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Dates of ice closings and openings on the Missouri River, 1872-1887-Continued.

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Sioux City..
Omaha..
Plattsmouth

Nebraska City.....

Brownville
White Cloud..

Saint Joseph
Atchison

Leavenworth

Kansas City

Nov. 222 Mar. 13 Dec. 5 Mar. 23 Nov. 19 Mar. 11

Mar. 10 Jan. 7 Mar. 17 Nov. 28 Mar. 10
Mar. 10

Dec. 22
Jan. 7

Dec. 254 Mar. 12
Mar. 1731

Dec. 27)
Dec. 7

Dec. 4
Dec. 18 Mar. 10

Jan. 11

Dec. 10
Jan. 4
(Mar. 17)

Dec. 27 Mar. 9
Dec. 10 Dec. 23 Dec. 3 Dec. 10
Mar. 10
Jan. Feb. 235) Dec, 25 Mar. 7

Dec. 21 Dec. 3
Dec. 14

Dec. 10
Dec. 19 Mar.

7
Jan.

8 Feb. 24 Dec. 28 Mar. 1
Nov. 27 Dec. 10 Dec. 27 Nov. 29 Dec. 10
Nov. 25
Mar. 12 Jan. 6 Feb. 246 Dec. 19 Mar. 8

8 Dec. 22 Dec.
Dec.

5 Dec. 9 Dec. 18 Mar. 8 Jan. 8 Feb. 22 Dec, 28

1

Mar. 57 Dec. 97

Deo. 4 Dec. 10
Dec. 17 Mar. 6

Jan. 53
Feb. 20

Dec. 26 Feb. 23
Dec. 13 Dec. 22

Dec. 48 Dec, 10
Dec. 22 Feb. 6
Jan. 7 | Feb. 13

Jan.

9 Feb. 8 Dec. 14° Feb. 6)

6

sDec. Feb. 10

Dec. 10 Mar. Jan. 4

Feb. 18
8

Dec. 27 Feb. 8
Mar. 6 Mar. 9)
Dec. 18

Dec. 11

SDec. 5
Mar. 14 Jan. 8 Feb. 19

Dec. 27

Feb.

9 Dec. 24

Dec. 42
Mar. 5 Jan. 10 Feb. 17

Feb. 9

Deo. 25 1

Dec. 41 Dec. 92 Dec. 21 Mar. 3 Dec. 16

Dec. 29 Feb. 7
Dec. 192

Mar. 5
Dec. 13

Jan. 28
Jan. 15
Jan. 8 Feb). 1811

Dec.

4 Dec. 11 Jan. 11 Feb. 14

Jan. 1 Jan. 24 Dec. 11 Dec. 252

Dec. 31 Jan. 22 Jan. 19

Feb. 125

Dec. 23, Dec. 1 Dec. 14

Dec. 10
Dec 19 Dec. 3012

Jan. 7 Feb. 16 Dec. 24 Jan. 27

Lexington

Waverly.....

De Witt

Dec. 22 3 Dec. 30

Glasgow..
Boon ville ...
Jefferson City
Saint Charles.
Saint Louis?.

" Mississippi River.
2 Ice running
8 Ice broke up slowly (date approximate);
* December 2 ice gorged in west channel below gauge.
6 Partial break up.
6 Ice gorged and broke above bridge.

Ice breaking and going out all week ending March 5, 1887. & Ice closed at Quindaro:

9 The exact date of closing not given. December 14 river was full of running ice, and on December 21 ice was l' inches thick in channel.

10 Closed 3 miles above.
11 River full of floating ice.
12 Also thirty-five days in January and February.

APPENDIX A 1.

REPORT OF SECRETARY ON PRECISE LEVELING.

Missouri River COMMISSION,

Saint Louis, Mo., November 21, 1887. Sir: I have the honor to report that the work of precise leveling between Saint Louis City Directrix and United States Engineer P. B. M. 17 of Missouri River (published list of 1881) has been completed by Mr. O. W. Ferguson, who had charge of the party.

It will be remembered that the Missouri River levels were based on P. B. M. 12 of the Mississippi River Commission, situated at the mouth of the Missouri River. The elevation of this P. B. M. 12 was given, at first, as 13m 2824 above Saint Louis City Directrix. On this the published Missouri River elevations were calculated. In March, 1886, it was discovered that the elevation of P. B. M. 12, as finally determined and published in Annual Report of Mississippi River Commission for 1883, was given as 13.3360, a difference of +10.341"}

Om

S From that time to date this +0.341 has been adopted as the proper correction for all the Missouri River elevations.

The line of precise levels now completed had for its object a direct check on the elevation of Mississippi River Commission, P. B. M. 12 above Saint Louis City Directrix, and as a result the determination of the constant correction, if any, to be applied to the published Missouri River clevations.

The results are shown on the table appended.

From an examination of the table it will be seen that the constant correction to be applied to the elevations on the Missouri River as published is + 0.300 instead of +0.341.

It should be borne in mind that this +0'.300 error is not to be charged to the level work done on the Missouri River.

The last column of the table gives the corrections for the Missouri River due to instrumental and other field work errors for the work between the mouth oföthe river and Saint Cbarles; and when it is remembered that the wye level alone was used on the Missouri River, the figures referred to are an indorsement of the opinion expressed in the Annual Report of the Commission for 1886, that the elevations as determined along the Missouri River are quite reliable.

It is proposed to publish, as soon as may be, a correct list of Missouri River elevations. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

THEO. A. BINGHAM,
First Lieutenant of Engineers, U. S. Army,

Secretary Missouri River Commission. Lient. Col. Cuas. R. SUTER,

Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army,

President Missouri River Commission, Saint Louis, Mo.

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Saint Lonis City Directrix, 0.00
U.S. C. S. B. M*

+ 0.0033

+ 0.01739 30 mark, water gaugo at {

jm. 1285

3' . 70246 J. R. C. P. B. M. 15..... + 0.8144

+ 2.67194 89' mark, river gange ats 3m 4820

Wat. Wk's, Saint Louis. 11'. 42399 U.R.C.P. B. M. 14..... + 30.8325

+ 12.51393 M. R. C. P. B. M. 13.

+ 5.3488

+ 17' .54872 M.R.C.P. B. M. 12..

+ 137.3739

+ 43.87801 Missouri River P. B. M. 6 ... + 5.9328

+ 19.46474 Missouri River P. B. M. 7... + 5". 4821

+ 17' .98005 Missouri Rirer P. B. II. 8... + 1 m. 2833

+ 1,21034 Missouri Rirer P. B. M. 9... 7m. 6143

+ 25' .07994 Missouri River P. B. M. 11.. + 7m. 6172

+ 23' . 0915 Missouri River P. B. M. 15.. + 7m. 7391

+ 25.39098 Missouri River P. B. M. 17.. + gr. 2074

+ 30' . 20827

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*

Letter of January 30, 1886, says it is at same level as City Directris.

APPENDIX A 2.

Descriptions and elevations of bench-marks on the Missouri River, referred to Saint Louis

City directrix, May, 1888. List of bench-warks No. 1 was issued 1881-82. This list is No. 2. It is corrected by all data on filo up to date. Its elevations were determined by wye levels, except the following, which are precise level determinations : 0 (12)—7 (11)-8 (10; -9 (91–11 (7)—15 (3)—17 (1)-Each bench-mark has two numbers. The one in parenthesis is the one in the note books; the other is that of the complete oli series reckoning from the mouth np. A new series is in progress. The new bench.marks are placed on lines generally straight across the valley, these lines being abont 5 miles apart. The desig. nations of the view bench-marks are in the form of a fraction, the numerator being the number of the line reckoning from the mouth up; the denominator being the number of the bench-mark in that live reckoning from the right bank: All elevations refer to the Saint Louis City directrix, wbich is 433.97 feet above the Cairo datum and 412.71 feet above the Mississippi River Commission 1881, determination of mean Gulf tide at Liloxi, Miss.)

No.

Eleva.
tion.

Above

Description.

the month.

.

Feet. 43. 878

Miles.

9. 184

1 (17) Equals P. B. M. 12 of Mississippi River Commission; "top of copper Month Mis. bolt in stone in ground in corner of woods, 20 meters west of Co. souri River. lumbia Road, 800 meters from river, 9 miles above Saint Louis

water.works, on land owned by Chambers" 2 (16) On east side of Listoot elm, in woods behind willow bar, 140 feet west

of high bank, 2,200 feet south of mouth of Missouri River... 3 (15) Equals " B. M. 80" of 1879: on east side of 2.5.foot rycamore on edge

of high bank behind willow bar, 520 feet south of Missouri River.. 4 (14) ! On northwest side of 4.5-foot sycamore, 600 feet from river, 200 fret

north of 13-story frawie dwelling of Christ. Hurstmann, on south side
of a small cluinp of timber 13 miles above mouth of river, vicinity
of P. 521.

6. 370

1

7. 185

Descriptions and elevations of bench-marks on the Missouri River, etc.—Continued.

No.

Description.

Eleva tion.

Above

tho mouth.

5 (13)

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25.080

9.3

On west side of 3.2.foot sycamore, 900 foot from river, 400 feet from
edge of high bank, 30 feet east of fence line between tields, one-
fourth mile below foot of isiand tow-bead, 27 miles above mouth of

river: vicinity of P. 517
6 (12) On 1.9.foot black oak, on side of bluff, 70 feet from river, one-half

mile below mouth of creek at site of Fort Belle Fontaine 7 (11) Equals " B. M. 79” of 1879; on 2.5-foot cotton wood, on lower side of Jamestown. ravine at Jamestown Landing 8 (10) Horizontal furrow in head of copper bolt leaded into northwest ex:

posure of hard limestone ledge, about 500 feet below foot of island

iow-bead, 780 feet above fence, 2,900 feet above Jamestown Landing 9 (9) On 1.6-foot pignut bickory, in field on side of blutt, 150 feet from

river, at lower end of small bottom, 2 miles above Jamestown Land.

ing; vicinity of A9201.. 10 (8) On 3.1.foot cotton wood, on edge of high water bank, behind willow

and cottonwood flat ; opposite head of small island tow.head, one

17.071

10.9

25. 089

14.9

19. 775

16.4

23. 374

18.5

24. 392

19.8

25. 391

20.7

half mile below foot of Pelican Bar ; vicinity of sounding stake A 175. 11 (7)

Horizontal furrow in head of copper bolt leaded into hard limestone

ledge, on south side of wagon road, and 4.5 feet above its level, 220
feet below lower end of stone quarry, 1,200 feet below Hall's or

Music's ferry:
12 (6) On north side of 2-foot burr oak, 170 feet from river, on line between

woods on west and fields on east, one-quarter mile above small

island willow tow-head, l} miles above Hall's Ferry. 13

(5) On west side of 2-foot elm, 120 feet from river, on west side of clump Charbonnier

of timber 1 mile below Charbonnier Bluff, and about one-quarter

milo below head of Charbonnier Island...
14 (4) On west side of 3.3-foot cotton wood, 120 feet from river, 215 feet

south of 19.story frame dwelling of Louis Knapp. The tree stands

in lane, 500 feet above Charbonnier Bluff'. 15 (3) On 1.2-foot black oak, on east side of wagon road, 40 feet from edge

of high-water bank, 1 mile from edge of shore bar, about 1 mile above

Charbonnier Bluff
16
(2) On northwest side of 1.6-foot cottonwood, 150 feet from edge of high-

water bank, in cottonwood timber, opposite or a little way above
head of Holme's Island, about 1 mile from edge of shore bar, 3

miles below Saint Charles Bridge....,
17 (1) Horizontal furrow in head of copper bolt leaded into northwest side
St. Charles

of seventh pier from Saint Charles end of bridge at Saint Charles,

Mo..
17 (a) Gauge B. M.-A cross (+) cut on top of horizontal surface of pro-

jecticg rock, on first course of masonry above ground, on southwest
corner of Pier No. 1 (counting from left bank), of Saint Charles
Bridge, at Saint Charles, Mo...
"B, M. 77" of 1879-on southwest corner of offeet course of west col-
umn supporting trestle-first column west of west pier, Saint

Charles Bridge
“B. M. 78" of 1879. Top of foundation-course at northeast corner of

2-story brick, on southwest corner of Second and Wood streets,

Saint Charles, Mo 18 (157) On 3.3-foot sycamore, westward one of a pair standing 100 feet from

river, midway between A's 884 and 886. 19 (150) On 2-foot maple, 30 foot from foot of bluff, 125 feet from bank, at point

of bluff nearest river, just above A882. 20 (155) On 1.4-foot cottou wood, on south side of dry chute, 1,500 feet below

A870... 21 (151) On 1.7-foot elm, 80 feet from river. 225 feet above A 866. 22 (153) On 2.5.foot cottonwood, 20 feet from bank, at landing near 862, oppo.

site middle of Catfish Island.. 23 (152) On 8-inch sycamore, 300 feet from river, opposite A863, 1,800 feet be

low A 858; opposite foot of Bonhomme Island 24 (151) On 2.5.foot box alder, standing alone in acultivated field, 350 feet from

river, 2.250 feet below 836... 23. (130) On 1.7-foot pignut hickory, 150 feet from bank, 1,000 feet south from

house, 300 feet above $854 26 (149) On 1.9.foot black walnut, one-quarter of a mile west from house of Cottleville. Ernest Kroenig, 250 feet from river, about opposite Cottleville

Landing 27 (148) On 2-foot elm, 300 feet southwest from house of William Walter, one.

quarter of a mile from river, about opposite R. B. O 619 28 (147) On 3.3.foot maple, 100 feet from river bank, on bank of ditch or dry

crerk, opposite Howell's Island 29 (146) On 1 9-foot linn, 120 feet from river, at foot of bluff, 400 feet below low.

est point of rock bluff above Howell's Island
30 (145) On 1.7.foot sycamore, at month of dry branch, in gully at a 840...
31 (141) Horizontal furrow in head of copper bolt leaded into vertical face of

rock 600 feet abore Tavern Rock, and 20 feet above large crag lean.
ing against cliff..

22. 637

22.1

30. 208

25. 1

28. 691

35. 893

39. 568

29. 861

27.4

29. 715

28.6

34.752 38. 593

32.8 34. 1

39. 554

36.3

35. 896

39. 2

47. 632

40.8

15. 075

41.3

47.912

43.8

54. 504

46.1

46.723

47.9

53. 938 46. 144

48.9 51. 1

41,677

52,1

Descriptions and elerations of bench-marks on the Missouri Rirer, etc. --Continued.

No.

Description.

Eleva-
tion.

Above

the mouth.

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32 (113) On 1.5-foot linn, 40 from river, 300 feet below first point of bluff beSt. Albans. low Saint Albans, Mo 33 (142) On 1.7-foot oak, in recess between blnff's, known as "Eddy Hollow,'

under main bank, just below ^ 834 34 (111) On a donbled and twisted white walnut, 2.5 feet in diameter, in gully

just above A 832 35 (140) On l-foot cottonwood, on east bank of dry slough, 500 feet north

troi honge, vicinity of 830 36 (139) On 1.5.foot cottonwood, 900 feet from river, standing alone in wheat Augusta. field just opposite Augusta, Mo 37 (138) On 2-foot black oak, 200 feet from river in grove about three-fourths

mile above A 828, 200 feet below fence corner, 1,500 feet above farm

house 38 (137) On 3.foot box alder, 2,500 feet below 826, 250 feet from river, in

field owned by Hinkle 39 (130) On 1.2-foot hackberry, 200 feet from river, 150 feet below fence be.

tween wheat field and first timber below South Point, Mo 40 (135) On 1.foot white walnut 100 foet south from railway, in glade, one

half mile above section house, 1} miles below South Point, Mo.. 41 (134) Horizontal furrow in head of copper bolt leaded into face of cut rock, South Point. 1 about 1,000 feet abore depot at South Point, Mo.. 42 (133) On 1.5-foot «lm, 20 feet south from railway, by spring, about 1 milo

below Washington, Mo
42 (a) T. B. M. 3', on corner of red sandstone, top layer of west abut-

ment, river side of open culvert “No. 14a"" of Missouri Pacific
Railroad, about seven-eighths of a mile above Washington, Mo.,

railroad station house.
Washington. “B. M. 75" of 1879; northeast corner of door-sill of Elm street en.

trance of two-story brick building on northwest corner of Water

and Elm streets, Washington, Mo.
“B. M. 74" of 1879; northwest corper water table of three story

double brick, on southeast corner of Water and Elm streets, Wash.

ington, Mo....
43 (132) On 2.1.1oot sycamore, on main bank, 300 feet from chute, 200 feet

from railway, 14 miles above Washington. Mo
(a) T. B. M. 5, on extreme southwest corner of large cut stone used for

bearing for the west end of the south iron plate girder of the Mis.
souri Pacific Railroad iron bridge over the St. John's Creek, abont

24 miles from Washington, Mo
43 (b) T. B. M. 5', is a point within the nipper loop of the “B” of the

railroad B + M,"cut in the upper surface of the south end of the
west abutment of the iron bridgo “ No. 15," over the St. John's

Creek, Missouri Pacitic Railroad, 24 miles above Washington, Mo.. 41 (131) One 10-inch cottonwood, 50 feet southwest from reference tree of A

812. 45 (130)

Mark "("cut on northwest corner of top of riverward wall of cul.

vert 2 miles below Newport, Mo..
46 (129) On 2.3-foot oak, 300 feet south from railway, on west side of bluff,
Newport. 2.000 feet below Newport, Mo...
46 (a) T. B. M. 10, is a | chiseled on the southeast corner of the top cop-

ing stone, east end of land-side wall of the arched culvert of the Mis.
souri Pacific Railroad over the "Little Bæuf" Creek, 300 feet above

Dundee, Mo., station-house..
46 (6) T. B. M. 10', is a chiseled on the southwest corner of west

end stone of coping stone on retaining wall east side creek, land.
ward side of arched culvert over the "Little Baut"Creek, 300 feet

above Dandee, Mo., station-hou 90....
47 (128) On northeast corner of top of east abutment of railroad bridge No. 16,

1 mile above Newport, Mo... 48 (127)

Horizontal furrow in nead of copper bolt set into cut rock at head

of chute or cut off abore Newport, Mo 49 (126) On northeast corner of west abutment of bridge 11 miles below New

Haven, Mo... 50 (125) On northeast corner water tablo of 3-story brick store of New HaNew Haven. ven Merchandise Company, New Haven, Mo.. 51 (121)

On northeast corner northwest wing-wall of Missouri Pacific Rail.

road culvert, 150 feet above head of willow bar, at 0796.
52 (123) On 3.2-foot elm, on main bank, behind willow bar, near A 794 and

railroad station Etlah...
53 (122)

On 2-foot elm, 200 feet from river in field, at head of long willow bar,
Hochn's 2,000 feet above 792, at Hoehn's Landing, Mo.....
Landing
5+ (121) On 5. foot sycamore, 300 feet from river, at eastern edge of timber,

1,200 feet above A 790 .
55 (120) On 1.7-foot elm, on bench, midway between R. B. O's 467 and 468..
56 (119)

On 1.7-foot elm, 200 feet from river, abont 1,500 feet below A 786, in

tirst woods below Bates Island 57 (118) On 10-inch sycamore. ?0 feet from railway, at base of bluff, 1,500 feet Bates Island west from house of August Gatzmeier

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