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Parfitt, Charles, Bristol, Beer Retailer. May 7 at 12 at offices of
Essery, Nicholas st, Bristol Parish, John Whitting, Canton, Cardiff, Builder. May 12 at 12 at
offices of Price and Daniel, Church st chmbrs, Church st, Cardiff.
Parsons, Henry, Milbomo Styleham, Dorset, Grocer. May 10 at 3 at
offices of Brennand, Blandford Payne. George, Teignmouth, Outfitter. May 12 at 3 at offices of
Whidborne and Tozer, Teignmouth Teoke, Frederick, Shclton, Haaley, Licensed Victualler. May 11 at
12 at offices of Sword, Cheapside, Hanley Plowright, William, Manchester, Hosier. Mfcy 13 at 3 at offices of
Boote and Edgar, Booth st, Manchester Tower, Edward, Queen Victoria st, Surveyor. May 19 at 3 at offices
of Munns and Longden, Old Jewry Kate, Joe, Ufford, Northampton, out of employment. May 14 at 11
at George Hotel, Market pi, Oakham. Harvey, Leicester Roberts, William, Lloyd, Leckhampton, Gloucester, Chandler. May
11 ax 11 at offices of Pruen, Regent st, Cheltenham Ross, Thomas Cameron, Towor hill, Licensed Victualler. May 5 at
2 at offices of Emerson, Leadcnhall st Russon, Joseph Ashmore, Birmingham, Fancy Draper. May 16 at 3
at offices of Rowlands and Co, Colmore row, Birmingham Sawbridge, Charles, Leicester, Builder. May 16 at 3 at offices of
Hincks, Bowling Green st, Loieester Sawford, William Warner, Wimblington, Cambridge, Farmer. May
11 at 12.30 at County Court Office, March. Wise, March Shuttleworth. Edward, Clverston, Laceaster, Farmer. May 13 at
11 at Temperance Hotel, Queen st, Ulverston. Jackson, inversion
Solomon, Edward Smith, Hanley, Grocer. May 6 at 3 at offices of
Ashmall, Albion st, Hanley Spindler, William, Headiugtbn Quarry, Oxford, Coal Dealer, May
16 at 12 at offices of Dudley, Corn Market st, Oxford Standley, John, Smethwick, Stafford, out of business. May 7 at
10.15 at offices of East, Temple st, Birmingham Summers, Emanuel, and Francis George Summers, Worcester,
Coopers. May 11 at 11 at offices of Corbett, Avenue House, The
'Taylor, Robert, Waddington, York, Innkeeper. May 11 at 3 at
offices of Hall and Baldwin, Duck st, Clitheroe Thomas, William Edward, Edward Taylor, and James Fielding,
Stockport, Chester, Laundry and Dairy Engineers. May 16 at 3
at the B Committeo Room, Old Townhall, King st, Manchester.
Sale and Co, Manchester Thorns, Alexander, Liverpool, Bookkeeper. May 10 at 2.30 at offices
of Brabner and Court, Cook st, Liverpool Tomlinson, James, Hanley, Stafford, Grocer. May 12 at 3 at offices
of Sword, Cheapside, Hanley Tresize, William Walter, Beech st. Barbican, Printer. May 19 at 2
at offices of Webb and Son, Barbican chbrs, Barbican Vanstone, William, Torquay, Devon, Builder. May 12 at 12 at offices
of Mackenzies and Hext, Fleet st, Torquay Way, William, Spurkbrook, Aston, nr Birmingham, Grocer. May
12 at 1.30 at 46, Ann 6t. Birmingham. Walter, Birmingham Webb, Charles David, Buckingham Palace rd, Dealer in Tobacco.
May 10 at 1 at offices of Waring, Blackman st. Sout-hwark Webb, George, Aston-juxta-Birmingham, Builder. May 11 at 11 at
offices of Taylor, Colmore row, Birmingham Webb, Thomas, Hut me, Manchester, Dairyman. May It at II at the Crown and Thistle Hotel, Cathedral yard, Manchester. Clemmet, Manchester
"West, George, Poole, Fruiterer. May 12 at 12 at offices of Aldridgc
and Aldridge, King st, Poole Willey, Jos, Hoyland, nr Barusley, York, Chemist. May 12 at 11 at
offices of Parker and Hickmott, Regent st, Barusley Williams, William, Manor terrace, Tottenham, out of business.
May 18 at 10.30 at offices of Rees-Davis and Co, Frederick's pi,
Willis, John, Vero st, Clare Market, Leather Dealer. May 9 at 11 at
Ridler's Hotel. Goatly, Westminster bridge rd Woodend, Robert, Liverpool, Tea Merchant. May 19 at 3 at offices
of Best, Dale st, Liverpool
Tl-esdat, May 3, 1891.
-Ambrose, Thomas, Helious Bnmpstcod, Essex, Farmer. May 14 at 12.30 at Town Hall, Saffron Walden. Freeland and Bellingham, Saffron Walden
Armituge, Benjamin, Liverscdge, York, Currier. May 16 nt 3 at offices of Carrand Cadman, Crown st, Cleckeaton
Aston, Edwin, Sutton Coldfteld, Warwick, Grocer. May 17 at 3 at offices of Jaqncs, Temple row, Birmingham
Balmer, Peter, Searisbrick, near Southpnrt, Lancaster, Brick Manufacturer, May 16 at Hat offices of Ktty, Lord st, Liverpool
Barker, Joseph, Stockton-on-Tees, Draper. May 13 at 12 at Elliott's R/.vnl Hotel, High street, Stockton-on-Tees/ Thomns, Stocktonon-Tees
Basset. Evan, Swansea, Cattle Vendor. May 16 at 4 at offices of Cox,
Adelaide chmbrs, Adelaide st, Swansea Bennett, Ezedor, Moss Side, Manchester. Photographer. May 10 at
1 at offices of Phillips, Marsdeu st, Manchester Bland, Thomas, Alfreton, Derby, Grocer. May 20 at 11.30 at Bell
Hotel. Sadlergate, Derby. Cursham, Ripley Booth, Isaac Wilcock, Leeds, Cloth Manufacturer, May 13 at 2
at offices of Middleton and Sons, Colverley chmbrs, Victoria sq,
Borham. William Henry, Portobollo rd, Rotting hill, Physician. May 12 at 2 at 484, Portobello rd
Boxall, John, Bournemouth, Southampton, Tailor. May 21 »t 1 at Haxell's Royal Exeter Hotel, West Strand. Sharp, Christchurch
Bradley, Samuel, Reading, Printer. May 13 at 12 at 151, Friar st,
Reading. Tidy and Tidy Bramhill, Thomas, Bilston, Stafford, Engineer. May 10 at 11 at
offices of Smith and Son, King's chmbrs, Dudlcj* st, Wolverhain
Britton, William, Slough, Bucks, Boot Seller. May 18 at i at Mackenzie st. Slough
Brooke, Samuel Holdsworth, Checkhcaton, York, Flannel Manufac.
turer. May 11 at 3 at Railway st, Cleokheaton. dough Brown, John, Gateshead, Durham, Beerhouse Keeper. May 18
at 12 at offices of Robson, Townhall, Goteshead-on-Tyno Brown, John, Sheffield, Iron Merchant. May 13 at 12 at offices of
Pearson, Queen st, Sheffield Buckley, James, Carrington Moss, near Sale, Chester, Farmer.
May 16 at 3 at Falstaff Hotel, Market pi, Manchester. Tremewen,
Bulmer, Thomas, Sutton, near Doncaster, Fanner. May 16 at 12 at the Elephant Hotel, St Sepulchre gate, Doncaster. Wainwrighfi and Mason
Burbidge, William, Southwick, Sussex, out of business. May 17
at 3 at the Dolphin Hotel, Chichester. Goodman, Brighton Cain, George, Richmond, Surrey, Builder. May 17 at 3 at offices of
Richardson and Sadler, Golden sq Cant, Joseph, Leicester, Licensed Victualler. May 23 at 3 at offices
of Hincks, Bowling Green st. Leicester Chard, John, Bcrkolev, Gloucester, Innkeeper. May 10 at 2 at
Talbot Hotel, Victoria st, Bristol. Oliver Clapham, George Barnaby, Cheethom, Manchester, Agent. May 18
at 3 at offices of Heath and Sons, Swan st, Manchester Cooke, Arthur, Oxford st, Umbrella Manufacturer. May 20 at 3 at
offices of Husey, Mark lano. Smailman, Queen st, Cheapside Davies, David John, Liverpool, Draper. May 19 at 12 at office of
Carrathers, Lord st, Liverpool Davies, Isaac, and Rees Taylor, Llantrissant, Glamorgan, Tin Plate
Manufacturers. May 17 at 3.30 at Magistrate's Room, Aberavon.
Tonnant and Jones, Aberavon Deacon, William, Cosford, Warwick, out of business. May 14jat 10
at offices of Gledhill, North st, Rugby Derbyshire, William Henry, Dunstable, Bedford, Auctioneer. May
17 at 11 at offices of Benning and Son, West st, Dunstable Dix, Joseph, High Wyconilje, Bucks, Ironmonger. May 19 at 3 at
Council chamber, Guildhall, High Wycombe. Reynolds Droyer, Henry, St George st, St George's-in-the-East, Clothier*
May 11 at 3 at offices of Cattlin, Wormwood st. Old Broad st Dungey, Charles, Sittingbourno, Kent, Baker. May 13 at 11 at offico
of Gibson, High st, Sittinglwurne Edwards, Fred, Gillingham, Dorset, Plumber. May 17 at 3 at offico
of Stoplicr and Rundle, Coleman st Elson, Thomas, Newark-upon-Trent, Timber Merchant May 18 at
3 at offices of Pratt and Hodgkinson, North Gate, Newark-upon
Evans, John, Queensland rd, Holloway, Dairyman. May 12 at 3 at
offices of Lovelock and Whiffln, Coleman st. Rew, New Broad st Evans, John Mathias, Pontypridd, Glamorgan, out of business.
May 11 at 2.30 at offices of Cooke, Pontypridd Fioldhouse, John, West Bromwich, Stafford, Forge Manager. May
17 at 11 at offices of Jackson and Sharpe, High st, West Bromwich Foot, Henry, Wood st sq, Umbrella Silk Manufacturer. May 27 at
3 at offices of Wilson, Old Jewry chmbrs, Smallnian, Queen st,
Ford, Walter Alsop, Teignmouth, Surgeon Dentist. May 17 at 3.30
at offices of Whidborne and Tozer, Teignmouth Gainsford, Frederick, Drummond st, Euston sq. Bootmaker. May
19 at 3 at offices of Cannon, King st, Cheapside Garncss, William, Tipton, Stafford, Millwright. May 17 at 3 at office
of Travis, Church lane, Tipton Glasbrook, David, Morriston, Glamorgan, Tin Plate Manufacturer.
May 17 at 2 at Cameron Arms Hotel, High st, Swansea. Donnguo
Gregory, Richard, and Thomas Grogory. Landore, nr Swansea,
Timber Merchants. May 12 at 2 at offices of Smith and Lawrence,
Cambrian pi, Swansea Griffin, Fredeick John, Golborne rd, Westbourne Park, Greengrocer
May 23 at 3 at offices of Corp and Co, Southampton row, Russell
Hardy, William, Jonathan, Box, Wilts, Shopkeeper. May 11 at 12
at offices of Dyer, Queen sq, Bath Harris, George, Manchester, Potato Salesman. May 17 at 11 at offico
of Sherratt, Cooper st, Manchester Harris, George Albert, Liverpool, Builder. May 1H at 2 at offices of
Morris and Jones, Dale st, Liverpool Harrison, James, Wigan, Coal Merchant. May 19 at 3 at offices of
Wood, Victoria bldgs. King st, Wigan Haskew, Charles Peter, Wolverhampton. Provision Dealer. May 12
at 12 at offices of Rhodes, Queen st, Wolverhampton Hastings, James, and George Hastings, Great Yarmouth, Boat
Builders. May 13 at 3.30 at offices of Preston, 13, Regent st, Gt
Parry, John, Brindlc Heath, Pendleton, Lancaster, Rope Manufacturer. May 20 at 3 at tho Mitre Hotel, Cathedral Gates, Cateoton st, Manchester. Chorlton, Manchester
Hird, Robert, Barnard Castle, Durham, Grocer. May 12 at 11 at offices of Robinson, Chancery lane, Darlington
Howitt, Joseph Fall, York, Tailor. May 10 at 3 at offices of Crumbie, 46, Stonegate
Humphries, George Walford, Tipton, Stafford, Auctioneer. May 17
at 11 at offices of Travis, NO, Church lane, Tipton Hutton, Jonathan Valentino, and Harry Sharp, Market st, Edgwaro
rd, Timber Merchants. May 14 at II at tho Guildhall Tavern,
Gresham st. Bell, Bishopsgate st Jarvis, Edwin, and Alfred Jarvis, Cardiff/Cabinet Makers. May 19
at 11 at Anderton's Hotel, Fleet st. Jones, Cardiff Jeavons, Thomas, Wolverhampton, Grocer. May IS at 3 at Knapp's
Hotel, High st, Birmingham. Vaughan, Willenhall Jennings, James, Victor rd, Willcsden, General Dealer. May 14 at
2 at offices of Johnson, lis, Seymour pi, Marylebone Johnson. Edward, sen, North Hykeham, Lincoln, Farmer. May 17
at 11 at offices of Page, Flaxengatc, Lincoln Jones, Evan, Trawsfynydd, Merioneth, Butcher. May 14 at 3 at
the Pengwern Arms Hotel, Fcstiniog. Jones and Jones, Portmad oc
Kirk, John, Bolton, Lancaster, Ironmonger. May 13 at 3 at officoa of Briscoe, 9. Chancery lane, Bolton. Balsbaw, Bolton
Krause, Louis, Golbourno rd, South Kensington, Scroolmnster. May 14 at 11 at offices of James, 3, Circus pi, Fhujhury circus
Leicester, .Tamcp, Scarborough, Hairdresser. May 16 at 11 at the Wellington Hotel, Castle rd, Scarborough. Clcmmet, Manchester Lansdale, Samuel, Richmond st, Walworth, Egg Merchant. May
11 at 2 at the Swan Hotel, Gt Dover st, Southwark. Rasleigh. 6( Three Crown sq, Borough
Laws, George, Faraday rd, Notting hill, Builder. May 20 at 2 at
offices of Schultz and Son, 12, South so,, Gray's inn Lay, Rose, Luton, Bedford, Straw Hat Manufacturer. May 14 at 4
at Red Lion Inn, Luton. Miller, Broad Bt buildings Leech, Henry James, Higham, Suffolk, Grocer. May 17 at 11 at
Guildhall, Bury St Edmunds. Leech and Son, Bury St Edmunds Lewis, Edward, Cardiff, Eating house Keeper. May 12 at 11 at
offices of Williams and Williams, High st, Cardiff. Jacob, Cardiff Lowin, William Henry, Cheshunt, Hertford, Upholsterer. May 25
at 3 nt offices of Rumncy, Walbrook ManlosoB, Horslcy Thomas, Devonshire st, Portland pi, Surgeon.
May 10 at 12 at offices of Incorporated Law Society, Chancery lane.
De Fivas, Devonshire st Marks, Richard, Birkenhead, Chester, Builder. May 10 at 3 at
offices of Thompson, Hamilton st, Birkenhead Montgomery, John, Preston, Clothier. May 18 at 3 at offices of
Thompson and Craven, Lune st, Preston Morris, William, Newport, Mon., Grocer. May 11 at 12 at offices of
Hutchins, Commercial st, Newport Mullins, James, Leeds, Ironmonger. May 13 at 3 at offices of Wells,
Cookridge st, Leeds Munt, Henry James, Worceste, Cabinet Maker. May 13 at 3 at office I (of Corbett, Avenue House, The Cross, Worcester Muriitt, Tom, Bradford, Woolstapler. May 18 at 11 at Victoria
Hotel, Bradford. Last and Bctts, Bradford Myatt, Thomas, Church Eaton, Stafford, Innkeeper. May 18 at
11.30 at offices of Smallwood, Newport Nicholln, Charles Henry, New Kent rd, Cheesemonger. May 10 at
2 at offices of Pearce and Sons, Giltspur st
Oldfield, George, and Abraham Lambert, South Crossland, nr Huddersfleld, Oil Extractors. May 18 at 11 at Swan with Two Necks, Westgate, Huddersfleld. Ridgway and Ridgway
Owen, Robert, Llanllyfni, Carnarvon, Tailor. May 17 at 2 at the Liverpool Arms Hotel, Brook street, Chester. Roberts, Bangor
Parker, William Coles Harding, Battcrsca park rd, Cheesemonger.
May 23 at 3 offices of Lloyd, London wall Parlour, Sophia Hayward, Ledbury, Hereford, Saddler. May 18 at
12 at 12 at offices of Piper, the Courthouse, Ledbury Plowman, Henry, Albert ter, West Finchley, Plumber. May 13 at 3
at offices of Grayson, Hunter st, Brunswick sq Rawlins, Silas, Romsey, Hants, rarmor. May 12 at 3 at offices of
Kilby, Portland st, Southampton Roberts, James Roberts, Melcombo Regis, Dorset, Butcher. May 23
at 10.30 at offices of Howard, East st, Mclcorabe Regis Roebuck, William. Owston, Lincoln, Plumber, May 10 at 12
at the Red Lion Hotel, Epworth, Lincoln. Farkin and Co, Ep
Russell, Thomas, Cantelowes road, Camden Town, out of employment. May 14 at 4 at offices of Nicoll, Gt Portland st
Sadler, Cleophas Findlow, Patricroft, near Manchester, out of business. May 10 at 3 at offices of Barrow and Smith, Cross st, Manchester
Sedgwick, Thomas. Chatham, Kent, Tailor. May 16 at 3 at offices of Mintern Brothers, Hart st, Bloomsbury square. Grosthcad, Eastgate
Sharpe, Henry George and William Corbett, Rushden, Northampto Shoe Manufacturers. May 17 at 3 at offices of Deckc, Derngate,
Singleton. Alexander Hayes, Glebe pi, Chelsea, Schoolmaster.
May 18 at 1 at offices of Brown, Lincoln's inn fields Ekan, Elizalwth Bryan, Birmingham, Milliner, May 17 at 3 at offices
of Jacques, Tomnlo row, Birmingham Smelt, Joseph, St Mary's rd, Bayswator. of no occupation. May 17
at 3 at Seymour place, Marylebone road. Francis, Marylebone
Stansfield, Thomas, Hillhouse, noar Huddersfleld, Plumlxjr. May 12 at 11 at offices of Whitley and Whitley, New st, Huddersfield
Steel, Henry, Manor pi, Walworth, Grocer. May 17 at 4 at offices of Thomas Hanson, King st, Cheapside. Wotherfleld, Queen st,
Stublcy, Ard, Dewsbury, York, Tobacconist. May 16 at 3 at offices
of Carter, Dewsbury. Stapleton Swindells, Jacob, Leek, Stafford phi re, Fruiterer, May 17 at 11 at
Derby st, Leek. Challinor and Co Taylor, Martin, Samuel Kidd, and Peter Greenall, Widnes, Lancaster, Chemical Manufacturers. May 17 at 3 at offices of Davies
and Co, Market pi, Warrington Torry, Frederic William, Kingston-upon-Hull, Solicitor. May 13 at
1.30 at the Georgo Hotel, Whitcfriargate, Kingston-upon-Hull,
Leak and Co, Hull Tyzack, George Henry, Sheffield, Cutter. May 16 at 12 at offices of
Auty and Sons, Queen st, Sheffield Vaughan, David, Whhbenhall, Worcester, Provision Merchant.
May 13 at 3 at offices of Thursfield, Swan st, Kidderminster Veall, James Read, Wolverhampton, Architect. May 16 at 3 at offices
of Neve and Rutter, Darlington st, Wolverhampton Tile, William Pinkham, Barnstaple, Devon, Licensed Victualler.
May 16 at 12 at offices of Thome, Castle st, Barnstaple Virgoe, William Randall, Lcatherhcad, Surrey, Coal Merchant.
May 26 at 2 at offices of Pratt and Old Jewry cum bra. Millor and
Wade, Francis, Oulton, Rothwell, York, Quarry Owner. May 17 at
3 at offices of Dunning and Kay, Butt's court, Leeds
Wagner, Henry Robert, James st, Buckingham gate, Builder. May
16 at 3 at offices of Harcourt, Moorgato st Walden, (.'harlcM, Wokinghaml Berks, Builder. May 17 at 2 at
offices of Bland? and Withenngton, Friar st, Reading Wheeler, John, Walton, nr Liver|>ool, Draper. May 18 at 2 at offices
of Davies the Temple, Dale at, Liverpool White, Aut*tin, Southampton, Greengrocer. May 11 at3 at offices of
Mosety, High st, Southampton
Williams, John, Lowestoft, Agent for Fishing Company. May 13at 3 at offices of Farman, Great James st, Bedford row
Williams, Roger Howell, Pontardawe, Glamorgan, Ironmonger. May 13 at 2 at offices of Parsons, High st, Bristol. Torbcrville, Pontardawe
Williams, Thomas Charles, Conway, Carnarvon, Plumber. May 14 at 11.30 at the Bee Hotel, St John 0 lane, Liverpool. Jones, Conway
Wilson, John, Preston, Lancaster, Egg and Butter Dealer. May IS
at 11 at offices of Thompson and Craven, Lune st, Preston Wilson, John, Shrivenhom, Berks, Farmer. May 13 at 11 at offices
of Kinneir and Tombs, High st, Swindon. Haines, Faringdon Woodward, Thomas Robert, Oxford, Publican. May 13 at 10 a:
offices of Druce, High Bt, Oxford Yates, Thomas Edward, Moor End, Cleckheoton, York, Commisaior.
Agent. May 17 at 11 at offices of Curry, Cleckheaton
Anti-Dyspeptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder.
Guaranteed Pure Soluble Cocoa of the Finest Quality, withtha excess of fat extracted.
The Faculty pronounce it11 the most nutritious, perfectly digestible beverage fcr Breakfast, Luncheon, or Supper, and invaluable for Invalids ami Children.**
Highly commended by the entire Med tea lPress,
Being without sugar, spice, or other admixture, it suits all palates, <eeps better in all climates, and is four times the strength of cocoas Thicken to yet Wbakxnkd with starch, fto., and ix Reality Chiatkp than such Mixtures.
Made instantaneously with boiling water, a teaapoonful to a Breakfast Cup, costing less than a halfpenny.
Cocoatika A La Vadilli Is the most delicate, digestible, cheapest Manila Chocolate, and may be taken when richer chocolate U prohibited.
Ia tin packets at Is. 6d., 8s., 5s. 6d., &c, by Chemists »nd Grocer*,
EDE AND SON
BT 8FBC1AL ArrOINTMIlTT,
To Her Majesty, tbe Lord Chancellor, the Whole f ha Judicial
BARRISTERS' AND QUEEN'S COUNSEL'S DITTO.
CORPORATION ROBES UNIVERSITY I GLERGr GOWNS.
94. CHANCERY LANg. LONDON.
HAMPTON & SONS make NO CHABQE for insertingnarticulars in their FREE MONTHLY REGISTD: of ESTATES, TOWN and COUNTRY HOUSES. Furnished <f Unfurnished, or for Sale, to be had GRATIS at their Offices, npost-free for two stamps. Published on the 1st of the month, w.l particulars for insertion should be sent not later than fivo days previous to end of preceding month. Valuations for Probate and Transfer. Surveys.
Estate and Auction Offices, 8, Fall Mall East, S.W.
AUCTION ROOMS Specially for the Sale of Literary Property, Music, and Works of Art, 47, LEICESTER SQUARE, LONDON, W.C.
ESSRS. PUTTICE & SIMPSON beg to announce
that the above rooms are open daily for the reception of all kinds of Literary and Art Property, Musical Collections, it, intended for Sale by Auction. Messrs. P. 4 8. feel assured that tto necessary knowledge (gained only by long experience) and theextenBive connection enjoyed by their firm wiU bo a sufficir^*' to solicitors and others that such property entrusted will be arranged for sale in the most advantageous manner.
Valuations for Probata or Logacy Duty, or for Public or Private Sale. Ebiablishxd (ur Piccadilly) 1701.
STOKE FARM, near WORCESTER. Leasehold Mansion, and 120 acres of Land, suitable for a CtliBanobleman or gentleman of position. ,
MESSRS. JAMES BEAL & SON are favoured with instructions to offer for SALE by AUCTION, at*-; MART, E.C., on WEDNESDAY, the 26thof MAY.lSSl.atTWKLH. for ONE o'clock precisely, the LEASE of the choice RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY well known as Stoke Farm, Sefton-park, situate trotw three miles of Slough Station and six of Windsor. It compnJ« » spacious mansion, containing every accommodation for n family, a largo Catholic chapel with sacristy adjoining, conscrvat-n ■JOft. Jong, summer-house, aviary, 4c. Extensive stabling. pleasure pounds, of great beauty, are studded with some raaffwtcent specimens of oak, ash, and beech; spacious kitchen gsnkn, with vineries, peach-houso, two greenhouses, K*n,ener'iL2T5TM orchard of 2J acres, and 17 acres of prime meadow land. The tare of 91 acres, with bailiff's honse, usual buildings, ciRht collage*. lk sublet at £328 per annum. The whole property is held upon lea* for 21 years from 1H77, at £450 per annum. .
Particulars may 1» obtained of Messrs. Norton, Rose, Norton * Brewer, Solicitors, 0, Victoria street, 8.W., and 24, Colem&n-streoi. E.C. j of Messrs. Carlisle & Ordcll, Solicitors, 8, Now-s<|uare, » ^ , and of the Auctioneers, 20, Regent-street, S.W., where views ot wbouse may bo seen.
mt guarantee to their care
The Legal Element in the Royal Commission which has just been appointed to inquire into the eminently legal question of the constitution and working of the Ecclesiastical Courts, although unexceptionable in quality, is somewhat small in quantity. Out of twenty-five commissioners there are but six judges or practising barristers. It is, moreover, to be remarked that there is no member to represent on tho commission those who of all others probably understand best the practical working iu -some respects of the present Ecclesiastical courts— viz., the proctors, by whom the recent ecclesiastical sui £■ have been conducted.
In The Course of the hearing of the application with reference to the sale of the Rev. S. F. Queen's furniture for the taxed costs iu the suit against him under the Public Worship Regulation Act, the Lord Chancellor is reported to have expressed his surprise " that costs to the amount of £243 had been incurred in an unde. fended cause. He should have thought some £10 would have been the amount." We, iu our turn, cannot help expressing our surprise that such an observation should have been made. Is it possible that it can have been considered that under section 9 of the Public Worship Regulation Act the evidence in any case under that Act must be given viva voce in open court, or that at the hearing before Lord Penzance all the steps in the proceedings against Mr. Green were obliged to be strictly proved; or that the contempt must have been signified to the Chancery Division; or that a copy writ must have been sent to the Vice-Chancellor of Lancaster,* and that there was subsequently a hearing at his chambers, followed by the issuing of a writ fie contumace capiendo? The Lord Chancellor can hardly be seriously of opinion that all these steps and the fees of counsel could have been covered by £10. The remark was, perhaps, one of the class which the Court of Appeal are fond of styling "improvident." So also were the recent remarks of Lord Coleridge as to the costs of administration actions. But unfortunately the public who read these observations take them for gospel.
An Action tried a few days ago before Mr. Barou Pollock involved an important question of election law. Mr. Brixton, M.P. for Kidderminster, was sued by a solicitor for work done and money paid by him as oue of defendant's agents at the late election. The defendant relied upon the fact that certain of the accounts were not duly delivered to his authorized agent, and, after considerable discussion, the items in question were abandoned by the plaintiff's counsel. By the Corrupt Practices Prevention Act, 1863 (26 & 27 Vict. c. 29), s. 2, no payment is to be made by, or on behalf of, any candidate at an election on account or iu respect of such election otherwise than through an agent or agents, whose name aud address, or names and addresses, have been declared iu writing to the returning officer on or before the day of nomination, and any person making any payment otherwise than through such agent or agents is to be guilty of a misdemeanor. By section 3, all persons having any claims upon any candidate in respect of any election must send their bills or claims to the election agent or agents within one month from the day of tho declaration of the election, "otherwise such persons shall be barred of their right to recover such claims, and every or any part thereof." It will be noticed that Mr. Brinton, however desirous he might have been of payi'ig the whole of the plaintiff's claim, could not have done so without being himself guilty of a misdemeanor.
In The Case of Ex parte Lynch, In re Lynch (24 W. R. 375, L. R. 2 Ch. D. 227), the Chief Judge held that, notwithstanding the provisions of the Infants' Belief Act, 1874 (37 & 38 "Vict. c. 62), an infant debtor who trades may, after attaining his majority, be adjudicated a bankrupt in respect of a trade-debt contracted, and upon an act of bankruptcy committed, during his infancy. The ground of his decision was that the Infants' Belief Act had made no difference as regards the rule that an ad j udication of bankruptcy against an infant who has held himself out as sui juris, and traded as such, would not be annulled. Of course, if the ground of this decision was correct, the fact that the infant in Ex parte Lynch had attained his majority before he was adjudicated bankrupt was immaterial, and in a case of Ex parte Jones, Re Jones, decided by the Chief Judge on Monday last, he held that, although the infant who has traded remains an infant ct the date of the adjudication, the adjudication will not be annulled. But is the interpretation of the Infants' Belief Act adopted by the learned judge correct f As to this we confess we entertain considerable doubt. "The object of the Infants' Relief Act," said the learned judge, in Ex parte Lynch, " was to protect young persons, not from the consequences of trading, but from extravagant debts incurred for unnecessary articles, such as jewellery. It has no application to a case like the present." But in R. v. Wilson (L. R. 5 Q. B. D. 28) it was held by the Court for Crown Cases Reserved (including Cocxbcrn, C.J., and Lindley, J.) that the Infants' Relief Act protected an infant who had traded, and had been adjudicated bankrupt in respect of a trade debt, against a conviction under section 12 of the Debtor's Act, 1869, for quitting England with property with intent to defraud his creditors. The ground of that decision (in which, however, Ex parte Lynch was not cited) must have been that by reason of his infancy the proceedings in bankruptcy were void, and that he had not any creditors within section 12 of the Debtor's Act, 1869, amongst whom the property ought by law to have been divided.
Sib Gabriel Goldney's Measure for the admission of clergymen to Parliament took the shape of a Bill for the repeal of 41 Geo. 3, c. 63 (generally kuown as " Hornb T-ooxe's Act"), section 1 of which declared that "no person having been ordained to the office of priest or deacon, or being a minister of the Church of Scotland, is capable of being elected to serve in Parliament as a member of the House of Commons;" while by section 2 any such person sitting or voting as a member of the House was subjected to a penalty of £500 for every day on which he should do so, to be recovered by any person who should sue for the same. It is, however, very doubtful whether the repeal of this Act would be sufficient to open the House of Commons to a clergyman, since the parliamentary precedents on the subject, up to the year 1801, were most inconclusive. In 1553, the Rev. Dr. Nowell, who had been elected a burgess for Luo, was declared by a Committee of the House to be unable to sit, " being a prebendary of Westminster, and thereby having a voice in the Convocation Houae." In 1G20, a clerk returned for Morpeth was similarly excluded by the Committee of Elections " because he had, or might have, a voice in the Convocation;" and in 1661 Sir Josei-h CRAnDocx was declared by the same committee to be disabled from sitting in the House because lie was in holy orders, there being in this case no reference to the contingency of his sitting in Convocation. On the other hand, it appears that Sir Thomas Haxey, clerk, sat in the House of Commons during the reign of Richard II.; while in 1785, Edwabd Rcshworth, clerk,
who had been elected for Newport, and had been petitioned against on the ground that he was a clerk in holy orders, was declared to have been duly elected. In this conflict of authorities the House refused to declare Mr. Horne Tooke to be ineligible, and the 41 Geo. 3, c 63, was then introduced and carried by Mr. Addington. Roman Catholio clergymen are excluded from the House of Commons by section 9 of the Emancipation Act of 1829; but ministers of all other denominations are eligible. It will, of course, be remembered that, under the Clerical Disabilities Act, 1870 (33 & "34 Vict. c. 91),. ss. 3, 4, any minister of the Church of England may, by executing a deed of relinquishment, and inrolling the same in Chancery, and delivering a copy of it to the bishop of the diocese, be discharged from "all disabilities, disqualifications, restraints, and prohibitions" to which he would be subject as a minister of the Church of England. We believe that more than one member of the present House of Commons has availed himself of this Act.
LIABILITY OF CORPORATIONS FOR TORTS INVOLVING MALICE.
In the recent case of Edwards v. Midland Railway Company (L. .R. 6 ^Q. B. D. 287), it was decided by Mr. Justice Fry, on further consideration, that an action for malicious prosecution' will lie against a corporation aggregate, such as a railway company. It seems strange that this identical point should never have been decided before. The learned judge went through the authorities, and showed that other actions involving malice have been held to lie against companies or corporations, and so far his decision has the support of authority; but, with regard to this particular form of action, there seems to have been no actual decision. In. Stevens v. Midland Counties Railway Company (10 Ex. 352), Baron Alderson held that in order to support such an action it must be shown that the defendant was actuated by a motive in his mind, whereas a corporation has no mind. The other two judges who were parties to the judgment decided in the company's favour on other grounds.
Mr. Justice Fry did not go very much into the reason of the thing apart from authority; but it seems to us that there is little doubt that his decision follows the current of recent authority, and is correct in principle, independently of precedent. The same difficulty has been raised in many cases in which it is now well established that an action will lie against a company. It is a proverbial saying, sometimes put in terms more forcible than elegant, that a company is not amenable to moral or physical arguments, having neither soul nor body. But the courts have increasingly tended to the conclusion that, inasmuch as a company has a purse, which for the practical purposes of litigation is the important matter, it may be treated as constructively having a soul or mind. Thus it seems now to be clear that an action will lie against a company for a fraudulent representation made by its agent within the ssope of his authority. The same difficulty arises here as in the case of an action for malicious prosecution, because moral fraud is essential to this form of action, and however fraudulent directors may sometimes be, fraud cannot be predicated of the corporation itself. Similarly, in Whitfield v. South-Eastern Railway Company (E. B. & E. 122), Lord Campbell said that the ground on which it was contended that an action for a libel could not possibly be maintained against a corporation aggregate failed, and also that there might be great difficulty in saying that under certain circumstances express malice might not be imputed to, and proved against, a corporation. Certainly it seems to us that there is far greater difficulty with regard to libel thanrcalicious prosecution. Chief Justice Erie said in Green v. London General Omnibus Company (7 C. B. N. S. 290, 301), that the doctrine that a corporation, having no soul, cannot be actuated by a malicious intention, is more quaint than substantial. It seems, therefore, that the view of Baron Alderson has not been received by other judges.
With regard to the principle of the thing, the difficulty is more formal than substantial. It may at first sight seem anomalous that in cases where a mental intontion or motive is essential to the cause of action, the action should lie where the actual defendant had not, and conld not have, any mental intention at all. But, iu truth, it is clear that the question is not peculiar to corporations when the essence of it is apprehended. The difficulty arises from a fallacious mode of stating the question. Assuming that a mental intention is necessary to some causes of action, the question really is whether that mental intention must be the defendant's. Wo apprehend that it need not. The true question involves the principles of the law of agency, or of master and servant, and has nothing to do with the law of corporations as distinguished from other persons. The same question in reality always arises where it is sought to make a priucipal or master responsible in this class of action for the acts of his agent or servaut. The corporation is really only in the same position as the principal who had uot the particular intention in question. It may be said thatthe individual could have had the intention, but the corporation could not, not having a mind. The distinction appears to us, for civil purposes, to be immaterial. It is clear, ex hypothesi, if the individual principal, or master is liable, it is not on the ground of his moral delinquency, for he has been guilty of none. If he is responsible, it is because his agent or servant, acting within the scope of his authority, has been guilty of moral delinquency. Why should not the same reasoning apply to a company? We know of no reason. All considerations of convenience and justice seem to point to a company's beiug as much responsible in such a caso as an individual. The true solution of the question, whether in such cases a corporation ought to be made liable, seems to depend on the applicability, or otherwise, of the reasons for the liability of the principal for the acts of his agent, or the master for those of his servant. The liability of the principal for the acts of his agent in actions ex contractu seems to depend on very obvious grounds. It depends on the existence of actual authority, or on circumstances which estop the principal from denying the authority. The ground for the liability of a principal for the torts, of his agent, or a master for those of his servant, is not quite so distinct or so easily expressed. But it seems to be just that he should be liable on grounds of this sort—viz., that if a person delegates, or procures the performance of, an act or series of acts for his own advantage, he should bo responsible iu respect of the conduct of the person performing the act or series of acts iu obedience to his direction, so far as the action of such person is incidental to the employment. As to the limits of this rule, of course, great niceties arise. It is very difficult to say what is within the scope of the employment, as many cases in the books testify, but, putting aside the difficulty of application, if the rule be the true one, why should it not apply to a corporation or company as much as to a private individual?
With regard to the case of actions which involve malice, the difficulty must usually lie in showing that the action of the servaut or agent came within the scope of his employment. The question as raised in Edwards v. Midland Railway Company did not present the difficulty that it conceivably might, for the jury found malice generally, and the questions of law reserved were only whether an action for malicious prosecution would lie against a corporation, and whether the employment of the detective who prosecuted was an act within the scope of the company's
incorporation, both of which questions were, we think, for the reasons we have given, easily answerable in the affirmative. But it seems to us that there are other questions which might possibly be involved; for instance, whether the malice which actually existed in the mind of the servant or agent was malice purely personal to himself and arising out of his personal relations, or was malice which, so to speak, arose out of, and was connected with, his representative capacity. We do not know whether this might or might not be material. But suppose a railway detective took advantage of his position to bring a groundless charge against, and prosecute, a man from some motive of malice purely personal to himself—as, for instance, because the party charged had beeu his successful rival in a love affair—would his malice in such a case be rightly held to be constructively the company's malice f We suggest this by way of illustration, and as opening up various nice questions, without professiug to indicate a decided opinion on the question which arises. The malice here is clearly not the malice of the man qua company's servaut, but his own private and personal malice. Possibly Buch nice points would not often arise in actual practice, or else it would be difficult often for a jury to say where the company's servant ended and the individual began. To judge from our experience of juries iu similar matters, they would geuerally take care in all doubtful cases to prevent nice points of law arising by finding all questions of fact against the company.
THE IRISH LAND BILL,
We have traced the history of the occupation of Irish land from a period anterior to the English invasion down to the latter part of the eighteenth century, and have seen that, notwithstanding great changes iu his legal position, and several successive forfeitures of the ownership, the continuous occupation of the peasant remained, over a great part of the country, practically unaffected. The natural operation of economical causes would doubtless, however, have tended there, as elsewhere, as society became at once more settled and more complex, to reduce the relative positions of owner aud occupier to the simple commercial relation of letting and hiring, had they not been neutralized by the effect of two events of importance.
The first of these was the interference by the English Parliament, aud in the interest of English manufacturers only, with the Irish export trade, the effect of which was to ronder agriculture the only available resource of the great bulk of the population, and thus to produce what would in these days be described as "iuflation" in the possessory value of land. The other was the Declaration of Legislative Independence, whereby the Irish Parliament, in 1782, disclaimed the condition of vassalage adopted, for their own purposes, by the Parliament of the Pale in 1491, under which the Irish House of Commons had been, for nearly 300 years, little more than an office for registering the edicts of the English Privy Council. One of the first acts of the emancipated Parliament was to emancipate, in its turn, the constituencies, by extending the franchise (but not the right of being elected) to Roman Catholics, with an immediate, though altogether unintended, effect upon the tenure of the soil. For the county franchise was then—and thenceforward down to 1828—strictly limited to freeholders to the value of forty shillings and upwards, and, as we have seen, but a very small proportion of the population had any tenure whatever beyond a mere right of occupation: but the possession of a county seat became now, for the first time, an object of real ambition to the landed gentry of the kingdom, who speedily discovered that they could get