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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Frederick C. Pierce...... Frontispiece Foster Coat of Arms..
9 Autograph Prof. John Fiske.
II Foster Coat of Arms.. Bamborough Castle, English Home of the Fosters...
27 Autograph Sophia Foster Symes. 44 St. Aidan's Church, Exterior.
45 St. Aidan's Church, Interior,
46 Foster Coat of Arms...
56 Autograph Reginald Foster.
IIO Views of Ipswich, Mass.. Autograph Reginald Foster
114 Autograph Reginald Foster.
116 Mrs. Sarah A. Sherwin.
179 Charles M. French..
180 David Starr Jordan, LL. D...
182 Col. Joseph Foster. Col. Foster's Parole..
185 Hon. Rufus Choate.
191 Hon. Abiel Foster, M. C..
198 Machias, Me., Bay and Island, 205 Foster's Rubicon
206 East Machias, Me..
207 Near Machias, Me.
208 Mrs. Fanny A. Elliott. Hon. Lafayette S. Foster
240 H. H. Rowe...
262 Hon. Ira Colby.
268 Eugene Denton Brooks
273 Hon. Lucien M. Kilburn,
275 Mrs. Mary Foster Chamberlain 278 Hon. Henry Chamberlain.
279 Paul Mellen Chamberlain.
280 Hon. Mellen Chamberlain.
281 Mrs. Maria Foster Wood.
300 Deacon Stephen Wood.
300 Nathan Lanesford Foster.
321 Mrs. Elizabeth L. F. Mather.
322 Mrs. Catherine L, T. King.
324 Dr. John Wells Foster, LL. D. 326 Mrs. Elizabeth F. Draper
328 Judge John Porter..
329 Rev. William Foster Peirce. Deacon John E. Foster. Capt. Joseph Foster.. Hon. George Foster..
362 Mrs. G. Spencer Shimmin.
367 Joseph Foster..
368 Joseph A. Foster
369 Thomas Foster
391 393 394 397 405 407 413 427 427 429 431 439 439 442 444 445 448 449 451 453 462 463 465 477 480 483 505
Dr. E. J. Foster-Eddy
508 514 516 543 547 555 556 557 557 583 583 585 593 596 608 610 624 625 626 627 629 631 632
332 337 348
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
PAGE. Mrs. Rebecca Foster...
632 Hon. Henry Lewis Foster. Mrs. Rebecca Foster..
633 Mrs. Lafayette Smith.
634 Mrs. Frances F. Sumner.
634 Dr. Gilman Osgood..
671 Franklin Elwell Foster..
642 Louis Frederick Foster.
647 Col. Theodore S. Foster.
648 Rev. E. B. Foster, D. D
650 Dr. Wm. Davis Foster.
657 Benjamin G. Foster.
658 Hon. James H. Foster.
661 Mrs. Richard Macauley
663 George T. Macauley..
663 Hon. George E. Foster.
664 Dr. Daniel Shays Foster
672 Volney William Foster, Esq.
673 Rear of Volney W. Foster's Residence
675 Albert Volney Foster.
676 Eva Cornelia Foster
677 Capt. Herbert G. Foster
682 Rev. Addison P. Foster. D. D.
684 Capt. William T. Foster
688 Henry M. Foster...
691 Sumner S. Foster.
692 Mrs. E. B. Hutchins.
715 Hon. Amos Gould.
716 Mrs. Louisa Peck Gould Rev. David P. French.
751 Dr. George G. French
752 Lucile Foster French.
753 James H. Bullard..
756 Dr. Stephen Sewell Foster.
759 Hon. Paul H. Sweetser
768 Rev. Edwin C. Sweetser.
771 Major David Thwing Charles G. Foster Hon. George F. Davis
790 Stephen Foster..
794 Ephraim Foster
795 Deacon Joseph Foster,
796 Prof. John H. Loomis.
797 Hosea Foster..
798 Charles W. Foster.
800 Freeman R. Foster
801 Judge Samuel Willard Foster 805
PAGE. Autograph Hon. John B. Foster.... 807 Gen. Charles H. Howard.
808 Judge William Lawrence Foster.
811 Hon. Asa B. Foster.... Rev. Aaron Foster.
815 Rev. Samuel Fiske.
816 Dr. George Foster Fiske.
818 Foster Hall, Chicago University. 819 Mrs. Nancy Foster..
819 Dr. John H. Foster (steel plate insert).
819 Perkins Bass, Esq.
820 John Foster Bass Rev. Edward Clark Porter.
822 Hon. George E. Adams.
823 Hon. Charles B. Foster
636 William Elmore Foster
840 Col. D. Jack Foster.
850 Hon. Charles Foster,
855 George G. Foster.
859 Samuel B. Foster,
860 Autograph Rev. John M. Foster.. 863 James Brown Foster.
867 Foster Coat of Arms.
878 Autograph Christopher Foster 880 Alonzo Foster
905 Richard V. Carpenter.
913 Charles H. Walden
924 The Craigie House.
937 Henry Norman Rice.
951 Mrs. Lydia L. Pettibone.
957 P. Foster Pettibone. Howard C. Pettibone
058 Rev. Luman A. Pettibone.
959 Robert S. Pettibone.
959 Moses Foster Sweetser.
960 Col. Calvin Foster Rev. Charles F. Foster. Foster Coat of Arms,
980 Dr. Henıy Foster (steel plate insert)
1004 S. W. Foster.
1009 Hon. Charles D. Foster.
1013 Dr, Hubbard A. Foster.
1014 Hon. Henry A. Foster.
1025 Judge Henry A. Foster
1030 Hon, O. H. Foster.
HILE making historical investigations for Mr. Volney W.
Foster, of Evanston, Ill., I found that no adequate geneal
ogy of this very prominent and important family had ever been compiled. In collecting data for his branch I secured much of the other branches, and finally decided to compile this volume, which was done after a year's work. A number of small pamphlets in relation to the various branches of the Fosters have been printed, and have been available. Town, city, county, State, and probate records have been examined, from which much valuable information has been obtained, and many heretofore disputed points settled. The work makes a volume nearly double the size of the one contemplated, and includes all Fosters whose ancestors were in this country prior to 1700. The history of the English branch is intensely interesting, and the Americans may well feel a pride in their ancestry.
The arrangement of the matter is the same style as in my former publications; copied after the style in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, it is the simplest, best, and most comprehensive. My thanks are due to all those who have so generously aided me in this compilation, and especially to Volney W. Foster, Evanston, 111. ; Mrs. Silas A. Pierce, Grafton, Mass. ; F. L. Ora, Esq., Chicago, Ill. ; Frederick Foster, St. Paul, Minn.; Seymour Morris, Chicago, Ill., and others.
FREDERICK C. PIERCE. Chicago, Oct. 9, 1899.
ORIGIN OF THE NAME FOSTER.
HE first that is known of the name Foster was about the year
1050, when Sir Richard Forester, called then by his Latinized
name, Forestarius, went over to England. He accompanied his brother-in-law, William the Conqueror, and his father, Baldwin the IV, the forester, called “Le Debonaire," whose wife was Adela, daughter of Robert, King of France, and participated in the victorious battle at Hastings.
We find the name first Forrester, then Forester and now Foster. In France it is Forestier; în low Latin, Forestarius, from Foresta, a wood. In old German it is Forestari, Forstare and now in Germany, we find it Vorstære. The meaning is, one who has charge of a forest or forests; one who has charge of growing timber on an estate, as in Gesta Romanorum, p. 206: "I am forester
of the Emperoures in this forest.” Or one who lives in a forest or wild wooded country.
“Where foresters and shepherds dwell.”_Wordsworth's White Doe of Rylstone. Or, a forest tree as in Evelyn Silva: "This niceness is more conspicuous in flowers and the herbaceous offspring than in foresters.” Or, a member of the benefit soci. ety so called. It has within its pale some hundred thousand members.
The Encyclopedic Dictionary has this: Foster, v, t and i ca. s. fostrian from fostor, fostur-nourishment; from foda-food; cogn. with Dan., fostre—to bring up; foster-offspring: Icel., fostr — nursing; fostra—to nurse; Sw., foster-Embryo; fostra-to foster.] A.-Transitive.
To feed, to nourish, to support, to bring up, to nurse. "Some say that ravens foster forlorn children.”—Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus.
To promote the growth of; to sustain and promote; to forward. “Western winds do foster forth our flowers.”—Gascoigne; Complaint of Philomerie.
3. To encourage, to pamper.
“A prince of great courage and beauty, but fostered up in blood by his naughty father.” -Sidney.
To cherish, to harbor, to indulge; as to foster ill-feeling.
Crabb, in Eng. Synom thus discriminates between to foster, to cherish, to
"God was my foster,
Under the book of the Palm tree.” -Longfellow, Foster, forester. A contraction of forester in which form it still exists as a proper name.
It is several times used by Spenser, and is found in the romance of Bevis of Hampton. Percy explains the word as: "Foresters of
the King's Demesne” (Nares). "A foster was he sothely.”—Chaucer.
Lower's Family Names.- Foster-sometimes a contraction of Forester; but there is an origin at least equally probable; viz., fosterer, one who feeds and has the charge of children instead of their parents. “When a gesithcundman left his land, he was at liberty to take away his Reeve, his smith and his child's Fosterer.” Laws of Ina, King of Wessex, Thrope, i, 145; Arch
æologia, xxxiii, 277. Prof. John Fiske, the most eminent historian in the country to-day, in writing to the author in relation to the origin of names, says: The origin of surnames is not perfectly clear. The largest and most familiar groups of surnames are either (1) patronymics, such as Johnson, Jones, Wilson, etc.; or (2) names of villages and estates, such as Washington, Frothingham (a corruption of Fotheringham), Greenough (green field), Holmes (meadow), Etherston (Adder's Stone), Stanley (stony pasture), etc.; or (3) names descriptive of occupation or social position, such as Mason, "Carpenter, Franklin (country squire), Baker and its feminine Baxter, Thatcher and Thaxter, Weaver and Webster, Draper, Smith, Fletcher (arrowmaker), Chapman (merchant), Cooper, Butler, Cartwright, Sargent, Waterman, Sawyer, Chandler, Bishop, Abbot, Clark, Constable, Spencer (steward), Grosvenor (chief huntsman), Woodward (forest-keeper), Youmans (yeoman), etc.
The earliest use of family names in England was about the beginning of the eleventh century. Long before that time, indeed, clan names were common, and such were always patronymics, e. g., Fotherings, the descendants of Fother; Beormings, the descendants of Beorm; Icklings, the descendants of Ickel. At the time of the Anglo-Saxon conquest of Britain (fifth and sixth centuries) it was customary for a clan to settle in a stockaded village by itself, and all English towns whose names end in ham or ton, preceded by ing, were originally the abodes of single clans; e. g., Birmingham, home of the children of Beorm; Icklington, town of the children of Ickel. Besides these general clan names no others were in use except individual names, such as Alfred or Edith.
The use of family names, beginning in the eleventh century, increased slowly. It was not until the fifteenth century that such names became nearly universal, and also stationary. At first they were shifting in usage. Thus, the same man might be called Henry Wilson, because his father was named William, or Henry Frothingham, because he lived at the village of Fotheringham, or Henry Draper, because of his occupation. If the son of this Henry were named Robert, and were any kind of a worker in metals, from an armorer to a blacksmith, he might be known as Robert Harrison or Robert Smith. Surnames had not ceased to fluctuate in this way until the fifteenth century, and it was not until late in the sixteenth that more importance began to be attached to the family surname than to the individual baptismal name. It appears, therefore, that in tracing back the Foster genealogy into the ninth century, we are approaching the time at which difficulty must arise from fluctuations of surname. In the thirteenth century we should be quite likely to encounter such confusion and to find the helpfulness of surnames in tracing genealogies vastly diminished.
Surnames derived from estates or localities seem to have been the first to become stationary, and next after them the surnames derived from trade or office, since sons have so commonly followed their fathers in business.
We are at first struck with the fact that barbarians commonly use such names, both for individuals and for clans. Such individual names as Grey Wolf or Yellow Raccoon often owe their origin to some personal peculiarity or to some irrecoverable incident. Among American Indians, and in general among barbarians all over the world, the clans are apt to have such names as Wolf, Eagle, Salmon, Turtle, etc. ; the totem, or symbol of the Wolf clan, the idol or image of its tutelar deity, is likely to be a rude image of a wolf or wolf's head; and in many cases the clan is supposed to have had a wolf for its first ancestor.
Shall we say, then, that animal surnames in modern English are survivals of ancient heathen clan-names? To this view there seems to be a serious objection. The conversion of our English forefathers from heathenism to Christianity was completed in the seventh century, at least four hundred years before the earliest use of surnames in England. The old clan system, moreover, had crumbled to pieces long before the Norman Conquest. It is not likely, therefore, that habits of naming characteristics of the old heathen clans could have persisted long enough to give rise to a whole class of surnames so late as the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
Between the ancient systems of totem devices and the heraldry of the Middle Ages there were many analogies and doubtless some points of connection; though, on the whole, the former must be regarded as the predecessor of the latter, not as