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able according action adjustment advantage affairs afford allowed attend basis benefit build capital carried carriers cars cause charge Commerce commission companies competition considered construction cost demand desire determine direct discrimination duty economic effect enforce enterprise equal exercise exists expenses experience fact favorable fixed freight hand ignorant impossible increase individuals industries influence injury instances interest interference invested lack legislation less limited lines markets matter means ment methods natural necessary necessities needs never operation owners particular pooling possible practical prevent principles profit prosperity protection question rail railroads railway rates reasonable receive reduced reference regard Regulation require restrict result roads rule secure shipper supply tariffs thing tion trade traffic transportation United wants Wherever whole wise
Page 270 - That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the provisions of this act to charge or receive any greater compensation in the aggregate for the transportation of passengers or of like kind of property, under substantially similar circumstances and conditions, for a shorter than for a longer distance over the same line, in the same direction, the shorter being included within the longer distance...
Page 278 - The commission may, by one or more of its members, or by such examiners as it may designate, prosecute any inquiry necessary to its duties in any part of the United States. SEC. 4. That the words defined in this section shall have the following meaning when found in this Act, to wit: "Commerce...
Page 274 - States to an adjacent foreign country, or from any place in the United States through a foreign country to any other place in the United States, and also to the transportation in like manner of property shipped from any place in the United States to a foreign country and carried from such place to a port of transshipment, or shipped from a foreign country to any place in the United States and carried to such place from a port of entry either in the United States or an adjacent foreign country...
Page 274 - That the provisions of this act shall apply to any common carrier or carriers engaged in the transportation of passengers or property wholly by railroad, or partly by railroad and partly by water when both are used, under a common control, management, or arrangement, for a continuous carriage or shipment...
Page 275 - Provided, however, That the provisions of this act shall not apply to the transportation of passengers or property, or to the receiving, delivering, storage, or handling of property, wholly within one State, and not shipped to or from a foreign country from or to any State or Territory as aforesaid.
Page 275 - ... receive any greater compensation in the aggregate for the transportation of passengers or property for a shorter than a longer distance, as already mentioned; it prohibits pooling; by its provisions carriers are required to keep printed schedules of their rates posted at stations, and no advance therein is allowed, except after ten days...
Page 271 - Act, such common carrier may, in special cases, after investigation by the Commission, be authorized to charge less for longer than for shorter distances for the transportation of passengers or property; and the Commission may from time to time prescribe the extent to which tuch designated common carrier may be relieved from the operation of this section of this Act.
Page 27 - ... make a reasonable return on the capital invested. The last named governs only qualifiedly, however. The question is a practical one.* * " To determine whether a rate is reasonable it is necessary, in every instance, to go beyond the single article and consider the whole subject of classification and the whole business of the carrier under it. To challenge the charge for the carriage of a single article is to challenge to some extent the whole rate sheet, and calls for careful consideration of...
Page 135 - Carriages of the same Description, and conveyed or propelled by a like Carriage or Engine, passing only over the same Portion of the Line of Railway under the same Circumstances ; and no Reduction or Advance in any such Tolls shall be made either directly or indirectly in favour of or against any particular Company or Person travelling upon or using the Railway.