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NAVIGABLE BARGE CHANNEL ACROSS FLORIDA

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE
UNITED STATES SENATE
SEVENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 2426
A BILL TO PROMOTE THE NATIONAL DEFENSE AND TO
PROMPTLY FACILITATE AND PROTECT THE TRANSPORT OF
MATERIALS NEEDFUL TO THE MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT
BY AUTHORIZING THE CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF
PIPE-LINE AND WATERWAY FACILITIES ACROSS NORTHERN
FLORIDA BETWEEN THE INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ALONG
THE GULF OF MEXICO AND THE ATLANTIC SEABOARD

AND

H. R. 6999
AN ACT TO PROMOTE THE NATIONAL DEFENSE AND TO
PROMPTLY FACILITATE AND PROTECT THE TRANSPORT OF
MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES NEEDFUL TO THE MILITARY
ESTABLISHMENT BY AUTHORIZING THE CONSTRUCTION AND
OPERATION OF A PIPE LINE AND A NAVIGABLE BARGE
CHANNEL ACROSS FLORIDA, AND BY DEEPENING AND EN-
LARGING THE INTRACOASTAL WATERWAY FROM ITS PRESENT
EASTERN TERMINUS TO THE VICINITY OF THE

MEXICAN BORDER

JUNE 29, 30, JULY 1 AND 2, 1942

Printed for the use of the Committee on Commerce

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASPINGTON : 1942

74347

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE

JOSIAH W. BAILEY, North Carolina, Chairman HATTIE W. CARAWAY, Arkansas

(HARLES L. MCNARY, Oregon RENNETT CHAMP CLARK, Missouri

HIRAM W. JOHNSON, California JOHN H. OVERTON, Louisiana

ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG, Michigan THEODORE G. BILBO, Mississippi

W. WARREN BARBOUR, New Jersey FRANCIS MALONEY, Connecticut

RALPH 0. BREWSTER, Maine
GEORGE L. RADCLIFFE, Maryland

HAROLD H. BURTON, Ohio
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
JOSH LEE, Oklahoma
LISTER HILL, Alabama
JAMES M. MEAD, New York
PRENTISS M. BROWN, Michigan
MON C. WALLGREN, Washington
W. LEE O’DANIEL, Texas

A. HAND JAMES, Clerk
CECIL E. NORMENT, Assistant Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON RIVERS AND HARBORS

HATTIE W. CARAWAY, Arkansas, Chairman
JOSIAH W. BAILEY, North Carolina CHARLES L. McNARY, Oregon
BENNETT CHAMP CLARK, Missouri HIRAM W. JOHNSON, California
JOHN H. OVERTON, Louisiana

ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG, Michigan THEODORE G. BILBO, Mississippi

W. WARREN BARBOUR, New Jersey FRANCIS MALONEY, Connecticut

RALPH 0. BREWSTER, Maine
GEORGE L. RADCLIFFE, Maryland HAROLD H. BURTON, Ohio
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
LISTER HILL, Alabama
JAMES M. MEAD, New York
JOSH LEE, Oklahoma

II

NUL2722

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Page

Statement of-

Hon. J. Hardin Peterson, a Representative in Congress from the First

District of Florida

9

Roy Miller, active vice president of the Intracoastal Canal Association

of Louisiana and Texas..

-11, 179

R. B. Creager, Brownsville, Tex.--

23

S. Wallace Dempsey, Washington, D. C...

28

E. B. Germany, representing Independent Oil Men's Emergency

Transportation Committee, Dallas, Tex_--.

33

Judge Oscar C. Dancy, county judge, Cameron County, Tex_.

39

Henry H. Buckman, consultanting engineer, Washington, D. C.-- 40

Maj. Gen. Eugene Reybold, Chief of Engineers, War Department,

Washington, D. C.--.

51

Robert E. Allen, Assistant Deputy Petroleum Coordinator for War-

98

Ralph J. Schilthus, Assistant Director of Coordination, Office of the 1

Coordinator of Petroleum...

99

Aldace F. Walker, vice president, Trans-American Pipe Line Cor-

poration

158199

Vincent G. Shinkle, consulting petroleum engineer, Trans-American

Pipe Line Corporation.

158

Paul Hadlick, counsel, Trans-American Pipe Line Corporation - 163

Lt. Col. Paul Llewellyn, Resources Branch, Services of Supply, War

Department.

165

Hon. Scott W. Lucas, United States Senator from the State of Illinois.

D. R. Knowlton, Director of Production, Office of Petroleum Coor-

dinator for War.

166172

Sam E. Jarvis, Decatur, Ill.

182

Hon. Joseph J. Mansfield, a Member of the House of Representatives

from Texas.

191

E. De Golyer, Director of Conservation, Office of the Petroleum

Coordinator, Washington, D. C.---

196

Rene F. Glerc, Washington representative, Board of Commissioners

of the Port of New Orleans, Munsey Building, Washington, D. C-- 199

John Festa, consulting engineer, United States Asbestos Cement Pipe

Co., Camden, N. J.-

201

J. T. Swecker, representating United States Asbestos Cement Pipe

Co., Camden, N.J-

202

Carl Hanton, member of the Okeechobee Flood Control Board, Fort
Myers, Fla.

69

J. H. Parten, Director of Transportation, Office of Petroleum Coor-

dinator for War, Washington, D. C.-

74

Hon. Laurence F. Arnold, a member of the House of Representatives

from Illinois.

102

Hon. John E. Rankin, a Representative in Congress from the First
District of Mississippi..

105
Rear Admiral J. F. Hottell, United States Coast Guard, retired.

108
Hon. L. Mendel Rivers, a Representative in Congress from the First
District of South Carolina.

111
Lt. H. L. Hunt, Corps of Engineers, United States Army--

114
Ernest Graham, State senator, State of Florida---

117
Allan K. Swann, general counsel and secretary, Tri-State Petroleum
Association for Defense Coordination..

127198
Cleveland A. Newton, general counsel, Mississippi Valley Association,
St. Louis, Mo..

137

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CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF PIPE LINE AND

NAVIGABLE BARGE CHANNEL ACROSS FLORIDA

MONDAY, JUNE 29, 1942

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON RIVERS AND HARBORS OF
THE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, in the hearing room of the Senate Committee on Commerce, in the Capitol, at 10:30 a. m., Senator Josiah W. Bailey, chairman of the Committee on Commerce, presiding.

Present: Senators Bailey (chairman), Caraway, Clark of Missouri, Bilbo, Radcliffe, Pepper, Lee, Vandenberg, and Barbour.

Also present: Senator Burnet R. Maybank, Senator Tom Connally, and Representative J. Hardin Peterson of Florida.

The CHAIRMAN. The subcommittee will come to order. This is a meeting of the Subcommittee on Commerce known as the Subcommittee on Rivers and Harbors, of which Senator Caraway is chairman. She has asked me to preside.

We have before us two bills, with an amendment. The first bill is H. R. 6999, which I will read (reading]:

[H. R. 6999, 77th Cong., 2d sess.)

AN ACT To promote the national defense and to promptly facilitate and protect the trans

port of materials and supplies needful to the Military Establishment by authorizing the construction and operation of a pipe line and a navigable barge channel across Florida, and by deepening and enlarging the Intracoastal Waterway from its present eastern terminus to the vicinity of the Mexican border

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in order to promote the national defense and to promptly facilitate and protect the transport of materials and supplies needful to the Military Establishment, there is hereby authorized to

be constructed under the direction of the Secretary of War and the supervision ✓ of the Chief of Engineers a high-level lock barge canal from the Saint Johns

River across Florida to the Gulf of Mexico in accordance with the plans set forth in the letter of the Chief of Engineers dated June 15, 1942, and that there is also authorized the enlargement of the present Intracoastal Waterway from the vicinity of Apalachee Bay to Corpus Christi, Texas, and its extension to the vicinity of the Mexican border so as to provide throughout the entire length of the canal a channel twelve feet deep and one hundred and twenty-five feet wide: Provided, That between Mobile, Alabama, and New Orleans, Louisiana, the project shall be modified in accordance with the recommendations of the Chief of Engineers in his report dated April 27, 1942: Provided further, That the Chief of Engineers is authorized within reasonable limits to vary, in his discretion, the above-prescribed dimensions wherever advisable: And provided further, That pending the completion of the aforesaid navigable channels there is authorized to be constructed under the direction of the Secretary of War and the supervision of the Chief of Engineers one or more pipe lines, as

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