the draw sball give a clear width of water-way of not less than three hundred and fifty feet; and every part of the superstructure shall give a clear headroom of not less than ten feet above extreme high water-mark : Provided, That all spans shall be so located as to afford the greatest possible accommodation to the river traffic, and a draw shall, if practicable, be located next or near shore: Provided also, That in case of a low bridge if the physical characteristics of the locality so require and the interests of navigation be not injured thereby, the length of the tired spans or the number of draw openings may be reduced : Provided also, That for auy two adjacent draw-openings of two hundred feet each, ope draw-opening of three hundred feet may be substituted if the interests of navigation be not injured thereby; and not less than ten feet above extreme high water mark, and the piers of said bridge shall be parallel with the current of the river where said bridge shall be erected: And provided also, That said draw shall be opened promptly upon reasonable signal for the passage of boats, except when trains are passing over the draw, but in no case shall unnecessary delay occur in opening the said draw during or after the passage of trains : And provided further, That if any bridge built onder the provisions of this act shall be constructed with unbroken continuous spans, it shall have one or more channel spans, each having not less than three hundred and fifty feet clear channel-way, and not less than fifty-five feet clear bead room above high water mark, and the clear head room under other than channel spans may be less than fifty-five teet: Provided, That no part of the superstructure of such spans sball give a less head room than ten feet above high water mark: And provided further, That the interests of navigation be not injured by such reduction in height; and the piers of said bridge shall be parallel with the current of the said river, and the main span shall be over the main channel of said river, and give a clear width of water. way of not less than three hundred and fifty feet.

SEC 3. That the company constructing a bridge under the provisions of this act be, and they are hereby, authorized to lay on or over said bridge a railroad track or tracks for the more perfect connection of any railroad or railroads that are or shall be constructed to said river on either or both sides thereof, at or opposite the point of location of said bridgo, under the limitations and conditions herein : Provided, That said bridge shall not interfere with the free navigation of said river, beyond what is necessary in order to carry into effect the rights and privileges hereby granted; add in case of any litigation arising from any obstruction or alleged obstruction to the free navigation of said river, the cause may be tried before the circuit court of the United States in and for any district in which any portion of said bridge or obstruction touches.

SEC. 4. That any bridge constructed under this act, and according to its limitations, shall be a lawful structure, and shall be known as a post route, and the same is hereby declared to be a post-route, upon which also no higher charges shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States, or for passengers or freight passing over said bridge, than the rate per milo paid for transportation over the railroads and public highways leading to said bridge; and equal privileges in the use of said bridge shall be granted to all telegraph companies; and the United States shall have the right of way for postal-telegraph purposes across said bridge.

SEC. 5. That all railways desiring to use said bridge shall have and be entitled to equal rights and privileges in the passage of the same, and in the use of the machinery and fixtures thereof, and of all the approaches thereto, under and upon such terms and conditions as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of War, upon hearing the allegations and proofs of the parties in case they shall not agree.

Sec. 6. That the structure herein authorized shall be built and located under and subject to such regulations for the security of the navigation of said river as the Secretary of War shall prescribe; and to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawing of the bridge and map of the location, giving, for the space of one mile above and one mile below the proposed location, the topography of the banks of the river, the shore lines at high and low water, the direction and strength of the current at all stages, and the soundings, accurately showing the bod of the stream, the location of any other bridge or bridges, and shall furnish such other information as shall bo required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and location of the bridge are decided by the Secretary of War to be such as will not materially affect the interests of navigation, the bridge shall not be commenced or built; and should any change be made in the plan of said bridge during the progress of construction, such change shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of War; and the said bridge shall be constructed with such aids to the passage of said bridge, in the form of booms, dikes, piers, or other suitable and proper structures for confining the flow of water to a permanent channel, and for the guiding of rafts, steam-boats and other water craft safely through the draw and raft spans, as the Secretary of War shall prescribe and order to be constructed and maintained at the expense of the company owning said bridge; and the said structure shall be at all times so kept and managed as to offer reasonable and proper means for the passage of vessels through or under said structure; and for the safety of vessels passing at night there shall be displayed on said bridge, from the hours of sunset to sunrise, such lights as may be prescribed by the Light House Board; and the said structure shall be changed, or removed at the cost and expenso of the owners thereof, from time to time, as the Secretary of War may direct, so as preserve the free and convenient navigation of said river; and the authority to erect and continuo said bridge shall be subject to revocation and modification by law when the public good shall, in the judgment of Congress, or the Secretary of War, so require, without any expense or charge to the United States.

Sec. 7. That this act shall be null and void if actual construction of the bridge herein authorized be not commenced within two years and completed within four years from the date thereof.

Sec. 8. That the right to alter, amend, or repeal this act is hereby expressly reserved.

Approved, August 13, 1888.

AN ACT for improving the mouth of the Brazos River, Texas. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Brazos River Channel and Dock Company, à corporation organized under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Texas, be, and are hereby authorized, on the conditions hereinafter mentioned, to construct, own, and operate such permanent and sufficient jetties and such auxiliary works as are necessary to create and permanently maintain, as hereinafter set forth, a navigable chan

ENG 88—184

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