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The McKendree College, at Lebanon, under the superintendency of the Methodists, and likewise established in the year 1835, has six professors, and about 150 alumni and students.

The Knox College, at Galesburg, was established in the year 1837. It has seven professors, and the number of its students and alumpi is from 90 to 100.

The Rush Medical College, at Chicago, established in the year 1842, has nine professors, and counts about 130 students and graduates.

The Illinois Hospital for the Insane is at Jacksonville. In the years 1851 to 1854, there were 404 persons admitted into it, of which number 148 were cured, and 27 died. Of the 404 patients admitted, 46 were born in Illinois, and the rest partly in other States of the Union, and partly in Europe. The majority of these patients were males.

In 197 of the patients, causes of their insanity were unknown. Of the other cases, among the known causes, the following deserve to be mentioned:- 37 in consequence of other diseases and defects of the constitution; 33 from child-bearing and certain female diseases; 12 through hereditary imperfections; 13 of injuries to the head; 2 by sun-stroke (coup de soleil); 4 from intemperance; 35 through grief; 22 from pietism ; 8 by “spirit rappings,” or spiritualism; 17 from unhappy love; 6 from excessive study; 2 of home-sickness ; 4 from distress for money; 1 through jealousy; 1 by seduction, and 1 through ambition.

Of the 22 patients whose insanity was caused by pietism, 17 were males and 5 females ; of those from unhappy love, 11 were males and 6 females; and of those who suffered through the influence of spiritual manifestations, '7 were males, and 1 a female.

Since the 16th of June, 1854, the institution has been under the superintendency of Dr. McFarland, late superintendent of the New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane. During the two years, from the 1st of December, 1852, to the 1st of December, 1854, the receipts of the institution amounted to $104,696.59, and the expenditures to $100,680.93.

The Institution for the Education of the Blind is at Jacksonville, and stands under the superintendency of Joshua Rhoads, Esq. According to the Report of the first of January, 1855, there were at that time 35 pupils in it.

The Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb is likewise at Jacksonville. At the beginning of the year 1855, there were 99 pupils in it, of whom 59 were males, and 40 females. Ninety-five were of Illinois, and four from Missouri.

The State Penitentiary is at Alton, and the usual number of its inmates is from 450 to 500.


It is a well-known observation, that the superiority or inferiority of a people with respect to intelligence may be fairly estimated by the greater or lesser activity of the newspaper press in their midst. We therefore record it, as a very satisfactory fact, that Illinois, although but a virgin State, and just entering the period of her real development, already possesses a large amount of daily literature. According to the information we have obtained, there are not less than 161 newspapers published within the State: of these, 147 are printed in the English, 13 in the German, and 1 in the French language. The subjoined is an alphabetical list of them, according to their respective places of publication:

ALTON. The Courier, by G. T. Brown. Daily, weekly, and tri-weekly.

The Democrat, by J. Fitch. Daily and weekly.
Illinois Beobachter. Weekly. (German.)

The Telegraph, by J. L. Baker & Co. Weekly.
AURORA. The Beacon, by D. & J. W. Randall. Weekly.

The Guardian, by S. Whiteley. Weekly.
BATAVIA. — The Fox River Expositor, by Risk & Co. Weekly.
BEARDSTOWN. — The Central Illinoisian, by Shaw & Reavis. Weekly.

The Gazette. Weekly.
BELLEVILLE. The Advocate, by J. S. Coulter. Daily and weekly.

Der Deutsche Democrat. Weekly. (German.)
Belleviller Volksblatt, by Dr. Wenzel. Weekly. (German.)

Belleviller Zeitung, by I. Grimm. Daily. (German.)
BELVIDERE. The Standard, by R. Roberts Weekly
BLOOMINGTON. The Flag. Weekly.

The Pantagraph, by W. E. Foote. Weekly.
The Times. Weekly.
The Central Illinois Times, by J. W. Underwood & Co. Weekly,

CAIRO. — Times and Delta, by E. Willet & L. G. Faxon. Tri-weekly and weekly.
CALEDONIA. — Pulaski Democrat, by Miller. Weekly.
CARLINVILLE. — Macoupin Statesman, by J. L. Dagger. Weekly.
CARLYLE. The Age of Progress, by I. W. Snow. Weekly.
CARROLTON. — The Gazelle, by G. B. Price. ekly.
CENTRAL CITY. — The Gazette, by E. Schiller. Weekly.
CHARLESTON. — The Courier. Weekly.
CHESTER. — The Herald, by Hanna and Phillips. Weekly.
CHICAGO. Bank Note List, by F. G. Adams. Semi-monthly.

Chicago Abendzeitung, by Committi & Beckert. Daily. (German.)
Christian Times, by Church & Smith. Weekly.
Commercial Advertiser, by A. Dutch. Daily, tri-weekly, and weekly.
Congregational Herald, by I. C. Halbrook Weekly.
The Democrat, by John Wentworth. Daily and weekly.
The Democratic Press, by Scripps, Bross & Spears. Daily, tri-weekly,

and weekly.
The Evangelist, by Patterson & Curtis.
The Garden City, by Sloan & Co. Weekly.
The Journal, by Wilson & Co. Daily, tri-weekly, and weekly.
Illinois Staatszeitung, by Höffgen & Schneider. Daily and weekly. (Germ.)
National Demokrat, by Diverzy & Schade. Daily. (German.)
New Covenant, by Skinner & Day. Weekly.
Northwestern Christian Advocate, by J. V. Watson. Weekly.
The Prairie Farmer, by A. F. Kennicott & Co. Weekly.
Prairie Herald, by J. A. Wright. Weekly.
The Times, by Cook & Co. Daily and weekly.
The Tribune, by Fowler & Co. Daily and weekly.
Western Crusader, by J. Dow & Co. Weekly.
Western Enterprise, by E. P. Little. Weekly.
Western Pathfinder, by W. B. Hanner. Weekly.

Western Tablet. Weekly.
DANVILLE. - The Illinois Citizen. Weekly.
DECATUR. - Gazette, by G. Shoaff. Weekly.
DE WITT. - The Courier, by Jones & Watkins. Weekly.
DIXON. The Telegraph, by B. F. Shaw. Weekly.

The Transcript, by Stevens and Johnson. Weekly.
DU PAGE. The Journal, by Keith, Edson & Co. Weekly.
ELGIN. - Kane County Journal, by Lyman & Smith. Weekly.

The Palladium, by Rowe & Joslyn. Weekly.
FAIRFIELD. — Independent Press, by F. C. Mawley. Weekly.

FREEPORT. The Bulletin. Weekly.

Deutscher Anzeiger, by W. Wagner. Weekly. (German.)

The Journal, by H. M. Scheetz. Weekly. ,
FULTON City. — The Advertiser, by McFaddon & Laighton. Weekly.

Whiteside's Investigator. Weekly.
GALENA. - The Advertiser, by H. H. Houghton. Daily, tri-weekly, and weekly.

The Courier, by Leae, Crouch & Co. Daily.
The Jeffersonian, by Ray and Sanford. Weekly.

Norih Western Gazette, by Houghton & Co. Weekly.
GALESBURG. — Free Democrat, by W. J. Woods. Weekly.
GENESEO. - The Standard. Weekly.
GENEVA. – Kane County Democrat, by Herrington & McQuillen. Weekly.
GRAYVILLE. The News, by J. Prather. Weekly.
HAVANA. – Mason County Herald. Weekly.
HILLSBORO. — Montgomery County Herald, by C. D. Dickerson. Weekly.

Prairie Mirror, by G. H. 'Gilmore. Weekly. HUTSONVILLE. — Wabash Sentinel, by E. Callahan. Weekly. JACKSONVILLE. — The Constitutionist. Weekly.

The Morgan Journal, by Selby and Clayton. Weekly.
JERSEYVILLE. — The Prairie State, by A. Smith. Weekly.
JOLIET. — The True Democrat, by A. McIntosh. Weekly.

The Signal, by C. & C. Zarley. Weekly.
KANKAKEE CITY. – Gazette, by Leonard & Grooms. Weekly.

Journal de l'Illinois. Weekly. (French.)
KNOXVILLE. — The Journal, by J. Regan. Weekly.
LACON. The Herald, by $. Ramsey. Weekly.

Illinois Gazette, by A. N. Ford. Weekly.
LAKE ZURICH. — The Banker, by S. Paine. Weekly.
LA SALLE. - The Press, by Boynton & Co. Weekly.
LEWISTOWN. - The Fulton Democrat, by J. M. Davidson, Weekly.

Fulton Ledger. Weekly.

Fulton Republican. Weekly.
LINCOLN. — The Illinois Citizen, by Moudy Fuller. Weekly.
LOCKPORT. The Telegraph, by Dagett & Holcomb. Weekly.
MACOMB. — McDonough Democral, by Smith & Royalty. Weekly.

McDonough Independent, by G. W. Smith. Weekly.
MARSHALL. — The Eastern Illinoisan, by Robinson & Zimmerman. Weekly,

The Telegraph, by S. P. Andrews. Weekly.

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