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Smith, Ann Read, Limes, Sutton-on-Hull, York. Dec 18 at 1 at , Delamere, Thomas, Stalybridge, Lancaster, Refreshment Caterer.

offices of Benson, Posterngate, Kingston-upon-Hull. Watts, Dec 15 at 3 at the offices of Nuttall and Son, John Daltop st, Romford

Manchester Smith, Charles, Heywood, Lancaster, Chemist. Dec 13 at 3 at the Denton, Annie Gertrude, Birmingham, Coal Dealer. Dec 10 at 3 at Wheatsbeaf Hotel, Fennel st, Manchester. Watson, Bury

offices of Wright and Marshall, New st, Birmingham Smith, George, Brampton, Cumberland, Brewer. Dec 13 at 3 at Denton, Henry, Holywell, Flint, Licensed Victualler. Dec 10 at 11 Scotch Arms Inn, Brampton. Forster, Brampton

at ofilces of Mwyndeg Evans, Well st, Holywell Sutien, Thomas, Withersdane, Kent, Farmer. Dec 10 at 3 at Saracen Dunkley, Edwin, Clayton, near Newcastle-under-Lyme, Gentleman. Head Hotel, Ashford. Collard, Canterbury

Dec 10 at 11 at offices of Fenton, Lad lane, Newcastle-under-Lyme. Tain, Joseph, Kidderminster, Worcester, Market Gardener, Dec 10 Dunn, Richard, Liverpool, Draper. Dec 13 at 3 at offices of Nordon,. at 3 at oflices of Thursfield, Swan st, Kidderminster

Victoria st, Liverpool Taylor, Joseph, Salford, Lancaster, Grocer. Dec 10 at 3 at offices of Faster, Charles William, Eastbourne, Sussex, Tailor. Dec 14 at 3 at. Addleshaw and Warburton, Norfolk st, Manchester

offices of Champion, Robinson and Poole, Terminus rd, EastTenniswood, Thomas, Middlesborough, Stonemason. Dec 13 at 11 bourne at offices of Wilkes, Zetland rd, Middlesborough

Farrer, Joshua and Edwin, Pudsey, near Bradford, Wool Extractors. Thomee. Eric Alaric, Cambridge Villas, Notting hill, out of busines. Dec 15 at 11 at offices of Moore, Albion chambers, Hustlergate,

Dec 14 at 2 at Guildhall Tavern, Gresham st. Ingle and Co, Bradford
Threadneedle st

Ford, Jane, Stratford-upon-Avon, out of business. Dec 15 at 3 at T ne, Ellen Mary, Vaunton, Somerset, Draper. Dec 10 at 12 at Seven Stars Inn, Stratford-upon-Avon Lane, Stratford-uponGrand Hotel, Broad st, Bristol. Kite. Taunton

Avon Thorp, Martha Ann, York, Grocer. Dec 7 at 3 at offices of Ridgway Franklin, Joseph, Hanbury st, Spitalfields, Boot and Shoe Manuand Ridgway, Wellington st, Batley

facturer. Dec 21 at 2 at offices of Pratt and Norton, Old Jewry Tomling, Edward James, Lingfield rd, East Grinstead, Parchment chambers. Montagu, Bucklersbury

Manufacturer. Dec 2 at 12 at offices of Chapman, London wall Freeland, George, Tonbridge, Kent, Seedsman. Dec 11 at 11 at
Torbitt. Walter, Tunstall, Stafford, Grocer. Dec 9 at 3 at offices of Angel Hotel, Tonbridge. Palmer, Tonbridge
Llewellyn and Ackrill, Piccadilly st, Tunstall

Frost, George, Congleton, Chester, Licensed Victualler. Dec 13 at
Tom, William, Halifax, out of business. Dec 8 at 3 at offices of 11 at Park st, Congleton
Boocock, Silver st, Halifax

Gardner, Francis, Bulwell, Nottingham, Licensed Victualler. Dec Walker. Charles John, and Alexander Geary McKenzie, jun. Bir

t Assembly Rooms, Low pavement, Nottingham. Martin, mingham, Merchants. Dec 13 at 12 at offices of Beale and Co, Nottingham Waterloo st, Birmingham

Gurr, Ishmael, Frittenden, Kent, Farmer. Dec 15 at 12 at Railway Wallis, Charles Wallis, Haslingfield, Cambridge. Farmer. Dec 13 at Hotel, Headcorn. Hinds and Son, Goudhurst 3 at Offices of Symonds, Bene't st, Cambridge

Hall, Joseph, Hove, West Brighton, no occupation. Dec 11 at 1 at Wallwin, William, North Wingfield, Derby, Grocer. Dec 13 at

145, Cheapside. Mills, Brighton 11.30 at the Angel Hotel, Chesterfield. Thurman and Slack, Ilkes.

Hands, Henry John, Thomas Tyler Powell, and James Cooke, Bir

mingham, Tanners. Dec 10 at 3 at offices of Corbet and Co. Warman, Henry, Thetford, Norfolk, out of business. Dec 6 at 12 at

Church st, Kidderminster otices of Kent, St Andrew's hall plain. Norwich

Hooper, Esther, Worcester, Boot and Shoe Manufacturer. Dec 10Warner, George, Lakenham, Norwich, Commission Agent. Dec 9 at

at 11 at offices of Bently, Foregate st, Worcester I at offices of Bavin and Daynes, Exchange st, Norwich

Hopkins, George, Southampton, Boot Manufacturer. Dec 8 at 4 at White, Frederick William, Crowle, Lincoln, Clerk in Holy Orders.

offices of Watts, Albion pl, Southampton. Staniland, SouthDec 8 at 2 at the Angel Inn, Doncaster, William and Graham,

ampton Lawrence Pountney hill, Cannon et

Hough, Edward, King's Cross rd, Licensed Victualler. Dec 17 at 1 Willatt, William, Smallthorpe, Stafford, Grocer. Dec 9 at 11 at

at offices of Poole, Bartholomew close offices of Julian, Queen's chmcrs, Liverpool rd, Burslem

Hudson, William, Staunton-upon-Wye, Hereford, I Williams, Shadrach, Aston, nr Birmingham, Brass Founder, Dec 8

at 4 at 37, High Town, Hereford. Corner ai 3 at offices of Jaques, Temple row, Birmingham

Johnson, Frederick, Hulme, Manchester, Provision Merchant. Dec York. William, and Zachariah York, Oldbury, Builders. Dec 10 at 13 at 3 at offices of Simpson, Kennedy st, Manchester 11.30 at offices of Shakespeare, Church st, Oldbury

Johnston, Joseph, Brunt Broughton, Lincoln, Farmer. Dec 13 at 2 Yosall, Charles, Fenton, Stafford, Publican, Dec 4 at 11 at at offices of Pratt and Hodgkinson, North gate, Newark-uponthe Copeland Árms Hotel, Stoke-upon-Trent

Trent

King, Thomas, Old Compton st, Soho. Dec 10 at 2 at Guildhall TUESDAY, Nov. 30, 1880.

Tavern, Gresham st. Chapman, London Wall l'en, Alexander, Edwin, Lodging-house Keeper, Clifton, Bristol, Lakin, James, Birmingham, Stationer. Dec 13 at 2 at offices of Dec 9 at 12 at offices of Brittan and Co, Small st, Bristol

Spyer and Son, Winchester House, Old Broad st. Reece and Co, Anaitage, George, Huddersfield. Cloth Finisher. Dec 16 at 11 at Birmingham cices of Berry, Market place, Huddersfield

Land, Samuel, Twycross, Leicester, Farmer. Dec 20 at 1 at Midland Bugebaw, Noah, Old Bradwell, Buckingham, Grocer. Dec 13 at 12 Hotel, Burton-upon-Trent. Cooper and Chawner, Utoxeter *Victoria Hotel, Wolverton. Bull, Newport Pagnell

Lawrence, Nathan, Hunter st, Euston rd, Wholesale Optician. Dec Barlow, Richard, Runcorn, Chester, Grocer. Dec 13 at 11 at offices 9 at 2 at offices of Rubenstein, Raymond blgs, Gray's inn ove Beesley, High st, Runcorn

Lazenby, John William, Huddersfield, Grocer, Dec 13 at 11 at offices Bl, James, Farnborough, Southampton, Grocer. Dec 15 at 2 at of Milnes and Swift, New st, Huddersfield tices of Eve, Victoria rd, Aldershot

Lemay, Allan, Blackman st, Newington, Hosier. Dec 13 at 12 at 145, B.rch, Benjamin Thomas, King's Lynn, Norfolk, Brushmaker. Cheapside. Shearman, Gresham st

12.30 at offices of Beloe, New Conduit st, King's Lynn, Levans, George, Middleton, Lancaster, Joiner. Dec 13 at 3 at offices Norfolk

of Davies, Clegg st, Oldham b-boo, Ellzabeth, Cefncoedcymmer, Breconshire, Licensed Lines, Albert, Paulswalden, Hertford, Publican. Dec 14 at 12 at

Victoaller. Dec 10 at 1 at offices of James and Co, High st offices of Oakes, Market pl, Hitchin
Merthyr Tidil

Living, Robert Josiah, Great Chesterford, Essex, Miller. Dec 14 at Bones, Charles, Colchester, Essex, Hair Dresser. Dec 14 at 12 at 12 at offices of Ellison and Co, Alexander street, Petty Cury, CamGoes of Church, Colchester

bridge Rorley, William Simpson, Netherwood-road, West Kensington Lyman, Joseph, West Bromwich, Stafford, Grocer. Dec 14 at 11 at Park Builder. Dec 13 at 1 at Mitre.crt, Temple. Baron

offices of Jackson and Sharpe, High st, West Bromwich Lawy, Edward Ernest. Siddington, Gloucester, Horse Dealer. Mahony Charles, Dewsbury, York, Dentist. Dec 14 at 3 at offices of

Dee 10 at 2 at Queen's Hotel, Swindon Station. Mullens and Co, Mitcheson, Union st, Heckmondwike irencester

Mann, Charles Edwin, Brighton, Furniture Dealer. Dec 15 at 3 at L-. lley, Benjamin, Accrington, Lancaster, India Rubber Manufac. offices of Goodman, North st, Brighton

- Dec 14 at 3 at Spread Eagle Hotel, Corporation st, Manches Marsh, James, Leigh, Lancaster, Coal Merchant. Dec 14 at 1l at **. Barlow, Accrington

offices of Hargreaves, Dickinson st, Manchester -- , Alfred, Cambridge, Brewer. Dec 16 at 11 at offices of Way. Maynard, George Edward, Wakefield, York, Joiner. Oct 11 at 10.30 Silver st, Cambridge

at offices of lansons and Co, Barstow sq. Wakefield feld, John, sen, Ramsgate, Kent, Carrier. Dec 13 at 3 at the McKenzy, Geary, jnr, Birmingham, Merchant. Dec 13 at 12.30 at tl und George Hotel, Ramsgate. Edwards, Ramsgate

offices of Marigold and Co, Waterloo st, Birmingham rar, Samuel, Newtown, Bradford-on-Avon. Butcher. Dec 20 at McMahon, Joseph, Liverpool. Provision Merchant. Dec 13 at 3 at 1st offices of Rodway, Fore st, Trowbridge

offices of Cowl, South John st, Liverpool (well, Tbomas, Coseley, Stafford, Royalty Master. Dec 10 at 3 at Mallin, Samuel, Birkdale, Lancaster, Ironmonger. Dec 14 at 3 at ces of Stokes and Harper, Priory st, Dudley

offices of Best, Wright st, Southport ristey, George Alfred, Chatsworth rd, Clapton pk, Provision Mer. Martin, Robert Slater, and William Martin, Ely, Cambridge. chant Dec 14 at 3 at offices of Christmas, Waibrook

Farmers. Dec 30 at 11 at offices of Deacon and Wilkins, Cross st, It, Samuel, Scarborougb, York, Builder. Dec 10 at 3 at the Peterborough Bai Hotel Scarborough. Crowther, Scarborough

Middleton, William, Kingston-upon-Hull, Grocer. Dec 6 at 11 at 1 , Samuel, Heckmondwike, York, Printer. Dec 15 at 3 at offices of Pickering, Parliament st, Kingston-upon-Hull Mees of Sykes, Heckmondwike

Mills, Inkerman, Hastings, of no occupation. Dec 10 at 4 at Prowood. Ralph, Blackpool, Lancaster, Mineral Water Manu. vincial Hotel, Hastings. Hare Old Broad st facturer. Dec 16 at 3 at offices of Grundy and Co, Booth, st Man. Mills, Matthew, Warwick, Baker. Dec 16 at 12 at offices of Sandercenter

son, Church st, Warwick ( 1ne, John, Northampton, Shoe Manufacturer. Dec 14 at 3 at Mobsby, James, Greenwich rd, Grocer. Dec 20 at 2 at offices of deces of Becke, Derngate, Northampton

Perry, Guildhall chambers, Basinghall st Der Jarnes, Hunter st, Brunswick sq, Printer. Dec 9 at 12 at Morrell, John, Birmingham, Baker. Dec 13 at 3 at offices of Barlow utices of Dubois, Serjeant's inn, Chancery lane. Maynard, Clif. | Waterloo st, Birmingham t's inn

Newton, John, Grove rd, Brixton, Fire Brick Merchant. Dec 13 at icalbeck, Robert, Castle Bytham, Lincoln, Farmer. Dec 14 at 11 at 3 at offices of Tidy and Tidy, Sackville st, Piccadilly hora of Daw, St Mary's pl, Stamford

Nicholson, Hedley Robert, Sunderland, Grocer. Dec 16 at 1 at offices Dece, Thomas, Liverpool, wholesale Ironmonger. Dec 13 at 2.30 at of Hoyle and Co, Collingwood st, Newcastle-upon-Tyne offices of Lumb, Moorfields, Liverpool

Oliver, James, Barnstaple, Grocer. Dec 9 at 3 at Castle Hotel, Davies, Reey, Cardiff. Grocer. Dec 13 at 3 at offices of Jenkins and Castle st, Exeter. Floud Ca, Philharmonic Chambers, St Mary st, Cardiff. William Jones, | Pace, Albert, Hulme, Manchester, Outfitter, Dec 16 at 3 at offices. St Mary st. Cardiff

of Oram and Co, Peter st, Manchester

EDE AND SON 0 B =

MAKERS

Page, Thomas William, Southampton, Saddler. Dec 15 at 12 at

MR. G. H. JONES, offices of Peters and Co, Castle-lane, Southampton Palmer, Nathaniel, Chatteris, Cambridge, Farmer. Dec 21 at 11 at

SURGEON DENTIST, offices of Fosters and Co, Trinity st, Cambridge Partridge, William, Edgbaston, Birmingham, Builder. Dec 10 at 12

57, GREAT RUSSELL STREET, LONDON at Queen's Hotel, Stephenson pl, Birmingham. Whateley and Co,

(Opposite the British Museum), Birmingham Pendred, Warren, Wellingborough, Northampton, Innkeeper. Dec Will be glad to orward his Pamphlet on Painless Dentistry, free,

21 at 11 at offices of Sharman and Jackson, Oxford st, Welling enclosed by post, which explains the most unique systein of the adjustborough

ment of ARTIFICIAL TEETH without pain. Price, Charles, Montgomery, Farmer. Dec 11 at 2 at Castle Hotel,

CONSULTATION FREE FROM 10 TO 5.
Bishop's Castle. Marston and Sons, Ludlow
Pritchett, John, and James Davies, Birmingham, Ruilders. Dec 15

at 3 at offices of Fallows, Cherry st, Birmingham
Pryor, Alfred. and John William Pryor, Penryn, Cornwall, Whole.

sale Grocers, Dec 14 at 2.30 at offices of Jenkins, Post Office bldgs Falmouth

R Pym, Richard, Clarence place, Deptford, General Merchant. Dec 13 at 2 at the Guildhall Tavern, Gresham st. Howard and Shelton,

BY SPECIAL APPOINTMENT, Threadneedle st

To Her Majesty, the Lord Chancellor, the Whole of the Judicial Bench Quigley, Hugh Joseph, Liverpool, Boot Maker. Dec 20 at 12 at the

Corporation of London, &c.
New Exchange bldgs, George yd, Lombard st. Gasquet, Queen st,

SOLICITORS' AND REGISTRARS' GOWNS,
Cheapside
Rawkins, William Henry, Barclay rd, Walham gn, Wine Merchant.

BARRISTERB' AND QUEEN'S COUNSEL'S DITTO,
Dec 7 at 2.30 at offices of Jonas, Bruton st, Bond st

CORPORATION ROBES UNIVERSITY & CLERGY GOWNS, &C Robinson, Thomas Hope, Old Broad st, Merchant. Dec 14 at 12 at offices of Plunkett and Leader, St Paul's churchyard

ESTABLISHED 1689. Rough, David Ramsay, Manchester, Woollen Merchant. Dec 10 at 3

94. CHANCERY LANE. LONDON. at offices of Bowden, King st, Manchester Rutherford. Robert, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Luncheon Room Keeper, Dec 16 at 11 at offices of Scott, Whitehouse buildings, Pilgrim st,

T AW.-Wanted, a Situation as Junior Clerk, to Newcastle-upon-Tyne

U assist in the copying and engrossing and general office work. Shepherd, William, Seymour pl, Milk Seller. Dec 14 at 12 at offices

Highest references and testimonials.-Mr. WHITE, 1, St. James'sof Sampson, Marylebone rd

gardens, Queen's-crescent, N.W. Southgate, Woodhouse, Wall Heath, Stafford, Licensed Victualler.

W ANTED, a Clerkship where Advertiser could Dec 14 at 12 at offices of Willcock, Queen st, Wolverhampton Steel. Alexander, Wandsworth rd, Oil and Colourman. Dec 9 at 10

w gain experience in Shipping Law. Admitted last year, at the Mason's hall Tavern, Mason's avenue. Rashleigh, Borough

Anxious to work hard. Well up in Common Law and Bankruptcy.

Salary a minor consideration - Address, J. W. 60, Messrs. Deacons, High street

154, Leadenhall-street, E.C. Steer, George, Chapel st, Pentonville, Oil and Colourman. Dec 14 un at 2 at the Mason's hall Tavern, Mason's avenue, Basinghall st.

W ANTED, Olerkship in a Solicitor's Office. Five Bassett, Peckham Rye Stephens, John, Bulley, Gloucester, Bott and Shoe Naker. Dec 16 Vy years' general experience. Moderate salary required.at 11 at offices of York, Berkeley st, Gloucester

Address, P. S. YOUNG, “Solicitors' Journal ” Office, 52, Carey. Stevens, William Joseph, Valentine rd, Hackney, Grocer. Dec 7 street, W.C.

at 3 at 12 Bishopsgate st. Cridge, Bishopsgate st Within Stocking, Frederick William, Gayford rd, Shepherd's bush, Builder.

W ANTED, by a Solicitor (lately admitted), a Dec 13 at 4 at 161, Edgware rd, Hyde pk. Hortin

VV Clerkship in a well-established town or country firm. ExThomas, John, Rhosymaen, Cardigan, Farmer. Dec 11 at 2 at perience chief object.--Address, F., 129, Gower-street.

offices of Pugh, Bridgest, Aberayron Thornton, John Hirst, Leeds, Bedding Manufacturer, Dec 10 at 3 at M R. MEADOWS, of Bond-court-chambers, Walthe Creditor's Association, Park row, Leeds

brook, London, Solicitor, Author of “Questions on Con. Thurston, John William, Winchester, Licensed Victualler. Dec 10 veyancing and Real Property Law," continues to Read Privately at 3 at 3 at the Black Swan Hotel, High st, Winchester. Shutte, with Articled Clerks preparing for the Intermediate, Final, and Southampton

Honours Examinations. Tranah, Edward Arthur, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Hotel Keeper. Dec

14 at 12.30 at Tranah's Hotel Ingham pl, Shieldfield. Waistell, O SOLICITORS.-A Married Physician, living Northallerton

I thirty miles from London, requires a Boarder (Invalid or otherTurner, Joseph Brooke, Lockwood Huddersfield. Woollen Cloth

wise) : every home comfort. Failing the above, his two daughters Manufacturer. Dec 13 at 3 at George Hotel, St. Georges sq, Hud. desire to educate two young children. Terms £200 per annum. dersfield. Berry, Huddersfield

Liberal bonus to gentleman procuring above.-CHIBURG, St. BarVendrell, Firmin, Gracechurch st, Hair Dresser. Dec 13 at 11 at

tholomew's Hospital, London, offices of Angell and Co, Gresham st Waldman, Michael, Hoxton sq, Hoxton, Boot Machinist. Dec 14 at TO SOLICITORS and Others.--Furnished Rooms, 3 at offices of Sydney, Coleman st

1 suitable for Arbitration, Meetings of Creditors, &c.-For Westoby. William, Goxhill, Lincoln, Farmer. Dec 10 at 1 at Angell

particulars apply at Inquiry Office, 57 and 58, Chancery-lane, W.O. Inn, Brigg. Stead and Sibree, Kingston-upon-Hull Westward, Joseph, Rowley Regis, Stafford, Fruiterer. Dec 16 at 11

TO SOLICITORS and Others.-Furnished or Unat offices of Addison, High st, Brierley Hill White, John, West Bromwich, Stafford, Florist. Dec 13 at 11 at

1 furnished Offices to be Let in new buildings, Nos. 57 and 58, offices of Jackson and Sharpe, High st, West Bromwich

Chancery-lane.-Particulars to be obtained at Inquiry Office, 57 and Williums, David, Wombourne, stafford, out of business. Dec 10 at

58, Chancery-lane, W.C. 3 at office of Rhodes, Queen st, Wolverhampton Williams, Elijah, Langley, Worcester, Coal Dealer. Dec 9 at 2 at

A CITY SOLICITOR having larger Offices than he offices of Forrest, Church st, Oldbury

A requires, in an excellent position, will let part furnished. An Williams, William Reynold, Blaina, Monmouth, Grocer. Dec 14 at arrangement could be made as to Clerks if desired. --Address, LEX, 3 at the Queen's Hotel, Newport. Morgan, Pontypool

are of Mr. Norman, 74, Old Broad-street, London, E.C. Woodhouse, Agustus Frederick, Smethwick, Stafford. Dec 10 at 11 at offices of Eaden, Bennett's bill, Birmingham

EVIDENCE. Woolley, William Thomas, Handel House, Brixton Rise, Pianoforte GENTLEMAN, who has had the entire charge

Seller. Dec 13 at 2 at offices of Hope, Chancery lane Yates, Frederick Helmsley, Leicester, Stone Mason.

of several heavy cases in litigation, and who has just Dec 20 at

returned from a tour round the world, which he has made on 11 at offices of Hincks, Bowling green st, Leicester

behalf of an eminent firm of Solicitors in Lincoln's-inn, having

brought to a successful issue the object of his mission, is prepared to SCHWEITZER'S COCOATINA.

UNDERTAKE the GETTING UP of EVIDENCE, and the obtaining

of reliable information in any litigious matter of importance. He has Anti-Dyspeptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder.

very exceptionable facilities for obtaining information in London :

is personally acquainted with every town of importance in Great Guaranteod Pure Soluble Cocoa of the Finest Quality, with the Britain and Ireland; and has trustworthy Agents in all parts of excess of fat extracted.

America, India, Australia, and New Zealand. He does not solicit The Faculty pronounce it " the most nutritious, perfectly digestible work which would fall within the province of, or could be underbeverage for Breakfast, Luncheon, or Supper, and invaluable for taken by, an ordinary clerk, and may be treated in any matter in. Invalids and Children."

trusted to him, so far as confidence and secrecy are concerned, as Highly commended by the entire Medical Press.

one of the firm ; and as he undertakes but one matter at the time

he is prepared, as hitherto, to devote his whole and undivided al Being without sugar, spice, or other ad mixture, it suits all palates,

tention to it. The Advertiser wishes it understood that he accepta keeps better in all climates, and is four times the strength of cocoas TBICKENED yet WEAKENED with starch, &c., and IN REALITY CHEAPER

instructions exclusively through the medium of the Legal Profes

sion, and any firm of Solicitors may avail themselves of his services than such Mixtures. Made instantaneously with boiling water, & teaspoonful to a Break

without its ever being known, should such be deemod advisable, il

what actual capacity he is acting in the matter. fast Cup, coating less than a halfpenny. COCOATINA A LA VANILLE is the most delicate, digestible, cheapest

For obvious reasons the Advertiser does not here give his nami

and address, but will be happy to furnish (to Solicitors only) al Vanilla Chocolate, and niay be taken when richer chocolate is pro

particulars and references to firms of the highest standing o hibited. In tin packets at 1s. 68., 38., 5s. 68., &c., by Chemists and Grocere,

receipt of communication, or he will be happy to wait personall:

upon any Solicitor in the United Kingdom at his (the Advertisers Charities on Special Terms by the Sole Proprietors,

own expense upon receipt of a request so to do.-Solicitors wil H, SCHWEITZER & CO., 10, Adam-street, London, W.C. please address, LEGAL, 117, Chancery-lane, W.C.

117

117

118

119

122

LONDON, DECEMBER 11, 1880.

provision should not be amended so as to apply upon the death of any, one of the paid judges of the Judicial

Committee, so as to enable the salary of the late judge CONTENTS,

of the Judicial Committee to be appropriated to furnishing additional strength to the bench of the High Court.

While we think the policy of refusing without urgent CORREST TOPICS ...... ................................... 109

103

necessity to increase the number of the judges is a WRITS OF ELEGIT OF GOODS .........

110 EXECTION ON GOODS OF A COMPANY ......................

111

sound one, it must not be forgotten that since the RECENT DECISIONS .....

............... 113

transfer of three of the judges of the High Court to the REVIEWS .......

..... 113 GEXERAL CORESPONDENCE

...... 115

Court of Appeal, Parliament has made further claims CASES OF THE WEEK :

upon judicial time by requiring election petitions to be Challinor, Ex parte ...

116 Yeatman, Ex parte ......

116

heard before two judges; and the present unavoidable Sheard, Ex parte ...........................

116 but lainentable scarcity of judges is certain to give rise Stanbank, In re............

........................ 116

to a block of business resulting in an outcry against our Seear v. Lawson ..........

.................... 116 Hampshire Co-operative Milk Company, Limited, The, In re.. 117 legal system. Post v. Marsh..

....... 117 Cockburn v. Edwards.....

Bird v. Harris ...
CASES BEFORE THE BANKRUPTCY REGISTEARS :-

MR. FORSTER'S CIRCULAR to the Irish magistrates ap-
Davis, Re ............................ ...................... 118
Planque, Re......

pears to be mainly based upon the Irish statute, 15 & 16 Locke, Ex parte, Re Pennington .........

Geo. 3, c. 21, which was passed in 1775," to prevent and SOLICITORS' CASES .....

119
121

punish tumultuous risings of persons within this kingdom, OBITTARY .... LA STIDENTS' JOURNAL....

122 and for other purposes." The preamble of the statute LEGAL APPOINTMENTS

122

recites that it has frequently happened of late years in COMPASIES ............................................... CEEDITO 29" CLAIMS........................................

123

different parts of this kingdom that several persons, COCRT PAPERS .......

123 calling themselves Whiteboys and others, as well by LOSDOS GAZETTES, &c., &c..................................... 123

night as in the day-time, have, in a riotous, disorderly, and tumultuous manner, assembled together, and have

abused and injured the persons, habitations, and prop. CASES REPORTED IN THE WEEKLY REPORTER.

erties of many of his Majesty's loyal and faithful sub. Albion Life Assurance Society, The, In re (App.) .............. 109 Ashton v. Shorrock (Ch, Div. M.R.) ....

jects, and have taken and carried away their horses and

....................... 117 Asiatt v. Mayor, &c., of Southampton (Ch.Div. M.R.) .......... arms, and have compelled them to surrender up, quit, Euist v. Bridge (Ch.Div. M.R.) .....

and leave their habitations, farms, and places of abode; Eyton, Appellant; The Overseers of Mold and others, Respond. ents (Q.B.Div.) .....

......... 122 and have with threats and violence imposed sundry Harris, In re. Jacson v. Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty oaths and solemn declarations contrary to law, and (Ch.Div. M.R.)..

. ............... 119 Holmes, Ex parte. In re Holmes (Bkcy.).....

solicited several of his Majesty's subjects by threats Locas v. Dicker (App.).

...... 115 and promises to join with them in such their mischievous Oceanic Steam Navigation Company (Limited), The, v. Suther

and iniquitous proceedings; and have also sent threatenberry (App.) ............................................... 113 ** Savernake." The (Adm.Div.) ................................ 123

ing and incendiary letters to several persons, to the great Secar v. Lawson (App.)....

109

terror of his Majesty's peaceable subjects." The Act "Talca," The Adm. Div.)....

123 Tenant and others v. Ellís, Kisslingbury, & Co. (Q.B. Div.).

121

(among many other provisions) makes it a misdeWinspear v. Accident Assurance Company (Limited) (App.) .. 116 meanour for persons to assemble by night armed with Wye Valley Railway Company v. Hawes (Ch.Div. V.C.H.) .... 120

firearms or any offensive weapon, or disguised in any manner, or with any particular badge, dress, or

uniform not usually worn, or assuming “any particular CURRENT TOPICS.

name or denomination not usually assumed by his Majesty's subjects upon their lawful occasions." Another

section makes it a felony to rise or assemble in the THE LORD CHANCELLOR will sit on Monday afternoon

manner before mentioned, and to wilfully or malicinext at the House of Lords, after the rising of the Court

ously shoot at, maim, or disfigure any person or of Appeal, to continue the hearing of the patent case,

persons; or to send a letter (with or without fictitious which has occupied him already two afternoons in the

names) threatening to injure any person or property; present month.

or to unlawfully compel (or attempt by force, threats, or menaces to compel) any of his Majesty's subjects to

quit their habitation, farm, place of abode, or lawful IT HAS BEEN ARRANGED that the Lord Chancellor will employment. on Saturday visit the building of the Royal Courts of Justice, in order to ascertain the progress of the works and the nature of the accommodation proposed to be

THE MASTER OF THE ROLLs, during the hearing of the afforded in the courts.

appeal of Bird v. Harris on Wednesday last, gave an important explanation of the observations of Lord Eldon

on solicitor's retainer in Wright v. Castle (3 Mer. 12), THE APPELLATE JURISDICTION Act, 1876, provides that to which we recently referred (ante, p. 66). He pointed whenever any two of the paid judges of the Judicial out that when Lord ELDON said that if "there is nothing Committee have died or resigned, her Majesty may, but assertion against assertion, the court will say that the upon an address from both Houses of Parliament, repre- solicitor ought to have secured himself by having an senting that the state of business in the High Court of authority in writing," he meant “ where there is only Justice is such as to require the appointment of an the assertion of one man against the assertion of another additional judge, appoint a new judge of the Highman." Lord Eldon did not mean that where there is Court. It is wortby of consideration whether this the assertion of the client on one side, and the assertion

of two credible men on the other side, the solicitor must however, some diffidence in thus limiting the moral show a written retainer. This, if we may venture to say intensity of the learned commissioner, and we shall not 80, is in accordance with common sense, and is not in. feel happy till he has declared the working man to be consistent with the remarks of Lord LANGDALE in Allen v. the greatest impostor of the day. At present he has only Bone (4 Beav. 493), where he said that “if the solicitor's said that he is " one of the greatest impostors of the day." authority is disputed, it is for him to prove it, and if he has no written authority, and there is nothing but assertion against assertion, the court will treat him as un

ATTENTIVE READERS of the Law Reports' head-notes authorized, and he must abide by the consequences of his neglect." We take it, therefore, that, for the future,

may be led to doubt whether the Judicature Acts have

entirely succeeded in extinguishing the various courts whenever a solicitor's retainer to commence proceedings

which were in existence prior to the year 1873. It is is denied, and the solicitor is unable to show a written

stated in the head.note to Stoomvaart Maatschappy retainer, yet if he can produce any evidence of the

Nederland v. Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigaretainer to corroborate his own assertion, the question

gation Company (L. R. 5 App. 876), that "the judgof retainer will be, so to speak, at large ; and will be decided by the court as a question of fact upon the evi.

ment of the Court of Admiralty was restored," although dence. This was the course taken by the Court of

the collision which gave rise to the litigation took place Appeal in the case of Bird v. Harris, in which the recent

nearly three years after that court had ceased to exist.

A certain "poetic licence" appears, however, to be decision of Vice-Chancellor BACON was reversed.

claimed for Law Reports' head-notes, for in the headnote to In re Metropolitan District Railway Company

v. Cosh (L. R. 13 Ch. D. 607), Lord Justice James is THE DEATH of Sir JAMES COLVILE occasions the first represented as concurring in the judgment of the vacancy among the paid judges of the Judicial Con- | Court of Appeal, although the report does not show mittee of the Privy Council which has arisen since the him to have been present at the hearing of the case or passing of the Judicial Committee Act, 1871 (34 & 35 upon the delivery of the judgments. Vict. c. 91). There appears to be no power to appoint a successor to the late judge. Section 1 of the Act empowered her Majesty to appoint four paid members of the Judicial Committee, with power to fill any vacancies among them “ from time to time within WRITS OF ELEGIT OF GOODS. two years after the passing of this Act," but the new judges were to "hold their offices subject to such A LITTLE paragraph recently appeared in the daily arrangements as may be hereafter made by Parlia newspapers stating that for some reason or other write ment for the constitution of a Supreme Court of Appel of elegit had become much more numerous of late. The late Jurisdiction." Section 14 of the Appellate Juris

reason, which to the writer of the paragraph was evidently diction Act, 1876 (39 & 40 Vict, c. 59), recites that the a mystery, was well enough known to the initiated ; the power given by the Act of 1871 of filling vacancies in

initiated being those practitioners who keep their eyes the offices of the persons appointed members of the open to the short reports of current cases which are Judicial Committee under that Act “has lapsed by eflux

published in this journal and elsewhere. At the of time, and her Majesty bas no power to fill any such

beginning of August last we printed a report of the case. vacancies," and goes on to provide that, after the occur.

of Ex parte Abbott, In re Gourlay, decided a few days rence of two vacancies among the paid judges of the

before by the Court of Appeal, which showed how, by Judicial Committee, her Majesty may appoint a third

the writ of elegit, section 87 of the Bankruptcy Act,, Lord of Appeal in Ordinary; and that on the death or

1869, could be evaded. Ever since, many astute pracresignation of the two remaining paid judges, her

titioners have developed a strong partiality for this writ; Majesty may appoint a fourth Lord of Appeal in Ordin.

and what Lord Justice James described as “an absurd ary. Since section 6 of the Act of 1876 provides that “a

anachronism” has now become an every-day proceeding. Lord of Appeal in Ordinary shall, if a Privy Councillor, The way this result was attained was this. Section, be a member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy

87 of the Bankruptcy Act, 1869, as we all know, provides Council, and, subject to the due performance by a Lord that “where the goods of any trader have been taken in of Appeal in Ordinary of his duties as to the hearing and

execution in respect of a judgment for a sum exceeding : determining of appeals in the House of Lords, it shall be

£50, and sold," the sheriff shall retain " the proceeds of his duty, being a Privy Councillor, to sit and act as a

such sale" in his hands for fourteen days, and upon member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council,” | notice being served on him within that period of it appears to have been contemplated that there would be

a bankruptcy petition having been presented against a practical fusion of the appellate jurisdiction of the such trader, shall hold “the proceeds of such sale," House of Lords and Privy Council.

after deducting expenses, on trust to pay the same to. the trustee. It will be seen that these words are applicable only to the case where the goods of the debtor have

been taken in execution and sold; in that case, tho AT LENG:H the solicitors of the City of London are sheriff is to hold the proceeds of sale as directed. Now, enabled to breathe more freely. Mr. Commissiorer under the writ of elegit there can be no proceeds of KERR has got a new object of animosity, and just as the sale of the goods takep, for the writ directs the sherif erection of a lofty neighbouring building is some to deliver the goods to the creditor. The form of the preservative against lightning, so it is hoped that the writ, as given in appendix F., No. 2, to the Rules creation of a new enmity may serve to divert the of the Supreme Court, commands the sheriff to “cause thunderbolts of the learned commission'er from the 1 to be delivered to the said A. B., by a reasonable price solicitors. If this is not a correct analogy, we would put and extent, all the goods and chattels of the said C. D, the matter in another way. If, as the commissioner in your bailiwick, except his oxen and beasts of the says, he has acquired "a very strong opinion” about the plougb, ... to hold the said goods and chattels to working man, we cannot but hope that the extreme the said A. B. as his proper goods and chattels." It is strength of the opinion he has hitherto entertained about too clear for argumest that the language of section 87 solicitors may have been somewhat diminished. It seems does not cover the case of goods taken under a writ of reasonable to suppose that only a certain amount of elegit. No doubt the framer of that section, owing to . dislike-force can be resident within any mcral nature, the extreme infrequency of these writs in relation to and if that force is divided over two objects, it must be goods and chattels, overlooked altogether the possibility. weakened in its intensity. We cannot help feeling, of goods being seized under them. This omission could

EXECUTION ON GOODS OF A

COMPANY.

not be supplied without judicial legislation of a kind not now in yogue.

But & more plausible contention was raised in Er parte Abbot as to the mode of execution of the writ. It was urged that the sheriff had no Ir the goods of a company have been taken in execution right to take possession of the goods until after they under a fi fa for a sum exceeding £50 and sold, is the had been appraised by & jury. The facts of the

sheriff bound to retain the proceeds of sale in his hands case were these :-On the 30th of June the sheriff for fourteen days, as he would be in the case of the issued the warrant to his bailiff, and on the same day the goods of a trader? This question has been answered in bailiff took possession of some goods and chattels of the the affirmative by the Master of the Rolle in Re Printing debtor. On the morning of the 1st of July an inquisi. and Numerical Registering Company (26 W. R. 627, L. tion was held before the sheriff, when the jury found R. 8 Ch. D. 535), and in the negative by Mr. Justice Fry that the debtor, on the 28th of June, and on the date of in Re Richards and Company (27 W. R. 530, L. R. 11 the inquisition, “ was possessed in his own right of the Oh. D. 676). We understand that very recently the goods and chattels named in the schedule hereto of the Master of the Rolls again answered the question in the price of £327, as of his own proper goods and chattels." affirmative, but his lordship at the same time suggested The proceedings on the inquisition commenced at 10.30 an appeal. The time limited for appealing has, however, a.m. and were concluded at 11.15 a.m. Later in the

been allowed to expire without any appeal having been day the sheriff delivered the goods and chattels men- | lodged. tioned in the schedule to the inquisition to the judgment The true answer cannot be found until the meaning creditor. At the time when this delivery was made, the

of the 10th section of the Judicature Act, 1875, is judgment creditor had no notice of any act of bank

ascertained. That section, so far as it is material to the ruptcy having been committed by the debtor. He had,

present discussion, is as follows:-"In the winding up however, in fact, filed a liquidation petition at 10.30

of any company under the Companies Acts, 1862 and am. on the 1st of July. The trustee in the

1867, whose assets may prove to be insufficient for the liquidation claimed the goods, on the ground

payment of its debts and liabilities and the costs of that, as the sheriff had no power to seize the goods

winding up, the same rules shall prevail and be observed until they had been appraised, the creditor was not a

as to the respective rights of secured and unsecured secured creditor before the liquidation petition was filed.

creditors, and as to debts and liabilities proveable, and Now the Statute of Westminster the Second (13 Edw.

as to the valuation of annuities and future and contin. 1, c. 18), which first gave the writ, says nothing about

gent liabilities respectively, as may be in force for the the seizure by the sheriff. It only provides that “ the time being under the law of bankruptcy with respect to sheriff shall deliver unto him (the creditor) all the chattels

the estates of persons adjudged bankrupt; and all perof the debtor, saving only his oxen and beasts of his

sons who in any such case would be entitled to prove for plough . . . until the debt be levied upon a reasonable

and receive dividends out of the assets of such company price or extent.” The question of the legal right of the

may come in under the winding up of such company, sheriff to seize before the inquisition is therefore left in

and make such claims against the same as they may doubt, but it appears that the practice has always been

respectively be entitled to by virtue of this Act.for the sheriff to seize the goods, just as he does under a

Even iu the construction of the wills of testators fi. fa., and to retain them in his custody until they have been appraised, when they are delivered to the

inopes consilii, words are to be taken in their grammati

cal sense, unless a clear intention to use them in some creditor. The court thought that, having regard to this established practice, they could not say that the sheriff

other sense can be found. In the construction of Acts

of Parliament the rules are more strict. The meaning did not do his duty in seizing the goods, or hold that the

of plain words can only be controlled by words equally creditor was not a secured creditor, just as he would have been if the sheriff had been in possession under a

plain (Bentley v. Rotherham and Kimberworth Local

Board of Health, L. R. 4 Ch. D. 588). Now what fi. fa. The result, as Lord Justice James said, is to make

is the plain grammatical meaning of the expression, section 87 of the Bankruptcy Act, 1869, a laughing

“The respective rights of secured and unsecured credi. stock. It cannot be doubted that in any bankruptcy

tors ?” We submit that it cannot be distinguished from legislation which may take place in the next session of

the expression, “The rights of secured and unsecured.

creditors respectively.” If this be the correct gramma. Parliament this ingenious mode of evasion will be put an

tical construction, every creditor of a company would end to.

have the same right as he would have in bankruptcy, not only as against every other creditor, but as

against a stranger-e.g., a person whose goods were in It has been decided to establish at Hanley, North Staf.

the order and disposition of the company. There is, no fordshire, a Court of Quarter Sessions. The first Recorder

doubt, a slight difficulty in carrying out the grammatical will be Mr. J. B. Brindley, of the Oxford Circuit.

construction, for there are different rules in the bankThe Scottish Journal of Jurisprudence contains an interesting article on Legal Education and the Scottish Universi.

ruptcy of traders and non-traders. But the court, of ties. It appears that in the University of Edinburgh, which is

course, would not hesitate to supply the omission of the tbe chief school for students of law in Scotland, a professor of

Legislature and say that the rules in the bankruptcy of

traders should apply. To this, we contend, the court public law and the law of nature and nations was first instituted in 1707. In 1710 the town council of Edinburgh,

should, if possible, give effect; unless, by so doing, an “having taken into consideration the great utility of a pub

absurdity, which the Legislature could not have in. lic teacher of the civil law in their college, and that for want tended, would be produced. of such young gentlemen disposed to that study were obliged | A very short consideration of the supposed enactment, to go abroad to foreign universities," appointed a professor of that every creditor in a winding up is to have the same civil law. In 1722 a professorship of Scots law was for right as he would have in bankruptcy, will, however, the first time instituted on the representation of Mr. Alex. suffice to show that it would be difficult, if possible, to ander Bayne, himself the first professor, “how much it would be for the interest of the nation, and of this city, to

carry it out. On bankruptcy the estate vests in the have a professor of the law of Scotland placed in the univer.

trustee, and his title relates back, not merely to the act of sity of this city, not only for teaching the Scots law, but also

bankruptcy on which the adjudication is made, but, if for qualifying of writers for his Majesty's signet." In 1825

prior acts of bankruptcy can be proved, to the the writers to the signet, with the liberality and public spirit

first act of bankruptcy committed within twelve which has distinguished that corporation, and gives it its

months before the order of adjudication. And it is a distinction much more than any of its exclusive privileges, right of every creditor to have the whole estate thus established a professor of conveyancing.

| vested in the trustee distributed. On a winding-up

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