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accorded advantages Africa already America amount appears arms army asserted attempt authority become blockade capital cause character citizens commencement communication condition Confederation Congress consequence considerable considered constitution convention cotton cultivation delegated demand desire duty effect emancipation England entire equally Europe evidence existence extent fact favour Federal Government feeling follows force hand idea importance increase independent India individual influence interests labour least less liberty limited Lincoln majority manufactured master means Michigan nature necessary negro never North Northern object obtained party peace persons political population possession present President production protection question race reason reference regard relation remained rendered respect result secession seen slave labour slavery slaves soon South Southern sovereignty success sufficient Sumter supply territory tion trade true Union United Virginia whole
Page 6 - The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defence, the security of their Liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks made upon, them or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretence whatever.
Page 7 - Confederation are submitted to them. And the Articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the Union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them, unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the Legislatures of every State.
Page 19 - ... not as individuals composing one entire nation; but as composing the distinct and independent States to which they respectively belong. It is to be the assent and ratification of the several States, derived from the supreme authority in each State, the authority of the people themselves. The act therefore establishing the Constitution, will not be a national but a federal act.
Page 146 - The fact is so; and these people of the southern colonies are much more strongly, and with a higher and more stubborn spirit, attached to liberty than those to the northward. Such were all the ancient commonwealths, such were our Gothic ancestors, such in our days were the Poles, and such will be all masters of slaves who are not slaves themselves. In such a people, the haughtiness of domination combines with the spirit of freedom, fortifies it, and renders it invincible.
Page 18 - The proposed Constitution, therefore, is, in strictness, neither a national nor a federal Constitution, but a composition of both. In its foundation it is federal, not national ; in the sources from which the ordinary powers of the government are drawn, it is partly federal and partly national ; in the operation of these powers, it is national, not federal ; in the extent of them, again, it is federal, not national ; and, finally, in the authoritative mode of introducing amendments, it is neither...
Page 17 - The conventions of a number of the states having, at the time of their adopting the constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should bo added ; and, as extending the ground of public confidence in the government will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution...
Page 20 - Each State, in ratifying the Constitution, is considered as a sovereign body independent of all others, and only to be bound by its own voluntary act.
Page 69 - The fact is that our Union rests upon public opinion, and can never be cemented by the blood of its citizens shed in civil war. If it can not live in the affections of the people, it must one day perish. Congress possesses many means of preserving it by conciliation, but the sword was not placed in their hand to preserve it by force.
Page 21 - But if the government be national with regard to the operation of its powers, it changes its aspect again when we contemplate it in relation to the extent of its powers. The idea of a national government involves in it not only an authority over the individual citizens, but an indefinite supremacy over all persons and things, so far as they are objects of lawful government.
Page 68 - ... Constitution delegated to Congress the power to coerce a State into submission which is attempting to withdraw or has actually withdrawn from the Confederacy? If answered in the affirmative, it must be on the principle that the power has been conferred upon Congress to declare and to make war against a State.