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great Mississippi River water system, affording 15,000 miles of water navigation, will secure lower and more stable rates of freight than most legislation, and will do it by the laws of competition between different modes of transportation.” (President Gaiennie's report to Merchants’ Exchange of Saint Louis, January 3, 1883, page 12.)

“The river trade, though hampered during the past season by low water, is developing yearly, and forms a very important ontlet to the sea for our foreign grain trade.

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“The foreign trade, taken as a whole, via New Orleans and via the eastern sea-board, has been large, showing that Saint Louis is known in all the markets of the world." (Report for 1887 of Secretary Morgan, of Saint Lous Merchants’ Exchange, pages 21 and 22.) This, too, while the great feeder, the Missouri River, is practically idle.”

Report Merchants' Exchange, Saint Louis, 1887, page 64.-Saint Louis and Missouri River, 1887: Steamers arrived, 161; steamers departed, 171. Receipts in tons, 27,700; shipments in tons, 14,580. Receipts in tons for 1886, 32,620.

Page 73.-Shipments bulk grain, Saint Louis to New Orleans, 1887: Wheat, 3,973,737 bushels; corn, 7,365,340 bushels; total, 327,092 tons.

Page 107.-Receipts at Saint Louis by Missouri River: 27,700 tons in 1887; 32,620 tons in 1886; 10,875 tons in 1885; 28,825 tons in 1881. Shipments: 14,580 tons in 1837 ; 24,255 tons in 1886; 10,330 tons in 1885; 15,285 tons in 1884.

Page 131.- Direct shipments, Saint Louis to foreign countries, by river to New Orleans : 3:25,442 tons in 1887; 232,352 tons in 1883; 231,552 tons in 1835; 175, 126 tons in 1834; 301,629 tons in 1883; 176,583 tous in 1872, 389,587 tons in 1881.

Page 159.-Sources of supply for three years: The West by rail and Missouri River, 11,161,929 bushels corn in 1887; 11,350,690 bushels corn in 1836; 18,055,357 bushels corn in 1885; 7,128, 371 bushels wheat in 1887; 5,337,732 bushels wheat in 1886. Shipments: Europe via New Orleans and river, 7,365,340 bushels corn in 1887 ; 7,501,730 bushels corn in 1886; 8,180,039 bushels corn in 1885; 3,975,017 bushels wheat in 1837 ; 743,439 bushels wheat in 1886; 50,000 bushels wheat in 1885.

Page 132.-Average rates of freight on wheat per bushel from Saint Louis to Lir. erpool :

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Amount of freight either carried past or handled at rarious Lower Missouri River ports

for the season 1887–88.

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248

Saint Louis.
Saint Charles.
Portland
Saint Aubert.
Barkers ville.
Osage River.
Jefferson City
Claysville
Marion
Sandy Hook.
Rocheport.
Boonville
Arrow Rock
Lisbon
Glasgow
Kansas City..

Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. 8,344 9, 228 1, 980 1,500

438

21, 371 8, 344 9, 228 1,980 1,500

438

21, 371 8, 344 9, 228 1,980 1, 500 1, 239 438 74

22, 684 8,314 9,228 1,981) 1, 500 3,378 438

24, 097 8,344 9, 228 1,980 1,500 3, 378 438 607

25, 938 8, 344 9, 228 1, 980 1,500 3, 960 438 1, 620

26, 951 8, 314 9, 228 1,9-0 1,300 3, 960 438 2, 409 321 1, 045 109 29, 215 8,344 9, 228 | 1,980 1,300 3, 960 438 293 321 1, 045

26, 990 8,344 9, 228 1, 980 1,3003, 960 438 293 21

1, 045

26, 990 8, 344 9, 228 1.980 1, 300 3, 960 438 87 270 687

26, 375 8,344 9, 228 1, 980 1, 300 5, 061 438

270 687

27, 389 7, 328 7,875 300

5, 061 438

219 687

22, 171 7,328 7, 875 300 5, 061 438

21, 265 7,328 7,875 6,981

22, 417 7,328 7,875 7,019

22, 485 7,328 7, 875

15, 466

Note 1.-General Meade made eleven trips to Osage River during 1888; cargoes up were mercban. dise, and down, grain and stock. No estimates of amount obtained.

NOTE 2.-Steamer New Haven also ran to Chamois and New Haven with merchandise and returned with grain, but no estimates of cargoes were given.

ENG 88—146

Amount of freight either carried past or handled at t'pper Missouri River ports for the

season 1887–88.

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Batchelor..
Helena
Steamer Missouri.
Transfer No. 2..
Eclipse
Rose Bud.
Benton
General Tompkins
General Terry

Tons. Tona. Tons. (Tone. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons.' Cases. Compa. Tons.

nies.
528
72

92

20
1,230
150
2

5
546

2010
575 140 150 76
300 90 00

30
1, 235
105
21 70 70

2

5
450 140 100
305
215
60 40 72

90 310 110 110 71

50

5

73

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$13, 133. 15

182. 96 75. 93

13,392.04

Ice ......

EXPENDITURES.
Office expenses, traveling expenses, and salaries of Commission.

(Appropriation act of July 5, 1884.)
July 1, 1887, amount available of above allotment...
Received from sales of fuel to officers...
Unpaid liabilities June 30, 1887...

Total.......
Itemized expenditures from July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1888, both
dates inclusive:
Office rent

$1,000.00
Telephone

100,00

27. 00 Awnings, and putting up the same

26.00 Gas...

11.40 Water

20.00 Fuel..

653. 41 Mileage.

733, 76 Traveling expenses.

140, 60 Wages...

8,027.54 Transportation of employés

30.00 Stationery

233, 61 Newspaper subscription

9,90 Telegrams

3.95 Transportation

13. 68 Office furniture

15.50 Hardware

78.50 Lumber...

102.41 Street sprinkling.

22.00 Material and labor.

7.95 Sundries.....

75.68

Total
Unpaid liabilities June 30, 1888.

11,332.95

32. 19

11,365, 14

July 1, 1888, amount available

2, 026.90

Additional surreys and establishment of permanent benck-marks below Sioux City.

(Appropriation act of July 5, 1884./ July 1, 1887, amount available of above allotment

$618.94 Itemized expenditures from July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1888, both dates inclusive: Wages....

$547.08 Privilege of felling trees

68.00 Stationery .

3. 86

618. 94

Pressrvation and observation of gauges, and collection and compilation of physical data.

(Appropriation act of July 5, 1884.) July 1, 1887, amount available of above allotment

$5, 719.38 L'npaid liabilities June 30, 1837.

17.33

5, 736.71

Itemized expenditures from July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1888, both
dates inclusive:

Wages.....
Traveling expenses
Stationery
Wire
Brass plates.
Water-gauge rods.

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July 1, 1888, amount available

320.27 Slope=3' (H. W. 1881). 667.8 Gauge and bridge.! 569. 71 560, 10 668. 46 Bridge..

Special surveys (at Omaha, Atchison, Fort Leavenworth Reserration, Arrow Rock, Platis

mouth, Brownville, and Nebraska City).

$2,505.74

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(Appropriation act of August 5, 1886.) July 1, 1887, amount available of above allotment.. Itemized expenditures from July 1, 1887, to June 30, 1808, both dates inclusive:

$2,449.54 Rope

6.30 Stationery

31.05 Zinc strips..

3. 60 Gas pipe...

3, 15 Privilege of felling trees

12. 10

Wages.

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2,505. 74

Eievations of extreme high water, Missouri Rirer.

[These results, where different from those published, were determined by study of all data on the subject on file in the office of the Missouri River Commission Fobruary 15, 1888. I

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....do

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Saint Charles
Hermann
Jefferson City
Boonville
Glasgow
De Witt
Waverly
Lexington
Sibley
Randolph
Kansas City
Leavenworth
Fort Leavenworth

Feet. Feet. Feet. 25. 1 Gange and bridge. 39.50 28. 68 30. 34 101.1 Gauge

91. 79 92. 54 145. 8 ..do

133. 19 133. 15 197.0 Gauge and bridge. 184. 80 175. 41 175. 39 220.5

201.45 202.77
262. 5 Gauge

224. 15
297.4
...do

252. 45
319.3 do

276.70

273. 20 346. 8 Bridge...

310. 939 303.859
.do

327.32 324. 07
386.3 Gange and bridge 341. 162 331.10 327. 85 Nier, 334.2 (H. W. 1844).
416. 8 Gange

352. 97 349 59
419. 2 ..do

336. 77

Gange to bridge = 1,600'.

Slope='.47 (H. W. 1881)

H. W. 1867= 351'.87. 445. 8 Gauge and bridge.

376.51 371.40 479.5 ....do

400. 62 403. 32 398. 92 530.8 Gauge

438.82

436, 92
542.0
idge.

1885, H. W. 444.59-1887,

445. 04. 579. 9 Gauge

481. 94 478. 10 608. 5 ....do

509.42 507. 10 Bridge to gange = 2,700'.

Slope = +.54 (MnH.W). 639.2 ....do

547. 40 541.90 Gauge to bridge = 4,752'.

569. 97 560. 36 Dist. to U. P. Br. = 2,850'.

H. W. slope='.26. 699.9 ....do

594. 14 585.42 802. 8 Gauge

686. 34 677. 15 Gauge to bridge=10,000.

Slope =1'.74. 1, 427.3 Gauge and bridge. 1, 611.4 1,647.0 Morison's report.

Atchison
Saint Joseph..
White Cloud.
Rulo....
Brownville
Nebraska City..
Plattsmouth
Omaha.
0. & C. B. R. R.
Blair
Sioux City.
Bismarck....

tauge and

1

Dates of ice closings and openings on the Missouri River, 1872-1887.

1872-73.

1873-'74.

1874-'75.

1875-'76.

Locality.

Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening.

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Closing. Oponing. Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening.

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Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening. Closing. Opening.

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1 Ice gorged 23 miles above. ? Ice gorged at Belmont. 3 Mississippi River. * Ice gorged above. December 18 gorged below. $ Exact date of closing not given. More said ice 10 inches thick, Gauge frozen up.

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