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STATISTICS.

66

The population of Illinois is returned, by the Census of 1855, at 1,300,251 souls; having, since the year 1810, increased as follows:-In the year 1810 it amounted to

12,282 inhabitants. 1820

55,211 1830

157,445 1835

272,427 1840

476,183 1845

662,125 1850

851,470 1855

.1,300,251 Thus increasingFrom 1810 to 1820 by

42,929 inhabitants. 1820 “ 1830 “

102,234 1830 • 1835 "

114,982 1835 • 1840

203,756 1840 - 1845 “

185,942 1845 “ 1850"

189,345 1850 « 1855 66

448,781 What distinguishes the state of Illinois from the other states of the Union, is its gigantic growth in numbers, as upon instituting a comparison with those states, the ratio of the increase in the population of which has also been very considerable, will be placed beyond a doubt.

The United States' Census returns the population of Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, as follows: Indiana, ........ in 1800

4,875 inhabitants. 1810

24,520 1820

147,178 1830

343,031 1840

685,866 1850

988,416

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Maine, .......... in 1790

1800 1810 1820 1830 1840

1850 Massachusetts, in 1790

1800 1810 1820 1830 1840

1850 Michigan, in 1810

1820 1830 1840

1850 New Jersey, ... in 1790

1800 1810 1820 1830 1840

1850 New York, ...... in 1790

1800 1810 1820 1830 1840

1850 Ohio, ............ in 1800

1810 1820 1830 1840

1850 Pennsylvania, in 1790

1800 1810

96,540 inhabitants. 151,719 228,705 298,335 399,455 501,793 583,169 378,717 423,245 472,040 523,287 610,408 737,699 994,514

4,762

8,896 31,639 212,267 397,654 184,139 211,949 245,555 277,575 320,823 373,306 489,555 340,120 586,756

959,049 .1,372,812

.1,918,608 .........2,428,921 .... 3,097,394

45,365 230,760 581,434

937,903 .1,519,467 ..1,980,329

434,373 602,361 810,091

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Indiana............

Pennsylvania, in 1820

.1,049,458 inhabitants. 1830

..1,348,233 1840

..1,724,033 1850

.......... 2,311,786 Thus the increase of the population of the before-mentioned states, in which census returns were made since 1810, for the forty years, from 1810 to 1850, must be calculated as follows:

3,931 per cent. Maine .....

155 Massachusetts

110 Michigan

8,250 New Jersey

99 New York

316 Ohio ........

758 Pennsylvania

185 Minois..........

6,832 Although from the above it would appear, that Michigan surpasses the state of Illinois in the rapid increase of its population, on considering that in the year 1850 Michigan possessed a much smaller population than Illinois, having but 397,654 inhabitants to set off against the 851,470 of the latter; that the immigration to Michigan, during the years 1850 — 1855, was considerably less than that to Illinois ; further, that the population of Illinois, during the five years, 1850–1855, has increased by about 52 per cent., or more than onehalf; and during the forty-five years, 1810-1855, by about 10,486 per cent.; we can only regret that we are not in possession of the returns of the census of Michigan for 1855; by placing the statement given by these with regard to the increase of the population of Michigan up to that year before the reader, we would be enabled to prove, that the state of Illinois, far from being inferior in rapidity of the growth of its population, for the last forty years, to the other states, is in reality superior not only to them, but also to Michigan.

Iowa and Wisconsin, which states have also prodigiously advanced, could not be well compared with the above states, for the last forty years, they being of too recent date.

Illinois consists of one hundred counties, the population of which, for the years 1840, 1850, and 1855, was, respectively, the following:

COUNTIES.

.....

*........ 2,484

7,076

1840.
1850.

1855.
Adams

14,476
26,598

34,311
Alexander ................
3,313

2,927
Bond

5,060
6,144

7,511
Boone

1,705
7,624

10,994
Brown......

4,183
7,198

7,940
Bureau.......

3,067
8,841

19,518
Calhoun

1,741
3,231

3,768
Carroll

1,023
4,586

7,610
Cass .......................

2,981
7,253

8,916
Champaign .............. 1,475

2,649

6,565
Christian

1,878
3,203

7,041
Clark ........

7,453
9,532

13,863
Clay

3,228

4,289
Clinton....................

3,718
5,139

6,823
*Coles

9,616
9,335

14,937
Cook....

10,201
43,385

103,960
Crawford

4,422
7,135

10,152 • Cumberland

3,718

6,099
De Kalb....................

1,697
7,540

13,636
De Witt

3,247
5,002

8,508
Du Page........ 3,535

9,290

12,307
Edgar .....

8,225
10,692

13,920
Edwards ....

3,070
3,524

4,598
Effingham...... 1,675 ............. 3,799

6,226
Fayette
6,328 ...... 8,075

9,592
Franklin

3,682
5,081

7,182
Fulton

13,142
22,508

27,968
*Gallatin

10,760
5,448

6,723
Greene..........

11,951
12,429

13,092
*Grundy

3,023

7,021
Hamilton .......

3,945
6,362

7,212
Hancock......... 9,946 ... 14,652

22,158
Hardin

1,378
2,887

3,920
Henderson............

4,612

7,128 Henry

1,260

3,807

............ 9,218
+Iroquois...

1,695
4,149

6,788
Jackson

3,566
5,862

7,834
Jasper

1,472
3,220

6,812

* The couaties marked * were, during the years 1840–1850, subdivided into new counties.

i From the counties Will and Iroquois, denoted by t, sections were taken since 1850, and made to constitute Kankakee county.

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COUNTIES.
Jefferson.
Jersey....

Jo Daviess.
*Johnson..........

Kane .......
Kankakee..........
Kendall.
Knox......

Lake
*La Salle
*Lawrence
Lee
Livingston
Logan.......
McDonough.............
McHenry
McLean...................
*Macon ..................
Macoupin
Madison
Marion
Marshall.............
Mason ....
Massac
Menard.........

........
Mercer.....
Monroe.....
Montgomery
Morgan..
Moultrie....
Ogle
Peoria .......
Perry
Platt.........

Pike..........
*Pope.........
Pulaski.
Putnam ..........
Randolph
Richland
Rock Island .......
St. Clair ..........

7,060 2,634 9,348 7,092 2,035

759 2,333 5,308 2,578 6,565 3,039 7,826 14,433 4,742 1,849

1850.

1855. 8,109 .... 10,258 7,354

8,771 18,604

24,104 4,114

4,966 16,703

26,665

10,110 7,730

10,145 13,279

22,847 14,226

17,630 17,815

85,563 6,121

8,160 5,292

11,618 1,552

4,606 5,128 ..

8,324 7,610

12,886 14,978 ....... 19,285 10,163

19,578 3,998

............. 8,365 12,355

17,403 20,441

31,556 6,720

10,139 5,180

9,900 5,921

7,775 4,092

5,692 6,349

8,029 5,246

9,660 7,629

10,285 6,277

9,041 16,064

17,735 3,234

4,435 10,120

16,456 17,547

30,134 5,278

6,858 1,605

3,052 18,819

28,351 3,975

6,835 2,265

2,462 3,024

5,100 11,879

12,601 4,012

7,049 6,937 .... 16,217 20,180 .... 28,554

............

4,431 2,352 4,481 4,490 19,549

8,479 6,153 3,222

....

11,728 4,094

2,131
7,944

2,010 ... 13,631

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