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amended, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, payable from any unexpended balance of money appropriated for the construction of such dam.

To pay D. M. and C. P. Dull the amount ascertained by the Secretary of War to be due them for work done on the Great Kanawha River, West Virginia, and by reason of changes in their contract, and so forth, thirty-four thousand three hundred and seventy-nine dollars and thirty cents.

To pay Charles McCafferty the amount ascertained by the Secretary of War to be due him for work on the Great Kanawba River, West Virginia, and by reason of changes in his contract, and so forth, thirty thousand three hundred and seventy dollars and fifteen cents: Prorided, That any contract indebtedness of said McCaf. ferty incurred by subcontract, or for labor or material furnished for the prosecution of the work on which this sum is based, shall be first ascertained and paid by the Secretary of War and the balance paid to said McCafferty. Said amounts shall be received in full satisfaction of all claim under said contract.

Approved, February 1, 1888.

AN ACT authorizing the construction of a bridge across tho Missouri River at some accessible point in the County of Saint Charles in the State of Missouri, below the city of Saint Charles.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Saint Louis, Keokuk and Northwestern Railroad Company, an incorporation organized under the laws of the State of Iowa, and owning and operating a railroad in the State of Missouri, its assigns or successors, is hereby `authorized to construct and maintain a bridge across the Missouri River at such point as may be bereafter selected by said corporation between the City of Saint Charles and the mouth of the Missouri River, in the County of Saint Charles, in the State of Missouri, as shall best promote the public convenience and welfare and the necessities of business and commerce, and also to construct accessory works to secure the best practicable channel-way for navigation and confine the flow of the water to a permanent channel at such point, and to lay on and over said bridge one or more railroad tracks for the more perfect connection of any railroads that are or shall be constructed to said river at or opposite said point.

SEC. 2. That said bridge shall be constructed and built without interference with the security and convenience of navigation of said river beyond what is necessary to carry into effect the rights and privileges hereby granted ; and in order to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawings of the bridge, and a map of tho location, giving for the space of one mile above and one mile below the proposed location, the topography of the banks of the river, the shore-lines to high and low water, the location of any other bridge or bridges, and shall furnish such other information as may be required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and location of the bridge are approved by the Secretary of War the bridge shall not be built: Provided, That if the said bridge shall be made with unbroken and continuous spans, it shall have three or more channel spans, and shall not be of less elevation in any case than fifty feet above high water mark, as understood at the point of location, to the lowest part of the superstructure, nor shall the spans of said bridge be less than three hundred feet in length, and the piers of said bridge shall be parallel with the current of said river, and the main span shall be over the main channel of the river, and not less than three hundred feet in length: And prorided also, That if any bridge built under this act shall be constructed as a drawbridge, the same shall be constructed as a pivot draw-bridge, with a draw over the main

channel of the river at an accessible and navigable point, and with spans of not less than one hundred and sixty feet in length in the clear on each side of the central or pivot pier of the draw, and the next adjoining span or spans to the draw shall not be less than three hundred feet, and the head-room under such span shall not be less than ten feet above high-water mark: Provided also, That said draw shall be opened promptly upon reasonable signal for the passing of boats; and said company or corporation shall maintain, at its own expenso, from sunset till sunrise, such lights or other signals on said bridge as the Light-House Board shall prescribe: Provided also, That all railroad companies desiring the use of said bridge shall have and be entitled to equal rights and privileges relative to the passage of railway trains over the same, and over the approaches thereto, upon payment of a reasonable compensation for such use; and in case tho owner or owners of said bridge and the several railroad companies, or any one of them desiring such use, shall fail to agree upon the sum or sims to be paid, and upon rules and conditions to which each shall conform in using said bridge, all matters at issue between them shall be decided by the Secretary of War, upon a hearing of the allegations and proofs of the parties.

Sec. 3. That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed, upon receiving such plan and map and other information, and upon being satisfied that a bridge built on such plan and with such accessory works and at such locality will conform to the prescribed conditions of this act, to notify the company that he approves the samo; and upon receiving such notification the said company may proceed to an erection of said bridge, conforming strictly to the approved plan and location; and shonld any change be made in the plan of the bridge of said accessory works, during the progress of the work thereon, such change shall be subject likewise to the approval of the Secretary of War, and in case of any litigation arising from any obstruction or alleged obstruction to the free navigation of said river, caused or alleged to be caused by said bridge, the case may be brought in the circuit court of the United States of the eastern district of the state of Missouri, in whose jurisdiction any portion of said obstruction or bridge may be located.

SEC. 4. That the said bridge and accessory works, when built and constructed under this act and according to the terms and limitations thereof, shall be lawful structures; and said bridge shall be recognized and known as a post-route, upon which also no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States than the rate per wile paid for the transportation over the railroads or public highways leading to said bridge ; and said bridge shall enjoy the rights and privileges of other post-routes in the United States.

SEC. 5. That the United States shall have the right of way for such postal and telegraph lines across said bridge as the Government may construct or control.

Sec. 6. That Congress shall have power at any time to alter, amend, or repeal this act, so as to prevent or remove all material and substantial obstructions to the navigation of said river by the construction of said bridge and its accessory works; and all alterations of said bridge shall be made and all sach obstructions shall be removed at the expense of the owners of or persons controlling such bridge: Provided further, That nothing in this act shall be so construed as to repeal or modify any of the provisions of law now existing in reference to the protection of the navigation of rivers, or to exempt this bridge from the operation of the same.

Approved, February 17, 1888.

AN ACT to authorize the construction of a bridge over the Missouri River, at or near the city of Lex

ington, Missouri.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Lexington Bridge Company, a corporation existing under the laws of the State of Missouri, be, and is hereby, authorized to construct, operate, and maintain a bridge over the Missouri River at or near the city of Lexington, in said State of Missouri. Said bridge shall be constructed to provide for the passage of railway trains, and, at the option of the persons by whom it may be built, may be used for the passage of wagons and vehicles of all kinds, for the transit of animals, and for foot-passengers, for such reasonable rates of toll as may be approved from time to time by the Secretary of War; and in case of any litigation concerning any alleged obstruction to the free navigation of said river on account of said bridge, the cause may be tried before the circuit court of the United States in whose jurisdiction any portion of said obstruction or bridge is located.

SEC. 2. That any bridge constructed under this act and according to its limitations shall be a lawful structure, and shall be recognized and known as a post-route, upon which also no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States than the rate per mile paid for their transportation over the railroads or public highways leading to said bridge; and the United States shall have the right of way for postal telegraph and telephone purposes across said bridge.

Sec. 3. That if said bridge shall be made with unbroken and continuous spans, it shall not be of less elevation in any case than fifty feet above highwater mark as understood at the point of location, to the lowest member of the bridge superstructure, nor sball the spans of said bridge over the main channel of said river be less than three hundred and fifty feet in length, and the piers of said bridge shall be parallel with the current of said river, and the bridge itself at right angles thereto: Provided, That if said bridge be constructed as a draw-bridge, it shall be constructed as a pivot draw-bridge, with a draw over the main channel of the river at an accessible and the best navigable point, and with spans of not less than two hundred feet in length in the clear on each side of the central or pivot pier of the draw; and said spans shall not be less than ten feet above low-water mark, measuring to the lowest member of the bridge superstructure: And prorided also, That said draw shall be opened promptls, upon reasonable signal, except when trains are passivg over the said bridge, for the

passage of the boats whose construction shall not be such as to admit of their passage under the draw of said bridge when closed; but in no case shall unnecessary delay occur in opening the said draw after the passage of trains; and the said company or corporation shall maintain, at its own expense, from sunset to sunrise, such lights or other signals on said bridge as the Light-House Board shall prescribe.

Sec. 4. That all railroad companies desiring the use of said bridge shall have and be entitled to equal rights and privileges relative to the passage of railway trains over the same, and over the approaches thereto, upon payment of a reasonable compensation for such use; and in case the owner or owners of said bridge and the several railroad companies, or any one of them desiring such use, shall fail to agree upon the sum or sums to be paid, and upon rules and conditions to which each shall conforin in using said bridge, all matters at issue between them shall be decided by the Secretary of War upon a hearing of the allegations and proofs of the parties.

Sec. 5. That any bridge authorized to be constructed under this act shall be built and located under and subject to such regulations for the security of navigation of said river as the Secretary of War shall prescribe; and to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawings of the bridge, and a map of the location, giving for the space of one mile above and one mile below the proposed location, the topography of the banks of the river, the shore-lines at high and low water, the direction and strength of the currents at all stages, and the soundings, accurately showing the bed of the stream, the location of any other bridge or bridges, and shall furnish such other information as may be required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and location of the bridge are approved by the Secretary of War the bridge shall not be built; and should avy change be made in the plan of said bridge during the progress of construction, such change shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of War; and if said bridge is not commenced within one year and completed within three years from the passage of this act, the rights and privileges hereby granted shall be null and void.

SEC. 6. That the right to alter, amend, or repeal this act is hereby expressly reserved, and the right to require any changes in said structure or its entire remoral, at the expense of the owners thereof, whenever Congress shall decide that the public interest requires it, is also expressly reserved.

Approved, February 18, 1888.

AN ACT to anthorize the remoral of the quarantine station from Ship Island, Mississippi. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby anthorized to cause the removal of the national quarantine station now located on Ship Island, in the Gulf of Mexico, to some other island in said Gulf, or in such pass in the Mississippi Delta as may be recommended by a board to be designated by him, and that the necessary quarantine buildings and appliances be established thereon; and that the sum of forty.five thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated to carry out the purposes of this act.

Approved, March 5, 1888.

AN ACT to proride for certain of the most urgent deficiencies in the appropriations for the servica of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, ont of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the objects hereinafter expressed, for the service of the fiscal year ending Jane thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight, and prior years, uamely :

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

INCREASE OF WATER-SUPPLY, WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: To enable the Secretary of War to complete the work of increasing the water-supply of the city of Washington, under the act entitled "An act to increase the water-supply of the city of Washington, and for other purposes," approved July fifteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty two, namely: For completion of lining of the tunnel, two hundred and ninety-seven thousand sevon hundred and fifty dollars; for completing shafts, west connection, and for superintendence and engineering, thirty-seven thousand two bundred and fifty dollars ; and for general contingencies of the work, twenty thousand dollars; in all, three hundred and fifty-five thousand dollars; all of said work to be completed by November first, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight; said sum to be subject to all the provisions and restrictions of the said act of July fifteeth, eighteen hunured and eighty-two, and of the act approved July fifth, eighteen hundred and eighty. fuur, making appropriations for the expenses of the government of the District of Columbia, as to its apportionment and settlement between the United States and the District of Columbia, and the refunding thereof. The work above provided for to be done under the contract heretofore made or by a reletting, as in the discretion of the Secretary of War shall be most promotive of the interest of the liovernment: Pro. vided, That no contract shall be made at prices greater than the prices allowed under contract under which work has been heretofore done on said tunnel.

WAR DEPARTMENT.

ENGINEER DEPARTMENT.

EXAMINATIONS AND SURVEYS AT SOUTA Pass, MISSISSIPPI RIVER: Annual expenses of ascertaining the depth of water and width of channel secured and maintained from time to time at South Pass of the Mississippi River, to enable the Secretary of War to report to Congress during the maintenance of the work, as required bg Congress, eight thousand eight hundred dollars.

Approved, March 30, 1888.

AN ACT to correct an error in and to further amend "An act to authorize the Georgia Pacific Rail. road Company to construct bridges across the Sunflower, Yazoo, and Tombigbee Rivers, in Mississippi," approved March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven.

Whereas by reason of a clerical error in the copying of the draft of a bill to be entitled “An act to authorize the Georgia Pacific Railway Company to construct bridges across the Sunflower, Yazoo, and Tombigbee Rivers, in Mississippi,” approved March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven,

the title of the said act, and the enacting clanses thereof, names the Georgia Pacific Railroad Company as the beneficiary of the said act, and the corporation upon whom the rights, powers, and privileges therein recited are conferred; and

Whereas no corporation of that name exists, and it was intended that the said rights, powers, and privileges should be conferred, not upon the Georgia Pacific Railroad Company, but upon the Georgia Pacific Railway Coinpany, a corporation created and existing under and by virtue of the laws of the States of Alabama and Mississippi; and

Whereas the said Georgia Pacific Railway Company is the true and only beneficiary of said act, and since the passage thereof, has been using all the means in its power to complete its plans for the location and construction of bridges across the rivers named 'in said act, in accordance with the recommendations and approval of the Secretary of War and the Chief of Engineers of the United States Army, and as required by the laws of the United States; and

Whereas by section three of said act it is provided that if said bridges shall not be finished within two years from the passage thereof, the rights and privileges thereby granted shall be null and void; and

Whereas it will be impossible to complete the plans, location, and construction of said bridges within two years from the passage of said act, as provided therein: Therefore,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act entitled " An act to authorize the Georgia Pacific Railroad Company to construct bridges across the Sunflower, Yazoo, and Tombigbee Rivers, in Mississippi,” approved March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, be, and is hereby, annended by striking from the title and enacting clauses thereof the word “railroad,” wherever it occurs in the statement of the name of the corporation therein mentioned, and inserting, in lieu thereof, the word “railway," so as to make the corporate name of said corperation read, "The Georgia Pacific' Railway Company," instead of "The Georgia Pacific Railroad Company."

And by striking out the words “two years from the passage of this act," where they occur in the final clause of section three of the act, and inserting the words “ four years from March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven," in lieu thereof, so as to make said final clause read as follows: “And if said bridges shall not be tinished within four years from March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, the rights and privileges hereby granted shall be null and void."

Approved, April 2, 1888.

AN ACT regulating the construction of bridges over the Muskingum River, in Ohio. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any person or corporation having lawful authority to erect a bridge or bridges across the Muskingum River, Ohio, between its mouth and Dresdlen, may hereafter erect bridges across said river for railroad or other uses upon coinpliance with the provisions and requirements of this act, but no bridge shall be erected across said river which does not comply therewith.

SEC. 2. That every bridge hereafter erected across the Muskingum River, Ohio, shall have its axis at right angles to the current at medium and high stages, and its piers sball be parallel to this current. No riprap or other outside protection for insufficient foundations will be permitted around the channel piers, and all coffer-dams, piling, and other temporary works must be removed by the owners of the bridge before it is open to traffic. Every such bridge may be buil- either as a draw-bridge or as a continuous bridge; If built as a draw-bridge, the draw span shall give two clear openings, measured on the low water line, of eighty-feet, and smooth crib work or masonry shall be built at right angles to the bridge extending up stream from the pivot pier, a distance of at least one hundred feet, and down stream the same distance, and the height of this protection pier shall not be less than four feet above bighest locking stage. The channel sides of the channel piers shall be smootbly cut; the corners of the draw piers shall be rounded to a radius of not less than six inches; there shall be no projecting cornices on the piers, nor projecting footway on the draw span; the apparatus for swinging the draw shall be sufficient to oper it in not more than five minutes; and the draw shall be promptly opened on signal. The location of the draw span sball be subject to the approval of the Secretary of War.

Sec. 3. That if the bridge be built as a continuous bridge it shall have at least one channel span, the center of which shall be in the middle of the channel usually run in high stages by steamboats descending the river with barges or rafts in tow; said channel span to have a clear opening of two hundred and fifty feet, measured at the low-water' line, and the lowest part of the span to be forty feet above highest navi. gable water, as determined by a straight line connecting the tops of the lower lock gates at the head and foot of the pool in which the bridge is to be built. The other spans may have such grades as may be desired.

SEC. 4. That whenever any duly authorized persons or corporations shall deter. mine to apply to the Secretary of War for permission to build a bridge across the Muskingum River, they shall first give public notice of said intention by publication, once a week for four weeks, in newspapers having a wide circulation, in not less than two newspapers published'in towns on the Muskingum River below Dresden, and in not less than two newspapers published in Pittsburgh. They shall also submit to the Secretary of War, for bis examination and approval, a design and drawing of the bridge and piers, and a map of the locality, on the scale of one inch to one hundred feet, giving, for the space of one-quarter of a mile above and one-quarter of a mile below the site of the proposed bridge, the topography of the banks of the river, the line of low and highest navigable water, an accurate representation of the bed of the river by contour lines, two feet apart, determined by accurate soundings; and shall also show over the whole width of this part of the river, the force and direction of the currents at low water, and at high navigable stages, by triangulated observations on suitable floats. The map shall also show the location of all bridges, locks, and dams, coal tipples, breakwaters, and others structures within the highwater lives in the designated area. Said map and drawings shall be referred to a board of engineer officers or to the engineer officer in charge of the Muskingum River for examination and report; and said board, or officer, shall visit the site of the proposed bridge and sball hold a public session at some convenient point, of which public session due notice and invitation to be present shall be given to all'interested parties; and if said board, or officer, shall report the site as unfavorable, the Secretary of War, is authorized to require that such changes be made in the proposed bridge by lengthening the spans, or by the addition of guiding dikes or other auxiliary works, or by both, or by increasing the height, or by such other modifications as will make the bridge as safe for navigation as if built in a favorable part of the river; and no bridge shall be begun until the plans have been approved by the Secretary of War.

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